• Title, Summary, Keyword: 횡 변위

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The Effects of Coupling Beam on Lateral Drift of High-rise Buildings (고층건물의 횡변위에 대한 커플링보의 효과)

  • Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.5931-5937
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    • 2011
  • The effects of coupling beam, which is generally used in high-rise building structure system as shear wall-coupling beam, on the lateral drift of high-rise buildings are studied in this paper. Six different analytical models, which are combination of two inputs, such as concrete strength and wall thickness, are selected and analyzed on lateral drifts with different stiffness of coupling beams. MIDAS GEN was used for analysis. Calculated lateral drifts were compared with allowable limits(H/400~H/500) proposed by standard CEN EC 3/1, in order to analyze the control evaluation of coupling beams. Calculated x-direction displacements were 68~87 percent of allowable limit(H/500). With increase of wall thickness(100mm) and concrete strength(5Mpa), eight to ten percent and four percent of x and y-direction displacement were decreased individually. About three percent of lateral displacement was increased with 20 percent decrease of coupling beam stiffness and additional 20 percent decrease resulted in additional five to eight percent increase.

Approximate Analysis of Elastic Story Drift of Steel MRFs including Effects of Panel Zone Flexibility (패널존 변형을 포함한 철골모멘트골조의 탄성층간변위 근사해석)

  • Lee, Cheol Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 1996
  • 본 연구에서는 철골모멘트골조의 패널존변형을 명시적으로 고려한 탄성층 간변위의 근사해석 방법을 제안하였다. 본 방법은 고전적 포탈법의 가정 및 D 치법에 기반한 해석적 접근법이다. 즉 포탈법의 가정에 따라 횡력을 받는 골조를 보-기둥 부분 골조로 분해한 후 대표적 내부 부분골조의 보, 기둥 및 패널존에서 기인하는 모든 횡변위 성분을 해석적으로 계산한다. 이때에 필요한 모든 내력(가령 패널존 전단변형 산정을 위한 보의 불균형모멘트)의 결정에 D 치법을 이용한다. 구조바닥의 강막작용을 고려하면 위의 과정을 통하여 산출된 대표적 내부 부분골조의 횡변위는 전체 골조의 횡변위와 거의 동일할 것으로 기대할 수 있다. 본 방법의 타당성 여부는 반강절 접합요소를 사용한 해석적 엄밀해와 비교하여 검증하였으며 만족스런 결과를 주는 것을 확인하였다. 본 연구의 방법에 의해 컴퓨터해석에 의하지 않고도 철골모멘트골조의 탄성층간변위를 실용성있는 정확도로서 신속하게 산정할 수 있으므로 본 연구의 결과는 예비적 횡강성 평가에 유용하게 사용될 수 있다. 또한 본 방법의 적용과정에서 해석자는 철골모멘트골조의 횡변위 기동에 관한 물리적 감각을 증진시킬 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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Effects of Haunch Reinforced Steel Moment Connection on Elastic Lateral Drift (헌치로 보강된 철골 모멘트 접합부의 탄성 횡변위에 대한 영향)

  • Lee, Cheol Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 1997
  • 철골 모멘트 접합부를 헌치로서 보강할 경우 내진거동이 크게 증진됨이 최근의 실물대 시험에서 입증되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 헌치로서 보강된 철골 모멘트 접합부가 골조의 탄성 횡변위 거동에 미치는 영향을 해석적으로 평가하는 방안을 제시하였다. 즉 내부의 보-기둥 부분골조를 대상으로 기둥, 보 및 이중패널존에서 기인하는 탄성 횡변위 성분을 해석적으로 유도하였다. 핵심이 되는 내용은 헌치 보강시 생성되는 이중패널존의 전단변형을 고려하는 것이었다. 제시된 방안에 의한 예측치는 3차원 유한요소해석에 의한 결과와 잘 부합하였다. 본 연구에서 수행한 사례연구에 의할 때 헌치의 도입으로 패널존의 강성증대가 가장 현저하여서 패널존의 전단변형에서 기인하는 탄성 횡변위가 50%정도 감소되었다. 본 연구의 결과는 아직 잘 알려지지 않은 헌치 보강에 따른 부차효과(side effects)의 이해에 도움이 될 수 있을 것이다.

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Lateral Drift Control Technique of High-Rise Shear Wall Core Structural System (고층 전단벽 코어구조시스템의 횡변위 제어방안)

  • Han, Seong-Baek;Kang, Myoung-Hee;Nam, Kyung-Yun;Lee, Seong-Su;Lee, Han-Joo;Kim, Ho-Soo
    • Proceeding of KASS Symposium
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 2008
  • This study presents the efficient lateral drift control optimal technique that can control quantitatively lateral drift of high-rise structures. To this end, optimal design algorithm is formulated and then lateral drift control optimal program is developed. The 130 story shear wall core model is considered to illustrate the features of lateral drift control technique proposed in this study

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Lateral Drift Control and Resizing Technique for Tall Buildings using Lateral-Stiffness Influence Matrix (횡강성 영향행렬을 이용한 고층건물의 횡변위 제어 및 단면 재산정 방안)

  • 이한주;김치경;김호수
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2002
  • This study develops the module to find the lateral stiffness influence matrix of each story and performs the displacement sensitivity analysis by virtual load method for the efficiency of optimal design using lateral stiffness influence matrix. Also, resizing technique based on the estimated lateral stiffness increment factors is developed to apply directly the results of optimal design. To this end, resizing technique is divided into the continuous and discrete section design methods. And then the relationships between section properties and section size are established. Specifically, an initial design under strength constraints is first performed, and then the lateral load resistant system is designed to control lateral displacements yet exceeding the drift criteria. Two types of 45-story three dimensional structures we presented to illustrate the features of the lateral drift control and resizing technique for tall buildings proposed in this study.

Discrete Optimal Design of Tall Steel Structures subject to Lateral Drift Constraints (횡변위 구속조건을 받는 고층철골구조물의 이산형 최적설계)

  • 김호수
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.229-237
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구는 횡변위 구속조건을 받는 고층철골구조물의 이산형 최적설계를 위해 효율적인 쌍대알고리즘을 제시하고자 한다. 양함수형태의 횡변위 구속조건을 설정하기 위해 가상일의 원리가 적용되면 고층철골조의 설계변수의 수를 줄여주기 위해 쌍대알고리즘내에 단면특성관계식이 추가된다. 이 알고리즘의 검증을 위하여 횡하중을 받는 네 가지 형태의 고층철골조 예제가 제시되며, 반복과정에서 수렴된 최종물량을 기존의 최적설계방법과 비교해 봄으로써 제시된 알고리즘의 효율성이 검토된다.

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Evaluation and Adjustment of Lateral Displacement of Complex-shaped RC Tall Buildings Considering the Displacement by Tilt Angle of Each Floor (층경사각에 의한 횡변위를 고려한 비정형 고층건물의 횡변위 평가/보정)

  • Kim, Yungon
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.551-558
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    • 2015
  • Lateral displacement in the most complex-shaped tall buildings is caused by eccentric gravity loads which are induced by the difference in location between a center of mass and a center of stiffness. The lateral displacements obtained from analysis, using conventional procedures, are prone to overestimate the actual values because much of realignment efforts made during construction phase are ignored. In construction sequence analysis, the self-leveling of slab and the verticality of columns/walls could be considered at each construction stage. Moreover, the displacement compensation can be achieved by manual process such as re-centering - locating to global coordinates through surveying. Because the lateral displacement increases with the building height, it is necessary to set up adjustment plan through construction stage analysis in advance in order to result in displacements less than the allowable limits. Because analytical solution includes lots of assumptions, the pre-adjusting displacement should be reasonably controlled with considerations for the uncertainty due to these assumptions.

Simultaneous measurement of in-plane and out-of-plane displacement using holographic interferometry (홀로그래피 간섭계를 이용한 횡변위와 종변위의 동시 측정)

  • 김달우;임부빈
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.267-276
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    • 1997
  • We set up a four-wave holographic interferometer using a symmetric dual-beam illumination which is to measure in-plane and out-of-plane displacement simultaneously. In order to acquire the displacement phase map we applied the phase-shifting method and removed the noise of the phase map with least-squares fitting. In this approach the access to information relative to both the difference and sum of phases existing in the two arms of four-wave holographic interferometer was allowed. As a result, in-plane and out-of-plane displacement was measured to the accuracy of λ/40 and λ/100, respectively at λ=632.8nm

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The Effect of Lateral Displacement on the Performance in the Controlled-PM LSM (횡변위가 제어-영구자석형 선형동기전동기의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.308-316
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, the effects of lateral displacement on the thrust, lift force and (guide force) are investigated by 3-D Finite Element Analysis (FEA) in controlled-PM LSM which has some strong points that electrical power can be minimized and the thrust and lift force can be simultaneously obtained. The variations of airgap flux density and the forces concerning lateral displacement have been analyzed and the effect of lateral displacement and airgap length on the motor performance have been investigated in detail by analysis and experiment results. As the result of this study, the characteristics of PM-LSM concerning with the change of lateral placement and airgap have been made clear quantitatively.

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Lateral Displacement Analysis of Concrete Electric Pole Foundation Grounds (배전용 콘크리트전주 기초지반의 횡방향변위 분석)

  • Ahn, Tae-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 2009
  • The effects of various forces acting on concrete pole are analyzed using finite element method how the forces affect on ground displacement. The soil types, wind load location of anchor block embedded depth of pole, and distance between poles are varied to find out effects on lateral displacement. Anchor block is effective when it is located at 1/4 of embedded depth The displacement is decreases as elastic modulus increases. Concrete reinforcement for loosened ground is necessary for double poles because double poles cause large excavation. When embedded depth ratio decrease, lateral displacement increase as closer to ground surface. Large embedded depth is effective to reduce lateral displacement, and the distance between poles is not much large factor.