• Title, Summary, Keyword: 혈전용해활성

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Fibrinolytic Enzyme Activity of Extract from Camellia japonica L. (동백나무 추출물의 혈전용해 효소활성)

  • Lim, Chae-Young;Lee, Sook-Young;Pyo, Byeong-Sik;Kim, Sun-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2006
  • The fibrinolytic activities of soluble proteins extracted from young leaves of Camellia japonica L. were studied. Fibrinolvity activity of extract from partitions of C. japonica L. showed 1.6-2.0 times higher than plasmin used as positive control. The fibrinolytic enzyme was confirmed directly from young leaves of C. japonica L. by a fibrin Plate and fibrin zymography. The protein was composed of a single polypeptide and its apparent molecular weight was found to be 45 kDa, as judged by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for the fibrinolytic activity were pH 5.5 and $30^{\circ}C$, respectively. Also, the fibrinolytic activity was clearly inhibited by PMSF and TLCK, suggesting that it is a member of the trypsin-like serine protease. All these results suggest the protease is a fibrinolytic enzyme belong to a family of trypsin-like serine protease.

Physiological Functionalities of Solvent Extracts of Pinellia ternata (반하 용매별 추출물의 생리활성)

  • Kim, Jun-Ho;Oh, Hae-Sook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.83-83
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    • 2009
  • 암을 제외한 대부분의 성인병은 혈액순환과 관련된 혈관계 질환들로 이들에 의한 사망 비율의 합은 암의 비율과 비슷하게 나타나 혈관계 질환의 심각성을 나타내고 있다. 혈전에 의한 혈관계 질환은 혈전용해제와 트롬빈저해제를 이용하여 치료하고 예방할 수 있으며, a-glucosidase 저해제는 당뇨병 예방과 치료에 이용할 수 있다. 예로부터 민간요법에서 다양하게 이용되어 왔던 반하를 성인병 치료와 예방에 관련된 기능성식품의 자료로 사용하기 위해 반하 열수추출물을 유기 용매로 분획화하고 분획물의 혈전용해활성, 트롬빈저해활성, 혈당강하효과를 측정하였다. 혈전을 직접 용해하는 활성을 측정하기위해 100 mg/ml의 농도로 준비한 시료액을 fibrin plate 방법을 이용하여 혈전용해활성을 측정 결과 hexane 층, chloroform 층, ethyl acetate 층, butanol 층에서는 활성을 나타내지 않았지만 물 층에서 만 0.8 plasmin unit의 높은 혈전용해활성을 나타냈다. 혈전의 형성을 억제하기위해 혈전형성의 필수 효소인 트롬빈의 활성을 저해하는 트롬빈저해활성을 측정하기위해 10 배 희석한 (10 mg/ml) 시료 용액을 이용하여 트롬빈저해활성을 측정결과 hexane 층에서 75.3%의 높은 트롬빈저해활성을 나타냈으며, ethyl acetate 층과 chloroform에서도 각각 43.3%와 39.7%의 활성을 나타냈다. 또한 탄수화물의 소화를 지연시킴으로서 소장에서 포도당의 흡수를 억제하여 혈관내 당의 농도를 조절하는 혈당강하제의 개발을 위해 준비된 조효소액(10 mg/ml)을 이용하여 a-glucosidase 저해활성을 측정한 결과 ethyl acetate 층과 hexane 층에서 각각 24.9%와 23.4%의 저해활성을 확인하였다. 따라서 반하의 hexane 층과 ethyl acetate 층과 물층은 혈전관련 혈관계 질환과 당뇨병 관련 기능성 식품의 개발 소재로 이용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. 특히 최근 질병 치료에 효과는 크지만 부작용이 동반되는 화학약품들 대신 활성은 조금 뒤지지만 부작용이 없는 생약을 이용하려는 경향이 커지고 있다. 따라서 오랫동안 민간용법에서 사용되고 있는 반하는 안정성이 확인된 장점을 갖고 있어, 식품재료나 기능성 음료에 이용할 경우 장기간 섭취가 가능해 혈관계 질환의 치료와 예방에 큰 효과를 가져 올 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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A Correlation Between Fibrinolytic Activity and Microflora in Korean Fermented Soybean Products (된장의 혈전용해효소 활성과 미생물 분포와의 상관관계)

  • 김동호;송현파;김기연;김정옥;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2004
  • A correlation between fibrinolytic activity and microflora in Korean traditional soybean fermented food was investigated. The fibrinolytic activities of traditional soybean pastes and commercially processed samples were 2.42$\pm$1.01 unit/g and 1.58$\pm$0.98 unit/g, respectively. The cell density of Bacillus in traditional soybean pastes was about 10$^{7}$ CFU/g and its commercially processed one was 10$^{6}$ CFU/g. Acid producing bacteria, fungi and yeast group were higher in commercially processed one. The correlations of fibrinolytic activity and microflora in traditional and commercial Doenjang were positively correlated in Bacillus ($R^2$≒ 0.69), negatively correlated in fungal group ($R^2$≒0.40), and there were no significant correlations in acid forming bacteria and yeast group ($R^2$<0.16). Fibrinolytic activities in Meju and Koji were 6.54$\pm$1.97 unit/g and 1.46$\pm$0.43 unit/g respectively, and were positively correlated with Bacillus. Yeast and acid forming bacteria were grown by 5∼6 decimal induction during fermentation period of Doenjang, but Bacillus, fungal cells and fibrinolytic activity were nearly stable. Results indicate that fibrinolytic activity of Doenjang depends on enzyme induction in Meju or Koji processing by Bacillus, Doenjang fermentation process.

Effects of Barley Koji and Legumes on the Quality and Fibrinolytic Activity of Korean Traditional Rice Wine (보리 입국과 두류 첨가가 전통주의 품질과 혈전용해활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김재호;이주현;김형종;최신양;이종수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1066-1070
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    • 2003
  • Effects of cereal kojis and legumes on alcohol fermentation and fibrinolytic activities of Korean traditional wines were investigated. The Korean traditional wine which was brewed by addition of 10% barley koji into the mash showed the greatest fibrinolytic activity of 20.0 U and good ethanol productivity (16.8%). The fibrinolytic activity was increased up to 26.0 U by addition of 50% of mungbean and its acceptability were improved by addition of jujube (3%) into the mash.

Isolation and Identification of Microorganism with Potent Fibrinolytic Activity from Korean Traditional Deonjang (재래식 된장으로부터 혈전용해활성을 나타내는 세균의 분리 및 동정)

  • Hyun Kwang-Wook;Lee Jong-Soo;Ham Jung-Hee;Choi Shin-Yang
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2005
  • A bacterial strain D­1 found to have potent fibrinolytic activity was isolated from Korean traditional Doenjang. It was identified as Bacillus sp. based on its 16S rRNA sequence analysis, morphological and physiological characteristics.

Physiological Activities of Water Extract and Solvent Fractions of an Edible Mushroom, Pholiota adiposa (검은비늘버섯 물 추출물 및 유기용매 분획물의 생리활성 효과)

  • Kim, Jun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted in order to investigate the physiological activities, including antioxidative, fibrinolytic, thrombin inhibitory, and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of the water extract and solvent fractions isolated from Pholiota adiposa. The antioxidative activities of the water extract and water fraction were 57.57% and 48.27%, respectively. The fibrinolytic activity was strong only in the ethyl acetate fraction at 0.70 plasmin units/mL. The ethyl acetate fraction showed high thrombin inhibitory activity, and a-glucosidase inhibitory activity at 77.67% and 89.32%, respectively. The ethyl acetate fraction hydrolyzed both $A{\alpha}$ and $B{\beta}$ subunits of human fibrinogen, but did not show reactivity for the ${\gamma}$ form of human fibrinogen. Fibrinolytic activity of the ethyl acetate fraction was not decreased by heating for 10 min at $100^{\circ}C$.

Fibrinolytic Activity and Characterization of Bacillus licheniformis HK-12 Isolated from Chungkook-Jang (청국장에서 분리한 세균인 Bacillus licheniformis HK-12의 혈전용해활성 및 특징)

  • Sohn, Byung-Hee;Song, Yu-Jin;Oh, Kye-Heon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.251-256
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this work was to investigate the fibrinolytic activity and characterization of Bacillus licheniformis HK-12, which produces the fibrinolytic enzyme excreted from naturally fermented Chungkook-Jang. Initially, the physiological and biochemical characteristics of strain HK-12 was examined. Both physiological analysis using BIOLOG system and phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA sequencing were performed to identify the strain, and the strain could be assigned to Bacillus licheniformis, designated as B. lichenformis HK-12, and registered in GenBank as [EU288193]. Phylogenetic analysis of B. licheniformis HK-12 was plotted based on 16S rRNA sequence comparisons. During the incubation period of B. licheniformis HK-12, the changes of bacterial growth, fibrinolytic activity, and pH were monitored. As the results, after 36 hours of incubation, the maximum fibinolytic activity was about 2.25 times than that of plasmin used as standard. Optimal conditions on the growth of B. licheniformis HK-12 associated with the fibrinolytic activity was initial pH 7.0 and 40$^{\circ}C$, respectively.

Fibrinolytic Activity and Proteomic Analysis of Bacillus licheniformis HK-12 Isolated from Chungkuk-Jang (청국장에서 분리한 Bacillus licheniformis HK-12의 혈전용해활성과 프로테옴 분석)

  • Sohn, Byung-Hee;Kwon, Sang-Chul;Oh, Kye-Heon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.800-806
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    • 2008
  • The strain HK-12 was enriched and isolated from naturally fermented soybean for the production of fibrinolytic enzyme and the proteome of this enzyme induced during the incubation period was analyzed. The activity of fibrinolytic enzyme derived from supernatants of the HK-12 culture was performed by fibrin plate method for solid fibrinolytic activity. As the result, the fibrinolytic activity of HK-12 grown on the nutrient agar media was about 2.3 times greater than that of plasmin used as standard. The purified enzyme was prepared by a series of purification process including ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose, Sephadex chromatography. The molecular weight of the enzyme was determined to approximately 23kDa with SDS-PAGE. In order to examine which strain HK-12 proteins increased or decreased during the incubation period, 2-DE analysis was performed. Protein spot #1 significantly expressed on the 2-DE gel of bacteria cultivated for 36-hrs was analysed. As the result of protein sequence analysis using MALDI-TOF MS, one protein was identified as serine protein kinase (PrkA).

Screening of a New Fibrinolytic Substances-Producing Yeast (혈전용해활성이 우수한 효모의 탐색)

  • Jang, In-Taek;Kim, Young-Hun;Yi, Sung-Hun;Lim, Sung-Il;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.227-228
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    • 2011
  • Fibrinolytic activities of culture concentrates of various yeasts were investigated. The concentrates of the culture broth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y99-7 showed the strongest fibrinolytic activity of 25 mm (clear zone). The fibrinolytic activity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y99-7 was more high in the culture concentrates from PD broth rather than that of yeast extract-peptone dextrose cultures (clear zone : 22.7 mm).

Isoflavone Contents, Antioxidative and Fibrinolytic Activities of Some Commercial Cooking-with-Rice Soybeans (시판되는 밥밑콩류의 이소플라본 함량, 항산화활성 및 혈전용해활성)

  • Oh, Hae-Sook;Park, Young-Hoon;Kim, Jun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.498-504
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    • 2002
  • Isoflavone (daidzein and genistein) contents, and antioxidative and fibrinolytic activities of seven commercial Korean cooking-with-rice soybeans, including Seonbikong, Chungtae, Gangnamkong, Whangtae, Geodoo, Seolitae, and Wooltalikong were investigated. Daidzein and genistein were not found in Selitae, nor was didzein in Gangnamkong and Geodoo. Total daidzein and genistein levels in Chungtae and Whangtae were 500 and 1550 mg per kg, respectively. Wooltalikong, Whangtae, and Gangnamkong had very high electron donation abilities, over 90%, but Seonbikong and Chungtae showed significantly lower activities. SOD-like activities were also the highest in Gangnamkong and Wooltalikong. Fibrinolytic activities in Seonbikong, Whangtae, and Gangnamkong were similarly strong. Fibrinolytic substances purified from protease inhibitors or activated under various pH or heat treatment conditions, were different among the soybean varieties. This study revealed that, although several cooking-with-rice soybeans were poor in isoflavones, Wooltalikong and Gangnamkong could be good sources for functional products due to their strong antioxidative activities, and heat- and acid-resistant proteolytic abilities.