• Title, Summary, Keyword: 현상학적 연구

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Continuous Volunteering Experience in Elderly People : A Phenomenological Research (노인의 지속적 자원봉사활동 경험 : 현상학적 연구)

  • You, Jeong-Suk;Kim, Ka-Duck
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.247-270
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to understand the meanings and essentials of the experience of continuous participation in volunteer works, from an emic perspective. To conduct an in-depth study regarding 'live experiences', this research used phenomenological research method. For the method of data collection, purposive sampling is used with some in-depth interviews of five elderly people who have participated in volunteer works from 6 years to 23 years. As a result of the analysis of the collected data, the essence of continuous participation in volunteer works appeared to be 'regained happiness of life'. Elderly people who persist in volunteering were also passionate in taking part in social activities, eager to improve their cognitive functions, and likely to put more effort in maintaining their own health in order to continue the volunteer works. These are the factors that satisfy successful ageing. This research has its object in preparing systematic support at a national level to prevent the volunteer works of the elderly people from ending up in mere personal virtue, so as to successfully manage the later stage of life.

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How Digital Camera Has Changed Photographers? A Phenomenological Approach of Digital Labor (디지털 사진 이후 사진가들의 변화 현상학적 접근을 중심으로)

  • Cho, In Won
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.84
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    • pp.124-151
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    • 2017
  • This study examines photographers who experienced steep changes from film to digital photography working and photography culture after using digital camera through a phenomenological approach. Digital technologies have brought many transition. Most of all digital camera popularize photography among people who had no knowledge and experience about camera. On the contrary digital photography made many professional photographers difficulties. After being digital photography, most film companies and film developing and printing studios have diminished. In addition many professional photographers have to cover increasing working time by decreasing photography price. For this research researcher interviewed 12 professional photographers who is working as a digital photographer. After collecting data, researcher analyse data by phenomenological approach. This study is looking for a meaning of photographers' labor after digital photography times.

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Phenomenological Study on Relationships of People with Acquired Disability with the Opposite Gender (후천적 장애인이 이성과의 관계 맺기에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Park, Hun-Kyung;Moon, Jung-In;Yoo, Doo-Han
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.59-72
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    • 2011
  • Objective : The purpose of this research was to understand the emotions of disabled in starting relationships with the opposite gender and disclosing experienced events related to starting relationships with the opposite gender. Methods : In order to gain an understanding of experience, emotions and process of people with acquired disability, phenomenological study, a form of qualitative research was used. Data on subjects was collected through in-depth interviews, on-the-scene recording and technical observation diary, etc and were analyzed through Colaizzi's phenomenological study method. Results : Subjects who had acquired disabilities experienced changes in physical, psychological, social aspects and especially in the course of relationships with the opposite gender. Data from in-depth interviews of 8 subjects were analyzed 6 types of subject themes were derived. 1) Diagnosis of varying psychological reactions. 2) Various psychological reactions of parents and the other gender. 3) Through aggressive support rehabilitation volition will change. 4) After you have a disability as a lack of social skills. 5) Changes in confidence through rehabilitation. 6) the other gender for the different ideas. Conclusion : This research is valuable in presenting important data in understanding problems and emotions of relationships of people with acquired disabilities with opposite gender. Starting relationships with the opposite gender has more meaning than any other interacting activities in society. Conflicts exist in starting relationships and support programs for various specialists are indispensable.

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생물전기화학적 기술을 이용한 물질 전환

  • 김병홍
    • The Microorganisms and Industry
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1991
  • 생물은 자기 복제를 통한 생장이나 생명유지를 위해 에너지를 필요로 한다. 화학영양생물은 화학에너지를 발효 혹은 호흡을 통해 생물학적 에너지로 전환시키며, 광영양생물은 광합성 작용을 통해 광에너지를 이용한다. 발효, 호흡, 광합성은 모두 산화-환원 반응을 통해 이루어진다. 생물의 모든 에너지 전환반응은 산화-환원 반응, 즉 전자의 흐름으로 이루어지며 생명현상이 에너지를 필요로 하기 때문에 생명현상은 전자의 흐름으로 이루어진다고 할 수 있다. 모든 생물이 에너지 전환 반응에 산화-환원 반응을 이용한다는 말은 생물이 많은 종류의 산화-환원 효소를 보유하고 있다는 뜻이며, 실제 많은 종류의 산화-환원 효소가 발견되고 연구되었다.

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Reviews of Bed Protection Length Formulas Based on Local Scouring at the Downstream of Hydraulic Structures (수리구조물 하류부 국부세굴현상을 고려한 하상보호구조물의 길이산정공식 검토)

  • Park, Sung Won;Kim, Dong Hyeon;Hwang, Jin Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.317-317
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    • 2015
  • 강이나 하천에 이수 및 치수의 목적으로 소규모 댐이나 보 등의 수리구조물을 설치한다. 수리구조물의 상하류부에는 하천 하상의 극심한 침식인 국부세굴현상을 방지하여 수리구조물의 안정성을 확보하기 위해 하상보호구조물을 설치하는데, 특히 하류부에 설치하는 하상보호구조물에는 크게, 다양한 형식과 크기의 물받이공, 에너지 감세공, 그리고 끝턱구조물 등이 이에 속한다. 지금까지 국내 외 수리구조물 설계지침에서는 하상보호공의 적절한 길이규모를 산정하기 위한 다양한 공식이 개발 및 적용되었지만, 최근 들어 다양한 목적을 위해 복잡해진 수리구조물의 형식과 다양한 운영방식에 따른 수리학적 분석내용이 적절하게 반영되지 않은 경험공식이 대부분 적용되었다. 따라서 예상보다 매우 큰 하상유실이 발생 하여, 하상보호구조물의 설치역할을 제대로 수행하지 못하고 오히려 수리구조물의 안정성에 위협을 주는 주요한 요인이 되었다. 그리고 최근 국내에는 4 대강 유역에 16개 중 대규모의 다목적 보가 설치되었으나 앞서 언급한 바와 같이 미흡한 설계지침을 기반으로 설치된 보 및 하상보호구조물의 기능이 저하되어 극심한 세굴현상이 발생하였다. 또한 이를 보강하기 위한 추가적인 공사 등으로 경제적인 손실을 야기하였다. 반면 외국의 최근 설계지침에는 하상보호구조물 하류부에서 발생하는 평형최대세굴심의 규모를 고려하거나 흐름 및 난류분포를 고려한 수리학적 분석이 반영되어 있지만 국내 설계지침에는 전무한 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기존 국내 설계지침의 한계를 조사하고 현재 외국에서 적절하게 제안되어 적용 중인 하상보호구조물 설계지침을 검토하였다. 특히 수리학적 거동특성과 유사분포 특성이 고려된 최대세굴심 산정공식과 설계지침을 검토하였고, 평형상태에 도달한 세굴공 내에서의 수리학적 특성을 고려하여 하상보호구조물의 길이를 적절히 산정할 수 있는 기존 연구결과를 토대로, 하상보호구조물 길이 산정공식을 제안하였다. 본 연구에서 검토된 외국 설계지침과 함께 수리학적 거동특성이 고려된 하상보호구조물의 길이 산정공식은, 향후 수리구조물의 안정성 확보를 위한 하상보호구조물의 설계에 반영될 필요가 있으며, 이를 통해 수리구조물의 효율적이고 경제적인 유지관리를 위해 적절히 활용될 수 있다.

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A Phenomenological Study of the Effects on Achievements and Careers of Secondary Science Gifts Education Experience (과학영재교육경험이 개인의 성취정도와 진로에서 미치는 영향에 대한 현상학적 탐색)

  • Kim, Yeon Hee;Jo, Gab Lyong
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.763-786
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine the significance of experience in the secondary science gifted education. The participants of the this study were 7 respondents who were admitted secondary science gifted education program from 2001 to 2004 in Busan. The research data was collected through in-depth interview. This qualitative study applied the phenomenological method of Giorgi. The gifted person experiences of gifted education were clustered into 7 specific themes and 21 general structures for achievements. And they were clustered into 5 specific themes and 11 general structures for careers. It showed positive effects on individual achievements and careers. The result will provide implications for setting the direction of gifted education.

A Phenomenological Study of the Relationship Experience of Social Welfare Public Officials with Clients (사회복지전담공무원의 클라이언트 관계경험에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Cho, Sungsim;Yoon, Hosoon;Kwon, Jisung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.1
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    • pp.109-142
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship experience of social welfare dedicated public officials with clients. To achieve this purpose, we collected data through in-depth interviews with social welfare dedicated public officials, and analysed the data using by phenomenological approach. The results of study are as follows; the clients relationship experiences of social welfare dedicated public officials are figured in the five categories, seven themes and 28 sub-themes. The categories are 'the context of the relationship', 'the subjects of the relationship', 'the impact of the relationship', 'the conditions of the relationship', 'the aspects of the relationship'. Based on these results, we suggested some policies and practice guidelines to consider in order to support the improvement of the relationship between social welfare dedicated public officials.

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Micrometeorological quantification of Hg fluxes from an areal source and assessment of its cycle (미기상학적 기법을 이용한 수은의 플럭스 관측 : 면오염원 지역의 배출-침적에 의한 수지균형과 순환)

  • 김민영;김기현;이강웅;신재영
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.51-54
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    • 2000
  • 수은의 순환현상은 원소성 수은의 지화학적 분포특성으로 대표된다 (Kim et al., 1997). 강한 휘발성과 화학적인 안정성은 광역적으로 수은이 균질한 분포특성을 유지하여 지구규모의 대기순환에 종속되는 원인으로 이해된다. 수은의 순환과 관련된 근래의 연구들은 다음과 같이 다양한 환경권계면간에서 진행되는 교환현상들에 주로 초점을 맞추어 왔다. 대기환경과 수림식생과의 교환현상에 대한 연구 (Lindbereg et al., 1995, 1998), 대기환경과 토양생태계의 교환 (Carpi and Lindberg, 1998; Kim et al., 1995; Kim and Kim, 1999, 1998. Xiao et al., 1991), 수환경과 대기환경계의 교환(Poissant and Casimir, 1998)등 상대적으로 오염원의 강한 영향을 받는 환경권역을 중심으로 한 교환현상에 대한 정량적인 평가자료는 아직까지 드물게 보고되고 있다. (중략)

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A Phenomenological Study on the Adult Grandchildren' Experiences with Grandparents Cohabitation (성인 손자녀의 조부모 동거 경험에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.293-303
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    • 2009
  • This study reported phenomenological analysis of the interviews with 26 adult grandchildren who had(or have) a cohabitation with grandparents. The research question was what adult grandchildren experienced in living with grandparents. Results indicated that "the aged" was described as generous and wise person, so they had positive attitude toward the elderly. Participants perceived level of benefits of the coresidence with grandparents were higher than the costs in instrumental, material, and emotional supports. The relationship between grandparents and parents was generally intimate. It makes adult grandchildren advocate parents living together in the future. But adult grandchildren plan to get along independently when they grow old.

A Phenomenological Study on Time Experiences of Mothers Participating in Child Counseling (아동상담에 참여한 어머니들의 시간 체험에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Kim, Sook-Kyung;Kim, Kwang-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.205-222
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    • 2009
  • This study aims to understand time experiences of mothers in child counseling and to investigate the meanings of their experience of time. Phenomenological perspectives and attitudes were adopted as the basic methodology. Participants were five mothers who were interviewed in depth on their time experiences in child counseling. The data were organized by the following contents : (1) Time for compensation, (2) conscious immersion, (3) stagnation, (4) infiniteness and finiteness of time, and (5) facing the past. Based on the results, the researcher interpreted three meanings discovered in the mothers' time experiences; (1) Reconstructed time : Healing, (2) The child becomes a mirror reflecting the mother, and (3) A new beginning.

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