• Title, Summary, Keyword: 하이브리드 유한요소법

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Radiation Impedance and Directional characteristics of Piezoelectric Cylinder Transducer for Various Mechanical Boundary Conditions. (기계적 경계조건에 대한 원통형 압전 변환기의 방사임피던스 및 지향특성변화)

  • 윤종락
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.91-95
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    • 1992
  • 개영역(open boundary) 내의 변환기에 대한 음장 특성은 경계 조건이 좌표계와 정합되는 특수한 경우 헤름홀쯔 방정식풀이로 그렇지 않은 복잡한 형태의 음장에 대해서는 경계적분법이나 근사해법으로 얻어진다. 그러나 최근 이러한 문제들은 발달된 컴퓨터의 계산능력으로 유한요소법이나 경계요소법을 이용한 수치해법으로 해결되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 경계조건 변화에 따른 원통형 압전변환기의 방사임피던스 및 지향특성을 유한요소법 및 하이브리드형 무한요소법을 이용하여 구하고 기존의 해석적 결과와 비교하여 수중용 변환기 제작의 설계에 대한 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다.

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Analysis of Photoelastic Stress Field Around Inclined Crack Tip by Using Hybrid Technique (하이브리드 기법에 의한 경사균열 팁 주위의 광탄성 응력장 해석)

  • Chen, Lei;Seo, Jin;Lee, Byung-Hee;Kim, Myung-Soo;Baek, Tae-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.1287-1292
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, a hybrid technique is presented. First, the isochromatic fringe data of a given set of points are calculated by the finite element method and are used as input data in complex variable formulations. Then the numerical model of the specimen with a central inclined crack is transformed from the physical plane to the complex plane by conformal mapping. The stress field is analyzed and the mixed-mode stress intensity factors are calculated for this complex plane. The stress intensity factors are calculated by the finite element method as well as by a theoretical method and compared with each other. In order to conveniently compare these values with each other, both actual and regenerated photoelastic fringe patterns are multiplied by a factor of two and sharpened by digital image processing.

Real-Time Hybrid Testing Using a Fixed Iteration Implicit HHT Time Integration Method for a Reinforced Concrete Frame (고정반복법에 의한 암시적 HHT 시간적분법을 이용한 철근콘크리트 골조구조물의 실시간 하이브리드실험)

  • Kang, Dae-Hung;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 2011
  • A real-time hybrid test of a 3 story-3 bay reinforced concrete frame which is divided into numerical and physical substructure models under uniaxial earthquake excitation was run using a fixed iteration implicit HHT time integration method. The first story inner non-ductile column was selected as the physical substructure model, and uniaxial earthquake excitation was applied to the numerical model until the specimen failed due to severe damage. A finite-element analysis program, Mercury, was newly developed and optimized for a real-time hybrid test. The drift ratio based on the top horizontal displacement of the physical substructure model was compared with the result of a numerical simulation by OpenSees and the result of a shaking table test. The experiment in this paper is one of the most complex real-time hybrid tests, and the description of the hardware, algorithm and models is presented in detail. If there is an improvement in the numerical model, the evaluation of the tangent stiffness matrix of the physical substructure model in the finite element analysis program and better software to reduce the computational time of the element state determination for the force-based beam-column element, then the comparison with the results of the real-time hybrid test and the shaking table test deserves to make a recommendation. In addition, for the goal of a "Numerical simulation of the complex structures under dynamic loading", the real time hybrid test has enough merit as an alternative to dynamic experiments of large and complex structures.

Effect of element size in hybrid stress analysis around a hole in loaded orthotropic composites (직교이방성 재료의 구멍주위에 관한 하이브리드 응력해석시 요소크기의 효과)

  • Baek, Tae-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.1702-1711
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    • 1997
  • A numerical study for the number of terms of a power series stress function and the effect of hybrid element size on stress analysis around a hole in loaded orthotropic composites is presented. The hybrid method coupling experimental and/or theoretical inputs and complex variable formulations involving conformal mappings and analytical continuity is used to calculate tangential stress on the boundary of the hole in uniaxially loaded, finite width glass epoxy tensile plate. The tests are done by rarying the number of terms, element size and nodal locations on the external boundary of the hybrid region. The numerical results indicate that the hybrid method is accurate and powerful in both experimental and numerical stress analysis.

Calculation of Radiation Impedance for Piston Sources on a Spherical Baffle (구형 배플상의 피스톤 음원에 대한 방사임피던스 계산)

  • 박순종;김무준;김천덕
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2003
  • The characteristics of radiation impedance for piston source on a spherical baffle are analyzed by algorithms which consists of Finite Element Method (FEM) and Hybrid type Infinite Element Method (HIEM). The results of self-radiation impedance for radiation angle and mutual radiation impedance between piston sources coincided with other reports on the spherical rigid baffle. For the spherical non-rigid baffles, the variations of self-radiation impedance and mutual-radiation impedance are identified. Therefore, these results can be applied to design and radiation characteristics analysis of acoustic transducers.

Acoustic Field Analysis of Ultrasonic Focusing Transducer by Using Finite Element. Method and Hybrid Type Infinite Element Method (유한요소법과 하이브리드형 무한요소법을 이용한 초음파 집속변환자의 음장 해석)

  • Park, Soon-Jong;Yoon, Jong-Rak;Ha, Kang-Lyeol;Kim, Chun-Duck
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.36-43
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    • 1995
  • This paper presents the lousing characteristics and the time. response of ultrasonic focusing transducer which is a coupled system with an electromechanical and an acoustical component. The Finite Element Method and the Hybrid Type Infinite Element Method are applied for the analysis. The position of the focal points and the resolutions is obtained from the loosing characteristics and the time response. It is found that the transducer with the damper, which stabilizes the displacement of the radiation surface, gives a better resolution. In conclusion, the results could be applied to the design and the performance analysis of the ultrasonic focusing transducer.

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Development of Hybrid OCB Beam for the Long-span Building Structures (장경간 건축구조를 위한 하이브리드 OCB보의 개발)

  • Lee, Doo-Sung;Kim, Sang-Yeon;Kim, Tae-Kyun
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.129-138
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    • 2015
  • The building structure in Korea is planned to maximize the use of space in recent. The hybrid OCB(Optimized Composite Beam) beam is developed to take advantage of using the space. The OCB beam is composed of the steel H-beam section reinforced by open strands in negative moment zone and the pretensioned PSC concrete section in positive zone. Flexural behavior of typical architectural hybrid OCB beam section was investigated by F.E.M. The 15m, 20m, 30m OCB models were tested on nonlinear material and geometry under static loading system. Following results are obtained from the analysis; 1)The OCB beam develop initial flexural cracking over full service loading. 2)Overall deflections of OCB beam under the service loads are less than those of the allowable limits in KCI Code(2012). 3)The ultimate load capacity get over the nominal strength of the OCB main section. The OCB beam is verified of structural reliability from the finite element analysis.

Hybrid Stress Analysis around a Circular Hole in a Tensile Plate by Use of Phase Shifting Photoelasticity (광탄성 위상이동법에 의한 인장시편 원형 구멍주위 하이브리드 응력해석)

  • Baek, Tae-Hyun;Lee, Choon-Tae;Yang, Min-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2007
  • A hybrid experimental-numerical method is presented for determining the stresses around a circular hole in a finite-width, tensile loaded plate. Measured fringe orders along straight lines provided the input information on the external boundary of the hybrid element. In order to see the effects of varying stress field, different numbers of terms in a power-series representation of the complex type conformal mapping stress function were tested. For qualitative comparison, actual isochromatic fringes were compared with reconstructed theoretical fringes using stress-optic law. For quantitative comparison, relative errors and standard deviations with respective to relative errors were analyzed for all measured points by changing the number of terms of stress function. The hybrid results are highly comparable with those predicted by FEA. The results show that this approach is effective and promising because isochromatic data along the straight lines in photoelasticity can be conveniently measured by use of phase shifting photoelasticity.