• Title, Summary, Keyword: 항공안전

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A Legal Study on Safety Management System (항공안전관리에 관한 법적 고찰)

  • So, Jae-Seon;Lee, Chang-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.3-32
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    • 2014
  • Safety Management System is the aviation industry policy for while operating the aircraft, to ensure the safety crew, aircraft and passengers. For operating a safe aircraft, in order to establish the international technical standards, the International Civil Aviation Organization has established the Annex 19 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. As a result, member country was supposed to be in accordance with the policy of the International Civil Aviation Organization, to accept the international standard of domestic air law. The South Korean government announced that it would promote active safety management strategy in primary aviation policy master plan of 2012. And, by integrating and state safety programmes(ssp) and safety management system(sms) for the safe management of Annex 19 is to enforce the policy on aviation safety standards. State safety programmes(ssp) is a system of activities for the aim of strengthening the safety and integrated management of the activities of government. State safety programmes(ssp) is important on the basis of the data of the risk information. Collecting aviation hazard information is necessary for efficient operation of the state safety programmes(ssp) Korean government must implement the strategy required to comply with aviation methods and standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Airlines, must strive to safety features for safety culture construction and improvement of safety management is realized. It is necessary to make regulations on the basis of the aviation practice, for aviation safety regulatory requirements, aviation safety should reflect the opinion of the aviation industry.

항공교통분야의 안전관리시스템(ASMS) 구축현황 및 안전평가 개념 소개

  • Choe, Yeong-Jae;Sin, Dae-Won
    • Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.42-50
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    • 2007
  • 데이터에 입각한 과학적 안전관리시스템(Safety Management System, SMS)의 도입은 사후적 차원에 머물던 그간의 안전관리활동의 한계를 극복하고, 예방적 안전관리를 통하여 국가 항공안전증진에 획기적으로 기여할 것으로 기대된다. 이번 기고에서는 항공교통분야에 있어서 안전관리시스템(SMS)의 도입 현황과 함께 SMS의 핵심요소인 위험관리에 있어서, 평가된 위험이 시스템에서 정상적으로 관리되고 있는지 확인할 수 있는 안전평가(Safery Assessment) 개념에 대하여 국제민간항공기기(ICAO)에서 제시하는 개념들을 소개한다.

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Study of the Introduction on the Aviation Safety Data Protection System (항공안전데이터 보호제도 도입 방안 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-jung
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.81-120
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    • 2018
  • To promote the aviation safety reporting system that is operated to enhance aviation safety and to utilize related information, it should first be preceded by standards for non-punishment and data protection. It is because the purpose of collection and analysis of aviation safety related data through the aviation safety reporting system is to prevent recurrence of accidents by investigating their causes through collection and analysis of diverse types of information related to aviation safety. Both mandatory and voluntary reporting systems are in operation for aviation safety under the current Aviation Safety Act. It is said that they were introduced to survey causes for accidents and to prevent recurrences. In fact, however, it is hard to expect active implementation of the reporting system for aviation safety unless the reporters are firstly exempted from punishment. Therefore, the system should be improved so that it can satisfy its purpose and the purposes of data collection concerning aviation safety through examination of the purposes of the reporting system. One of the matters that needs to be considered to promote the reporting system should be the scope of aviation safety hindrances presupposed under the current institution. The voluntary aviation safety reporting system differs from the systems of ICAO or the key advanced countries, including the USA and the UK as it limits the target accidents subject to reporting to minor aviation safety hindrances only. That being said, improvements should be made by requiring mandatory reporting of aviation safety hindrances based on their severity while recognizing a greater variety of aviation safety concerns like international standards. Safety actions and sharing of information based on collection and analysis of diverse data related to aviation safety will greatly contribute to enhance aviation safety as the purposes of the reporting system are to explore causes for accidents and to prevent their recurrences. What is most important in this regard is strict data protection and non-punishment principles; compliance with them should be secured. We can hardly expect the successful operation of the system unless the reporter is exempted from punishment and the relevant data is protected as promotion of voluntary reporting is an essential factor for enhancing the safety culture. Otherwise, the current system may induce hiding of relevant facts or data to evade punishment. It is true that the regulation for enhancing safety tends to have limitations or blind spots; nevertheless, it should still be enforced strictly and completely. Technological progresses and mistakes of operators appear in different forms based on individual cases. The consequential damages may amount to a truly severe level. Therefore, we have studied and suggested to the methods of activiation and amendments on the aviation safety reporting system, which is referred for one of the proactive safety management systems. The proposed improvement of the reporting system and introduction of non-punishment for collection of aviation safety data for deploying a preemptive prevention system would serve as the backbone for enhancing aviation safety in Korea.

Feasibility Study of HFACS Safety Investigation Technique for Safety Risk Assessment (시스템 항공안전감독의 안전위험평가를 위한 HFACS 안전조사기법 타당성 연구)

  • Choe, Sun-Ji;Choe, Dong-Uk;Choe, Yeong-Jae
    • 한국항공운항학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2016
  • Structured Checklist of System Aviation Safety Oversight had been categorized by HFACS. In this Study, Findings of Aviation Safety oversight, have been categorized by HFACS. Thus, those two categorized results have difference in incongruity clause that can be concluded that Structured Checklist has lack of elements. Therefore, we are able to identify validity and suitability of checklist that need to be restructured and redeveloped by performing test analysis through this study.

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Study on the Aviation Safety Autonomous Reporting System for Flight Safety (항공안전운항을 위한 항공안전자율보고제도의 고찰)

  • Jeon, Je-Hyeong;Song, Byeong-Heum
    • 한국항공운항학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.264-268
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    • 2016
  • 항공산업의 초창기에는 항공기 안전사고의 대부분이 기술결함으로 인하여 발생하였다. 그러나 항공기술의 발달로 인한 첨단화, 정밀화되면서 기술결함에 의한 사고는 대폭 감소하였지만 인적요인에 의한 사고는 일정한 수준 감소 이후 꾸준하게 유지하고 있다. ICAO따르면 인적요인의 70~80%가 재발 가능성이 존재하며 독자적인 원인이 아닌 위험요소의 복합적작용으로 발생한다고 기술하고 있다. 이를 방지하기 ICAO에서는 항공안전을 위협하는 사고(ACCIDENTS), 준사고(Serious INCIDENTS), 항공안전장애(HINDRANCES)등의 데이터를 수집, 공유, 분석을 통해 항공안전 위해요소를 사전에 제거, 차단할 수 있는 사전예방 시스템의 수립을 권고하고 있으며 이를 위해 국제사회를 중심으로 의무보고제도, 자율보고제도 등이 활발하게 운영되고 있다. 그러나 국내의 경우 운영시스템의 체계화 및 정부, 관련부처의 노력에도 불구하고 일부보고제도만이 정착되어있고 자율보고제도는 사회적 환경, 문화적 요건의 차이 등으로 인하여 활발하게 운영되지 못하고 있다. 따라서 국내 외 안전자율보고제도의 동향을 바탕으로 해당제도의 효율적인 정착 방안을 모색할 필요가 있을 것이다.

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A Study on the Aviation Safety Information System in Korea - With the Comparative Analysis of the ICAO, the United States and EU system (한국의 항공안전 데이터베이스 분류체계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.113-137
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    • 2010
  • The international community has done a lot of effort to improve the aviation safety. The new high technologies, systems and development of navigation equipments considerably improved the level of aviation safety. However, the aviation accident rate has been showing unchanged status without the decline since 1980. It means it is difficult to secure enough safety by the existing efforts to improve the aviation safety, eventually needs new methods for the accident prevention. With this in mind, the nations interest new methods that can consider a countermeasure by realizing potential risk factors before fatal accidents. In other words, that is to analyze and share the safety information collected from accidents by establishing aviation safety information system. To establish international aviation safety information system, each country's aviation accident incident reporting systems are need to be established. Also aviation safety data taxonomy is need to be standardized. Then, aviation users will communicate the information efficiently. This study investigates and considers each country's aviation accident incident database taxonomy for the analysis of the aviation data and the necessary prevention activity. This will contribute to a better international aviation safety and strengthen the country's aviation diplomacy.

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The Feasibility Study of Aviation Safety Technology Development (항공안전기술개발의 사업타당성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Hur, Hee-Young;Park, Jin-Woo;Seo, Hae-Jong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 2008
  • This research was conducted to investigate the feasibility of aviation safety technology development. The important subjects of aviation safety technology development, aviation accident prevention and damage reduction technique, aircraft safety certification development, BASA promotion in an aircraft class, were included to investigate the the feasibility of aviation safety technology development. The survey technique using Benefit-Cost Anlysis was performed and the results showed that aviation safety technology development brought scientific technique effect, industrial and economic effect, and the rest effects. Also, the benefits from aviation safety technology development were much greater than the costs.

항공기용 타이어의 인증기술동향

  • Park, Geun-Yeong;Choe, Ju-Won;Lee, Gyeong-Cheol;Jin, Yeong-Gwon
    • Current Industrial and Technological Trends in Aerospace
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.68-75
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    • 2006
  • 항공기용 타이어는 지상에 있는 경우에 항공기의 중량을 견뎌야 하고, 활주 및 착륙 과정에서는 열발생 및 마모에 견디면서 탑승객에게 안정감과 안락함을 제공할 수 있어야 한다. 따라서 타이어 구조는 항공기 하중뿐 아니라 높은 각속도에서 발생하는 작용력을 견뎌야 하며 착륙시에는 브레이크에 의한 높은 동적 제동하중을 지면에 전달하는 동시에 지면과의 충돌충격을 흡수할 수 있는 능력이 요구된다. 이러한 모든 기능은 타이어의 수명기간동안 신뢰성 있게 유지되어야 한다. 현재 항공기에 사용되는 타이어는 바이어스 타이어가 주류를 이루고 있지만 최근 개발되는 신규 항공기를 중심으로 래디얼 타이어의 사용이 증가하고 있다. 이러한 최신의 산업동향을 반영하여 항공기용 타이어에 대한 안전기준이 보완되고 있다. 본 글에서 항공기용 타이어에 대한 기술표준품표준서를 기준으로 최신 인증기술동향에 대하여 고찰하고자 한다.

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Japanese Aircraft Certification System and Status of Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (일본의 항공기인증제도 및 항공안전협정(BASA) 체결 동향)

  • Park, Guen-Young;Jin, Young-Kwon;Lee, Jong-Hee
    • Current Industrial and Technological Trends in Aerospace
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.124-135
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    • 2010
  • The Japanese and U.S. governments has signed a Bilateral Aviation Safety Agrement and associated implementation procedures for airworthiness on April 27, 2009 to mutually accept the airworthiness approvals for aircraft and parts that the other country issue. This bilateral agreements do not relieve the Civil Aviation Authority(CAA) of its statutory responsibilities for certification. However, they provide an alternative means for the CAA to make its findings, recognizing the competency of another authority to conduct certification functions in a manner comparable to, and on behalf of, the CAA. In this way, the bilateral agreements contribute to ensuring aviation safety as well as reducing the burden imposed on the aviation industries without compromising safety. This paper is to discuss recent status of Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement and associated Japanese Aircraft Certification System.

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