• Title, Summary, Keyword: 형광체

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액상법으로 제조된 ZnS:Cu계 나노 형광체의 합성 및 광특성 연구

  • Wang, Yeong-Im;Lee, Won-Hui;Lee, Seong-Ui
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.180-180
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    • 2009
  • 나노 형광체 합성에 있어서 입자 형상 및 입자 크기의 변화를 알아보기 위해 녹색 발광하는 ZnS:Cu 형광체를 액상반응법으로 합성하였다. X선 회절 분석기로 결정성을 확인하였으며, 전계 방사 주사 전자 현미경 (FE-SEM)을 통해 각각 30~80 nm 이하 크기임을 확인하였다. 녹색발광을 하며, 450 $^{\circ}C$부터 900 $^{\circ}C$ 까지 온도 상승함에 따라 결정성이 증가 하였으며, hexagonal구조에서 가장 효율이 높은 PL 값을 보였다.

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Spherical-shaped Zn2SiO4:Mn Phosphor Particles with Gd3+/Li+ Codopant (Gd3+/Li+ 부활성제가 첨가된 구형의 Zn2SiO4:Mn 형광체 입자)

  • Roh, Hyun Sook;Lee, Chang Hee;Yoon, Ho Shin;Kang, Yun Chan;Park, Hee Dong;Park, Seung Bin
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.752-756
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    • 2002
  • Green-emitting $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphors for PDP(Plasma Display Panel) application were synthesized by colloidal seed-assisted spray pyrolysis process. The codoping with $Gd^{3+}/Li^+$, which replaces $Si^{4+}$ site in the willemite structure, was performed to improve the luminous properties of the $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphors. The particles prepared by spray pyrolysis process using fumed silica colloidal solution had a spherical shape, small particle size, narrow size distribution, and non-aggregation characteristics. The $Gd^{3+}/Li^+$ codoping amount affected the luminous characteristics of $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphors. The codoping with proper amounts of $Gd^{3+}/Li^+$ improved both the photoluminescence efficiency and decay time of $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphor particles. In spray pyrolysis, the post-treatment temperature is another factor controlling the luminous performance of $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphors. The $Zn_{1.9}SiO_4:Mn_{0.1}$ phosphor particles containing 0.1 mol% $Gd^{3+}/Li^+$ co-dopant had a 5% higher PL intensity than the commercial product and 5.7 ms decay time after post-treatment at $1,145^{\circ}C$.

Synthesis and Luminescent Characteristics of Sr2Ga2S5:Eu2+ Yellow Phosphor for LEDs (LED용 Sr2Ga2S5:Eu2+ 황색 형광체의 합성 및 발광특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Myeong;Park, Jeong-Gyu;Kim, Gyeong-Nam;Lee, Seung-Jae;Kim, Chang-Hae;Jang, Ho-Gyeom
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2006
  • Nowadays, LEDs has been applied to the luminescent devices of various fields because of the invention of high efficient blue chip. Recently, especially, the white LEDs composed of InGaN blue chips and a yellow phosphor (YAG:Ce3+) have been investigated extensively. With the exception of YAG:Ce3+ phosphor, however, there are no reports on yellow phosphor that has significant emission in the 450~470 nm excitation range and this LED system is the rather low color rendering index due to their using two wavelength. Hence, we have attempted to synthesize thiogallate phosphors that efficiently under the long wavelength excitation range in the present case. Among those phosphors, we have synthesized Sr2Ga2S5:Eu2+ phosphor by change the host material of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ which is well known phosphor and we investigated the luminescent properties. In order to obtain the harmlessness and simplification of the synthesis process, sulfide materials and mixture gas of 5 % H2/95 % N2 were used instead of the CS2 or H2S gas. The prepared phosphor shows the yellow color peaking at the 550 nm wavelength and it possible to emit efficiently under the broad excitation band in the range of 300~500 nm. And this phosphor shows high luminescent intensity more than 110 % in comparison with commercial YAG:Ce3+ phosphor and it can be applied for UV LED due to excitation property in UV region.

Influence of Eu3+ Doping Content on Photoluminescence of GdVO4 Red Phosphors

  • Lee, Jae-Hui;Jo, Sin-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.314-315
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    • 2011
  • 최근에 $Eu^{3+}$ 이온이 첨가된 적색 형광체에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 현재 상업적으로 이용 가능한 적색 형광체와 비교하여 $GdVO_4$를 모체로 갖는 적색 형광체는 우수한 열적 안정성과 광학적 특성을 나타낸다. 본 연구에서는 고효율의 적색 형광체를 개발하기 위하여 고상 반응법을 사용하여 $Gd_{1-x}VO_4$ : $Eu_x^{3+}$ 형광체를 합성하였다. $Gd_{1-x}VO_4$ : $Eu_x^{3+}$ 형광체 분말 시료는 활성체인 $Eu^{3+}$의 함량을 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 mol로 변화시키며, 초기 물질 $Gd_2O_3$ (99.99%), $H_3BO_3$ (99.99%), $Eu_2O_3$ (99.9%)를 화학 적량으로 준비하였다. 분말은 볼밀과 건조 작업을 거친 후, 500$^{\circ}C$ 전기로에서 5시간 동안 하소 공정, 1,100$^{\circ}C$에서 6시간 동안 소성시켰다. 합성된 형광체 분말의 XRD 측정한 결과에 의하면, $Eu^{3+}$의 함량비에 관계없이 모든 분말 시료들에서 주 피크는 24.7$^{\circ}$와 33.2$^{\circ}$에 최대값을 갖는 (200)와 (112)면의 회절 신호들이 관측되었고, 상대적으로 약한 회절 세기를 갖는 (101), (211), (301), (103), (312)와 (420)면의 회절 신호들은 각각 18.6$^{\circ}$, 31.1$^{\circ}$, 40.1$^{\circ}$, 44.6$^{\circ}$, 49.2$^{\circ}$와 57.1$^{\circ}$에서 나타났다(Fig. 1). 이결과를 JCPDS(86-0996)와 비교함으로써, 합성된 형광체 분말의 결정 구조는 정방정계임을 확인할 수 있었다. $Eu^{3+}$의 함량비가 0.05 mol에서 0.15 mol로 증가함에 따라 주 피크인 (200)면의 회절 신호의 세기는 증가한 반면, 0.20 mol에서는 급격하게 감소하였으며, 이 경우에 반치폭의 크기는 0.16$^{\circ}$이었다. 결정 입자의 크기를 결정하기 위하여 (200)면의 회절 피크에 대한 정보를 잘 알려진 Scherrer의 식에 대입하여 계산한 결과, $Eu^{3+}$의 함량비가 0 mol인 경우에, 평균 크기는 48 nm이었다. $Eu^{3+}$ 함량비를 증가함에 따라 결정 입자의 크기도 비례하여 증가하였으며, 0.15 mol에서 최대값을 나타내었으나, 농도 억제 효과로 인하여 0.20 mol 에서는 현저히 감소하였다. 표면 형상의 변화를 관측한 SEM 측정 결과에 의하면, $Eu^{3+}$의 함량비가 0 mol에서 0.15 mol로 증가함에 따라 결정 입자의 모양은 사다리꼴 형태에서 모서리가 둥글게 깎인 구형으로 변형되는 것을 관측할 수 있었으며 평균 크기는 500 nm이었다(Fig. 2). $Eu^{3+}$의 함량이 0.20 mol인 경우에 결정 입자의 형상은 더욱 구형에 접근하였으나, 평균 크기는 최소값을 나타내었다. 실험 결과로부터, 적절한 함량비를 갖는 $Eu^{3+}$ 이온을 첨가함으로써 적색 형광체 $Gd_{1-x}VO_4$ : $Eu^{3+}$ 분말의 결정 크기와 발광 세기를 제어할 수 있음을 제안한다.

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Luminescence Characteristics of (Y0.85-xYb0.15)3Ga5O12:Er3+x Phosphors ((Y0.85-xYb0.15)3Ga5O12:Er3+x 형광체의 형광특성)

  • Chung, Jong Won;Yi, Soung Soo
    • New Physics: Sae Mulli
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    • v.68 no.12
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    • pp.1308-1314
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    • 2018
  • $Er^{3+}$ and $Yb^{3+}$ co-doped $Y_3Ga_5O_{12}$ polycrystalline powders were prepared by using a solid-state reaction method, and their crystallinities were measured using X-ray diffraction. According to the results of X-ray diffraction, the powders showed a polycrystalline tetragonal structure. The photoluminescence and the upconversion luminescence properties of the $(Y_{0.85-x}Yb_{0.15})_3Ga_5O_{12}:Er^{3+}_x$ (x = 0.03, 0.06, 0.09, 0.12 and 0.15) phosphors were investigated in detail. Green and red upconversion emissions were observed for the phosphors excited by 980 nm radiation from a semiconductor laser. The powders exhibited strong green and weak red upconversion emission peaks at 553 and 660 nm, respectively. Also, their upconversion processes were explained using an energy-diagram analysis and the strongest upconversion intensity was emitted by the powder with a 0.12 mol $Er^{3+}$ ion concentration.

Preparation and Luminescent Properties of GdOBr:Ce Blue Phosphors for FED (FED용 GdOBr:Ce 청색 형광체의 제조 및 발광특성)

  • Lee, Jun;Park, Joung-Kyu;Han, Cheong-Hwa;Park, Hee-Dong;Yun, Sock-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.240-244
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    • 2002
  • The GdOBr:Ce phosphor were prepared by solid state reaction using starting chemicals of $Gd_2O_3,\;CeO_2\;and\;NH_4Br$. Under 370nm UV excitation, GdOBr:Ce phosphors showed blue emission band with a spectral range of 410∼430nm. The maximum photoluminescence(PL) emission intensity was observed at 2mol% Ce content. In order to look for feasibility of application for low voltage filed emission display, cathodoluminescence(CL) of GdOBr:Ce phosphors were measured. CL emission spectra was found to be in the range of 410∼430nm, which is the same as PL spectra. The phosphors with 1mol% Ce concentration showed the maximum CL emission intensity. For the comparison of degradation property of the prepared phosphors with commercial ones, the electron beam was applied for 10min. From the result, GdOBr:Ce could be used as a blue phosphor for FED.

A study on the of Phosphors most suitable a condition of digital FED (디지털전계방출 디스플레이의 형광체 최적조건에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.754-759
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    • 2007
  • Field emission displays (FED) are currently being explored as a potential flat panel display technology. Specifically, the optimization pf efficient bin emitting phosphors in the $Y_2O_3-Nb_2O_5$ system and influence of particle size of phosphors on the luminescent properties was studied. Under 254 nm excitation, Bi activated $YNbO_4$ phosphors showed a strong and relatively narrow blue omission band, peaking at about 420-450 nm. Especially 0.4 wt% Bi doped yttrium phosphors showed the maximum emission intensity which is almost three times as much as that of $Y_2SiO_5:Ce$ phosphors. Finally, Ce doped $Y_2SiO_5$ phosphors exhibited strong and broad blue emission band, centered at 390-420 nm and maximum emission intensity at the doping concentration of 0.02-0.03 mol.

Study on the Optical Characteristics of the Green Phosphor for PDP Application (PDP용 녹색 형광체의 광 특성 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Bo Yong;Yoo, Jae Soo
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.150-156
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    • 2009
  • Plasma Display Panels(PDPs) require to have improved luminous efficiency, low manufacturing cost, and high image quality to compete with other flat display devices such as Liquid Crystal Displays(LCDs) and organic light-emitting diodes(OLEDs). In addition, the diversity of product line-up may be needed for high market share. In this paper, the optical characteristics of typical green phosphor for PDP application are reviewed and the problem-based solution will be proposed. We also shortly describe the principle of 3D-PDPs which are promising. Then, the requirement of green phosphor for 3D-PDP application is summarized and research achievement, as of now, is described. The typical problems of $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphor, which is the most well-known, are the negatively charged surface property and the long decay time, which leads to unstable discharge in green cell and afterimage. These problems were solved by coating the phosphor surface with metallic oxide. It was found that $Al_2O_3$ would be the best material for $Zn_2SiO_4:Mn$ phosphor. It gives longevity as well as low operating voltage due to the charging effect in green cells. Also, new phosphors, $(Y,\;Gd)Al_3(BO_3)_4:Tb$ and $(Mg,\;Zn)Al_2O_4:Mn$ phosphor are proposed for increasing the luminance and reducing the decay time, which are capable to apply for 3D-PDP application.

Synthesis and Emission Properties of Ca1-1.5xMoO4:Tbx3+ Green Phosphors

  • Jeon, Yong-Il;Jo, Sin-Ho;Kim, Mun-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.196-196
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    • 2012
  • 녹색 형광체 $Ca_{1-1.5x}MoO_4:Tb_x{^{3+}}$ 세라믹 형광체를 고상 반응법을 사용하여 $Tb^{3+}$ 이온의 농도를 변화시키면서 소결 온도 $1050^{\circ}C$와 환원 온도 $950^{\circ}C$에서 각각 5 시간과 2 시간 반응시켜 합성하였다. 형광체의 결정 구조, 여기 및 발광 특성의 변화를 각각 X-선 회절 장치와 광여기 발광 분광기를 사용하여 측정하였다. XRD 결과로부터, 합성된 모든 형광체 분말의 주 피크는 (112)면에서 회절된 신호임을 확인할 수 있었다. 형광 특성의 경우에 여기 스펙트럼은 303 nm를 중심으로 넓은 밴드를 형성하였고, $Tb^{3+}$ 이온의 농도가 증가함에 따라 550 nm에 주 피크를 갖는 녹색 형광 스펙트럼의 세기는 감소하였다.

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Performance Evaluation and Analysis of Fluorescent Parallel Lamp Electronic Ballast System (FPL용 전자식 안정기 시스템의 성능평가 및 분석)

  • Kim, Sun-Gi;Kim, Yeong-Su;Hong, Seok-Jeong;Kim, Eung-Rae;Lee, Jang-Won;Min, Dae-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2005
  • 형광램프의 절전화에 있어서 기본적으로 고려해야 할 점은 램프측의 절전은 램프전력을 감소시키고, 안정기측의 절전은 램프전류를 감소시킴으로써 이루어진다. 형광램프의 절전화에 있어 핵심요소는 봉입기체의 변경, 관경의 세관화 그리고 형광체의 개량에 있다. 즉, 램프 전력을 절감하기 위해 최적의 봉입기체를 선택하도록 하고, 램프전류를 억제하기 위해 관경을 줄이는 한편, 관경의 축소에 따른 형광체의 열화를 막기 위해 3파장 형광체와 같은 새로운 형광체를 사용해야 한다. 본 논문에서는 FPL36W에 대해 전기적 특성시험과 안정기수명시험 및 램프수명말기시험, 저온에서의 온 오프 시험 등을 실시하여 전자식 안정기 성능을 향상시키는 방안을 모색하였다.

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