• Title/Summary/Keyword: 해양경찰

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A Study on the Police-related Emergency Reporting (경찰 관련 긴급신고에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Hoon
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.41
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    • pp.357-386
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    • 2014
  • The Purpose of this study is to search for ways to improve the police-related emergency reporting service through the analysis of its actual condition - focusing 112 emergency reporting & 122 emergency reporting. For this purpose, the main data related to police-related emergency reporting required for inspection of the administration conducted by the National Assembly in 2013 is utilized. The actual condition of the police-related emergency reporting service is examined in 3 aspects - the number of reported cases by reporting type, the number of police response, and the average arrival time. The principal analysis results of the actual condition revealed that 112 emergency reporting is increasing and 122 emergency reporting oscillates between increases and decreases in the total number of reported cases, the number of non-emergency reporting is increasing in both 112 and 122 reported cases, the number of prank call is high in 122 reported cases, the rate of other agency transmit($122{\rightarrow}112$) is higher than 12% in 122 reported cases, and the number of police response and the average arrival time are decreasing in 112 reported cases. To improve the police-related emergency reporting, based on the above actual condition, the followings are required: to operate dualistic police-related response; to publicize a police-related reporting service; to take stern measures against false report; to make continuous improvement of the police-related emergency reporting system.

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Korea Coast Guard's Human Biological Materials Storage Project for Identifying Bodies Recovered from the Sea: A Model Suggestion (해양변사자 신원확인을 위한 해양경찰의 인체유래물 보관사업 모델제시)

  • Joo, Hyunjung;Choo, Minkyu;Baek, Yoongi;Kim, Namyul;Choi, A-jin;Im, Sonyoung;Lee, Jongnam;Kim, Hyungkyu;Lee, Hanseong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2018
  • The ocean is a harsh environment and Korea Coast Guard officers often face the threat of death or going missing in the line of duty. In order to promptly identify unknown bodies during mishaps, Korea Coast Guard Research Center has established an identification system using the DNA of its officers. This collected DNA can also be entombed in National Cemeteries when the remains are not recovered. The storage, disposal and quality control of the materials are overseen by the Governing Committee according to the Enforcement Rules for the Human Biological Materials Storage Project for the Identification of Officers Killed or Gone Missing in Action. Approximately 700 bodies are found per year along the Korean coast. An alternative method should be put in place for when identification through fingerprints and teeth are not applicable due to severe decomposition or partial recovery. We believe it would greatly contribute to helping identify the unknown bodies if the storage project could expand its data to include marine industry workers, relevant researchers and those involved in marine leisure activities.

A Study on the Safety Handling Method of KCG's Water Jet Propulsion Ship (해양경찰 Water Jet 추진함정의 안전 조함법 연구)

  • Yun, Chong-Gum;Pak, Chae-Hong;Park, Deuk-Jin;Jung, Cho-Yeong
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2017
  • Operational errors caused by human factors, which is the major cause of marine accidents, include lack of knowledge, misunderstanding knowledge, and inadequate procedures. Recently, the type of propulsion mounted on KCG cutters has been diversified. In particular, the water jet propulsion unit, which was mainly installed in small boats, have been gradually expanded to medium and large size Coast Guard cutters, reaching 50% of the total. Axes types are divided into 2 to 4, and the bucket types are divided into Double Reverse Bucket(DRB) and Single Reverse Bucket(SRB); in these, the backward and steering control methods are completely different. Diversification of these operating systems can increase factors causing human error by the ships' operators. However, there is a lack of research on the maneuvering methods, considering the inherent active characteristics of each type of water jet. In this paper, we analyze the sideway method suitable for the condition of Coast Guard Exclusive wharf without assistance, based on the astern performance of each type. Then, a ship handling simulator was used for the experiment; they compared and verified through interviews of captains.

A Study on the Introduction of the ETV for Disaster Prevention - Focusing on the Role of the Korea Coast Guard for the Prevention of Radioactive Waste Accidents and Marine Accidents - (재난 예방을 위한 ETV 도입에 관한 연구 - 방사성폐기물 사고 및 해양사고 예방을 위한 해양경찰의 역할을 중심으로 -)

  • Jin, Ho-hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.694-700
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    • 2018
  • Korea has disposed of medium and low level radioactive waste generated by operating nuclear power plants permanently through the radioactive waste repository located in Gyeongju. However, the maritime transport of radioactive waste is exposed to the risk of marine accidents, and it will be necessary to introduce a system to secure safety from the viewpoint of the function and role of the Korea Coast Guard. Especially, Korea is affected by large-scale marine accidents, such as the Hebei Spirit or Sewol accidents. From this point of view, we analyzed the current status of Korea radioactive waste shipping and examined the response systems of major foreign countries. As a result of examining major cases of accidents, we have operated an Emergency Towing Vessel (ETV) fleet centering on European countries in order to respond urgently to marine casualties that may have social, regional and international effects, such as accidents of similar nuclear material carriers and dangerous cargo ships. It proves a partial effect. Based on this, we propose the introduction of the Korean ETV System. In other words, it is necessary to respond to large-scale marine accidents that could lead to enormous environmental, property, and personal damage, such as marine accidents involving nuclear material ships, large oil tankers, and large passenger ships. For this, it seems necessary to introduce Korea ETV, which can carry out emergency towing, oil pollution control function, large - scale rescue equipment and manpower. This will lead to the enhancement of the Korea Coast Guard response to marine accidents, and will not miss the golden time of the initial response to the national disaster, which will help protect precious people, property and the environment.

Effects of Korean Marine Police's Emotive Dissonance on Job Burnout: Focused on Moderating Effects of Emotional Intelligence (해양경찰공무원의 감정적 부조화와 직무소진의 영향관계: 감정지능의 조절효과 분석)

  • Lim, You-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 2016
  • The everyday life of police officers requires them to face a number of criminal acts and enter compromising crime scenes. In this case, officers may be compelled to make a personal expression of negative emotions. Negative emotions of members confidence for effective job processing and contributions duties and achievement of the job within the marine police force. Therefore, to control the emotive dissonance of organization members is a great help to the development of the organization. This study focuses on emotional dissonance among marine police officers to verify the impact of this dissonance on job burnout and consider the mediating effect of emotional intelligence. Research results are as follows: First, the relationship between emotional dissonance sub-factors and job burnout among marine police officers was studied. It was found that marine police did not feel emotionally jarred because they consciously tried to abstain from emotional engagement, but this was found to reduce emotional intelligence as related to desired emotions as well. Second, Emotional intelligence of the Marine Police was found on a significant impact on job burnout. Third, the impact of emotions in relation to emotional dissonance that job burnout of marine police intelligence officials confirmed that there is a statistically significant mediating effect. Finally, in a comparison of direct effects versus mediated effects, marine police were seen to be prone to emotional dissonance and experienced job burnout as a direct result of applying greater emotional intelligence.

Warrantless Searches and Seizures of Vessels at Sea (해상에서 선박에 대한 영장 없는 수색과 압수 - 미국 해안경비대(Coast Guard)의 직무집행과 관련하여 -)

  • Kim, Jong-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.375-383
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the U.S. Coast Guard's origins and powers with respect to the warrantless searches of vessels at sea. In principle, searches and seizures of vessels at sea require a warrant. However, a ship at sea may easily slip away and destroy evidence while authorities attempt to get a warrant. Thus, warrantless searches and safety inspection need to be validated because of the exigent circumstances at the sea. There are also two kinds of exceptions that justify warrantless searches at sea namely, border searhes and administrative searches. These theories in the U.S. will be useful for legislation and law enforcement related to the Korea Coast Guard's mission.

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A Study on Environment Change of Ocean Security and Future Direction for Korea Coast Guard (해양안보의 환경변화와 해양경찰의 향후과제에 관한 연구)

  • Cho Dong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2006
  • The ocean provides with not only the global environment and ecology, which is essential for human beings survival, but also various resources for human beings prosperity. The ocean security is to secure and keep the benefits that the ocean provides with to human beings. It is essential to keep enforcement measures for the ocean security. Major marine countries are challenging to secure ocean environment and resources since UNCLOS. The utmost policy priority should be given to the ocean security in Korea.

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The Examination and Development Plan of Maritime Policing Act ("해양경비법" 검토와 발전방안)

  • Roh, Ho-Rae
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.32
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    • pp.95-122
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    • 2012
  • The ocean in the 21st century is getting emphasized as a treasury of natural resources and a growth engine for the nation. And nations around the world have entered into the hyper-competition to take the initiative for those marine resources. Under the situation, the Korea Coast Guard is devoting itself with full force to protecting maritime sovereignty, ensuring maritime safety and security and preserving the marine environment. Purpose of this study is to analyze Maritime Policing Act of 2012 and their problems and to suggest improvement measures. Objectives of Maritime Policing Act of 2012 is national Defence, policing for maritime security, protection of marine natural resources and marine facility in territorial waters and exclusive economic zone(EEZ) of Korea. Limits of Maritime Policing Act of 2012 are as follows. First, As organization related rules in Maritime Policing Act of 2012 are not enough, Maritime police agency Act should be revised and enacted in order to cope with future administrative demands and legal ground. Second, Article 22 penal regulation is more severe than regulations of another Act. Third, Article 14 should be made improvement for pre-prevention through the pre-report and the establishment of prohibition boundary in maritime demonstration.

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A Study on the Maritime Police Authority of Korea Coast Guard on the High Seas of International Law (국제법상 공해에서의 우리나라 해양경찰권에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Yeong-Tae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2019
  • The areas be affected maritime police authority of the Republic of Korea, are largely classified as inland waters, territorial waters, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf(hereinafter referred to as "domestic sea area") and high seas. Of these, the maritime police authority in domestic sea area follows a municipal law that accommodates the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea(UNCLOS). In addition, this Convention shall apply on the high seas. Meanwhile, on the high seas, foreign vessels other than domestic vessels are allowed to be subject to limited jurisdiction only for the anti-mankind criminal acts, such as piracy etc. this is in accordance with the principle of "Freedom of the high seas" and "maritime flag state," under this Convention. However, the illegal acts of foreign vessels that threaten the security of coastal states and the safety of ships on the high seas can cause many types of crimes other than anti-mankind criminal acts, and the jurisdiction of the coastal states exercised may lead to conflicts between countries. Therefore, this article would like to suggest a plan for institutional improvement to maintain international maritime order on the high seas and secure maritime police authority in coastal states.