• Title, Summary, Keyword: 프랜차이즈 가맹점

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The Impact of Entrepreneurship of Franchisees on Their Business Performance : Mediation Effects of Market Orientation and Relationship Commitment (프랜차이즈 가맹점의 창업정신이 경영성과에 미치는 영향 : 본사의 시장지향성과 가맹점 관계몰입의 매개효과)

  • Yoon, Sung-Wook;Park, Sung-Il
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.101-125
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    • 2008
  • This research suggests an ideal role between franchisee and franchisee for survival and development of the Korean franchise business by identifying causal relationships between entrepreneurship of franchisees and their business performance. Besides, when considering multi-dimensional features of a franchise system, this study aims to show that the market orientation of the franchisee and the relationship commitment between franchisee and franchisee will play an important mediating role to achieve a better business performance. Thus specific causal relationships among sub-dimensional constructs of entrepreneurship and market orientations were investigated. They are innovativeness, risk-taking propensity, pro-activeness, information creation, intelligence generation, intelligence dissemination, response design, response implementation. The results demonstrate that pro-activeness of franchisee plays a crucial role for franchisee's business performance. It was noted that franchisor's market orientation and innovativeness is also important for high market orientation of franchisor. The higher the market orientation of franchisor was, the higher relationship commitment of franchisee was formed. By identifying the mediation effect of relationship commitment and market orientation of franchisor, this paper showed that relationship commitment positively affect the improvement of franchisee's business performance. Above all, it should be noted that this research empirically identified the relationship between franchisee's entrepreneurship and business performance that most of the previous researchers have ignored. Furthermore, the analysis was conducted at sub-dimensional construct level. It is expected that empirical results from this study will be able to provide a meaningful framework and theoretical basis for future research on franchise, entrepreneurship and market orientation.

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The Effects of Franchisors' and Franchisees' Characteristics on the Performance and Recontract Intention in Bakery Franchise Industry (베이커리 프랜차이즈 가맹본부의 특성과 가맹점의 특성이 가맹점 성과와 재계약 의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hye Young;Choi, Myeong Gil
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.177-190
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates the effects of franchisors' characteristics including brand reputation, training and product related support, franchisees' characteristics including store location and management on the performance and recontract intention of franchisees in bakery franchise industry. Also, this study examine the moderating effect of CEO experience of franchisees among the franchisors' and franchisees' characteristics, and performance. To empirically test these relationships, data were collected from 386 respondents who are franchisees in the bakery franchise sector. In the verification of hypotheses, the structure equation modeling(SEM) is used. The results of this study are as follows. First, franchisors' brand reputation, training support, and franchisees' locational factor have significant effects on the financial performance of franchisees positively. However, franchisors' product related support and franchisees' management of the store have not significant effects on the performance. Second, the performance of franchisees has positive effect on the recontract intention. Third, the moderating effect of CEO experience is only significant in the relationship between franchisors' training support and the performance. Based on the findings, this study suggest the importance of building a good brand image and superior training system for franchisors to improve mutual ongoing growth. Also, franchisors should determine whether nascent franchisee entrepreneurs have CEO experiences to further improve performance. If they do not have related experiences, both opening and ongoing training supports of franchisors and the efforts of franchisees towards learning are required. Finally, this study suggest that both franchisors and franchisees should accurately analyze the conditions of possible locations and establish strategies to select beneficial location before starting a franchise business.

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A Study on the Effect of Food Service Franchise's Support System on Franchisee's Trust, Financial Performance and Intention of Multi-Store Operation (외식 프랜차이즈 가맹본부의 지원시스템이 가맹점 신뢰와 재무적 성과 그리고 다점포 운영의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, ChangBong;Park, WonSun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.87-102
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of food service franchise's support system on franchisee's trust, financial performance and intention of multi-store operation. For this purpose, the results of the survey were collected for 111 small and mid-sized food service franchisees in Korea with less than 100 brand franchises, referring to article 9 of the act on Fair Trade. Structural equation model analysis was used for hypothesis testing. The results of the study are as follows; First, a support for store development, education, logistics, and supervisors among franchise's support system were found to have a significant impact on the franchisee's trust, but public relations support was not significantly affected. Second, a support for store development had significant influence on the financial performance, but the support for education, logistics, supervisors and public relations did not significantly affect the financial performance. Third, franchisee's trust has been shown to have a significant impact on financial performance and intention of multi-store operation. Fourth, financial performance was shown to have a significant impact on the intention of multi-store operation. Finally, confirming the mediated effects of financial performance on the effect of franchisee's trust and intention of multi-store operations also proved to have indirect effects. This study identified the impact relationship between the small and medium-sized food service franchise support system, franchisee's trust, financial performance and intention of multi-store operation. In particular, it is deemed meaningful that the performance of Korea's small and medium-sized food service franchises and the relationship of influence that can grow together through the qualitative growth of the franchise's system.

A study on franchise relationship about an influence factor of franchisee compliance (프랜차이즈 관계에서 가맹점 순응의 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Dae-Yong;Eom, Tae-Yeung;Kim, Choon-Kwang
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.572-575
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 프랜차이즈 본사의 성과에 직접적인 영향을 미치는 가맹점 순응에 대해 관계교환이론 관점에서 살핀 본사와의 갈등과 본사에 대한 신뢰의 영향관계를 실증 고찰한 연구이다. 연구결과는 본사에 대한 신뢰가 갈등과 순응을 완전매개 함을 보여줌으로써 가맹점 관리를 위한 프랜차이즈 본사의 신뢰 구축 필요성에 힘을 실어주고 있다. 이는 문서상 계약에 미처 명기하지 못한 공백에 대한 관계적 지배를 가능케 할 뿐만 아니라 이해의 불일치와 불공정한 힘의 관계로 인한 갈등을 관리하여 상호 호혜적 관계를 가능케 한다는 점에서 대단히 중요하다. 이와 같은 갈등관리로 인한 신뢰의 구축 그리고 가맹점 순응으로 이어지는 관계의 메커니즘을 이론적 논의와 실증분석을 통해 국내 처음으로 규명했다는 점에서 본 연구는 이론적 실무적 공헌이 크다.

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A Study on the Feasibility Analysis of Franchisee Case and Independent Entrepreneurship Case (독립자영업과 프랜차이즈가맹점 창업사례의 사업성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joo-Heon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.27-43
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    • 2009
  • Location decision problems of franchisees which determine revenues and costs in business are one of the most important issues in franchisor research. The major portion of franchisees are located in Kyunegi-do and 5 major cities in Korea. What's the reason behind this fact? The purpose of this research is to provide the rationale for location decisions of franchisor businesses. Based on the break-even analysis, we conclude that major decisive factors of location decisions are demand and costs of franchisor businesses. At the good location which can attract many customers, franchisor businesses can be much more competitive than independent stores. However, at the bad location, franchisor businesses can not be maintained because of high costs.

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Radius Restriction and Franchise Encroachment in the Korean Coffee Franchise Industry (모범거래기준과 영업지역침해: 한국 커피 프랜차이즈 산업을 중심으로)

  • Yu, Min-Hui;Kim, Ji-Yeong;Choe, Yun-Jeong
    • Journal of Regulation Studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.153-188
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    • 2018
  • This paper reviews the literature regarding exclusive territory restraint and encroachment and compares the development of related policies in the United States, the European Union, and South Korea. Furthermore, using coffee franchise industry data in South Korea, this paper analyzes the effects of the exclusive territory restraint on entry and exit of coffee shops. The results show that the growth rates of regulated brands' entry have stagnated during the implementation period of the KFTC's Franchising Best Practice Code. Moreover, the exit rates of coffee shops in two years after its entry decreased under the Best Practice Code and the revised Franchise Law.

Study on Cost Management System for Small Restaurant Franchise (소형외식프랜차이즈 업체를 위한 원가관리시스템에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Min Jung;Eu, Yoon Sun;Im, KwangHyuk;Kim, SeokHun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.191-193
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    • 2013
  • 본 논문에서는 기존의 POS정보시스템을 이용하는 소형프랜차이즈 업체의 원가관리시스템을 개발하기 위해 표준화된 데이터모델을 개발하고, 사용하기 용이한 UI개발하는 방법론을 제안한다. 표준화된 데이터모델 개발을 통해 redundancy 없는 시스템을 개발하고 운영함으로써 개발 비용을 줄일 수 있으며, 사용하기 편리한 화면은 소형프랜차이즈 업체들의 이용성을 높일 수 있을 것이다. 가맹본사에서는 가맹점별 원가관리를 분석하여 가맹본사와 가맹점들은 투명한 점포경영이 가능하게 될 것이다.

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A Study on the Effects of the Characteristics of Franchise Business Members on Affiliate Outcomes (업종별 프랜차이즈 선택결정요인이 가맹점 성과의 만족도와 성공·실패에 미치는 영향연구)

  • Jang, Jae-Nam;Kang, Chang-Dong;Ahn, Sung-Sik
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2011
  • A franchise can be said to be the main method of distribution and marketing. It appears to be the future of the retail industry and is one of the world's fastest growing businesses sectors, as many policy reports and research results have acknowledged. Korea's franchise industry began in the 1970s, spread out into many areas (including food services, retail, and the service industry), and has grown by over 10% each year ever since. The industry's influence on the national economy becomes ever greater. Although the size of the franchise industry is expected to grow as it spreads and as the government expands its support, it has not yet attracted much academic interest. Research has so far been very fragmented. The main interest has been the relationship and conflicts between the head offices and the affiliates. No study has yet occurred on whether the concepts of satisfaction and intent to conclude a contract directly affect the success or failure of the affiliates. Few studies have empirically inquired into the demographic characteristics and abilities of the affiliates that significantly affect their results. Domestic franchise industries must prepare to leap from quantitative to qualitative growth. Most important is the need for affiliate headquarters and affiliates to build confidence between them. A friendly and reliable relationship between affiliate headquarters and affiliates will eliminate distrust from the franchise and maintain a healthy franchise system. This study suggests that current and prospective heads of affiliation should concentrate not on attracting affiliates but on investment and techniques of affiliate support. They should work on the reinforcement of brand power, the appropriate affiliate business environment, systematic education/training, taking burdens off the affiliate business persons, consolidating the relationship with the affiliate business persons, marketing mix factors (e.g. products, price conditions, logistics and shipping services, promotion, supervising and supervisor, operation procedures/processes, and material evidence); these all greatly affect the success or failure of the affiliate business. Supporting the affiliates is an important factor that enhances their results and satisfaction and consequently increases the positive recommendations to others and the ratio of recurrent conclusions of contracts, which ultimately generate the growth of the franchises. In addition, it is suggested that prospective franchise founders should make every effort to choose a good head office since the characteristics of the head office greatly influence the success of the affiliates. This study is significant in that it grasps the characteristics of the head office of affiliation and of the affiliates that influence affiliate results in ways not yet academically attempted.

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Effects of Environmental Uncertainty on Transaction and Industry Characteristics in the Franchising Markets (환경불확실성이 프랜차이즈 시스템의 거래특성과 산업특성 및 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Sang-Lin;Baek, Mi-Young
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.55-77
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this research is to understand the effects of environmental uncertainty on transaction characteristics, industry factors, and performance in Korean franchising markets. This research tried to investigate both the characteristics of B-to-C service factors and B-to-B industry factors of franchising industry from the perspectives of CLalt, trust, communication, and other important variables. Hypothetical research model was proposed and, by using SPSS and AMOS, research hypotheses and structural equation models were empirically tested and supported. The results showed that environmental uncertainty has negative effects on relationship characteristics and industry characteristics of franchise. Trust showed positive impact on the performance. Managerial implications and limitations of the study results were also discussed. Future research direction was suggested.

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The Effects of Franchisor's Promotion Strategies on Food Service Franchisee Trust and Business Performance (외식 프랜차이즈 가맹본부의 프로모션 활동이 가맹점의 신뢰와 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • An, Sang-Joon;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Chang, Jun-Suk
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2017
  • This study reviewed the existing studies in order to set up a strategy that can achieve the trust and business performance of the franchisers, who are actually operating franchised business, breaking from the research trend centered around franchise headquarters and added the factors of the franchise headquarters' strategy for expanding franchises, including word-of-mouth communication and advertising & publicity and added the exercise of recruitment agency outsourcing, flagship store, recently utilized often as preceding variables to verify the causal relation between the trust of the franchiser and the business performance of the franchise. The implications of this study, it can be concluded that the government authority for the attraction of healthy franchises can continuously attract franchises and enter the market can continuously attract franchises by increasing the trust of the franchises, and powerfully investing and managing them for the effort through word-of-mouth marketing. It is expected that this study will be helpful in the establishment of a business strategy for forming a continuous relationship as well as the franchise head office's strategy for the recruitment of new franchises.