• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활주로

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활주로에 불어오는 측풍이 이·착륙 비행 안정성에 미치는 영향에 대한 이차원 유동해석

  • Kim, Si-Jin;Nam, Jeong-Su;Park, Sang-Hyeon
    • Proceeding of EDISON Challenge
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    • pp.594-599
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    • 2015
  • 활주로에서 발생하는 측풍이나 돌풍 등은 항공기의 이 착륙 안정성에 큰 영향을 미친다. 일반적으로 활주로를 건설 할 때 측풍에 대하여 많은 고려를 하지만, 이는 단순히 건설지형 주변에서 발생되는 기상 현상에 대한 데이터를 사용할 뿐 활주로가 완성된 이후에는 활주로 주변 지형 및 환경이 변하게 되어 활주로 건설 초기에 측정된 풍향이나 풍속이 크게 변할 수 있다. 따라서 측풍이 불어올 때, 활주로 주변 시설물에 의한 유동변화가 항공기의 이 착륙 비행 안정성에 미치는 영향이 고려되어야 하다. 본 연구에서는 3차원 형상의 활주로와 주변 시설물을 2차원으로 가정하여 활주로 주위 유동해석을 전산유체역학을 통해 계산하고, 유동변화가 이 착륙하는 비행기에 미치는 영향을 알아본다.

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Analysis of Runway Occupancy Time Using ADS-B Message about Landing Airplane (ADS-B를 이용한 착륙 항공기의 활주로 점유 시간 분석)

  • Ku, SungKwan;Baik, Hojong
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2016
  • Runway and taxiway is base facilities for aircraft take off and landing and runway capacity is one of major factor for airport capacity. Runway occupancy time is affect on the runway capacity. The identification of aircraft using taxiway by analysis of airport ground surveillance data and the measurement of pass time on the points is general method for the confirmation of the runway occupancy time. This study is runway occupancy time analysis of landing airplane using ADS-B message, in this study we surveyed landing aircraft runway occupancy time and analysis of serviced record using taxiway include rapid exit taxiway. The result of analysis is to confirm the different of landing direction and aircraft category on the same runway caused by structure of airport. Also the result of runway occupancy time analyzed data, it is base input data for the air transportation simulation.

Study on the countermeasures of the runway bombing using the mobile runway (이동식 활주로를 이용한 활주로 폭격 대응 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Seong, Min Cheol;Kim, Yongchul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2019
  • Considering North Korea's strategy, North Korea's top hitting target in the event of a war is likely to be the main goal of the air force runway to neutralize the air force. As a countermeasure, there are emergency runway construction and runway emergency recovery operations. However, emergency runway construction is mainly intended for emergency landing and fueling and rearmament. The emergency runway restoration operation has also several limitations considering North Korea's threatening missile level, recovery time, and so on, so it cannot respond quickly to the North's runway bombing. In this study, we first describe the threat of North Korea's missiles and their air defense capabilities. Then the concept and limitations of the mobile runway, which is the next generation countermeasure, are presented.

Advanced Estimation Model of Runway Visual Range using Deep Neural Network (심층신경망을 이용한 활주로 가시거리 예측 모델의 고도화)

  • Ku, SungKwan;Park, ChangHwan;Hong, SeokMin
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2018
  • Runway visual range (RVR), one of the important indicators of aircraft takeoff and landing, is affected by meteorological conditions such as temperature, humidity, etc. It is important to estimate the RVR at the time of arrival in advance. This study estimated the RVR of the local airport after 1 hour by upgrading the RVR estimation model using the proposed deep learning network. To this end, the advancement of the estimation model was carried out by changing the time interval of the meteorological data (temperature, humidity, wind speed, RVR) as input value and the linear conversion of the results. The proposed method generates estimation model based on the past measured meteorological data and estimates the RVR after 1 hour and confirms its validity by comparing with measured RVR after 1 hour. The proposed estimation model could be used for the RVR after 1 hour as reference in small airports in regions which do not forecast the RVR.

The 3D numerical analysis on runway with the flow in direction perpendicular to the runway (활주로 방향에 수직인 유동이 활주로에 미치는 영향에 대한 3차원 수치해석)

  • Hong, Gyo-Young;Sheen, Dong-Jin
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.479-488
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this paper is to research the change in the turbulent flow and the AOA occurred by the wind perpendicular to the direction of runway according to the three-dimensional numerical analysis. The maximum amplitude of AOA variation on runway reached $6^{\circ}$ within 1 second because of the wake formed by the constructions in the vicinity of the airport. The overall effects appeared in aperiodic forms. It was also observed the rapid flow generated between the buildings shifted into the existing wake and eventually merged with it. It is expected thai the strong wake will cause instability during takeoff and landing.

Estimation and Evaluation of Water-film Thickness on Airport Runway according to Climate Change (기후변화에 따른 공항 활주로의 수막두께 산정 및 평가)

  • Park, Se-Min;Kim, Jeong-Bae;Bae, Deg-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.166-166
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    • 2016
  • 국내에서는 기후변화로 인해 집중호우 및 태풍 발생이 증가하고 있으며, 이는 자연재해의 발생뿐만 아니라 차량 및 항공 운항의 어려움을 야기한다. 차량 및 항공 운항의 안정성 확보를 위해서는 노면의 마찰저항을 유지하는 것이 중요한데, 강수로 인해 형성되는 수막두께는 노면의 마찰저항을 감소시키므로 포장설계시 고려해야 할 주요소이다. 특히, 물적/인적 이동이 많은 공항은 기상조건에 더욱 취약하며, 기후변화로 인한 강수특성 변화로 활주로의 수막두께 증가 및 운항의 차질이 우려되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 과거 및 미래 강우조건에 따라 활주로 노면의 수막두께를 산정하고, 기후변화에 따른 수막두께의 변화를 평가하고자 한다. 과거 관측 및 기후변화 시나리오를 이용하여 강우자료를 생산하였고, 이를 강우-유출 모형의 강우 입력 자료로 활용하였다. 과거 강우자료는 인천지점의 기상청 관측자료를 수집하였으며, AR5 RCP 시나리오(RCP4.5, RCP8.5) 기반의 적정 GCMs 결과를 활용하여 미래 강우시나리오를 산정하였다. 강우의 재현기간 및 지속시간에 따른 수막두께의 변화를 분석하기 위해 인천지역의 과거 및 미래 확률강우량을 산정하였다. 수막두께를 산정하기 위해 활주로 폭, 경사 등 활주로 제원을 수집하고, 유출 모형의 입력자료를 구축하였다. 과거 및 미래 확률강우량을 SWMM 모형에 적용하여 유출량을 산정하였으며, 유속과 흐름폭으로 나누어 활주로의 수막두께를 산정하였다. 산정결과, 강우량이 증가함에 따라 수막두께는 증가하고, 강우의 지속시간이 증가함에 따라서는 감소하는 것으로 분석되었다. 미래의 경우, 기후변화의 영향에 따라 강수량이 증가하여 수막두께가 과거에 비해 증가하였다.

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Development of Runway Incursion Risk Assessment Checklist (활주로 침범 위험 분석 체크리스트 개발)

  • Maeng, Sung-Kyu;Jung, Yoon-Sik;Choi, Jin-Kook;Kwon, Bo-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2012
  • One major safety issue of surface operations is the occurrence of runway incursions. Runway incursions are the consequence of multiple operational and/or environmental factors. Human error is known to contribute to almost every runway incursion. One major contributing factor for runway incursion is crew's lack of situational awareness during airport surface operations, induced by weather considerations, by complex airport factors or by crew technique itself; it is also caused by ATC issues. Various airport factors may affect pilot situational awareness, distract the crew, or lead to crew confusion. The recommendations to avoid runway incursions are manifold; Proper Crew's CRM/TEM skills, adequate communication technique, proper knowledge of airport surface markings, lights and signs and preparation of preparation of expected taxi out/in routing. Also runway incursion risk assessment on specific airport before flight may lead to aware of risk level and contribute to prevent runway incursion.

Evaluation of Friction and Hydroplaning Characteristic in Aifield Using Dry Grooving Method (건식그루빙을 사용한 공항 활주로의 마찰 및 수막현상 특성평가)

  • Park, Tae-Soon
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2001
  • Since the advent of turbojet aircraft with their greater weight and high landing speed breaking performance on runway surface has become un critical. Under certain weather conditions(wet weather, winter) hydroplaning or unacceptable loss of traction can occur, resulting in poor braking performance and possible loss of directional control. To address this concern a number of research project me conducted by NASA, FAA, USAF. The various method which was reported the advantage of the increasing the friction and decreasing the hydroplaning effect. A-2 section of inchon international airport was grooved using drying grooving method. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the dry grooving method the surface was spray with water and measured the fiction factor and the depth of the water using Mu meter and water depth measuring device. The field test results shooed that the fiction factor nos increased and the depth of the water decreased. The dry grooving method illustrated the reduction of hydroplaning and also, no distress on the runway.

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Evaluation of Subgrade Stiffness after Microtunnelling Operations at JFK Airport by Crosshole and SASW Tests (마이크로터널링으로 인한 활주로 기층의 전단 강성의 변화 : 크로스흘 시험과 SASW 실험에 의한 평가)

  • 조성호
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 1998
  • Microtunnelling is a technique applied to install a small-size tunnel in a soft cohesionless ground. In microtunnelling, a series of concrete tubular segments are pushed from a starting pit to power-line tunnel under a runway of JFK international airport at New York. During the microtunneling process, bentonite is jetted with very hyh pressure through a nozzle to advance disturbance in the subgrade caused by the pressurized bentonite in the aspects of subgrade stiffness. SASW measurements were performed on the runway above the center line of the shear wave velocity profiles. Besides the change of subgrade stiffness, the change of subgrade strength was also evaluated by the site-specific relationships between shear wave velocity and N value, which was determined by N values. The estimated N values gave a clue to the understanding of the change of subgrade strength.

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A Prediction on Running Attitude of High Speed Planing Craft (고속 활주선의 항주자세 추정)

  • Oh, Kwang-Ho;Yoo, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of Korea Ship Safrty Technology Authority
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    • pp.12-31
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    • 2012
  • 수치 계산으로 고속 활주선의 저항 성능을 평가하기 위해서는 활주 상태에서의 항주자세 예측이 무엇보다도 중요하다고 할 수 있다. 항주자세의 변화가 큰 고속 활주선의 경우에는 활주 자세에 따라 선저 바닥면에서 나타나는 압력 변화에 의한 동적 부양력 변화가 크므로 단순히 정지 중 흘수를 기준으로 계산되어진 유체력으로 항주자세를 예측하기 보다는 자세 변화에 따른 동적 부양력의 변화와 이에 의한 자세 변화를 반복 계산을 통해 수렴시키는 것이 요구되어진다. 본 연구에서는 선형화된 자유수면 조건의 포텐셜 수치 계산으로 유체 동압력인 부양력을 계산해내고 이를 유체 정역학적 힘으로 간주하여 부력과 선체중량과의 힘과 트림 모멘트 평형 관계를 만족시키는 방법으로 반복적인 계산을 통해 수렴된 활주 자세를 얻어내었다.

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