• Title/Summary/Keyword: 항돌연변이 작용

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

The Antimutagenic Activity and the Growth Inhibition Effect of Cancer Cells on Methanol Extracts from Small Water Dropwort (돌미나리 메탄올 추출물의 항돌연변이 작용과 암세포증식 억제효과)

  • Lee Kyeoung Im;Rhee Sook Hee;Park Kun Young
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.3-9
    • /
    • 2005
  • The study was carried out to evaluate the antimutagenic and anticancer effects of small water dropwort. The methanol extracts from small water dropwort significantly reduced the mutagenicity induced by aflatoxin $B_1\;(AFB_1)$ and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG) in Salmonella typhimutium TA 100. Also, the methanol extracts inhibited the growth of AZ-521 human gastric cancer cells and HT-29 colon cancer cells. The chloroform fraction from methanol extracts of small water dropwort inhibited $40\;to\;80\%$ of the mutagenicity by $AFB_1$ in Sal. typhimurium TA 100 by the addition of 2.5 to $10\%$. To separate active compounds, the chloroform fraction was subjected to column chromatography on a silica gel and separated into five fractions. Among the five fractions, fraction 4 showed the highest antimutagenic effect against $AFB_1$ and an anticancer effect in the HT-29 colon cancer cell. As the result of the analysis in GC-MS, 1-napthalene carbonitrile, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrol and benzene, 1,1'-(1,4-pentadiene-1,5-diyl) bis-,(E,E) were identified potentially from fraction 4.

  • PDF

A Study on the Physiological Effects and Dyeing Properties of the Extract of Fermented (Part I) (발효쪽 추출물의 생리적 기능과 염색특성(제1보))

  • 한신영;최석철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.96-104
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity, antimutagenic and anticancer effects and dyeing properties of the fermented indigo extract. The physiological effects of natural color extracts from colorant plants(gardenia, beet and indigo) were studied. The methanol extract of indigo showed an inhibitory effect on the growth of E. coli and Staph. aureus, and also showed a strong antimicrobial effect on Trich. mentagrophytes compared to others. The methanol extract of indigo showed antimutagenic activities against aflatoxin B1(AFB1) in the Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA 100. The proliferation of Clone M-3 mouse melanoma cells and A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells was inhibited by the methanol extract of indigo. So we decided to use natural indigo for dyeing the fabrics because of those effects. Dried indigo leaves were fermented at variouss temperature and the fermented indigo was reduced by using alkaline(NaOH, Ca(OH)2) and glucose to dye the fabrics. The values of K/S fermented indigo showed the highest value when it was fermented at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The indigo fermented at 3$0^{\circ}C$ had the greatest number of total bacterial counts and we identified one of the main microorganisms as Aspergillus niger. This microorganism was responsible for the indigo fermentation and accelerated indigo fermentation. So it can be supposed to reduce the fermentation period of indigo by inoculating Aspergillus niger into the indigo leaves at 3$0^{\circ}C$.

  • PDF

Antimutagenic Mechanism of Water Extract from Rehmannia glutinosa Liboshitz on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide Induced Mutagenesis n E. coli B.r (대장균에서 4-nitroquinoline 1-oride의 변이원성에 대한 숙지황 물추출물의 항돌연변이 작용특성)

  • 안병용;한종현;최동성
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.16 no.5
    • /
    • pp.486-492
    • /
    • 2001
  • The antimutagenic mechanism of the fraction III(RG III)separated from the water extract of Rehmannia glutionosa was investigated by Escherichia. coli GW and B/r strains. RG-III treatment did not affect the ${\beta}$-galactosidase activity E. coli GW-1060, 1106, 1107 and 1105. These results indicated that RG-III did not induce RecA protein amplification and did not also prevent the proteolytic cleavage of LexA. The bio-antimutagenicity and survival effect of RG-III on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide(4NQO), N-methyl-N-nitor-N\`-nitrosoguanidine(MNING) were investigate by E. coli B/r strains with have different pathway of DNA repai. RG-III slightly increased the survival of 4NQO-treated WP2, WP2s, WP67, CM561, CM611 cells, but the reactivation of survival cannot ve explained by the repair mode. RG-III caused the decrease of mutagenicity and lethality treated with MNNG in ZA159 despite of the increase in WP2, WP2s, WP67, CW561, CM611. Compared with bio-antimutagenic effects of RG-III on 4NQO, greatly increased antimutagenic effects of RG-III were observed with all the E. coli B/r strains tested, but less active in ZA159. These results suggest that RG-III was identified as a blocking agent for preventing the 4NQO induced mutagenesis, and may act as chl-products.

  • PDF

The Quality Assessment of Doenjang Added with Japanese apricot, Garlic and Ginger, and Samjang (부재료(매실, 마늘, 생강) 첨가된장 및 쌈장의 품질평가)

  • 이경임;문란주;이수진;박건영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.472-477
    • /
    • 2001
  • The study was carried out to evaluate the sensory characteristics and physiological effect of Korean soybean Paste (doenjang) added with Japanese apricot, garlic and ginger, and samjang. Garlic doenjang was shown to have a good taste, odor and color, but ginger doenjang was worse in the taste, odor and color than control doenjang in sensory evaluation. Japanese apricot doenjang and garlic doenjang had high scavenging activity against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, of which the IC$\_$50/ values were 93 and 94$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, respectively. Five kinds of doenjang revealed antimutagenic activity against N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), and especially, samjang showed 83% inhibition at the concentration of 5mg/plate. Samjang exhibited a strong antimutagenic activity(79%) against aflatoxin B$_1$,(AFB$_1$) in Salmonella typhimurium TA100. Ginger-, garlic- and Japanese apricot doenjangs also had high inhibitory effects against AFB$_1$. and the inhibition rates were 75, 55 and 51%, respectively. In SOS chromotest. samjang showed the highest antimutagenicity against MNNG, with 64% inhibition rate. These results demonstrated that samjang has strong a antimutagenic effect against MNNG and AFB$_1$.

  • PDF

The Mechanism of Antimutagenic Effect of Cinnamaldehyde on Chemical Mutagenesis (화학적 변이에 대한 Cinnamaldehyde의 항돌연변이)

  • 송근섭;한상배;최동성
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.407-413
    • /
    • 1997
  • The antimutagenic mechanism of cinnamaldeyde on mutagenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide(4-NQO) and N-metyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) was investigated in various DNA repair-deficient strains, E. coli B/r and K-12 series. Cinnamaldehyde did not show any effects not only on the $\beta$-galactosidase activities of GW1060 and GW1103(recA441) which synthesizes $\beta$-galactosidase consitutively at 41$^{\circ}C$ but also on that of GW1107[lexA51 (Def)] in which the SOS response always occur. These results suggest that cinnamaldehyde dose not change the function of RecA which positively controls the SOS response as well as not acting as the repressor like LexA. In addition, no inhibitory effect of cinnamaldehyde was observed on the growth of Trp+ revertant and the delay of viable cell growth was also not found by adding cinnamaldehyde. Despite the decrease in the number of revertants, a significant increase in survival of 4-NQO treated cells was observed in E. coli WP2s(uvrA), ZA159($\Delta$uvrB) and TK603(uvrA). But these effects disappeared in excision-proficient strain WP2(uvrA+) and lexA-deficient strains(CM561 and CM611). The enhancement of survival was not found in WP67(uvrA polA) deficient in polymerase I which ligates the gap between complementary DNA. From the above results, we assume that cinnamaldehyde might show antimutagenic effect by enhancing an error-free recombinational repair system.

  • PDF