• Title, Summary, Keyword: 항공기 지연

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Arrival-Departure Capacity Allocation Algorithm for Multi-Airport Systems (다중공항 시스템의 도착-출발 가용량 배정 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Sang-Un
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2016
  • This paper suggests a heuristic algorithm to obtain optimal solution of minimum number of aircraft delay in multi-airport arrivals/departures problem. This single airport arrivals/departures problem can be solved by mathematical optimization method only. The linear programming or genetic algorithm that is a kind of metaheuristic method is used for a multi-airport arrivals/departures problem. Firstly, the proposed algorithm selects the median minimum delays capacity in various arrivals/departures capacities at an airport for the number of aircraft in $i^{th}$ time interval (15 minutes) at each airport. Next, we suggest reallocate method for arrival aircraft between airports. This algorithm better result of the number of delayed aircraft then genetic algorithm.

Development of Fast-Time Simulator for Aircraft Surface Operation (항공기 지상 이동 Fast-Time 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • Kim, Tae Young;Park, Bae-Seon;Lee, Hywonwoong;Lee, Hak-Tae
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2019
  • Thisstudy presentsthe development of a fast-time airport surface simulator. The simulator usesthe output from a first-come first-served (FCFS) scheduler and has adopted one-dimensional dynamic model to simulate the movement of the aircraft on the surface. Higher collision risks situations in the airport surface traffic are analyzed to classify those situations into six cases. A conflict detection and resolution algorithm is implemented to maintain separation distance and to prevent deadlock. The simulator was tested with a scenario at the Incheon International Airport that contains 72 aircraft. Without the conflict detection and resolution, various conflict situations are identified. When the conflict detection and resolution algorithm is managing the traffic, it is confirmed that the conflicts are removed at the price of additional delays. In the conflict resolution algorithm, three prioritization strategies are implemented, and delayed aircraft count and average additional delays are compared. Prioritization based on remaining time or distance showed smaller total additional delay compared to choosing minimum delay priority for each situation.

박리지연 및 양항비 상승효과를 가진 익형내부 구멍효과 설계 최적화 및 단순화 연구

  • Kim, Yeong-Jin;Choe, In-Jun;Nam, Do-U
    • Proceeding of EDISON Challenge
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    • pp.518-522
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    • 2016
  • 항공기 운항 중 사고가 가장 많이 발생하는 순간이 이착륙 순간이다. 사고의 원인은 실속(Stall)으로 인한 조종성 상실, 버드 스트라이크 등의 이유들이 있다. 본 연구에서는 항공기 날개에 구멍을 내서 구조적인 변화를 통해 이 착륙 시에 가장 많이 적용되는 받음각인 $10^{\circ}$에서 흐름의 박리가 지연되고, 양항비가 상승되는 효과를 기대하고 $10^{\circ}$이외의 받음각에서 박리가 지연되는지 해석을 진행하였다. 본 연구에서의 최종적 목표는 곡선형태의 구조변화 형상과 이를 실제 항공기에 적용이 가능하도록 제작성과 경제성을 고려하여 단순화 하는 작업을 진행하고 곡선 형태와 같은 효과를 얻고자 해석을 진행하였다. 받음각 $10^{\circ}$에서 해석을 진행한 경우 모든 형상들이 흐름의 박리를 지연시키는 효과를 가져왔다.

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Time Delay Error Analysis and Compensation Method of Integrated Navigation System for Aircraft Store (항공장착물의 전달정렬을 위한 통합항법장치 시간 지연 오차 분석 및 보상 기법)

  • Seo, Byung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.46 no.7
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    • pp.592-601
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    • 2018
  • The GPS/INS integrated navigation system, which is one of the electronic equipments mounted on military aircraft store, can not directly receive GPS signals by the aircraft wing before the drop, so GPS navigation data is received from the aircraft and used for filter integration, afterwards, the integrated navigation is performed using the GPS information directly received through the antenna. In this case, it is possible to operate the mount in old aircraft without any modification of the aircraft when GPS data is transmitted using wireless. However, the delay occurs while the aircraft navigation data is transmitted to the integrated navigation filter of the aircraft store via wireless, which affects the time synchronization of the GPS measurement and the INS information, affecting the integrated navigation performance. In this paper, an algorithm to analyze and compensate the effect of generation and transmission delay that can occur when implementing GPS/INS integrated navigation system of aircraft store that receives GPS data via wireless.

A development of an Optimization-Based Flight Scheduler and Its Simulation-Based Application to Real Airports (최적화 기법 기반의 항공기 스케줄러 개발 및 실제 공항의 수치적 모사)

  • Ryu, MinSeok;Song, Jae-Hoon;Choi, Seongim
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.41 no.9
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    • pp.681-688
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    • 2013
  • Several problems caused by inevitable increment of airplane have been issued. The most effective solution to solve the issues is considered as establishing appropriate Air Traffic Management (ATM) that reduces aircraft's delay at an airport and intensify the airport's capacity. The purpose of this paper is to produce the optimum aircraft schedules that maximize the aircraft throughput by smooth air traffic flow near terminal area of an airport In this paper, mathematical formulations of the scheduling problem are firstly specified. Based on the mathematical modelling, an Optimization-Based Flight Scheduler that provides the optimum flight schedules for arriving aircraft is developed by introducing the Mixed Integer Linear Programming(MILP) and the Genetic Algorithms(GA). With this scheduler, we calculated the optimum schedules to compare to real schedule data from an Incheon Airport. As a result, it is validated that aircraft throughput produced by the optimum schedule is much better than that of the schedule from the Incheon airport. The optimization-based flight scheduler is expected to deal with problems due to the aircraft saturation in near future.

Estimation of Annual Runway Capacity for Jeju International Airport Considering Aircraft Delays (항공기 지연시간을 고려한 제주국제공항 활주로 연간용량 산정)

  • Park, Jisuk;Yun, Seokjae;Lee, Youngjong;Baik, Hojong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.214-222
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    • 2015
  • Jeju International Airport has become the most delayed airport in Korea, due to increased demand in air passengers and unexpected local weather condition. Observing the demands continuously grow for a decade, the airport is expected to be saturated in the near future. As a part of effort to prepare effective and timely measure for this expected situation, airport planners seeks the annual runway capacity, i.e., the appropriate number of flight operations in a given year with tolerable delay. In practice, the FAA formula is frequently adopted for the capacity estimation. The method, however, has intrinsic issues: 1) the hourly capacity imbedded in the formula is not clearly defined and thus the estimated value is vulnerable to be subjective judgement, and 2) the formula doesn't consider aircraft delay resulted from runway congestion. In this paper, we explain a novel method for estimating the daily runway capacity and then converting to the annual capacity taking into account the aircraft delay. In this paper, average delay of aircraft was measured using microscopic air traffic simulation model. Daily capacity of the runways were analyzed based on the simulation outputs and the method to assess the yearly capacity is introduced. Using a microscopic simulation model named TAAM, we measure the average aircraft delay at various levels of flight demand, and then estimate the practical daily runway capacity. The estimated daily and annual runway capacities of Jeju airport are about 460 operations a day which is equal to 169,000 operations year. The paper discusses how to verify the simulation model, and also suggests potential enhancement of the method.

Compensation of Geo-Pointing Error due to Information Transport Delay for Electro-Optical Tracking System (전자광학 추적장비의 정보 전송지연에 따른 좌표지향 오차보상)

  • Yim, Jong-Bin;Moon, Seong-Man;Lyou, Joon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea CI
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2011
  • EOTS(Electro-Optical Tracking System) provides stabilized images while tracking a moving target. The key of geo-pointing is the function that fixes EOTS's sight to a specific position(geo-point) throughout aircraft maneuvers. In this paper, a major error source for the geo-pointing is identified as the transport delay of navigation information, and an augmented Kalman filter is designed to estimate the present attitude of aircraft using delayed navigation information. Simulation results including the presented scheme shows that the error due to the information transport delay reduces under half.

A Review of Aircraft Camouflage Techniques to Reduce Visual Detection (항공기 시각 탐지 감소 위장기술 고찰)

  • Jin, Wonjin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.630-636
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    • 2020
  • This study reviewed camouflage techniques to reduce the visual detect-ability of aircraft. Visual camouflage can be defined as the process of making objects less visible. Aircraft visual camouflage delays detection of the aircraft position, speed, and flight direction. Multi-tone and counter-shaded schemes are generally adopted as camouflage patterns for close-air-support aircraft and air-superiority aircraft, respectively. Another study showed that the monotone scheme is also efficient when the hue and brightness of the camouflage color are controlled correctly. Active camouflage techniques for aircraft have been studied to increase the camouflage effectiveness. In particular, counter-illumination techniques using electroluminescence devices can minimize the difference in brightness between the aircraft and sky background. Active camouflage techniques are expected to enhance the survivability of low-altitude UAVs, which are vulnerable to visual detection.

The Scope and the Meaning of 'Time of Arrival' in Carriage of Passengers by Air : Focused on the Germanwings GmbH v. Ronny Henning, Case C-452/13 (2014). (항공여객운송에서의 지연보상과 도착시각의 의미 - EU 사법재판소 2014. 9. 14. 판결(ECLI:EU:C:2014:2141)을 중심으로 -)

  • Sur, Ji-Min
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.267-290
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    • 2018
  • This paper reviews and criticizes the EU Case of C-452/13, Germanwings GmbH v. Ronny Henning. Under this case, Ronny Henning later sued Lufthansa's budget carrier Germanwings after it refused to pay him 250 euros compensation for a delay he said totalled more than three hours. Germanwings, however, maintained his flight had arrived only two hours and 58 minutes behind schedule. In those circumstances, the following question to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) for a preliminary ruling: What time is relevant for the term time of arrival used in Articles 2, 5 and 7 of Regulation [No 261/2004]: (a) the time that the aircraft lands on the runway (touchdown); (b) the time that the aircraft reaches its parking position and the parking brakes are engaged or the chocks have been applied (in-block time); (c) the time that the aircraft door is opened; (d) a time defined by the parties in the context of party autonomy? ECJ says that the situation of passengers on a flight does not change substantially when their aircraft touches down on the runway at the destination airport, when that aircraft reaches its parking position and the parking brakes are engaged or when the chocks are applied, as the passengers continue to be subject, in the enclosed space in which they are sitting, to various constraints. Therefore, it is only when the passengers are permitted to leave the aircraft and the order is given to that effect to open the doors of the aircraft that the passengers may in principle resume their normal activities without being subject to those constraints. ECJ rules that it is apparent that Articles 2, 5 and 7 of Regulation No 261/2004 must be interpreted as meaning that the concept of 'arrival time', which is used to determine the length of the delay to which passengers on a flight have been subject, corresponds to the time at which at least one of the doors of the aircraft is opened, the assumption being that, at that moment, the passengers are permitted to leave the aircraft.

Routing in UAV based Disruption Tolerant Networks (무인항공기 기반 지연 허용 네트워크에서의 라우팅)

  • Kim, Tea-Ho;Lim, Yu-Jin;Park, Joon-Sang
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.16C no.4
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    • pp.521-526
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    • 2009
  • Disruption/Delay Tolerant Network(DTN) is a technology for interconnecting partitioned networks. These days, DTN, especially routing in DTN, draws significant attention from the networking community. In this paper, we investigate DTN routing strategies for highly partitioned ad hoc networks where Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) perform store-carry-forward functionality for improved network connectivity. Also we investigate UAV trajectory control mechanisms via simulation studies.