• Title, Summary, Keyword: 흡음 기구

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Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to Incident Pressure Magnitude and Its Geometric Parameters (가진 음압 및 설계 인자에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.178-185
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber (MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high (around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

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Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to High Incident Pressure Magnitude and Variation of Geometric Parameters (높은 입사 음압 및 설계 인자의 변화에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1059-1066
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber(MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high(around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

A Study on Combustion Characteristic of Sponge Type Sound-absorbing Materials (스펀지형 흡음재의 연소특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Jae-Yong;Sa, Seung-Hun;Nam, Jung-Woo;Kim, Jin-Pyo;Park, Jong-Taek;Lee, Doo-Hyung
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2011
  • This paper studied combustion characteristics of the sponge type sound-absorbing materials extensively used on building interior. To estimate of the combustion characteristics, we carried out combustion experiment of general type and incombustibility type sound-absorbing materials. And then to evaluate the suitability of the sponge type sound-absorbing materials, we measured heat release rate (HRR) and smoke density (Ds) of the sound-absorbing materials using by a cone-calorimeter. From the combustion experimental results, general type sound-absorbing materials were rapid burned simultaneously with ignition and the incombustibility type sound-absorbing materials had all gone out simultaneously with ignition. Measured results of HRR and Ds were not satisfied KS F ISO 5660-1 and IMO FTP Code, form the results, the sponge type sound-absorbing materials were ill-suited for using building interior.

A Study on Quantification of Damping Efficiency of Acoustic Cavities by Absorption Coefficient (흡음 계수를 이용한 연소불안정 제어용 음향공의 감쇠 정량화)

  • Cha, Jung-Phil;Song, Jae-Gang;Hong-Jip Kim;Ko, Young-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.438-445
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    • 2007
  • A Helmholtz resonator as a stabilization device to control high-frequency combustion instabilities in liquid rocket engine is adopted and its damping capacity is verified by linear acoustic analysis and atmospheric acoustic tests. To compare the results of acoustic attenuation effect in accordance with uni-resonator's geometry, quantitative analyses were made in the cases of various orifice diameters and lengths. Next, in the experiments to compare the results of acoustic attenuation effect by a difference in the number of resonators, damping capacity of harmful resonant frequency was improved by the increase of the number of resonators. On the other hand, attenuation efficiency of the frequency tended rather to lower due to over damping from the point of view of absorption coefficient. As the result, tuning the suitable geometry for the resonator to the resonant frequency is required for the control using the resonator. Also, the design of resonator's geometry and the choice of its number are important to put up the optimal efficiency in consideration of restriction of its volume.

Fundamental study on sound absorption of a dental hand piece using micro-porous EPP substrate processed by UV laser (UV 레이저응용 마이크로 다공성 EPP 기판의 치과용 핸드피스 흡음성능에 관한 기초연구)

  • You, Dong-Bin;Shin, Myung-Ho;Byun, Hyo-Jin;Choi, Do-Jung;Sung, Kuo-Won;Ma, Yong-Won;Shin, Bo-Sung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2019
  • Recently many studies to reduce the noise of dental hand piece which generate inevitably mechanical sound to offend to the ear of a patient have been spotlighted. Generally, methods of adding a sound absorbing material inside the exhaust valve, air pump of machine or automobile are widely reported as optimal way to reduce the mechanical noise. In this paper we studied a new UV laser aided manufacturing of micro-porous structure of EPP substrate and applied dental hand piece to improve the efficiency of sound absorption. A lot of micro-sized pores were fabricated with UV laser processing on the surface of sliced EPP substrate. From fundamental experiments, more high-performance of micro-porous EPP substrate has finally demonstrated for sound-absorbing structure of the micro muffler inside dental hand piece, which actually has the excellent potential to apply a lot of potable machine.

Design of a Micro-perforated Panel Absorber at High Incident Sound Pressure (높은 입사 음압에서의 미세 천공판을 이용한 흡음 기구의 설계)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun;Jang, Young-Soon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.983-990
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    • 2010
  • Reduction of acoustic loads of space launch vehicles can be achieved by acoustic absorbers satisfying strict cleanness requirements. This limited the use of general porous materials and requires non-porous sound absorbers. Micro-perforated panel absorbers(MPPA) is one of promising sound absorbers satisfying the cleanness requirement for launch vehicles. However, its applicability was limited to low sound pressure levels according to the acoustic impedance model of micro-perforated panels. In this paper the applicability of micro-perforated panel absorbers at high incident sound pressure was investigated in experimental ways. The absorption characteristics of a micro-perforated panel absorber was simulated according to its design variables, e.g., minute hole diameters and aperture ratios. It was shown that optimal design can be readily done by using proposed design charts. Experiments were conducted to measure acoustic properties of the designed micro-perforated panel absorbers. The results showed that acoustic resistance increases rapidly as incident sound pressure level does but change of acoustic reactance can be neglected in a practical point of view. This caused the decrease of peak value of absorption coefficient at high incident sound pressure level, but the amount of reduction can be accepted in practice. The major advantage of the micro-perforated panel absorber(wide absorption bandwidth) was still kept at high sound pressure level.