• Title, Summary, Keyword: 해양경찰

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Establishment and Application of an Integrated Platform for Navigation Safety Information (항행안전정보 통합 플랫폼 구축 및 활용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.129-138
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    • 2020
  • This study recognizes problems in the current system of providing navigation safety information (NSI), which is centered on merchant ships, to prevent maritime accidents of fishing boats and small vessels in coastal areas. The system proposed in this study is an effective method of providing NSI to support the safe navigation of small vessels such as fishing boats. First, the status and characteristics of recent maritime accidents were examined, and NSI service targets were identified. Second, the limitations of the current NSI system were determined, and measures were proposed to establish an NSI Integrated Platform (NSIP) that ensures the integration, accessibility, and usability of NSI for a substantial portion of the public. Third, to utilize the NSIP, various NSIs are applied as additional information for the electronic chart system used in the e-navigation ship terminals being developed in connection with the Korean e-navigation project. Functions that set the audiovisual alarm function to automatically operate when a ship enters a navigation risk zone is proposed. These functions are technically achieved by reviewing expert opinions of related organizations and professional producers. The results of this study suggest that NSI can be applied to small vessels such as fishing boats, through the Korean e-Navigation project, to prevent maritime accidents caused by the human error of navigators.

A study on the method of conducting a large container vessel safely to the newly built container pier to get alongside in busan harbour (부산항 콘테이너부두에 대형 콘테이너선의 안전접안조종을 위한 연구)

  • Yoo, Jeom-Dong;Yun, Jong-Hwui;Lee, Chun-Ki
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the authors calculated manoeuvring motions of a large container vessel approaching to the newly built container piers to get alongside to her berth in Busan harbour. The motion calculations were done by using fixed coordinate system and the object of the calculations is to check the manoeuvring motions are safe or not for berthing the large vessel to her berth. The result of calculations manifested that a large container vessel can get alongside to the piers without any difficulty under normal weather conditions by using 2 Z. Peller tug boats of 4500 H.P. each and also these demonstrated it is difficult to conduct and get her alongside to the piers under rough weather conditions of wind force 16.9m/sec or more. Under rough weather conditions of 6 by beaufort scale the average wind velocity is about 13.5m and if we add 25% increase of the normal velocity to it, the wind will becomes a gust of 16.9m/sec. So it is advisable to avoid conducting a large container vessel to the pier under the rough weather conditions of 6 or more by beaufort scale. Also, I is better to use 3 Z. peller tug boats of 4500 HP. each under the above mentioned rough weather in a case of unavoidable circumstances.

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A Study on the Applicability of Ultrasonic to Improve Quality of Fuel Blended in Vessels (선내 제조된 혼합연료 품질 개선을 위한 초음파 적용 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Sik;Ju, Hae-Ji;Han, Won-Heui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2017
  • In this study, contributes to improving the state of this problem using cavitation by ultrasonic energy to reduce fuel costs, which take up a considerable part of ship operation costs, by making the use of on-board blended fuel oil more stable. An experiment simulating on-board blending methods was completed. Fuel (M.G.O & MF-180) was mixed at a volume ratio of 0.25:0.75 and, 0.75:0.25, and the effect of ultrasonic energy on blended fuel oil was examined after applying ultrasonic energy to blended fuel oil using an ultrasonic treatment unit. With the results, we confirmed the blending problem reported by vessels and residual carbon was reduced by up to 28.4%. In addition, based on the results for reduction of residual carbon content and dispersion stability, it was confirmed that the collapse pressure of the cavity due to the ultrasonic energy was effective to atomization of fuel particle and the temporary availability of mixed fuel containing a heavy fuel increased.

Flow resistance of bottom trawl nets and scale effect in their model experiments (저층 트롤어구의 유수저항 특성 및 모형 실험시의 축척비 영향)

  • Kim, Dae-Jin;Kim, Dae-An;Kim, Tae-Ho;Shin, Hyeong-Ho;Jang, Duck-Jong;Cha, Bong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.281-289
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the flow resistance of the bottom trawl net. The bottom trawl net being used in the training ship of Chonnam National University was selected as a full-scale net, and model nets such as 1/10, 1/25 and 1/50 of the actual net were made. Total resistance of the net part, the height of the net mouth and the flow resistance of components of the net such as wing, bag and cod-end part was measured, converted into full-scale and compared. Additionally, the model rule of Tauti (1934), which has been most frequently used in fishing net modeling experiments, was applied to interpret flow resistance and scale effect of model experiment was investigated. Presumed that the flow resistance R is $R=kS{\upsilon}^2$ against the flow velocity of each net ${\upsilon}$, resistance coefficient k was calculated by substituting R, ${\upsilon}$ and S of the net. From the result, it was found that k decreases exponentially when u increases which makes $k=c{\upsilon}^{-m}$. Whereas m of each net is ranged between 0.13-0.16 and there was not significant difference between nets. c does not show big difference in 1/10 and 1/25 model and the value itself was relatively bigger than in 1/50 model. The height of the net mouth of 1/25 and 1/50 model net h decreases exponentially according as ${\upsilon}$ increases to make $h=d{\upsilon}^{-n}$. Whereas d and n values were almost same in two nets. Additionally, when resistance of cod-end, wing and bag part in 1/25 and 1/50 model nets, both nets showed big resistance in bag part when flow is 1m/s as more than 60%. Wing and cod-end part showed almost same value or wing part had little bit larger value. On the other hand, when reviewing the reasons why both models showed difference in 1/50 model while c value against the resistance coefficient k did not show big difference in 1/10 and 1/25 model, it is inferred that the difference occurred not from material difference but from the difference in net size according to scale. It was judged that they are the scale effects concomitant to the model experiments.

A Study on the Improvement of Compensation Regime for Oil Pollution Accident in Korea (유류오염사고 피해보상제도 개선방향에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2009
  • This study tries to give improvement directions of the law of oil spill focusing on the view that satisfying remuneration for victims should be considered. And it looks through the existing remuneration system provided by P&I Club and IOPC Fund. It also covers with issues related to remuneration in order to find the best for victims. The major contents of this study are as follows. First, the present law of compensation security to Marine oil pollution accident should be revised. Maximum value of remuneration needs to be raised and subjects liable to pay reparation need to be expanded. Second, in case the damage is widely different comparing to similar cases in foreign countries, it's hard to get complete remuneration from international corporations responsible for reparation. That's the reason the national emergency system for oil pollution must be established. Third, this study says the law that certainly defines a liability subject and that the liability is not necessarily caused by fault should be enacted. Last, it suggest that victims should have their object income data to facilitate establishment of the law of compensation for damages from marine oil pollution. To calculate proper remuneration, government should consider to choose one of public organizations as an investigator to damages and should collect accurate statistics relating to fishery. Furthermore, compensation system which can provide rapid reparation to victims needs to established by founding professional maritime organization of arbitration.

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A Study on Types and Reasons of Engine Troubles Related to Fuel Oil (연료유에 의한 선박 디젤엔진 손상에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Eun-Young;Baik, Shin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2009
  • Fuel oil mostly used for a ship is made from crude oil by refining process. In order to produce plenty of high-quality fuel oil, the Fluid catalytic cracking(FCC) method is widely adopted to many refinery factories during the decomposition process from high molecule into lower molecule. The major constituents in spent FCC catalysts are Si, Al, Fe, Ti, alkali metals and some others. The spent catalyst is also composed small amounts of rare metals such as Ce, Nd, Ni and V. The big problem in FCC oil is mixing the catalyst in the oil. This reason is unstable separation of FCC catalyst in separator. Such a FCC catalyst will become a reason of heavy wear down in moving parts of engine. The impurity in oil is ash and deposit compound, such as Al, Si, Ni, Fe and V, which will accelerate the wear down on fuel pump, fuel injection valve cylinder liner and piston ring. It is important to find a basic reason of an engine trouble for preventing similar troubles anymore. Insurance compensation will be different according to the reason of an engine trouble which might be natural abrasion or other external causes. In this study, types and reasons of engine troubles related to fuel oil will be covered.

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Stratification Variation of Summer and Winter in the South Sea of Korea (한국 남해의 여름과 겨울철 성층 변동)

  • Lee, Chung-Il;Koo, Do-Hyung;Yun, Jong-Hwui;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2007
  • In order to illustrate the variation cf stratification and to know the effects of the temperature and the salinity on the stratification in the South Sea of Korea, the stratification parameter defined as potential energy anomaly (PEA, $V(J/m^3)$) introduced by Simpson and Hunter (1974) was used. The oceanographic data were obtained in August 1999 and February 2000 by National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI). V in August is generally high in offshore and low in near shore. However, in February, V in the near shore is higher than that cf the offshore due to the vertical temperature gradient between surface and bottom layer caused by the expansion of South Korean Coastal Waters (SKCW). In summer, the increase of the atmospheric heating acts on the stratification as the buoyancy forcing. In most cases, the effect cf the temperature on the stratification is stronger than that of the salinity. The temperature effect is predominantly due to the extent of the intrusion of Tsushima Warm Current into the study area. However, at stations where V is high the effect of the salinity is also significant. In winter, V is very low due to the decrease cf the buoyancy forcing, but some stations show the relatively high V due to the expansion of SKCW and salinity in winter unlike that in summer makes the stratification weak.

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A Study on the Method of Conducting a Large Container Vessel Safely to the Newly Built Container Pier to get alongside in Busan Harbour (부산항 컨테이너부두에 대형 컨테이너선의 안전접안조종을 위한 연구)

  • Yoon, Jeom-Dong;Yun, Jong-Hwui;Lee, Chun-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, the authors calculated maneuvering motions of a large container vessel approaching to the newly built container piers to get alongside to her berth in Busan harbour. The motion calculations were done by using fixed coordinate system and the object of the calculations is to check the maneuvering motions are safe or not for berthing the large vessel to her berth. The result of calculations manifested that a large container vessel can get alongside to the piers without any difficulty under normal weather conditions by using 2 Z. Peller tug boats of 4500 H.P. each and also these demonstrated it is difficult to conduct and get her alongside to the piers under rough weather conditions of wind force 16.9m/sec or more. Under rough weather conditions of 6 by Beaufort scale the average wind velocity is about 13.5m and if we add 25% increase of the normal velocity to it, the wind will becomes a gust of 16.9m/sec. So it is advisable to avoid conducting a large container vessel to the pier under the rough weather conditions of 6 or more by Beaufort scale. Also, it is better to use 3 Z. peller tug boats of 4500 H.P. each under the above mentioned rough weather in a case of unavoidable circumstances.

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Development of artificial bait for octopus drift line (문어 흘림낚시용 인공미끼 개발)

  • An, Young-Il;Arimoto, Takafumi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 2007
  • The crayfish-shaped artificial bait for octopus drift line is manufactured, into which is made to insert ordinary bait. The effects of the artificial bait are confirmed through the analysis of octopus' behavior in the laboratory in comparison with the existing bait of pig-fat skin, and the investigation of the octopus catch on the sea, and in addition, the examination of the water quality in relation to the bait to be inserted into the artificial bait is done together. The artificial bait is red in color, 10.5cm in the length of the body, and 29g in weight. The octopus behavior in relation to the bait in the laboratory has shown a good result in which more than 30% of the octopuses rushed to the artificial bait. In the analysis of the octopus sitting time by the bait, the octopus stayed longer with the artificial bait(63.7%) than the pig-fat skin(25.1%). The octopus sitting time at the artificial bait inserted with frozen squid(48.8%, 44.6%) is shown to be longer than that of the pig-fat skin(36.9%) or boiled fish paste(21.2%). In the analysis of sitting frequency to the bait, the case of the artificial bait(total 17 times) was more than that of the pig-fat skin(total 3 times), and the case of the artificial bait with frozen squid attracted the octopuses more frequently than that of the pig-fat skin or the boiled fish paste. In the field experiment, the fishing boat A(Manseon-ho, 1.22tons) caught the total 93 octopuses, while the fishing boat B(Ilho-ho, 0.73tons) caught the total 154 octopuses, all of which weighed less than 9.0kg. In the comparison with the total catch, the case with the artificial bait was a little higher than that of the pig-fat skin($^{**}p\;<\;0.05$). In the analysis of the water quality in relation to the baits, the COD showed the descending order of frozen squid(0.57mg/g), boiled fish paste(0.18mg/g), and pig-fat skin(0.10mg/g), and the case with frozen squid was the highest and the case of the pig-fat skin, lowest. The total phosphorus, like the COD, showed the highest in frozen squid(0.02mg/g), and in case of the total nitrogen, unlike the COD, the pig-fat skin was shown to be the highest(0.006mg/g).

A Study on the Legal Liabilities and Countermeasures against Piracy (해적행위에 대한 법적 책임과 대응방안)

  • Choi Suk-Yoon;Lee Yun-Cheol;Hong Sung-Hwa;Park Jeong-Ki
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.43-58
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    • 2005
  • Piracy is the enemy of the human race. Pirates commit acts of murder, robbery, plunder or other villainous deeds at sea, cruelly against humanity. The Republic of Korea(ROK), as a big maritime country, is obliged to suppress piracy under international treaties it ratified, including the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the two 1988 Conventions against maritime terrorism The Korean government is recently taking a positive attitude towards the regional cooperation which is necessary for the suppression of piracy in the waters of Southeast Asia In spite of the effects of international cooperation to prevent piracy, it is recently on an increasing trend every year. Such circumstances may have a bad effect on the sound development of world economy by means of trade at sea as well as treat to the safety of crews and safe operation of ships. This paper aims to suggest the countermeasures against piracy in terms of criminal law, civil law and international law in order to secure safe operation of vessels at sea.