• Title, Summary, Keyword: 휘발성유기화합물

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Validation of the emission inventory of volatile organic compounds in Seoul (서울의 휘발성유기화합물 배출량 자료 검증)

  • Kim, Yong Pyo
    • Particle and aerosol research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2009
  • In Seoul, the largest emission source for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) based on the emission inventory is solvent usage followed by vehicular exhaust. However, according to a CMB modeling result by Na and Kim (2007), vehicular exhaust was the largest emission source followed by solvent usage. Detailed analyses on the validity of the CMB model result were carried out and it was suggested that the existing emission inventory for VOCs might be underestimating vehicular emission. Scientific considerations that should be considered for the effective control strategy against VOCs are discussed.

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Concentration Distribution of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Ambient Air of an Industrial Shipbuilding Complex : A Case Study (조선소 밀집지역의 휘발성유기화합물 농도분포 특성에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Lee, Myoung-Eun;Park, Eun-Ok;Chung, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.380-386
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the spatial and temporal distribution of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in an industrial shipbuilding complex was monitored, and the local characteristics estimated. The major VOC component measured at all of the sampling sites were almost the same as those found at an indoor painting facility, indicating that painting works conducted in the shipyards were a significant source of VOCs in the vicinity of shipbuilding areas. The main parameters affecting the VOCs distribution were the distance between the sampling site and painting work place, and the intensity of the painting works. A quite broad range of VOC concentrations were observed in all of the sampling sites, depending on the intensity of painting works in nearby areas suppressing the typical seasonal and temporal variation trends in VOCs observed in urban areas.

김해시 동지역 휘발성유기화합물의 지역에 따른 농도 특성에 관한 연구

  • Bong, Sang-Hun;Park, Heung-Jae;Jeong, Seong-Uk;Kim, Seon-Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.503-504
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    • 2006
  • 김해시 동지역을 중심으로 20개의 지점을 선정하여 대기중에 포함되어있는 휘발성유기화합물에 대해 Passive Sampler를 이용하여 2개월에 1회 측정하였다. 이를 GC/FID를 이용하여 정량분석하여 동지역의 휘발성유기화합물의 오염 분포를 나타내었다. 지역별로 오염 분포를 살펴본 결과 공단의 영향과 교통의 영향이 복합적으로 나타나는 지점의 농도가 전반적으로 높게 검출되었으며, 주택지 또는 주택인근지역의 농도가 상대적으로 낮게 검출되었다.

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Removal and Recovery of VOCs using a Hallow Fiber Membrane Module (중공사막모듈에 의한 휘발성유기화합물의 제거 및 회수)

  • 강창국;차준석;전배혁
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.116-117
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    • 1997
  • 1. 서론 : 다양한 산업공정에서 대기중으로 배출되는 휘발성유기화합물들은 물리, 화학적성질과 그들이 생성되는 기술적인 조건등에 따라 소각, 응측, 흡착, 흡수 등의 처리기술들이 사용되어왔다. 이러한 기존의 처리기술들은 안전성, 성능, 운전비, 시설공간 및 비용 등의 면에서 크게 만족스럽지 못하였다. 이에 비하여 분리막을 이용한 공정은 배출가스에 대한 처리농도범위가 광범위하고 장치가 간단하여 시설투자비 및 운전비용이 낮으며 제거효율도 매우 높은 것으로 알려져 왔다. 본 실험에서는 비다공성의 중공사막모듈을 통한 휘발성유기화합물의 분리특성을 고찰하였고, 휘발성유기화합물의 농도와 feed가스의 유량 및 막양단의 압력차 등을 변화시키면서 막의 성능을 실험적으로 조사하였다.

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A Study on Photo-oxidation of Trichloroethylene(TCE) & another volatile organic compounds in Air (TCE와 그 외 몇 가지 휘발성유기화합물 처리에 관한 자외선 광화학분해 특성 고찰)

  • 정창훈;서정민;김찬훈;안병주;최금찬
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2000
  • 휘발성 유기화합물(VOCs)은 새로운 유형의 스모그의 광화학반응 촉진제로서의 작용 및 환경학적 문제점들을 제기하고 있으며 공단 주변의 악취발생 및 환경 오염사건등을 유발시키고 있다. 이러한 휘발성 유기화합물을 적절하게 제어할 수 있는 방지대책의 여러 가지 방법들이 국내외적으로 활발히 연구되어지고 있다. 산업현장에서 이들 휘발성유기화합물의 배출을 제어하기 위한 기술 보유 및 개발에 있어서는 아직까지 미비한 단계에 있으며 보유기술의 현장적용의 측면에서 휘발성유기화합물이 지니고 있는 특이한 물리적 성질 등에 의해 많은 어려움을 가진다. (중략)

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Volatile Organic Compounds contamination in some urban runoff and groundwater samples in Seoul City (서울시 도로변 빗물과 지하수의 VOCs오염)

  • 이평구;박성원;전치완;신성천
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.73-91
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    • 2001
  • compounds (VOCs) were selected for assessment of VOCs contamination in some urban runoff and groundwater samples in Seoul. They included 3 aromatic hydrocarbons, 13 alkyl benzenes, 1 ether, 26 halogenated alkanes, 10 halogenated alkenes, and 9 halogenated aromatics. The levels of VOCs in urban runoff and groundwater were measured for samples collected in March 2000, June 2000 and November 2000 in Seoul City. A total of 78 samples (44 run-off water, 27 groundwater, and 7 samples from 4 urban wastewater treatment plants in Seoul) were collected and analysed by GC-MS with purge and trap. After examination of the runoff, it was concluded that alkyl benzenes and aromatic hydrocarbons were organic compounds which were significantly impacted by traffic flows in Seoul. Of 62 VOCs, only 11 VOCs were not detected in runoff samples, while 14 VOCs were detected in 27 groundwater samples. The toluene content in the runoff was extremely variable from 0.1ppb to 29,310ppb, depending on the different sampling sites. The concentrations of xylene ranged between 0.07ppb and 2970ppb in the runoff. The concentrations ranged from 0.05ppb to 33.0ppb for benzene, 0.05ppb to 960ppb for ethylbenzene, 0.08ppb to 20ppb for trichloromethane (chloroform) , 0.03ppb to 4.30ppb for trichloroethylene(TCE) and 0.1ppb to 50ppb for 1,1,2-trichloroethane. From the preliminary study of groundwater from some wells in Seoul, the most frequently detected VOCs are djchlorornethane(methylene chloride), trichloromethane(chloroform) and toluene. Most of aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl benzenes and other solvents generally lower than detection limits.

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The Ingredients of Mascara Causing Effects on the Eyes (눈에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 마스카라의 성분)

  • Jang, Sun;Kho, Young Lim;Kim, Hyojin;Kang, Bonghoon;Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was performed to detect various chemicals such as metal elements and volatile organic compounds which contained in mascara and we analyzed 5 sorts of mascaras frequently used by people. Methods: We purchased five sorts of mascaras commercially available and analyzed for detecting metal elements and volatile organic ingredients. Results: We found somewhat high concentration of aluminum and manganese and several organic compounds in some samples. Conclusions: The results suggest that mascara has metal elements and organic compounds which can influence to eye.

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An Experimental Study on the VOCs Concentration Variation using a Petroleum Spill Imitation Trial Test Chamber (원유유출 모의시험 챔버를 이용한 휘발성유기화합물(VOCs)의 농도변화에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Jin-Do;Lee, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.393-398
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    • 2010
  • This study prepared and utilized an imitation trial test chamber for a petroleum spill to predict the concentration of discharged Volatile Organic Compounds in the air at the time of Tae-An peninsula's petroleum spill, which happened in December, 2007. The petroleum spill imitation trial test chamber measured and analyzed the concentration variation of total VOCs. As the ambient air velocity increased, so the concentration of VOCs decreased; and as the water temperature rose, the concentration of VOCs increased. Furthermore, it appears that total concentration of VOCs decrease by more than 90% 6 days after the initial petroleum spill compared to the initial concentration of VOCs.

Adsorption Characteristics of Multi-component VOCs Including Poorly Adsorbable Chemicals on Activated Carbonaceous Adsorbents (비흡착성 화합물을 포함하는 다성분 VOCs의 탄소흡착제 흡착특성)

  • Woo, Kwang Jae;Kim, Sang Do;Lee, Si Hyun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2007
  • The adsorption characteristics of multi-component solvent vapors including poorly-adsorbable chemicals such as toluene-xylene-MEK and toluene-MEK-IPA on the activated carbonaceous adsorbents were investigated in a stainless steel fixed bed of 10.2 cm ID and 50 cm in height in order to identify those carbons for eliminating and recovering solvent vapors from industrial emission sources. The used activated carbonaceous adsorbents were pelletized commercial activated carbons and activated carbon fiber. Breakthrough curves and adsorption capacity at atmospheric pressures were obtained. It has been found that non-polar and larger molecules have been adsorbed better than polar and smaller molecules. In special, alcohols and ketones were poorly adsorbed caused by competitive adsorbability in multi-component mixture system. However, it could be overcome by profitable employment of organization of cooperative system which was composed of different porosity activated carbonaceous adsorbents appropriately.

김해시 동지역 휘발성유기화합물의 지역별 시간에 따른 농도 특성에 관한 연구

  • Bong, Sang-Hun;Park, Heung-Jae;Jeong, Seong-Uk;Kim, Seon-Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.500-502
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 김해시 동지역을 중심으로 생활형태별로 상업지역, 주거지역, 도로지역, 공단지역으로 구분하여 Tenax TA로 3시간 간격으로 포집하여 일간 변화를 측정하였다. 이를 GC/MS를 이용하여 정량분석하여 생활형태별 일간 농도변화를 관측하였다. 생활형태별로 휘발성유기화합물의 농도는 도로지역, 공단지역, 상업지역, 주거지역 순으로 나타났으며, 시간에 따른 농도 변화는 오존전구 물질인 휘발성유기화합물의 반응이 빠른 낮시간보다 밤시간에 상대적으로 높게 검출되었다.

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