• Title, Summary, Keyword: 혈관저항지수

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Evaluation of Resistive Index Using Color Doppler Imaging in Canine Ophthalmic Vasculature (개의 안혈관에 대한 컬러도플러초음파를 사용한 저항지수의 평가)

  • Lee, Hee-Chun;Yoon, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2003
  • Color Doppler imaging(CDI) was carried out to determine CDI-derived resistive index(RI) values of normal canine ophthalmic vasculature and its reproducibility. CDI was performed on 58 dogs. and normal ranges of RI value were calculated for the medial long posterior ciliary artery(mLPCA), ciliary artery(CA), and ophthalmic artery(OA). Ophthalmic vascular RI values of normal dogs were 0.67$\pm$0.07, 0.70$\pm$0.06, and 0.80$\pm$0.04 in mLPCA, CA, and OA, respectively. Means of RT value of all vessel had no statistically significant difference by sex, fellow orbits, and skull type. The results suggest that color Doppler imaging is a noninvasive test which has the advantage of providing objective measurements of blood flow velocity parameter in the canine eye and orbit.

Renal hemodynamics in dogs with experimental hydronephrosis treated with transarterial embolization of renal artery (신장동맥색전술을 실시한 개의 실험적 수신증의 혈동학)

  • Chang, Dongwoo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.413-419
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to evaluate the renal hemodynamics using color Doppler ultrasonography in dogs with unilateral experimental hydronephrosis treated with transarterial embolization of the renal artery (TAE-RA). Experimental hydronephrosis was induced by ligation of unilateral ureter in 12 dogs. The mean resistive index (RI) value of kidney was significantly increased at 4, 9, 17 days after ligation of ureter. Unilateral hydronephrosis was established in 12 dogs at 17 days after ligation of ureter. Renal artery embolization was performed using selective catheterization in the hydronephrotic kidney of seven dogs and EKG, $SpO_2$body temperature, pulse, and respiratory rate were within normal ranges during procedures. There were no dogs expired after TAE-RA and no side effects associated with regurgitation of iohexol-ethanol solution. In color Doppler ultrasonographic findings, there was no blood flow into the embolized kidneys treated by TAE-RA, however, blood flow signal was found in contralateral normal kidney of dogs treated with TAE-RA compared to that of normal kidney in normal control group. It is concluded that TAE-RA does not affect the hemodynamics of contralateral normal kidney in dogs with experimental hydronephrosis and color Doppler ultrasonography is simple and non-invasive modality for the monitoring of the revascularization of the renal artery after TAE-RA.

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Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Training on Body Composition, Arterial Compliance and Risks of Falling Index in Elderly Females (탄성밴드 저항운동이 고령여성의 신체조성, 혈관탄성 및 낙상위험도지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyeok;Kim, Dayeol
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 2017
  • Both cardiovascular diseases caused by decreased body composition and arterial compliance and falling induced by loss of muscle mass are frequent occurrences in the elderly. Therefore, elderly people are advised to perform elastic band resistance exercises to improve their body composition and arterial compliance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of elastic band resistance training on the body composition, arterial compliance and falling index in elderly females (> 65 years). The elastic band resistance exercise program was administered 3 times per week for 60 minutes each time for 12 weeks. In addition, the exercise intensity was set to 11-14 on the Borg scale (6-20). Before and after the training period, the body composition (body weight (BW), muscle mass, % body fat, body mass index (BMI)), arterial compliance (ankle brachial index (ABI) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)) and risk of falling index were determined. (After the program?), the BW (p=.003), BMI (p=.002), PWV (p=.017) and risk of falling (p=.037) in the exercise group were significantly reduced, whereas the BW (p=.009) and BMI (p=.009) in the control group were significantly increased. In conclusion, the body weight, BMI and arterial compliance of elderly females were positively changed by the elastic band resistance training. Thus, the elastic band resistance exercise may be useful for elderly people to prevent metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases and to reduce their risk of falling.

The Effect of Lidocaine Dose and Pretreated Diazepam on Cardiovascular System and Plasma Concentration of Lidocaine in Dogs Ansthetized with Halothane-Nitrous Oxide (Diazepam 전투여와 Lidocaine 투여용량이 혈중농도 및 심혈역학적 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Sook;Kim, Sae-Yeon;Park, Dae-Pal;Kim, Jin-Mo;Chung, Chung-Gil
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.451-474
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    • 1993
  • Lidocaline if frequently administered as a component of an anesthetic : for local or regional nerve blocks, to mitigate the autonomic response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation, to suppress the cough reflex, and for antiarrythmic therapy. Diazepam dectease the potential central nervous system (CNS) toxicity of local anesthetic agents but may modify the sitmulant action of lidocaine in addition to their own cardiovascular depressant. The potential cardiovascular toxicity of local anesthetics may be enhanced by the concomitant administration of diazepam. This study was designed to investigate the effects of lidocaine dose and pretreated diazepam to cardiovascular system and plasma concentration of lidocaine. Lidocaine in 100 mcg/kg/min, 200 mcg/kg/min, and 300 mcg/kg/min was given by sequential infusion to dogs anesthetized with halothane-nitrous oxide (Group I). And in group II, after diazepam pretreatment, lidocaine was infused by same way when lidocaine was administered in 100 mcg/kg/min, the low plasma levels ($3.97{\pm}0.22-4.48{\pm}0.36$ mcg/ml) caused a little reduction in cardiovascular hemodynamics. As administered in 200 mcg/kg/min, 300 mcg/kg/min, the higher plasma levels ($7.50{\pm}0.66-11.83{\pm}0.59$ mcg/ml) reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index (CI), stroke index (SI), left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI), and right ventricular stroke work index (PVSWI) and increased pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), central venous pressure (CVP), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), but was associated with little changes of heart rate (HR), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), and pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI). When lidocaine with pretreated diazepam was administered in 100 mcg/kg/min, the low plasma level, the lower level than when only lidocaine administered, reduced MAP, but was not changed other cardiovascular hemodynamics. While lidocaine was infused in 200 mcg/kg/min, 300 mcg/kg/min in dogs pretreated diazepam, the higher plasma level ($7.64{\pm}0.79-13.79{\pm}0.82$ mcg/ml) was maintained and was associated with reduced CI, SI, LVSWI and incresed PAWP, CVP, SVRI but was a little changes of HR, MPAP, PVRI. After $CaCl_2$ administeration, CI, SI, SVRI, LVSWI was recovered but PAWP, CVP was rather increased than recovered. The foregoing results demonstrate that pretreated diazepam imposes no additional burden on cardiovascular system when a infusion of large dose of lidocaine is given to dogs anesthetized with halothanenitrous oxide. But caution may be advised if the addition of lidocaine is indicated in subjects who have impared autonomic nervous system and who are in hypercarbic, hypoxic, or acidotic states.

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Ultrasonographic Resistive Index of the Cranial Pancreaticoduodenal Artery in Normal Conscious Dogs (정상견에서 전방 췌장십이장 동맥의 초음파학적 혈관 저항지수)

  • Eom, Ki-Dong;Lee, Hae-oon;Seong, Yun-sang;Lee, Jeong-min;Lee, Jong-won;Oh, Tae-ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.274-277
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the range of resistive index(RI) of the cranial pancreaticoduodenal artery(cPDA) in the normal dog's and to assess the possibility of clinical application of RI for diagnosing a pancreatitis. Five patients with acute pancreatitis and 17 healthy adult beagle dogs were used. Duplex color Doppler ultrasonographic examination was performed by using a real-time scanner with 11-MHz linear-array transducer. The dogs were restrained in dorsal recumbency without the use of chemical agent. The mean RI of the normal pancreas(0.63$\pm$0.04) was significantly(t = 5.79, p = 0.001) different from acute pancreatitis dog(0.75$\pm$0.04). Duplex color Doppler ultrasonography was an useful technique for detecting and measuring RI of the cPDA. The evaluation of RI of the cPDA may be a valuable supportive diagnostic procedure for evaluating the pancreatitis or suspected in dogs.

Maximum exercise in 20 men Common carotid artery blood flow velocity impact (20대 남성에서 최대운동이 뇌로가는 혈관인 총경동맥 혈류 속도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ji-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2009
  • Arterial blood from the heart chonggyeong passed directly to the cerebral arteries and the blood circulation is important, especially in arteries that prevent blood flow there are several variables. Among the variables the average flow velocity, pulse index, and blood flow resistance and which variables, double maekbakjisuna systolic and diastolic blood flow resistance index at the maximum rate and blood pressure associated with this because they are important variables, The change of variables such as speed noehyeolryu There are observations about the non-invasive ultrasound measurements using Doppler noehyeolryu uses. Up to 20 men in the exercise of noeroganeun hyeolryuin chonggyeong arteries to increase blood flow rates can be found.

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Effect of Glycopyrrolate on Cardiovascular System in Dogs Sedated with Medetomidine-Midazolam Combination (개에서 Medetomidine과 Midazolam 병용 투여 시 Glycopyrrolate가 심맥관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Dae-Kyung;Shin, Beom-Jun;Lee, Jae-Yeon;Jee, Hyun-Chul;Park, Ji-Young;Kim, Myung-Cheol;Jeong, Seong-Mok
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to evaluate the effect of intravenous administration of glycopyrrolate on cardiovascular and respiratory system in dogs given intravenous medetomidine (20 ${\mu}g$/kg) and intramuscular midazolam (0.3 mg/kg) (MM). Prior to administration of MM, glycopyrrolate was administered intravenously at doses of 5 ${\mu}g$/kg (Gly-5), 10 ${\mu}g$/kg (Gly-10) or 20 ${\mu}g$/kg (Gly-20), respectively. For the control group saline was administered intravenously. In the cardiovascular system, HR, BP, RAP, PAWP, CI, SI, SVR, and PVR were measured. RR, $V_T$, $P_{ETCO2}$, and arterial blood gas analysis were measured for respiratory system. Although rapid and satisfied depth of sedation was obtained by MM, life-threatening bradycardia, the outstanding side-effect on cardiovascular system in dogs were observed. This combination also decreased CO and increased SVR, RAP, and PAWP significantly. The bradycardia could be prevented in all the glycopyrrolate treated groups, but tachycardia was observed in Gly-10 and Gly-20 groups. Significant increases in blood pressure were shown in glycopyrrolate treated groups. Also, tachycardia depends on dose of glycopyrrolate, compensating the CO. However, these were not fully reserved. In conclusion, MM combination could induce rapid and satisfied depth of sedation but was not the suitable method for the deep sedation of dogs with cardiovascular or circulatory problems.

Factors Affecting Basilar Artery Pulsatility Index on Transcranial Doppler (뇌혈류 초음파 검사에서 기저동맥 박동지수에 영향을 미치는 인자)

  • Jeong, Ho Tae;Kim, Dae Sik;Kang, Kun Woo;Nam, Yun Teak;Oh, Ji Eun;Cho, Eun Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.477-483
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    • 2018
  • Transcranial doppler is a non-invasive method that measures the blood flow velocity and the direction of cerebral blood vessels through the doppler principle. The pulsatility index is an index for measuring the transcranial doppler that reflects the distal vascular resistance and is used as an index for the presence and diffusion of cerebral small vessel diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors affecting the basilar artery pulsatility index in ischemic stroke patients. From January 2014 to May 2015, 422 patients were selected by measuring the transcranial doppler pulsatility index, considering their basilar artery pulsatility index. Univariate analysis was performed using the basilar artery pulsatility index as a dependent variable. Multiple regression analysis was performed considering the factors affecting the pulsatility index as variables. Univariate analysis revealed age, presence of hypertension, presence of diabetes mellitus, presence of hyperlipidemia, and hematocrit (P<0.1) as factors. Multiple regression analysis showed statistically significant results with age (P<0.001), presence of diabetes (P=0.004), and presence of hyperlipidemia (P=0.041). The risk factors affecting the basilar artery pulsatility index of transcranial doppler were age, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Further research will be needed to increase the cerebral pulsatility index as a surrogate marker of the elderly, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia.

Impact of Pulmonary Vascular Compliance on the Duration of Pleural Effusion Duration after Extracardiac Fontan Procedure (수술 전 폐혈관 유순도가 심장 외 도판을 이용한 Fontan 수술 후 늑막 삼출 기간에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun Tae-Jin;Im Yu-Mi;Song Kwang-Jae;Jung Sung-Ho;Park Jeong-Jun;Seo Dong-Man;Lee Moo-Song
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.579-587
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    • 2006
  • Background: Preoperative risk analysis for Fontan candidates is still less than optimal in that patients with apparently low risks may have poor surgical outcome; prolonged pleural drainage, protein losing enteropathy, pulmonary thromboembolism and death. We hypothesized that low pulmonary vascular compliance (PVC) is a risk factor for prolonged pleural effusion drainage after the Fontan operation. Material and Method: A retrospective review of 96 consecutive patients who underwent the Extracardiac Fontan procedures (median age: 3.9 years) was performed. Fontan risk score (FRS) was calculated from 12 categorized preoperative anatomic and physiologic variables. PVC $(mm^2/m^2{\cdot}mmHg)$ was defined as pulmonary artery index $(mm^2/m^2)$ divided by total pulmonary resistance $(W.U{\cdot}/m^2)$ and pulmonary blood flow $(L/min/m^2)$ based on the electrical circuit analogue of the pulmonary circulation. Chest tube indwelling time was log-transformed (log indwelling time, LIT) to fit normal distribution, and the relationship between preoperative predictors and LIT was analyzed by multiple linear regression. Result: Preoperative PVC, chest tube indwelling time and LIT ranged from 6 to 94.8 $mm^2/mmHg/m^2$ (median: 24.8), 3 to 268 days (median: 20 days), and 1.1 to 5.6 (mean: 2.9, standard deviation: 0.8), respectively. FRS, PVC, cardiopulmonary bypass time (CPB) and central venous pressure at postoperative 12 hours were correlated with LIT by univariable analyses. By multiple linear regression, PVC (p=0.0018) and CPB (p=0.0024) independently predicted LIT, explaining 21.7% of the variation. The regression equation was LIT=2.74-0.0158 PVC+0.00658 CPB. Conclusion: Low pulmonary vascular compliance is an important risk factor for prolonged pleural effusion drainage after the extracardiac Fontan procedure.

Ultrasonographic Resistive Index of the Interlobar Renal Artery in Renal Failure Induced by Ochratoxin A and Citrinin Toxicosis in Dogs (Ochratoxin-A 및 Citrinin 중독 신부전 개에서 신장엽간동맥 혈관저항지수에 대한 도플러초음파 평가)

  • Bae, Jun-Woo;Seong, Yun-Sang;Oh, Tae-Ho;Jang, Kwang-Ho;Lee, Keun-Woo;Eom, Ki-Dong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.427-431
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    • 2006
  • Pulse Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation was performed to investigate the resistive index (RI) of the Interlobar renal artery in 17 dogs (32 kidneys) which were diagnosed with an acute renal failure caused by ochratoxin-A and citrinin contaminated commercial diet. RI was investigated in 7 normal beagle dogs and recovered patients. The mean of RI was resulted as $0.69{\pm}0.04$ in normal dog, however, significantly (p<0.001) increased as $0.76{\pm}0.05$ in renal failure dog. But RI had no relationship with the results of blood chemistry, urine analysis, and excretory urographic image quality. From these results, even though the results of the renal function test were within a normal reference range, it was considered that RI index is more reliable to represent a damaged renal parenchyma, and may have the potential to be a useful clinical tool in monitoring of the renal function.