• Title, Summary, Keyword: 해구

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Relationship between Squid (Todarodes pacificus) Catch by Sea Block and Marine Environment in the East Sea during 1980s and 1990s (1980-1990년대 동해에서 해구별 오징어(Todarodes pacificus) 어획량과 해양환경의 관계)

  • Kim, Yoon-Ha;Moon, Chang-Ho;Choi, Kwang-Ho;Lee, Chung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.259-268
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    • 2010
  • Data on squid catches by the Korean jig fishery in sea blocks ($30'{\times}30'$), water temperatures at depth(30m, 50m and 100m) and zooplankton biomass in the East Sea from 1980 to 1999 were analyzed to examine the mechanism of formation of the high density stock area. Japanese common squid (Todarodes pacificus) catch in the East Sea was low in 1980s, while the catch was high in 1990s. The five sea blocks (No. 76, 82, 83, 87, 88) of the southern part in the eastern coastal waters of Korea showed high levels of percentage of total catch (35.1%), whereas the four sea blocks (No. 65, 71, 72, 78) of the coastal waters of Uleung Island showed high levels of percentage of CPUE (61.2%) for 20 years. Squid catches showed monthly fluctuations according to the vertical distribution of optimum water temperature for fishing ($14^{\circ}C{\sim}19^{\circ}C$). High total catch and high CPUE area matched well with $10^{\circ}C$ isothermal lines at 100m depth indicating northern limiting of Tsushima Warm Current, and temporal and spatial change in $10^{\circ}C$ isothermal line caused the change in total catch and CPUE. Horizontal distribution of zooplankton biomass by sea block was not matched well with those of total catch and CPUE, however pattern of time-series change in total zooplankton biomass was similar to that in total squid catch.

Household Patterns in Early 18th - Century Korea -A Study Based on the Triinnial Household Register Data of Danseong-Hyon, Kyongsang Province, 1720- (1720년도 단성현 호적대장자료를 통한 이조중기 가구형태 분석)

  • 이흥탁
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.19-47
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    • 1990
  • 1720년 경상도 단성진 진내면 소재의 390가구를 대상으로 1970년대 초 케임브리지 대학의 역사인구학 연구소에서 개발한 Laslett-Hammel가구 형태 분석법을 적용하여 본 결과 표9에서 제시된바와 같이 전체가구의 48.9%가 핵가족의 형태이며, 42.1 퍼센트가 대가족으로 밝혀지고 있다. 물론 도표3에서 지적되고 있듯이 5세이하의 인구에 대한 자료가 미비한 상태라 호적 자료만으로 당시의 가구 형태에 대한 정확한 분석이 어렵다고 하드라도 이제까지 일반적으로 믿어져 왔던 대가족 형태의 이조 중기의 종가제도나 일반 서민들의 가구 형태 및 유아가구에 대한 보다 구체적인 연구가 호적 자료에 대한 면밀한 분석으로 가능해질것으로 믿어진다. 역촌, 즉 하류계층의 사람들이 주로 많이 주거하였던 단성진 진내면의 전체 조사 대상 가구의 절반이 핵가족의 형태로 보이고 있는것은 당연한 것으로 받아질수 있겠으나 표6에서 나타내고 있듯이 상류계층에 속하는 양소계층의 경우도 평균 가구 규격 16명중에서 약 13명이 율거유아로 실제 가구의 크기는 가족 구성원수 4명을 넘지않는 핵가족의 형태였을 가능성이 짙음을 알수 있다. 한가지 특이할만한 사항은 상류,중류,그리고 하류 계층 다같이 평균 가족 구성원수가 4명을 넘지 않는다는 점이다. 단성진이 독촌들로 구성되어 있는 만큼 앞으로 상류계층이 밀집되어 있었던 경북 월성군의 양동 지역 향방 자료나 호적 초안자료를 단성진의 자료와 비교 분석함으로써 이조 중기의 가구 형태에 대한 보다 신뢰성 있는 결과를 도출해 낼수 이ㅛ는것이다. 단성진의 자료는 이조 중기의 유아 인구와 유아 가구 형태에 대한 연구에는 귀중한 자료로 앞으로 역사인구학의 방법론 개발에 큰 기여를 할것으로 기대된다.의 핑거를 식별, 추적할 수 있었다.는 경도방향의 해구수가 많았으며, 특히 8월은 1년중 경도방향의 분산이 가장 컸고, 어장중심은 5월에는 3888해구, 6월에는 3884해구, 7월에는 4078해구, 8월에는 4154해구, 9월에는 4146해구, 10월에는 4044해구였다. 3. 어획수온과 어획적수온은 5월에는 $14.0~18.5^{\circ}C,$ $15.0~16.0^{\circ}C,$ 6월에는 $13.5~18.5^{\circ}C,$ $14.5~16.0^{\circ}C,$ 7월에는 $14.0~20.0^{\circ}C,$ $14.5^{\circ}C,$ $19.0^{\circ}C,$ 8월에는 $16.0~21.5^{\circ}C,$ $18.0~20.0^{\circ}C,$ 9월에는 $14.5~22.0^{\circ}C,$ $17.0~18.5^{\circ}C,$ 10월 $14.0~18.0^{\circ}C,$ $16.0~17.0^{\circ}C였다.$ 4. 평균CPUE는 5월에는 3.2kg/sheet, 6월에는 4.5kg/sheet, 7월에는 4.3kg/sheet, 8월에는 5.1kg/sheet, 9월에는 6.4kg/sheet, 10월에는 5.8kg/sheet였다. 5. 한국정부의 1990년 북태평양 오징어 어업감시계획과 실제의 어장형성범위를 비교하면 5월에는 어장이 형성된 21개 해구 가운데 12개, 6월에는 24개 가운데 7개, 7월에는 25개 가운데 4개 해구에서

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A Study on the Safe Route through the Analysis of the Density of the Gill Netters in the West Sea (자망어선 밀도 분석을 통한 서해안 안전항로에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Sang-Lok;Jeong, Jong-Chul;Jeong, Jae-Yong;Yim, Jeong-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.389-401
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    • 2016
  • This study attempted to present the monthly distribution of the inshore gill netters for the prevention of propeller failure caused by the damage of fishing gear by the merchant vessels in the West Sea. This study was conducted using the transmitting device of fishing location (V-Pass) data for 1 year in 2014. The grid intervals are $30minute{\times}30minute$ ($latitude{\times}longitude$) based on the section of the sea. A total of 56 sections were analyzed by constructing a grid. The results revealed that the section no. 194 with the highest density index showed no fishing gear damage accident. But the section no. 193 with a relatively lower density index showed more frequent fishing gear damage accident. It is because the section no. 193 is included in the main route of the merchant vessels. Based on this analysis, it is found that the fishing gears are not damaged in proportion to density index but risk of damage exists according to the main routes of merchant vessels. Therefore, for the safe navigation of the merchant vessels, notifying the waters of $34.5^{\circ}{\sim}35.5^{\circ}$ at latitude and $125.67^{\circ}{\sim}126^{\circ}$ at longitude, as a navigational warning area from May through September, will prevent marine accident, such as propeller failure and fishing gear damage. Accordingly, when the merchant vessels navigate in the section no. 193 and 203, the area of $34.5^{\circ}{\sim}35.5^{\circ}$ at latitude and $125.5^{\circ}{\sim}125.67^{\circ}$ at longitude is recommended for the safe navigation.

Transmission electron microscopic findings of the tribocytic organ of Fibricola seoulensis (Fi'bricola seoulenis 조직융해구의 투사전자현미경 소견)

  • 송호복
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 1993
  • We observed ultra-structure of the tribocytic organ of Firicola seoulensis with transmission electron microscope. Microvilli are observed on the surface of the tribocytic organ. Below the muscle layer, we can find three types of cells. Type I cell has electron lucent cytoplasm with a few granules, while type II cell shows electron dense cytoplasm and the particulate granules. Type III cell's electron dense cytoplasm possesses many granules. Of the above three cells, Type I and II cells are believed as tegumental cells. Type III cells are thought as glandular cells specific to the tribocytic organ. This finding on also explain the secretory function of the tribocytic organ of f seoulensis.

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Distinction and Tracking of Multiple Pingers Using a Single Frequency (단일 주파수에 의한 복수의 초음파 핑거의 식별 및 추적)

  • 신현옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.360-364
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    • 1990
  • To testy time division scheme, we performed some experiments in a circular water tank(13m in diameter and 1m deep). A result of that is shown in figure 4. The 2-dimensional position of the pinger was calculated by the method of hyperbolic line of position calculation. The resolution of the time difference on the base line is 2.5cm. In experiments, the multiple pingers of a single frequency were distinguished and tracked successfully. When the experiment is carried out in the water tank, some multi-path pulses always occur. To delete it, several 10 ms of time delay is inserted onto the program after a group of the normal signals are received. Some normal pulses are not received by the time delay, however there is no problem, practically, for the distinction and the tracking of the pulse. In 2-dimensional positioning, the pinger position can be calculated with three hydrophones. However, if four hydrophones are available, the positioning accuracy will be higher than three hydrophones only by some techniques. Another good feature of the use of four hydrophones is that the positioning of the pinger is capable if a hydrophone fails in receiving them. We also tested this distinguishing method in the field using another type pingers(APPENDIXA).

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Study on the Horizontal Distribution of Squid Gill-Net Fishing Ground in the North Pacific Ocean (북태평양 오징어유자망어장의 수평분포에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Hee;Lee, Byoung-Gee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.221-229
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    • 1990
  • The horizontal distribution of squid gill-net fishing ground in the North Pacific Ocean was examined within the main fishing season, May to October, during 1986~1989. Data of sea surface temperature were selected from Technical Reports of National Fisheries Research Development Agency of Korea, Data Records of Hokkaido University, Deep-sea Training Reports of Korea Fishing Training centre, Fishing Operation Reports of Daelim Fisheries Co., Ltd., Oyang Fisheries Co., Ltd. and Dong-won Industrial Co., Ltd.. Data of catch were also collected from Deep-sea Training Reports of Korea Fishing Training Centre and Fishing Operation Report of three fisheries companies in Korea. The fishing ground was segmented in every 1 degree of latitude from $34^{\circ}N$ to $46^{\circ}N$ and 2 degree of longitude from $144^{\circ}E$ to $162^{\circ}W.$ The distribution and centeroid of fishing ground, fished and optimum surface temperature, catch per unit effort (CPUE) in the fishing ground were computed, based on the above data. The resulted obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. Range of fishing ground can be estimated as $35^{\circ}~40^{\circ}N,$ $178^{\circ}~166^{\circ}W$ in May, $36^{\circ}~41^{\circ}N,$ $178^{\circ}E~166^{\circ}W$ in June, $38^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $170^{\circ}E~170^{\circ}W$ in July, $39^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~180^{\circ}E$ in August, $39^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~170^{\circ}E$ in September and $40^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~154^{\circ}E$ in October. 2. Fishing ground in May, June and October is similarly distributed along longitude and latitude, but the range of the former is larger than that of the latter in July, August and September. Monthly centeroids of fishing sectors is estimated as #3888 in May, #3884 in June, #4078 in July, #4154 in August, #4146 in September and #4044 in October respectively. 3. Fished temperature and optimum and temperature are estimated as $14.0~18.5^{\circ}C$ and $15.0~16.0^{\circ}C$ in May, $13.5~18.5^{\circ}C$ and $14.5~16.0^{\circ}C$ in June, $14.0~20.0^{\circ}C$ and $14.5^{\circ}C,$ $19.0^{\circ}C$ in July, $16.0~21.5^{\circ}C$ and $18.0~20.0^{\circ}C$ in August, $14.5~22.0^{\circ}C$ and $17.0~18.5^{\circ}C$ in September, $14.0~18.0^{\circ}C$ and $16.0~17.0^{\circ}C$ in October. 4. Monthly mean CPUE which corresponds to the net weight of catch(kg) divided by the sheet number of operated gillnets is calcuted as 3.2, 4.5, 4.3, 5.1, 6.4 and 5.8 kg/sheet respectively. 5. Considering the monitoring program of the squid gill-net fishery in the North Pacific Ocean during 1989~1990, set by the Korean Government, 12 sectors may be restricted out of 21 fishing sectors in May, 7 out of 24 in June, 4 out of 25 in July. They are free from restriction hereafter August.

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A Study on the Ghost Fishing of the Plastic Sea-eel Pot - Investigation of Actual Condition on the Ghost Fishing - (플라스틱 붕장어 통발의 Ghost Fishing에 관한 연구 - Ghost Fishing의 실태조사 -)

  • 정순범;김민석;이주희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to estimate the number of lost or abandoned plastic sea-eel pots and investigate the actual condition on the ghost fishing happened from the pots during the period of August 1996 and January 2002 In the Southern Sea of Korea. The average number of lost or abandoned sea-eel pots in the investigated sea area were 34 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ and was the lowest as 5 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ Sea Area code # 113 and was the highest as 94 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ in the Sea Area code #106. Pots number in accordance with water depth was the highest as 89 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ on the level of 61 ~70m and there was no collection for the sea-eel pot over 130m water depth. The average catch rate of ghost fishing happened from the lost or abandoned pots was 8.1% and the highest rate was 25% in the Sea Area code #224 and there were no catches in the Sea Area code # 92, 110, 243 and 253. The number of lost or abandoned sea-eel pots continued ghost fishing were estimated as 14.2 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ in the Sea Area code # 99 and was the highest. Catch rate of ghost fishing according to water depth was the highest as 23.5% on the level of 71~80 m, and the number of lost or abandoned sea-eel pots continued ghost fishing were estimated as 12.7 ea/$\textrm{km}^2$ on the level of 81~90m and was the highest. Length distribution of sea-eel which were caught from ghost fishing was 25.5~66.0$\textrm{cm}^2$

Investigation of Demersal Fisheries Resources of the East China Sea - 1 . Fishing Experiment by Trawl - (동지나해 저서어류의 자원조사 연구 - 1 . 트로올에 의한 어획시험 -)

  • 박중희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 1990
  • For the purpose of investigation of demersal fisheries resources of the East China Sea, joint research between Hokkaido University and National Fisheries University of Pusan was carried out during the period from November 5 to November 12 in 1989. This joint research is due to continue for the next three years. In this report, the authors analyzed the catch of 24 draughts of trawl operating by the Oshorumaru of the training ship of Hokkaido University in the north area of the East China Sea, in order to hold the present condition of the demersal resources. The specimens collected were composed of 76 species of fishes, 6 of mollusca and 7 of crustacea. And the main species of the large catch were Raja kenojei, Zeus faber, Miichthys miiuy, Collichthys lucidus, Dentex tumifrons, Carangoides caeruleopinnatus, Trachurus japonicus, Parastromateus niger, Trichiurus leptulus, Scomberomorus niphonius, Pampus argenteus, Pampus echinogaster, Psenopsis anonala, Liparis tanakai, Thammaconus modestus, Tadarodes pacificus, Loligo edulis, and Portunus trituberculatus. Especially, Trichiurus leptulus, Pampus agrenteus and Thammaconus modestus had different modes of classes of body size individually, with changing of fishing ground. But, Tadarodes pacificus, Loligo edulis and Portunus trituberculatus were caught the maxed sizes of body individually in the same ground.

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Studies on Offspring Production by Transfer of Biopsied Embryo in Mice (생쥐에 있어서 단일해구(單一害球)가 분리(分離)된 수정란(受精卵)의 이식(移植)에 의한 새끼생산(生産)에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Ik Soo;Park, Soo Bong;Shin, Myung Jae;Choi, You Lim;Kim, Seun Eui;Choi, Kwang Soo
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.9
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 1991
  • The study was carried out to investigate the viability and the offspring production rate of single blastomeres and biopsied 4-cell mouse embryos and, also to examine the efficiency of biopsy. The results obtained are summerised as follows: 1. The separated blastomeres from 4-cell embryos and intact 4-cell embryos which were cultured in Medium 2 were developed to trophoblastic vesicle and blastocyst embryo by 82.6% and 89.5%. respectively. 2. The biopsied embryos from 4-cell embryos and intact 4-cell embryos which were cultured in Medium 2 were developed to blastocyst embryo by 83.3% and 90.4%, respectively. 3. The biospied blastomeres and the separated blastomeres from 4-cell embryos which were cultured in Medium 2 were developed to trophoblastic vesicle by 80.8% and 83.3%, respectively. 4. The biopsied embryos from 4-cell embryos and intact 4-cell embryos were transferred to recipients, and the offspring rate was 36% and 48.6%, respectively.

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Petrography and Mineral Chemistry of Some Deep Sea Basaltic Rocks from the Western Caroline Ridge and Yap Trench-Arc System (서부 캐롤라인 해령과 얍 해구-열도계의 해저 현무암질암에 대한 암석 기재 및 광물화학)

  • Park Jun-Beom;Kwon Sung-Tack;Ahn Jung-Ho;Kang Jung-Keuk
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 1992
  • This paper reports the results about the petrography and mineral chemistry of 13 representative dredged basaltic rocks from the western Caroline Ridge (WCR) and Yap Trench-Arc system, and provides the chemical and tectonic informations based on the compositions of clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Compositions of olivine phenocrysts in some analyzed samples are Fo$_{86-80}$. Plagioclase phenocrysts have variable compositions ranging from An$_{90}$ to An$_{55}$. The compositions of clinopyroxene phenocrysts vary according to geological environments; titansalite in atoll and guyot of WCR, diopside-augite in trough and bank of WCR, and endiopside in Yap Trench-Arc system. Application of the discrimination schemes proposed by Leterrier et al. (1982) suggests: (1) the samples from atoll-guyot belong to within plate alkali basalt, implying that western CR could be the continuation of eastern CR formed by hot spot magmatism, (2) the samples from the Yap Trench-Arc system with no present-day magmatism clearly indicate the occurrence of orogenic tholeiites presumably related to early island arc magmatisms in this area, however, (3) the samples from the bank and trough do not provide definitive informations, which might indicate the complexity of their origins.

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