• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활주로안전구역

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The Study on the Runway Safety Area for the Light Sport Aircraft (경량항공기 활주로안전구역에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Dai-Won;Kim, Woong-Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we surveyed the operating status of the Runway for the Light Sport Aircraft(LSA) in Korea, and analyzed the Airfield Facilities Manual for the Air Leisure and the Standard Specification for Recreational Airpark Design. Based on the information, we presented the displacement of the threshold concept, to ensure the Runway Length and the Runway Safety Area, and operation of LSA in Korea.

The Study on the Minimum Requirements for the Design of an Airpark used in Light Sport Aircraft Operations (경량항공기 이착륙장의 최소 요구조건에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Dai-Won;Shin, Hong-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we surveyed the operating status of the Light Sport Aircraft(LSA) in Korea, and reviewed the minimum requirements of the airpark for LSA in other countries. Based on the information, we presented the airpark standards to ensure the safe take-off, landing, and operation of LSA in Korea.

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An Application of the Improved Models for Risk Assessment of Runway Safety Areas (활주로안전구역 위험평가 개선모델 적용 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Hong, Seung-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2015
  • The RSA is intended to prevent the following five types of events from becoming an accident: landing overruns, landing undershoots, landing veer-offs, takeoff overruns and takeoff veer-offs. The improved models are based on evidence from worldwide accidents and incidents that occurred during the past 27 years. The analysis utilizes historical data from the specific airport and allows the user to take into consideration specific operational conditions to which movements are subject, as well as the actual or planned RSA conditions in terms of dimensions, configuration, type of terrain, and boundaries defined by existing obstacles. This paper shows how to apply the improved models for Risk Assessment of Runway Safety Areas (Airport cooperative research program(ACRP) Report 50) into an airport and the outcome differences between the old models based on ACRP report 3-Analysis of aircraft overrun and undershoots for runway safety areas and the new models from ACRP report 50 in the specific airport.

A Suitability Study and Development of Low Strength Perlite Concrete as Aircraft Rapid Arresting System (항공기 과주방지 포장시스템에 적합한 저강도 펄라이트 콘크리트의 개발 및 적합성 연구)

  • Kim, Choon-Seon;Lee, Young-Soo;Ha, Wook-Jai;Han, Jae-Hyun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2010
  • More than 10 different cases of airline overrun accidents happened annually home and abroad in recent years. So the government put the guidelines to protect that kinds of accidents, which is named 'Runway End Safety Area'. However, the great part of airports are far from the standards, because most of the airports have been built before the guidelines. Moreover, in many cases natural obstacles, ambiance, and local area developments obstruct the extension of the runway to meet the criteria. For these reasons, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommends that the aviation fields construct 'Aircraft Rapid Arresting System(ARAS)' at the end of the runway. Many airdromes have been constructing the system and some airports have already completed the construction. In this research, our team performed a basic study about low strength perlite concrete to provide the proper material with 'ARAS'. As a result, the unit weight of the low strength perlite concrete was $4.5{\sim}6.4kN/m^3$ and uniaxial compressive strength was measured in the range of $400{\sim}1,470kN/m^2$. In addition, we tested penetration compressive strength by using CBR tester, and we observed that the strength was increased after around 60% of penetration rate. Also, 40% of penetration rate was measured through the penetration test with dump trucks.

The analysis of the LSA Airpark of Metropolitan Area (수도권 지역 경량항공 이착륙장 분석)

  • Shin, Dai-Won;Kim, Woong-Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we surveyed the operating status of the LSA Airpark in Metropolitan Area of Korea, and compared the Airfield Facilities Manual for the Air Leisure. We analyzed the problems of the closure and the currently used of the LSA Airpark, through site visits. We presented the re-usability for the closure LSA Airpark, the improvements for the currently used of the LSA Airpark.

A Study on Evaluation of Aircraft Rapid Arresting System Using the Numerical Analysis (수치해석을 이용한 항공기 과주방지 포장시스템의 평가방법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Kim, Choon-Seon;Ha, Wook-Jai;Han, Jae-Hyun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.185-195
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    • 2011
  • Aircraft-related accidents cause mass casualties and major material damages. At present, runway-related accidents in our country account for 28% of all air accidents. Furthermore, internationally 33% of all air accidents is connected with runway. To prevent these accidents, FAA mandates the installation of aircraft rapid arresting system(ARAS) at the runway end safety areas which do not meet the FAA requirements. Even if the areas satisfy the conditions, FAA recommends the installation of ARAS to ensure the safety. In accordance of the international affairs, the domestic studies for ARAS are in progress and the legal formalities for domestic adoption of ARAS is under way. In this study, we analyzed the stopping distance, drag force, vertical force and tire penetration of runway overrun to assess the performance of ARAS reasonably by using two different kinds of analysis programs. The first is ARRESTOR program adopted by FAA, and the second is LS-DYNA which is available for 3-dimensional nonlineal dynamic analysis. As a result, analytically the stopping distances between two programs are similar. The drag force is rather different, but the tendencies are similar. Later on, the 3-dimensional simulation analysis considering various air-craft condition and properties of packaging materials is necessary. In addition, ongoing development of simulation analysis program is required for more accurate analistic results.

A Study on Risk Frequency Estimation of Runway End Safety Area (활주로종단안전구역의 위험빈도 추정 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyeon;Sheen, Dong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2010
  • 'Aviation Safety' is the state in which the risk of harm to persons or of property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management in the aviation field. 'Risk' is the assessed potential for adverse consequences resulting from a hazard and 'Risk assessment' involves consideration of both the frequency and the severity of any adverse consequence. This study focused on the risk frequency about a case airport which does not meet the 'Runway end safety area' requirement of ICAO SARPs and Korea standards and used 'RSA risk model' for estimating the risk frequency. As results of this study, risk frequency of the runway end safety areas in the case airport is higher than that of 'Runway end safety area' requirement of ICAO SARPs and Korea standards, which means that alternatives for risk frequency mitigation to a level as low as reasonably practicable is required in the case airport. The optimum solution analysed from this study is to impose restriction of aircraft operation when the runway condition is poor(icing condition) and also it snows in the case airport.

Experiment on Automatic Detection of Airport Debris (FOD) using EO/IR Cameras and Radar (EO/IR 카메라 및 레이더를 이용한 공항 이물질(FOD) 자동탐지 실험)

  • Hong, Jae-Beom;Kang, Min-Soo;Kim, Yun-Seob;Kim, Min-Soo;Hong, Gyo-Young
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.522-529
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    • 2018
  • FOD refers to various metals and non-metallic foreign substances that pose a risk to aircraft. FODs occur in all areas and time zones, including runways, taxiways, and maintenance facilities, and pose a fatal hazard to aircraft safety during aircraft movements and take-off and landing. Rapid and effective detection and removal of FODs in the runway is required. As part of recent developments in aviation safety technologies, automatic detection of debris in runways in airports is under way. In this paper, we conducted an automated detection test using the EO/IR camera and radar at the Taean campus of Hansu University to confirm normal detection during the day and night.

A Study on the Altitude Restrictions of Obstructions outside Airport Obstacle Limitation Surfaces of Korea (한국의 비행장 장애물 제한구역 밖의 장애물이 항공안전에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Han-Mo;Kim, Byung-Jong;Kim, Do-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.41-53
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    • 2005
  • The effective utilization of an airport is considerably influenced by natural features and man-made structures inside and outside its boundary. These obstacles affect the airspace available for approaches and departures and the weather minima which dictates the necessary weather conditions for aircraft to be allowed to take-off or land. Certain areas of the airspace near airports must be regarded as the integral parts of the airport system. The availability of the required airspace is as important as are the runway and their associated strips to the safe and efficient use of the airport. For these reasons, ICAO and the member states have established the standards regarding the obstacle limitation surfaces and regulated the construction of the man-made structures in and beyond the surfaces. Existing objects that extend above a obstacle limitation surfaces should as for as practicable be removed except when, in the opinion of the appropriate authority, an objects is shielded an existing immovable objects, or after aeronautical study it is determined that the object would not adversely affect the safety or significantly affect the regularity of operations of airplanes. However, Korea's aviation law does not specified the outer horizontal surface in the obstacle limitation surfaces, while ICAO and most member states do. The absence of the outer horizontal surface regulation has created legal disputes between regulating agencies and private parties. The case study in this paper found that a skyscraper planned beyond Korea's obstacle limitation surfaces does affect the flight safety and the efficient use of an airport. Therefore, in areas beyond the obstacle limitation surfaces. those objects which extend to a height of 150m or more above ground elevation should be regarded as obstacle, unless a special aeronautical study indicates that they do not constitute a hazard to airplanes. We proposed low alternative regulatory schemes for resolving the issues raised in this paper, and we recommended to adopt ICAO's standards and recommended practices.

A Case Study on Application of Obstacle Limitation Criteria for Specific Conditions of Airports (특정 조건의 비행장에서 장애물제한규정 적용 사례연구)

  • Kim, DoHyun;Kim, Woong Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2016
  • Obstacle defines all fixed and mobile objects, or parts thereof, that are located on an area intended for the surface movement of aircraft or extend above a defined surface intended to protect aircraft in flight or stand outside those defined surfaces and that have been assessed as being a hazard to air navigation. The airspace around airports are maintained free from obstacles so as to permit the intended aeroplane operations at the airports to be conducted safely and to prevent the airports from becoming unusable by the growth of obstacles around the airports. This is achieved by establishing a series of obstacle limitation surfaces or airspace imaginary surfaces that define the limits to which objects may project into the airspace. This is a case study that shows an application of obstacle limitation criteria, which must be maintained free from an critical obstacle, for specific conditions of two airports. For the purpose of the application, aeronautical studies/flight safety influence assessments were used to identify possible solutions and select a solution that is acceptable without degrading aviation safety.