• Title, Summary, Keyword: 프리스트레스트 콘크리트 거더

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An Experimental Study on Flexural Behavior of Steel Fiber Reinforced Ultra High Performance Concrete Prestressed Girders (강섬유 보강 초고성능 콘크리트 프리스트레스트 거더의 휨거동 실험 연구)

  • Yang, In-Hwan;Joh, Chang-Bin;Kim, Byung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.777-786
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    • 2010
  • This paper examines the flexural behavior of full-scale prestressed concrete girders that were constructed of steel fiber reinforced ultra high performance concrete (UHPC). This study is designed to provide more information about the bending characteristics of UHPC girders in order to establish a reasonable prediction model for flexural resistance and deflection for future structural design codes. Short steel fibers have been introduced into prestressed concrete T-girders in order to study their effects under flexural loads. Round straight high strength steel fibers were used at volume fraction of 2%. The girders were cast using 150~190 MPa steel fiber reinforced UHPC and were designed to assess the ability of steel fiber reinforced UHPC to carry flexural loads in prestressed girders. The experimental results show that steel fiber reinforced UHPC enhances the cracking behavior and ductility of beams. Moreover, when ultimate failure did occur, the failure of girders composed of steel fiber reinforced UHPC was observed to be precipitated by the pullout of steel fibers that were bridging tension cracks in the concrete. Flexural failure of girders occurred when the UHPC at a particular cross section began to lose tensile capacity due to steel fiber pullout. In addition, it was determined that the level of prestressing force influenced the ultimate load capacity.

Experimental Verification of Age-adjusted Effective Modulus Method to Long-Term Behavior Estimation of Prestressed Composite Girders (재령보정 유효계수방법에 의한 프리스트레스트 합성거더의 장기거동 실험 검증)

  • Bae, Doo-Byong;Oh, Chang-Kook;Choi, Sok-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.571-582
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    • 2012
  • Prestressed composite girders provide efficient composite action by applying prestress to the sub-encasing concrete. In this study, an enhanced prestressed composite girder with forms suspended from the steel girder is utilized. Long-term behavior of the prestressed composite girder is estimated using age-adjusted effective modulus method, which is verified experimentally using measurements obtained from an in-service bridge. Then, parametric study is carried out to investigate the influences caused by ambient temperature, humidity, prestressing and concrete casting date.

Nonlinear Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridges Using Macro Element (매크로요소를 이용한 프리스트레스트 콘크리트 박스거더 교량의 비선형 해석)

  • Oh, Byung-Hwan;Lee, Myung-Kue
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 1999
  • The conventional design of prestressed concrete box girder bridges has been based on the linear elastic analyses using simplified geometric models. To overcome the restriction involved in the simplifications, a macro element for the rational analysis of prestressed concrete box girder bridges with variable cross sections is incorporated in the present analysis. Through the adoption of nonlinear material models, the behaviour of prestressed box bridges up to ultimate loading stage can be examined. The time dependent material models included in the present macro element code enable to predict the long term behaviour of prestressed concrete box girder bridges. The proposed macro element code with the nonlinear material models and time dependent routines can be efficiently used for the realistic analysis of prestressed concrete box girder bridges with arbitrary shapes.

Fatigue Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Composite Girder Bridges (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 합성거더 교량의 피로해석)

  • 김지상;오병환
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 1993
  • A fatigue analysis procedure for prestressed concrete composite girder bridges is established, which includes the time-dependent effects of component materials. The procedure can take into account the movement of neutral axis depth as crack develops and give quite good agreement with experimental results available. It is also assured that Korean Standard prestressed concrete composite girder has enough fatigue resistance. The procedure in this paper gives a way to express the fatigue capacity of prestressed concrete beams in the form of S-N curve, which can be utilized under variable amplitude fatigue load.

FE-Model Update for Prestress-Force Monitoring of Prestressed Concrete Girders (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 거더의 긴장력 모니터링을 위한 유한요소모델 개선)

  • Ho, Duc-Duy;Hong, Dong-Soo;Kim, Jeong-Tae;Yun, Chung-Bang
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.39.2-39.2
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 프리스트레스트 콘크리트 거더 구조물의 긴장력 손실을 검색하기 위한 유한요소모델 개선기법을 제시하였다. 먼저, 유한요소모델개선 기법의 이론적 배경을 제시하였다. 두 번째로, 다수의 긴장력 조건하의 모형 PSC 거더에 대한 모드파라메터들을 측정하기위해 진동실험을 수행하였다. 세 번째로, 유한요소모델의 구조파라메터 개선을 통해 실험결과와 유사한 고유진동수를 얻기 위한 진동기반 구조식별을 수행하였다. 마지막으로, 다수의 긴장력 조건하에서 실험을 통해 측정된 고유진동수와 수치적으로 식별된 고유 진동수를 이용하여 모델개선 기법의 적합성을 검증하였다.

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Flexural Vibration Characteristics of Prestressed Concrete Girders due to Changes in Prestress Forces (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 거더의 긴장력 변화에 따른 휨 진동 응답 특성)

  • Lee, Jung-Mi;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.137-147
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    • 2009
  • In this study, several flexural vibration characteristics of prestressed concrete girders due to changes in prestress forces are experimentally analyzed. In order to achieve the objective, the following approaches are implemented. First, several methods to extract vibration response features from output-only signal are selected. Next, a large-scaled prestressed concrete girder model is constructed to analyze relation between the prestress forces and the vibration features in the prestressed concrete girder. Then acceleration responses are measured from the girder for several prestress force scenarios. Finally, vibration characteristics of the prestressed concrete girder due to change in prestress force are experimentally analyzed. The values of features extracted by the selected methods are reduced due to prestress-loss. Especially, the value of features are linearly reduced in the early prestress-loss.

Experimental Study for the Development of Steel-Confined Prestressed Concrete Girder (강재로 구속된 프리스트레스트 콘크리트 합성거더의 개발을 위한 실험연구)

  • Kim, Jung Ho;Park, Kyung Hoon;Hwang, Yoon Koog;Choi, Young Min;Cho, Hyo Nam
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.593-602
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    • 2002
  • A new type of bridge superstructures referred to as Steel-Confined Prestressed Concrete Girder (SCP Girder) was developed, which is composed of concrete, steel plate, and prestressing tendon. The girder may maximize structural advantages of these components; thus, long span bridges with low height girder may be constructed. For the effective design and fabrication of the gilder, the design software program was developed and the process of fabrication established. The experimental girder designed using the program was manufactured in actual size to confirm the fabric ability of the girder. Propriety of design, structural safety, and applicability of the gilder were verified through the load test.

Uncertainty and Updating of Long-Term Prediction of Prestress in Prestressed Concrete Bridges (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 교량의 프리스트레스 장기 예측의 불확실성 및 업데이팅)

  • 양인환
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2004
  • The prediction accuracy of prestress plays an important role in the quality of maintenance and the decision on rehabilitation of infrastructure such as prestressed concrete bridges. In this paper, the Bayesian statistical method that uses in-situ measurement data for reducing the uncertainties or updating long-term prediction of prestress is presented. For Bayesian analysis, prior probability distribution is developed to represent the uncertainties of creep and shrinkage of concrete and likelihood function is derived and used with data acquired in site. Posterior probability distribution is then obtained by combining prior distribution and likelihood function. The numerical results of this study indicate that more accurate long-term prediction of prestress forces due to creep and shrink age is possible.

Ultimate Shear Capacity of Prestressed Girder of Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (초고강도 섬유보강 콘크리트 프리스트레스트 거더의 극한 전단력)

  • Han, Sang-Mook;Wu, Xiang-Guo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2008
  • This study is to investigate the ultimate shear load of prestressed girder made of Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC). Nine girders were tested until failure in shear. An analytical model to predict the ultimate shear load was formulated based on the Two Bounds Theory. A fiber reinforcing model was constituted based on the random assumption of steel fiber uniform distribution. The predicted values were compared with the conventional predictions and the test results. The proposed equations for computing the ultimate shear strength can be used for the ultimate failure status analysis, which could also be utilized for numerical limit analysis of prestressed UHPFRC girder. The established fiber reinforcing theoretical model can also be a reference for micro-mechanics analysis of UHPFRC.