• Title, Summary, Keyword: 흡연

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The Effect of Environmental Tobacco Smoke on the Smoking in Some Elementary and Middle School Students (일부 초.중학생의 간접흡연이 흡연에 미치는 영향)

  • Im, Myeong-Sil;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Hong, Jee-Young;Yu, Se-Jong
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.1209-1212
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 제주지역 일부 초, 중학생들의 간접흡연 실태와 그로 인한 현재 흡연 여부 관계를 분석하여 초, 중학생들의 흡연 예방 교육 계획 및 수립에 기초 자료를 제공하고자 본 연구를 시도하였다. 자료 수집 기간은 2009년 6월 29일부터 7월 11일까지 제주특별자치도내 초등학교 5, 6학년 아동 464명과 중학생 475명을 대상으로 설문지를 이용하여 조사하였다. 연구 대상자들의 간접흡연 노출 관련성은 가정불화, 성적, 친구관계스트레스가 있는 대상자에게서 높게 조사되었고, 가족 및 주변인의 흡연유무에 따른 간접흡연 실태는 부모 및 친구의 흡연으로 간접흡연에 노출되었으며 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다. 간접흡연의 주제공자는 아버지며, 주 간접흡연 피해 장소는 집으로 나타났다. 간접흡연 노출 유무를 종속변수로 한 로지스틱 회귀분석 결과는 흡연하는 아버지를 둔 대상자가 그렇지 않은 대상자에 비해 간접흡연 노출이 높았으며, 흡연하는 친구를 둔 대상자는 그렇지 않은 대상자에 비해 간접흡연 노출이 높게 나타났다. 현재흡연 여부를 종속변수로 한 로지스틱 회귀분석의 결과는 남학생이 여학생에 비해, 중학생이 초등학생에 비해 현재흡연율이 높았고, 엄한 가정 분위기 속에서 생활하고 있는 대상자와 흡연하는 친구를 둔 대상자는 그렇지 않은 대상자에 비해 현재흡연율이 높았으며, 간접흡연에 노출 되었던 대상자에게서 현재흡연율이 높게 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때 초, 중학생의 간접흡연 실태는 심각한 사회문제이다. 또한 대상자들의 현재 흡연은 간접흡연 노출과 관련이 있는 것으로 볼 수 있었다. 이러한 간접흡연의 노출 및 그로 인한 흡연율을 줄이기 위해서는 가정 및 학교와 공공장소 등에서 간접흡연에 노출되지 않는 제도적 및 환경적인 조치들이 우선되어야 할 것이며, 학생들을 대상으로 간접흡연에 대한 간접흡연 예방 교육 및 대처방안 교육이 조기에 지속적으로 실시되어야 하겠다. 또한 유치원에서부터 고등학교에 이르기까지 모든 학생들에게 필수적으로 흡연예방 교육을 수강하게 하고, 교사들을 위한 연수교육 실시, 학교 흡연예방사업에 부모나 가족을 참여, 흡연예방 사업의 정기적인 평가 실시 등 국가적인 정책이 동반되어야 할 것이다.

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Identifying and Predicting Adolescent Smoking Trajectories in Korea (청소년기 흡연 발달궤적 변화와 예측요인)

  • Chung, Ick-joong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.5-28
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is two-fold: 1) to identify different adolescent smoking trajectories in Korea; and 2) to examine predictors of those smoking trajectories within a social developmental frame. Data were from the Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS), a longitudinal study of 3,449 youths followed since 2003. Using semi-parametric group-based modeling, four smoking trajectories were identified: non initiators, late onsetters, experimenters, and escalators. Multinomial logistic regressions were then used to identify risk and protective factors that distinguish the trajectory groups from one another. Among non smokers at age 13, late onsetters were distinguished from non initiators by a variety of factors in every ecological domain. Among youths who already smoked at age 13, escalators who increased their smoking were distinguished from experimenters who almost desisted from smoking by age 17 by self-esteem and academic achievement. Finally, implications for youth welfare practice from this study were discussed.

Comparative Study on Nutrient Intakes, Blood Pressure and Serum Lipid Profile of Korean Adult Men According to Smoking Status (성인 남자의 흡연상태에 따른 영양섭취, 혈압, 혈액 성상 및 지질패턴 비교연구)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Cho, Hye-Kyung;Sung, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the nutrient intakes, blood pressure, and biochemical values and lipid profile in blood according to smoking status. Subjects were recruited from Korean adult men, which included non-smoker (n=47), smoker (n=58), and ex- smoker (n=44) . Anthropometrical measurement, blood pressure measurement, dietary intake assessment using 24-hour recall method, and blood collection and analysis were conducted. The average age, height, weight, and BMI of the subject were 54.7 years, 165.8 cm, 67.3 kg, and $24.5\;kg/m^2 $, respectively. There was no significant difference in general characteristics among three groups. The mean daily intakes of energy and protein were 1740.9 kcal and 69.6 g. The daily folate intake of the smoker was significantly lower than that of the non- smoker or ex-smoker. However, cholesterol intake of the smoker was significantly higher than two groups. The daily total food intake was 1250.0 g for non-smoker, 1180.1 g for smoker, and 1237.5 g for ex-smoker. The mushrooms intake in the smoker was significantly lower than that in the ex - smoker. However, eggs intake of the smoker was significantly higher than two groups. The RBC count and serum GOT/GPT of the subjects were $4598.2\times1000/mm^3$ and 27.3/27.3 U/L. The WBC count, hematocrit and hemoglobin of the smoker were significantly higher than those of the non-smoker and ex-smoker. Blood pressure and serum lipids of the subjects were 128.3/75.5 mmHg for SBP/DBP, 180.2 mg/dL for total cholesterol, 160.8 mg/dL for triglyceride, 41.5 mg/dL for HDL-cholesterol, 106.5 mg/dL for LDL-cholesterol, and 3.5 for atherogenic index. Especially serum triglyceride of smoker was significantly higher than that of non-smoker. The above results revealed that some nutrient intakes, such as folate and cholesterol, and hematological findings, and serum triglyceride of the smoker were different from non-smoker. However, these differences were recovered to non-smoking status by prohibition of smoking. Therefore, in order to stop smoking, the effect of smoking on nutritional and health status should be informed to smoker and more systematic study should be conducted.

Factors that Influence Tobacco Use in Middle School Student and The Rate of Future Tobacco use (중학생들의 흡연 경험과 미래의 흡연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Hwang, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.573-583
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    • 2016
  • This descriptive investigative study was conducted to evaluate middle school students in the city to understand their experience with tobacco use and the factors that affect the intention for tobacco use in the future, as well as to investigate the relevance between student attitudes towards tobacco use and their understanding of the toxicity of its use. A total of 1,044 middle school students located in C city were surveyed from October 13 to November 27, 2015. The results showed significant differences in age, grade, amount of allowance, absence/presence of friends of the opposite sex, and first experience with tobacco use. Moreover, intentions of tobacco use in the future showed significant differences in age, religion, allowance, rate of satisfaction of the school environment, absence/presence of friends of the opposite sex, and academic grade (p<0.05). Based on the above results, it is necessary to implement a consistent anti-smoking education in the home and school starting in elementary school to reduce the rate of tobacco use in middle school students.

생활습관병 예방 프로젝트 3 예방하기 - 청소년.여성 흡연 예방이 중요하다

  • Kim, Jeong-Un
    • 건강소식
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.12-13
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    • 2013
  • 담배에 대한 첫 번째 질문. 흡연은 습관일까? 질병일까? 혹시 습관이라고 답했다면 당신의 담배에 대한 인식이 적어도 20년은 뒤쳐졌다. 흡연에 따른 건강악화가 사회적 문제로 대두되면서 흡연은 '질병'으로 인식되는 추세이다. 특히 성장이 끝나지 않은 청년기의 흡연이나 임신과 출산을 겪을 여성의 흡연은 더 큰 사회적 문제로 부각되고 있다. 청소년과 여성의 흡연, 무엇이 문제일까?

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Investigation of Blood Pressure, Serum Lipids, and Obesity Indices according to Smoking Status in Middle-Aged Males (중년기 남성 근로자의 흡연상태에 따른 혈압, 혈청지질 및 비만지표의 검토)

  • Shin, Eun-Sook;Kwon, In-Sun;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1359-1366
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the blood pressure, serum lipid levels and obesity indices according to smoking status, and the effects of smoking cessation on blood pressure, serum lipid and obesity indices. The 2,230 male workers aged 30-59 years were observed the age, smoking status, SBP, DBP, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, AI, BMI, body fat rate and waist circumference, from April to July, 2011. As a results, the mean score of SBP, DBP, TC, TG and BMI were significantly higher in smoking group than non-smoking group, but HDL-C were significantly lower in smoking group than non-smoking group, the distribution of hypertension was significantly higher in smoking group than non-smoking group. The abnormal levels of TC, TG and HDL-C were significantly higher in smoking group than non-smoking group, and the distribution of obesity was significantly higher in smoking group than non-smoking group. Age adjusted odds ratio(ORs) was significantly increase in smoking group than non-smoking group: hypertension(3.59 times), hypercholesteremia (1.49 times), hyperlipidemia(1.81 times), low HDL-cholesteremia(1.58 times), high level of atherogenic index(1.27 times). Above results suggested that the smoking related with blood pressure and serum lipid levels.

A Study on the Smoke and Secondhand Smoke status, Knowledge about Smoking, Attitude for Smoking behavior and Smoking Cessation Intention of Seafarers (한국 해기사의 흡연 및 간접흡연 실태와 흡연에 대한 지식, 태도 및 금연의도)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong;Kim, Jae-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.413-421
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    • 2020
  • Because of space constraints of the ship, accessibility to supporting system for nonsmoking is poor in seafarers' group. This study was performed to find the smoking status, second-hand smoking status and factors related to smoking habit of Korean seafarers. So, we examined the rate of smoking and secondhand smoking, and knowledge about smoking, attitude for smoking behavior, smoking cessation intention and working environment related to smoking of 155 seafarers. Their smoking rate was 32.3% and secondhand smoke rate was very high by 86.5%. Their working place equipped a separate smoking room, but most of them had been smoked in where they were stayed. and we found the inadequate ventilation facility in 42.6%. Only 21.9% had a experience of education for smoking cessation. From the study Attitude for smoking behavior was negative and smoking knowledge was high. 90% of them tried to stop to smoke, but intention of smoking cessation was low. We need to motivate seafarers and increase their smoking cessation intention by regular education in available ways. From the study, we purpose that government will realign regulations related to ventilation facility and appointed smoking area on the board to prevent seondhand smoke, and the policy need to possess the regular survey of smoking status and customized smoking cessation education for seafarers.

A Descriptive Study Of School Children's Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Regarding Smoking (중학생들의 흡연에 대한 지식, 태도, 그리고 행동에 관한 기술적 연구)

  • Park, In-Hyae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.420-436
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    • 1996
  • The goal of this study is to explore different risk factors for smoking and look at the relationships between knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intentions regarding smoking among schoolchildren, in order to reduce teenage smoking. To achieve this goal a self-administered questionaire regarding smoking was provided to schoolchildren in the 7th and 8th grades in one junior high school in Jerusalem. The schoolchildren were exposed to 10-12 hours of a smoking prevention intervention program. The questionaire focused primarily on the personal characteristics, social environment, knowledge, attitudes, practices, and behavioral intentions of the children. Crosstabs were performed on each variable to determine if significant associations exist among the different variables. The statistical computer, package, SPSS PC, was used to manipulate the data along with Chi-square test. The findings were as follows : About 11% of the children aged 12-14 have ever smoked or are smoking currently, and about 24.0% of those who ever smoked started smoking at the age of 10. Boys smoke more(p<.01), poorer students(by self-perception of school performance) smoke more, and those who had peers who were smokers were more likely to smoke(p<.05). The percentage of the children who reported that either father or mother smoked was about 30%, but no statistical association was found between parental smoking and children's smoking, although trends were noted in the expected direction, i.e. more smokers among children of smokers. Only 1.1% of the children intended to smoke in the future, and 98.0% of the children indicated that they can or they might be able to withstand social pressure. Seventy percent of the children demonstrated medium to high knowledge about smoking, Males, 8th graders, better students, and those without friends who smoke had higher social pressure showed more negative attitudes(p<.01). Those with non-smoking siblings showed more negative behavioral intentions regarding smoking(p<.01), and better students showed more negative behavioral intentions. Those who had higher knowledge scores showed more negative attitudes towards smoking, but not significantly so. Those who had very negative behavioral intentions showed highly significant negative attitudes towards smoking(p<.01).

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청소년 흡연예방과 금연방법

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2002
  • 2002년, 성인들 사이에서 건강을 우려한 금연열풍이 거세다. 여러 가지 효과적인 금연법과 캠페인이 자주 소개되고 있으며 금연구역도 확대되고 있다. 그러나 아직도 우리나라 청소년들은 흡연에 있어서 안전하지 않다. 우리나라 청소년들의 흡연율은 남자 고등학생 기준 27.6%로 세계 최고 수준임은 이미 밝혀진바 있다(한국금연운동협의회, 2001) 또한 흡연 시작 연령이 점점 낮아지고 있으며 여학생의 흡연율이 급격히 늘고 있는 실정이다.(1991년 여고생 흡연율 2.4%, 2000년 10.7%, 한국금연운동협의회, 2001) 아직 우리나라에서 흡연 청소년을 위한 금연교육은 체계화되어 있지 않으며 학교에서 흡연사실이 발각되더라도 단순한 체벌이나 봉사활동 등으로 일회성에 끝나는 것이 대부분이다. 흔히 청소년 흡연자들은 흡연기간이 길지 않아 의지만 있으면 금연하기가 쉽다고 알고 있지만 상계백병원 청소년 금연클리닉의 조사에 따르면 청소년 흡연자 역시 성인과 비슷한 수준의 니코틴 의존도를 보이고 있다. 청소년 금연 역시 지금의 지도, 체벌 수준에 머물러서는 안 되며 성인과 마찬가지로 과학적, 심리적으로 접근해야 효과가 있다고 한다. 청소년의 달인 5월을 맞이하여 이달의 건강길라잡이에서는 청소년들을 위한 흡연 예방과 청소년의 금연방법에 대하여 알아보고자 한다.

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The Degree of Female Undergraduates' Perceived Risk of Smoking (여대생의 흡연에 대한 위험지각도)

  • Kang, Hyun-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.259-267
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    • 2009
  • This study intends to figure out the variables affecting the degree of female undergraduates' perceived risk of smoking and utilize them as foundational data for educating them to quit smoking. Thereupon, it conducted a self-administered survey from May 18 till 25 of 2009 to 231 female undergraduates attending S University located in Gyeonggi-do. The study tool contains 19 items of general characteristics and 8 of the degree of perceived risk of smoking. The data collected were analyzed by SPSS program, and the following results were gained. 1. According to the result on the degree of female undergraduates' perceived risk of smoking, the degree was shown high as the average was 4.32 among the perfect score of 5; thus, the degree of perceived risk of smoking was high. 2. In terms of the household economic level, female undergraduates with the lower economic level indicated the higher degree of perceived risk of smoking. There existed significant difference by their economic level (F=7.14, p<.01). 3. In regard of whether the female undergraduate smokes or not, the non-smoker perceives the degree of risk of smoking more highly than the smoker does; there is significant difference by whether they smoke or not (t=-2.43, p<.05). 4. About the number of friends who smoke, female undergraduates with one smoking friend show the highest degree of perceived risk of smoking. Those haying three or more smoking friends indicate the low degree of perceived risk of smoking. There exists significant difference by the number of smoking friends they have (F=3.14, p<.05). 5. According to the degree of perceived risk of smoking by their school life satisfaction, the female undergraduates expressing 'dissatisfaction' show the highest degree of perceived risk of smoking while 'satisfaction' indicates the average level. This was statistically significant difference (F=4.81, p<.01). Therefore, it is thought that it will be necessary to develop programs based on this research which can allow female undergraduates to team the importance of quitting smoking and actively participate in the education for it.