• Title, Summary, Keyword: 표피포도알균

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Antimicrobial Effects of Photodynamic Therapy using Photofrin Against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis (포토프린을 이용한 황색포도알균과 표피포도알균에 대한 광역학 치료의 항균효과)

  • Kwon, Pil-Seung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 2013
  • Photodynamic therapy(PDT) has been recommended as an alternative therapy for various diseases including microbial infection. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of PDT using a photofrin and home made 630 nm Light emitting diode(LED) against Staphylococci. To examine the antimicrobial effect of photofrin-mediated PDT against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis colony forming units(CFU) quantification, and bacterial viability using flow cytometry were formed. The CFU quantification results of S. aureus and S. epidermidis were 1 cfu/ml and 16 cfu/ml of average, respectively, after PDT application with photofrin of $50{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and 630 nm LED and energy density of $18J/cm^2$. In addition, S. aureus and S. epidermidis isolates yielded forward-scatter (FSC) and fluorescence intensity (FI) differences on flow cytometry (FCM) after PDT. S. aureus and S. epidermidis cell size(FSC) increased 8.96% and 5.55% respectively, after PDT. Also the numbers of dead cell of S. aureus and S. epidermidis were a 39% and 61% incerased. These results suggest that photofrin-mediated PDT can be an effective alternative treatment for antibacterial therapy.

Photodynamic effect of Photofrin and Radachlorin against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis (황색포도알균과 표피포도알균에 대한 포토프린과 라다클로린의 광역학 효과)

  • Seo, Choong-Won;Ryu, Jae-Gi;Kwon, Pil-Seung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the photodynamic therapy effects against staphylococci using Photofrin and Radachlorin with Light emitting diode(LED). Experimental methods, The bacterial suspensions containing Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis at $1{\times}10^5$ were prepared and diluted to different concentrations of photosensitizer, Photofrin or Radachlorin, on 1.25, 2. 5,5 and $10{\mu}g/ml$. The bacterial suspensions were exposed to 630 and 670 nm LED light at the energy density of 14.4 and $19.8J/cm^2$, respectively. The CFU results of S. aureus and S. epidermidis were showed 33 and 50 colony forming at $5{\mu}g/ml$ of Photofrin, respectively and both of them perfectely were dead at $5{\mu}g/ml$ of Radachlorin. The fluorescent intensity by flow cytometry was showed the increase in the dead cells than the normal cells. In the TEM photograph, the damage of bacterial membrane and the distortion of cell morphology were observed. These results suggest that photodynamic therapy combine with Photofrin and Radachlorin can be applied a new modality for antibacterial therapy.

Platelet count and mean platelet volume in low birth weight infants (≤2,000 g) with sepsis (패혈증에 이환된 저출생체중아(≤2,000 g)에서 혈소판수치와 평균혈소판용적의 변화)

  • Lee, Wan-soo;Cho, Jin-young;Yoo, Seung-taek;Lee, Chang-woo;Choi, Doo-young;Kim, Jong-duck;Oh, Yeon-kyun
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.7
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    • pp.643-648
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : Sepsis is a common complication in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), seen especially in low birth weight (LBW) infants. A recent study showed that fungal or gram-negative sepsis is associated with a greater degree of thrombocytopenia than is seen with gram-positive sepsis. So, this study was undertaken to examine the platelet counts and platelet indices in LBW infants during episodes of sepsis. Methods : We analyzed 36 cases with culture-proven sepsis on chart review in LBW infants admitted to the NICU at Wonkwang University Hospital from January 2001 to June 2006. Results : Patients were grouped by organism type: gram-positive bacteria ($1,521{\pm}309g$, $31.3{\pm}2.9wk$, 15/36), gram-negative bacteria ($1,467{\pm}290g,\;30.6{\pm}3.6wk$, 17/36), and fungi ($1,287{\pm}205g,\;30.0{\pm}3.9wk$, 4/36). The most common organism was Staphylococcus epidermis and the incidence of thrombocytopenia was 88.9%. When compared with infants with gram-positive sepsis, those with gram-negative sepsis had significantly higher incidences of thrombocytopenia, lower initial platelet count, lower platelet nadir, and greater mean percentage decrease in platelet count from before the onset of sepsis. Those with fungal infections were similar to gram-negative sepsis, but they were not significant because of the small number of patients. And mean platelet volume (MPV) in sepsis was increased more significantly in time of platelet nadir than before the onset of sepsis. Conclusion : We conclude that decrease in platelet count was significantly greater in gram-negative sepsis than gram-positive sepsis, and also greater than fungal sepsis-which was insignificant because of the small number of patients-in LBW infants. And elevation in MPV will be helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of sepsis in LBW infants.