• Title, Summary, Keyword: 해양미소생물

Search Result 51, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Suspended Material in the Ocean(Review) (해양의 미소현탁물질(종설))

  • Choe, Sang
    • 한국해양학회지
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.63-72
    • /
    • 1968
  • 해양에 있어서의 생물체의 에너지 순환, 즉 해양에 있어서의 생산체계에서 이중 먼저 기초생산체계만이라도 그 전상을 파악하자는 일은 먼 옛날부터 해양생물학자들의 진지하고도 끊임없는 추구대상이었다. 해양에는 막대한 양의 바닷물이 잠겨있고, 이곳에는 엄청난 양의 생명체가 함양되어 있으며, 이것들은 피포식자-포식자의 계열에서 어떠한 균형상태를 이루고 있는가하는 문제는 극히 흥미가 진진한 문제이다. 해양에 함양되는 무수한 생명체들은 간단없이 명멸, 소장만을 거듭하고 있다는 시적인 형용과 연상은 한층 더 구체화되어야 한다. 이러한 경향은 또한 근래의 세계인구의 격증에 대비하는 인간의 식량조달의 필요상, 해양이 지닌 잠재적인 식량생산의 여력을 재평가하자는 기운에서 한층 더 박차가 가해졌었다. 식량생산의 보고로서 해양에 주어진 책무는 크기만 하다. 해양에 잠겨있는 막대한 양의 바닷물은 긴 년월에 걸쳐 자연이 조제한 훌륭한 하나의 배양액이라고 불수 있고, 이것의 다각적인 이용개발은 지금부터 시작되었다고 해도 과언이 아니다. 근래에 이르러 각종기구 및 측기의 발달에 따라 해양의 물리, 화학 및 생물학적인 미세구조가 점차적으로 해명됨에 따라 해양학에 있어서의 고전적이고 전통적인 개념에 수정을 강요하는 사태가 적지않게 일어나고 있다. 해양의 기초생산체계에 대한 개념도 크게 비약하고 있으며, 해양에 있어서의 식물플랭크톤->동물플랭크톤->소형동물->어류를 연결하는 일방통행적인 식물연쇄개념을 크게 확대하고 비약시키지 아니하면 안될 여러 가지 사실이 들어나고 있다. 해양의 생물생산계의 기초적인 역할을 하는 것은 식물플랭크톤, 데트리타스 (detritus)등을 포함한 미소현탁물이라는 것은 틀림이 없으나, 이것들이 생명물질 기워니 아니드라도 물리현상으로 일어나는 기포를 매개로 하여 생성할수 있는 가능성이 제시되었다. 여기서는 이러한 해양의 미소현탁물에 관한 연구에 대해서 그 의의와 연구결과를 요약 소개하여 해양학도들의 참고로 한다. 이 종설을 꾸미는데 Jorgensen(1962), riley(1963), Parsons(1963), 서택(1966)등의 같은 토픽스에 관한 종설을 많이 참고로 한 것을 부기한다.

  • PDF

The Study on the Seasonal Variation of Microbial Community in Kyeonggi Bay, Korea 1. Bacteria and Heterotrophic nanoflagellates (경기만 수역에서 미세생물 군집의 계절적 변동 연구 I. 박테리아와 종속영양 미소 편모류)

  • 양은진;최중기;현정호
    • The Sea
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.44-57
    • /
    • 2003
  • Seasonal variations of bacterial abundance and production, heterotrophic nanoflagellate (HNF) abundance and HNF ingestion rates on bacteria using FLB together with environmental variables were investigated at intervals of a month in Kyeonggi Bay from December 1991 to November 1998. Bacterial abundance and production ranged from 0.38$\times$10$^{9}$ ~ 3.25$\times$10$^{9}$ cells 1$^{-1}$ (average 1.19$\pm$0.69$\times$10$^{9}$ cells 1$^{-1}$ ) and from 1.51 to 20.4 cells 1$^{-1}$ h$^{-1}$ (average 6.04$\pm$ 1.88$\times$10$^{6}$ cells 1$^{-1}$ h$^{-1}$ ), respectively. Bacterial abundance and production showed no differences at the high tide and low tide, and bacterial abundances were not different with depth, but bacterial production decreased with depth. Seasonal variation of bacterial abundance showed almost similar fluctuation pattern to those of DOC (dissolved organic carbon). HNF abundances ranged from 388 to 4,374 cells ml$^{-1}$ (average 1,344$\pm$130 cells ml$^{-1}$ ), were high in March, April, July and August. HNF abundance showed no difference between the high tide and low tide, and was not different with depth. The ingestion rates of HNF on bacteria were 1.0 to 6.3$\pm$10$^{6}$ bacteria 1$^{-1}$ h$^{-1}$ (average 3.12$\pm$0.55$\times$10$^{6}$ bacteria 1$^{-1}$ h$^{-1}$ ), resulting ingestion rates of HNF removed 19.4 to 141.4 %(average 62.3$\pm$12.0%) of bacterial production. Ingestion rates and grazing pressure of HNF on bacteria showed high correlation with HNF abundance. Although we cannot exactly discussion about seasonal variation of bacteria community in this study area where physical and chemical parameters were very complex, the results indicate that bacterial abundance and production were mainly controlled by resources supply as dissolved organic carbon and chlorophyll-a(bottom-up) except March which bacterial abundance and production uncoupled chlorophyll-a because of low dissolved organic carbon and low temperature, and were controlled by HNF grazing pressure(top-down) in the warm seasons except the winter.

The Study on the Seasonal Variation of Microbial Community in Kyeonggi Bay, Korea II. Nano-and Microzooplankton (경기만 수역에서 미세생물 군집의 계절적 변동 연구 II. 미소형 및 소형 동물플랑크톤)

  • 양은진;최중기
    • The Sea
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.78-93
    • /
    • 2003
  • To investigate seasonal variation and structure of the microbial community in Kyeonggi Bay, abundance and carbon biomass of nano-and micrzooplankton were evaluated in relation to size fractionated chlorophyll-a concentration, through the monthly interval sampling from December 1997 to November 1998. Communities of nano-and microzooplankton were classified into 4 groups such as heterotrophic nanoflagellate(HNF), ciliates, heterotrophic dinoflagellates(HDF) and zooplankton nauplii. Abundance and carbon biomass of HNF ranged from 380 to 4,370 cells ml-1(average 1,340$\pm$130 cells ml-1) and from 0.63 to 12.4 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1(average 4.35$\pm$0.58 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1), respectively. Abundance and carbon biomass of ciliates ranged from 331 to 44,571 cells ml-1(average 3,526$\pm$544 cells ml-1) and from 1.3 to 119.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1(average 13.7$\pm$3.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1), respectively. Abundance and carbon biomass of HDF ranged from 88 to 48,461 cells 1-1(average 9,034$\pm$2,347 cells 1-1) and from 0.05 to 54.05 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1(average 6.9$\pm$2.4 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1), respectively. Abundance and carbon biomass of zooplankton nauplii ranged from 5 to 546 indiv. 1-1(average 83$\pm$15 indiv. 1-1) and from 0.17 to 43.2 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1(average 6.3$\pm$1.2 $\mu\textrm{g}$C 1-1), respectively. Eash component of microbial biomass was not different from tidal cycle except tintinnids group. Depth integrated nano-and microzooplankton biomass ranged from 124 to 1,635 mgC m-2(average 585$\pm$110 mgC m-2) and was highest in March and May. The relative contribution of each component to the nano-and microzooplankton showed difference according to seasons. Community structure of nano-and microzooplankton was dominated by planktonic ciliate group. During the study period, carbon biomass of nano-and microzooplankton was strongly positively correlated with size fractionated chlorophylla-a. It implied that prey-predator relationship between microzooplankton and phytoplankton was important in the pelagic ecosystem of Kyeonggi Bay.

Studies on Marine Heterotrophic Protists in Masan Bay, Korea (마산만에서 부유원생동물의 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Je;Shin, Kyung-Soon;Lee, Jae-Do
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.401-410
    • /
    • 2007
  • In Korea the study of marine heterotrophic protists started in the late 1980s, and since the early 1990s many studies have been conducted in various marine environments. In this article, studies on the distribution and abundance of protists and the biotic interactions(bacteria-protists, phytoplankton-protists) conducted in Korean coastal waters are reviewed, and a field study is reported and discussed. The field study in Masan Bay was carried out from February 2004 to November 2005 at seven selected stations representative of the bay. During the study, the mean abundance of heterotrophic bacteria and the mean concentration of chlorophyll-a were $2.1{\times}10^6\;cells\;mL^{-1}$ and $9.8{\mu}g\;L^{-1}$, respectively. Heterotrophic protists consisted of heterotrophic dinoflagellates, heterotrophic nanoflagellates(excluding dinoflagellates) and ciliates, and their abundances were means of $7.9{\times}10^4\;cells\;L^{-1}$, $1.2[\times}10^3\;cells\;mL^{-1}$, and $4.0{\times}10^4\;cells\;L^{-1}$, respectively. Generally, the chlorophyll-a concentra+CZ14tions and the abundances of heterotrophic bacteria and protists were higher in the inner zone of the bay, where there are high concentrations of organic matters, than in the middle and outer zones. Using the grazing rates of heterotrophic nanoflagellates on bacteria previously reported in this area, it can be calculated that about 69% of bacterial producton was removed by HNF grazing activity. About 24% of initial chlorophyll-a concentration was removed by microzooplankton grazing activity. In conclusion, this study suggests that in Masan Bay heterotrophic protists control the growth of bacteria and phytoplankton, and heterotrophic protists represent an important link of bacterial & microalgal biomass to higher trophic levels.

Changes in Planktonic Communities and Environmental Factors between Open Versus Closed Artificial Marine Microcosms (개방형 및 폐쇄형 인공해양소형생태계에서 미소생물상 및 수환경의 변화)

  • Jung, Seung Won;Kang, Don-Hyug
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.403-411
    • /
    • 2015
  • To understand differences of environmental factors and planktonic communities in closed (CS) versus open (OS) enclosed experimental systems, we performed a study on a 100-L indoor-type artificial marine microcosm. For environmental factors, including water temperature, dissolved inorganic phosphorus, and dissolved silica, there were no significant differences between CS and OS; however, salinity was higher in CS than that of OS due to the evaporation effect. The concentration of dissolved oxygen and dissolved inorganic nitrogen was lower in CS than in OS. The abundance of phytoplankton was lower in CS than in OS. However, abundance of autotrophic nanoflagellates and heterotrophic bacteria varied inversely with that of phytoplankton abundances. In particular, the abundance of heterotrophic nanoflagellates and ciliates increased with bacterial growth after a time lag. Therefore, environmental factors and planktonic communities in CS gradually changed over time and characterized a different artificial ecosystem than in OS.

미소조류의 응용연구(개관) (Applied Researches on Microalgae(Overview))

  • YIH Won-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.205-218
    • /
    • 1992
  • Trends in the applied microalgal researches were described as those in two separate periods. During the first period (earlie. than 1970) . most researches were oriented to using the whole microalgal cells as feed, food, fertilizer, and agent for the treatment of organic waste water. Since early 1970's (the second period) the number of researches on the production of specific cell metabolites has grown so rapidly. Many researchers endeavored after the very expensive 'natural products' form microalge such as vitamins, amino acids, $\beta-carotene$, phycofluor, pharmaceuticals, biologically active compounds, $H_2$ gas, and deutrated chemicals. On the other hand, the applied microalgal researches in Korea are still in the early stage of developments, and urgent activation of the related researchers is quite important to meet the future needs in the microalgal products. Systems for the management of the management of the microalgal clonal cultures from Korean waters should be established soon, which will support many microalgal researchers in Korea.

  • PDF

Environmental Studies on Masan Bay 2. Annual Cycle of Phytoplankton (마산항의 환경학적 연구 2. 식물플랑크톤의 년변화)

  • Yoo, Kwang Il;Lee, Jong Wha
    • 한국해양학회지
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-38
    • /
    • 1976
  • Monthly observation of phytoplankton were made from September, 1974 to June 1975 at three stations in the Masan Bay. Sixty three species of phytoplankton (diatoms), representing 25 genera were taken in this study. Of these Skeletonema costatum, Eucampis zoodiacus, Ditylum brightwellii, Chaetoceros debilis, Coscinosira polychorda, and Leptocylindrus danicus were the dominant species in this area. By the ecological division the neritic species occupied 85.71% of total diatom diversity and it showed the characteristics of emayment. Diversity index(H) were the lowest in January and May in surface, while the highest in October. Phytoplankton standing crop varied extensively by months; ranging from 3,780 to 7,642,798 cells/l. total phytoplankton standing crop showed three major peaks in September, December and May. After bloom diatom standing crop were decreased gradually and showed minimum in November and February.

  • PDF