• Title, Summary, Keyword: 피로도 지수

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주기적 등척성 수축에서의 국소근육피로 측정을 통한 피로지수의 개발

  • 정소라;정민근
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 1993
  • 등척성 수축에서 국소근육피로의 연구에는 표면전극을 사용한 근전도신호의 스펙트럼분석 이 효과적이다. 많은 연구결과에서 자발적 수축동안 근전도신호의 주파수 성분이 근육의 피로에 의해 낮은 쪽으로 천이 된다는 사실이 밝혀졌으며, 이를 근육피로의 지수로 사용하려는 노력이 계속되어 왔다. 본 연구에서는 실제와 유사한 형태의 주기적 작업수행시에 얻어진 근전도신호의 중간주파수 천이양상을 지속적 수축에서 얻어진 중간주파수의 천이양상과 비교하여, 주기적 작업의 피로축적은 지속적 수축에서의 피로축적과 같은 경향성을 지님을 찾아냈으며, 이 결과를 근거로 주기적 수축의 수축지속시간으로 정규화된 개념의 피로지수를 개발하였다. 이러한 피로지수는 정량적으로 제시될 수 있음은 물론, 작업설계와 허용한계의 설정등에 응용될 수 있을 것이다.

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The Effects of Microcurrent Stimulation on Erector Spinae Fatigue Index (미세전류 자극이 척주세움근의 피로지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Da-Haeng
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.545-551
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to compare the effects of microcurrent stimulation and rest on the fatigue index by applying both to subjects who had accumulated fatigue after performing short-duration physical activity. The experiment was performed at S University from December 2012 to February 2013, on 22 healthy men in their 20s, who were right-handed, and without peripheral or musculoskeletal diseases. All subjects lifted a 10-kg box lift and lower 100 times in 15 minutes. Immediately after that, muscle fatigue index (Median Frequency: MF) and blood fatigue index (Creatine Kinase Lactate: CK, Lactate Dehydrogenase: LDH) were measured by using surface electromyography. The subjects were divided into two groups, and microcurrent stimulation and rest were mediated to the experimental and control groups, respectively, for 20 minutes. After intervention, muscle fatigue index and blood fatigue index were measured and the changes in the accumulated fatigue index were compared. Both groups manifested significantly decreased cumulative fatigue after applying the mediation compared to the pre-intervention level (p < .05), the only exception being the fatigue index of the left erector spinae in the rest group. Compared to the rest group, the microcurrent stimulation group showed a significant decrease in muscle fatigue index (p < .05) but no significant differences were found in the blood fatigue index. Given the results of this study, microcurrent stimulation is considered to be helpful in muscle fatigue recovery for workers who have to perform repetitive movements lifting weights, and additional studies on the correlations of the fatigue recovery with respect to the long-term follow-up of fatigue index and mediation time are necessary.

Correlation between Overload Retardation and Hardening Exponent (과부하로 인한 균열지연과 변형경화지수와의 상호관계)

  • Sang-Chul,Kim;Jin-Man,Jeong;Moon-Sik,Han
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 1989
  • This paper investigates the relationship between strain hardening exponents(n) of various marine materials and fatigue crack retardation effect after applying single overload. Using the four different sheet materials, following results are obtained. (1) The fatigue crack propagation rate after applying single overload was retarded and the effects of this retardation were closely related to the strain hardening exponent. (2) The larger the strain hardening exponents were, the more were the fatigue crack retardation effects after applying single overload. (3) The considerable crack closure with the applying of a overload was observed in matrals with large strain hardening exponent. When n is smaller than 0.1, the fatigue crack retardation effects are negligible. On the contrary, when n is larger than 0.2 the fatigue crack retardation effects are significant.

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Influence of External Pressure to Abdominal Area on Abdominal and Lumbar Muscle Fatigue Index During Upper Extremity Exercise: A Pilot Study (상지운동 시 복부에 적용된 외부압력이 요부와 복부 근육 피로지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Eun-Hye;Cynn, Heon-Seock;Choi, Houng-Sik
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 상지운동 동안에 복부에 적용된 압력이 요부와 복부의 근피로도에 미치는 영향을 알아보았다. 연구대상자는 성인 남자 5명이었다. 연구대상자가 10 repetitions maximun (RM) 무게의 아령을 이용하여 1분 동안 상지운동을 수행 시 0 mmHg, 저압(30 mmHg), 중압(70 mmHg), 고압(100 mmHg)의 외부 압력이 복부에 적용되었고, 복직근, 외복사근, 내복사근, 척추기립근에서 근전도 자료가 수집되었다. 주파수 분석을 통하여 적용된 압력에 따라 각각의 근육에서 초기 10초 구간과 말기 10초 구간의 중앙주파수로 피로지수를 측정하였다. 통계학적 분석방법은 반복측정된 이요인 분산분석 ($4{\times}4$)과 사후검정을 이용하였다. 그 결과 압력의 차이에 의한 주효과가 나타났으며, 사후검정결과 0 mmHg 압력에 비해 30 mmHg, 100 mmHg에서 각각 피로지수가 유의하게 낮았다(p=.04, p=.015). 본 연구의 결과를 통하여 복부에 적용된 압력 (30 mmHg, 100 mmHg)이 근육의 피로도를 감소시킬 수 있음이 나타났다. 요부벨트를 이용하여 작업을 수행할 때, 고유수용성 감각 입력을 증가시키고 재손상을 방지하는 목적이외에도 근피로도를 감소시킬 수 있다는 가능성을 알 수 있었다.

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Effects of Strain Hardening Exponents on the Retardation of Fatigue Crack Propagation (가공경화지수가 피로균열 지연거동에 끼치는 영향)

  • 김상철;강동명
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1193-1199
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    • 1990
  • Effects of strain hardening exponents on the behavior of fatigue crack propagation are experimentally investigated. The retardation effect of fatigue crack propagation after single overloading is investigated in relation to strain hardening exponent and crack closure. A relationship between crack opening ratio and strain hardening exponents is inspected through an examination of the crack closure behavior. An empirical equation relating retardation effect of fatigue crack propagation after single overloading, percent peak load and strain hardening exponent of materials is proposed.

Cyclic Creep Model for the Deflection Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members under Fatigue Loads (피로하중을 받는 철근콘크리트 휨부재의 처짐산정을 위한 반복크리프 모델)

  • 오병환;김동욱
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.415-422
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    • 2001
  • The present paper focuses on the development of a realistic analysis model for the deformation calculation of reinforced concrete beams subjected to fatigue loadings. The proposed model considers the effect of cyclic creep, which arises from the repeated loading, to calculate the deformation of reinforced concrete beams. A comprehensive experimental program has been set up to identify the deformation accumulation of reinforced concrete beams under repeated loadings. The major test variables were the concrete compressive strength and the magnitude of fatigue loads. The model was calibrated from the present test results. The proposed model allows more realistic analysis of reinforced concrete beams under fatigue loads, especially deformation accumulation of such beams.

A Study of The Relation of Fatigue, The Stress Resistance and Emotion in Korean Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 피로도와 스트레스 저항력 그리고 정서와의 관계 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Eun;Park, Pyung-Woon
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.855-858
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 발달적 위기에 놓여있는 중년여성의 피로도와 스트레스 저항력 그리고 정서와의 상관관계를 알아보기 위하여 뇌신경 생리학적 지표인 뇌파 측정을 이용하여 분석해 보고자 하였다. 2005년 3월부터 2009년 6월까지 한국정신과학연구소에 뇌파 측정을 의뢰한 우리나라 중년여성 4403명(35세~65세)을 기준으로 선정된 뇌기능 지수(긴장도, 항스트레스지수, 정서지수)를 시계열 선형분석과 상관분석으로 한 결과 중년여성의 피로도, 스트레스 저항력 그리고 정서에는 밀접한 관계가 있었다. 그러므로 사회적으로나 가정적으로 성숙하고 책임감 있는 중년여성의 역할이 필요한 현대사회에서, 중년기의 심리적 생리적 문제에 적극적으로 대처하는 것이 개인생활은 물론 가족의 원만한 기능과 안녕을 유지, 증진하는데 반드시 필요하다.

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Factors Analysis Affecting intent to learn e-Book contents based on EEG (e-Book 학습자의 학습수용의도에 미치는 요인 분석 - 뇌파 분석(EEG)을 중심으로)

  • O, Arang;Moon, Nammee;Lee, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.342-343
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    • 2011
  • 미디어 디지털컨버전스 환경에서 교육을 수용하는 도구로서 e-Book은 향후 더 많은 확산이 기대되어진다. 본 연구에서는 학습자의 학습도구로서 e-Book과 종이책의 수용 의도를 뇌파를 분석(자기조절지수, 기초율동지수, 주의지수, 활성지수, 정서지수, 항스트레스지수, 좌우뇌균형지수, 브레인지수 분석)하여 실험하였으며, e-Book을 사용후, 성별에 상관없이 내외적 환경 요인으로 인한 육체적, 정신적 피로도에 대한 저항력을 나타내는 항스트레스 지수가 낮아지는 결과를 얻었다. 향후, 본 연구를 기반으로 개선방향을 찾을 필요가 있다.

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Measurement of Level of Stereoscopic Visual Fatigue for User Discomfort Improvement (사용자 불편함 개선을 위한 입체 영상 피로도 지수 측정)

  • Kim, Jong-Hak;Kim, Jueng-Hun;Ham, Hun-Ho;Cho, Jun-Dong
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.48 no.10
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    • pp.20-24
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    • 2011
  • As various 3D contents have been developed recently, number of users who use 3D glasses in the cinema or their house has increased. However, since a stereoscopic image causes visual fatigue, developers also advise children and pregnant against watching it for hours. In this paper, we proposed measurement of level of visual fatigue degree by analyzing histogram obtained from a disparity-map. We used binocular disparity approach which is a fundamental factor occurred by a stereoscopic image. This research can be used as an user discomfort improvement method by referring to a stereoscopic image producing and compensation. To obtain a disparity-map, our proposed method used a census algorithm which is suitable for real-time processing.

Bayesian Network Model for Human Fatigue Recognition (피로 인식을 위한 베이지안 네트워크 모델)

  • Lee Young-sik;Park Ho-sik;Bae Cheol-soo
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.9C
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    • pp.887-898
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, we introduce a probabilistic model based on Bayesian networks BNs) for recognizing human fatigue. First of all, we measured face feature information such as eyelid movement, gaze, head movement, and facial expression by IR illumination. But, an individual face feature information does not provide enough information to determine human fatigue. Therefore in this paper, a Bayesian network model was constructed to fuse as many as possible fatigue cause parameters and face feature information for probabilistic inferring human fatigue. The MSBNX simulation result ending a 0.95 BN fatigue index threshold. As a result of the experiment, when comparisons are inferred BN fatigue index and the TOVA response time, there is a mutual correlation and from this information we can conclude that this method is very effective at recognizing a human fatigue.