• Title/Summary/Keyword: 하중(load)

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Test Technology for Wind Turbines and Their Components (풍력터빈과 부품의 시험기술)

  • Hwang, Byeong-Seon;Lee, Hui-Won;Lee, Geun-Ho;Jo, Han-Uk
    • The Magazine of the Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2009
  • 지난 20년간 급속한 발전을 통하여 회전 블레이드의 직경이 126 m, 나셀까지의 높이가 약 130 m에 이르는 6,000 kW의 용량을 가지는 풍력발전기가 개발되었다. 세계적으로 풍력발전의 필요성과 중요성이 인식되어 2008년 현재 약 120,000 MW의 설치 용량을 기록하고 있다. 풍력터빈(wind turbine)과 그 부품의 기계적인 성능평가의 종류와 방법은 많은 사람들의 관심인 것으로 판단한다. 우선 풍력터빈을 구성하는 주요 핵심부품은 블레이드, 증속장치, 발전기 등이며, 세부 구성 부품으로 허브, 핏치와 요베어링, 주축베어링, 타워 등이 있다. 주요핵심 부품인 블레이드, 증속기, 발전기 등의 성능평가가 중요한 이슈이다. 또한 모든 구성품을 조립하여 초기의 설계사양에 따라서 제조되고 최종성능이 발휘되는지 여부를 현장시험을 통하여 성능평가과정을 거치게 되는데 이 과정은 풍력터빈의 성능평가라고 하며 주요 평가대상은 출력성능(power performance), 소음(noise), 하중(load), 전력품질(power quality) 등 4가지 항목을 집중적으로 측정하여 개발된 풍력터빈의 전반적인 성능을 평가하게 된다. 본 투고에서는 핵심부품인 블레이드, 증속기, 발전기에 대한 시험기술과 풍력터빈의 성능평가 항목인 4개 측정 항목에 대하여 기술하였다.

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복합재료 선미익 항공기 날개 하중해석

  • Han, Chang-Hwan;Kim, Eung-Tai;Ahn, Seok-Min;Kim, Jin-Won
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.8-27
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the load analysis of a composite canard aircraft is performed numerically. Excel visual basic program for PC is used to calculate aerodynamic coefficients, loads and moments etc.. The basic data required for the load analysis such as aircraft configuration and dimension, parts and its weight and coordinate etc. are obtained from Catia modeling, measurement or material density. Aircraft weight, center of gravity, inertia moment, structural design speeds, wing load distribution, forces and moments are evaluated by using these data. V-n diagram is also represented for selecting critical loads applied to the wing and fuselage. The V-n diagram is investigated to decide the flight envelope of canard aircraft for design speed VA, VC, VD and load factor +3.8G, -1.52G at maximum weight of 2,573 lbs and sea level. In the future, the results of the wing and fuselage load analysis is to represented by using selected critical loads.

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Reliability model for the probability of system failure of storm sewer (우수관의 불능확률 산정을 위한 신뢰성 모형)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Jae;Lee, Cheol-Eung;Ahn, Jae-Beom
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2010.05a
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    • pp.1691-1695
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서 AFDA(Approximate Full Distribution Approach)를 사용하여 하수관의 불능확률을 정량적으로 산정할 수 있는 신뢰성 모형이 개발되었다. 여러 도시의 연 최대강우강도(Yearly Maximum Rainfall Intensity)를 이용하여 그 확률분포함수를 분석하였고 우수관(Storm sewer)의 불능확률 산정을 위한 신뢰성 모형에 적용하였다. 연 최대강우강도 자료의 분석결과 우리나라 중부지방의 여러 중소도시에 대한 연 최대강우강도의 확률분포함수는 Gumbel분포와 일치하는 것으로 나타났다. 신뢰성 모형은 불능확률의 신뢰함수를 구하기 위해 하중(Load)을 규정하는 식은 합리식이 사용되었고 용량(Capacity)를 규정하는 식은 Darcy-Weisbach공식과 Manning의 공식이 사용되었다. 이렇게 개발된 신뢰성 모형을 실제 우수관에 적용하여 불능확률을 산정하는 신뢰성 해석을 수행하였다. Y자형 우수관망에서 2개의 관으로 유입하는 각각의 유량이 그 관의 허용유량을 초과할 경우를 불능확률로 가정하였고, 나머지 관의 경우는 두 개의 관으로부터 유입하는 유량과 그 세 번째 관의 매설지역의 우수유입량의 합이 그 관의 허용유량을 초과할 경우를 불능상태(state of system failure)로 간주하여 불능확률을 정량적으로 산정하였다. Darcy-Weisbach공식과 Manning의 공식을 사용한 신뢰성 해석결과를 비교하였으며 우수관 직경의 변화에 따른 불능확률을 산정하였다. 특정한 수치(설계직경)이하일 경우 불능확률이 급격히 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 실제 우수관의 유효직경이 설계직경에 항상 가깝도록 불순물을 제거하는 것이 최선의 관리 방법이며 불능확률을 줄이는 최선의 방법일 것이다. 본 연구에서 개발된 신뢰성 모형은 우수관의 운용, 관리, 감독은 물론 설계에 활용이 가능 할 것이다.

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EFFECT OF RESTORATION TYPE ON THE STRESS DISTRIBUTION OF ENDODONTICALLY TREATED MAXILLARY PREMOLARS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT STUDY (수복물의 종류가 근관치료된 상악 제2소구치의 응력분포에 미치는 영향: 3차원 유한요소법적 연구)

  • Jung, Heun-Sook;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Hur, Bock;Kim, Kwang-Hoon;Son, Kwon;Park, Jeong-Kil
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.8-19
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of four restorative materials under various occlusal loading conditions on the stress distribution at the CEJ of buccal. palatal surface and central groove of occlusal surface of endodontically treated maxillary second premolar, using a 3D finte element analysis. A 3D finite element model of human maxillary second premolar was endodontically treated. After endodontic treatment, access cavity was filled with Amalgam, resin, ceramic or gold of different mechanical properties. A static 500N forces were applied at the buccal (Load-1) and palatal cusp (Load-2) and a static 170N forces were applied at the mesial marginal ridge and palatal cusp simultaneously as centric occlusion (Load-3). Under 3-type Loading condition, the value of tensile stress was analyzed after 4-type restoration at the CEJ of buccal and palatal surface and central groove of occlusal surface Excessive high tensile stresses were observed along the palatal CEJ in Load-1 case and buccal CEJ in Load-2 in all of the restorations. There was no difference in magnitude of stress in relation to the type of restorations. Heavy tensile stress concentrations were observed around the loading point and along the central groove of occlusal surface in all of the restorations. There was slight difference in magnitude of stress between different types of restorations. High tensile stress concentrations around the loading points were observed and there was no difference in magnitude of stress between different types of restorations in Load-3.

Effect of the marginal position of prosthesis on stress distribution of teeth with abfraction lesion using finite element analysis (보철물 변연의 위치가 abfraction된 치아의 응력 분포에 미치는 영향에 대한 유한요소법적 분석)

  • Kim, Myeong-Hyeon;Lee, Cheong-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.202-210
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress concentration and distribution whether restoring the cavity or not while restoring with metal ceramic crown on tooth with abfraction lesion using finite element analysis. Materials and methods: Maxillary first premolar was selected and made a total of 10 finite element model. Model 1 was natural tooth; Model 2 was tooth with metal ceramic crown restoration which margin was positioned above 2 mm from CEJ; Model 3 was tooth with metal ceramic crown restoration which margin was positioned on CEJ; Model 4 was natural tooth which has abfraction lesion; Model 5 and 6 had abfraction lesion and the other condition was same as model 2 and 3, respectively; Model 7 was natural tooth which had abfraction lesion restored with composite resin; Model 8 and 9 was tooth with metal ceramic crown after restoring on abfraction lesion with composite resin; Model 10 was restored tooth on abfraction lesion with composite resin and metal ceramic crown restoration which margin is positioned on lower border of abfraction lesion. Load A and Load B was also designed. Von Mises value was evaluated on each point. Results: Under load A or load B, on tooth with abfraction lesion, stress was concentrated on the apex of lesion. Under load A or load B, on tooth that abfraction lesion was restored with composite resin, the stress value was reduced on the apex. Conclusion: In case of abfraction lesion was restored with composite resin, the stress was concentrated on the apical border of restored cavity regardless of marginal position. It was favorable to place crown margin on the enamel for restoring with metal ceramic crown.