• Title, Summary, Keyword: 1920년대 초반

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Formal Characteristics of Joseon Films in the Early 1920s (1920년대 초반 조선영화의 형식적 특징)

  • Han, Sang-Eon;Chung, Tae-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.117-125
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    • 2013
  • Early 1920s, Joseon film production began with Japanese colonial rule organization and expanded into civilian. These films were influenced by the documentary film what recorded the scenery and the custom also influenced by kino drama that displayed the place of a dramatic incident. So these films developed into the form emphasize on place. At that time, hollywood serial films were popular. So the first Joseon films shooted a picturesque place and a landmark of the city in the background where heros took a risk. In the style stakes, Joseon films looked very similar to Japanese films. shooted long-take and long-shot, it had rhythm with narration of benshi and emphasized on visual excitation by using color. Early 1920s Joseon films which were similar to Japanese films changed from Japanese style to Hollywood style caused by Na woon-kyu's .

Audience's Boycott Movement to the Korean Newspapers in the mid-1920s (일제 강점기의 신문불매운동 연구 : 1920년대 중반을 중심으로)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.28
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    • pp.219-249
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    • 2005
  • This study analyzes the historical cases of audience's boycott movement to the Korean newspapers in the mid-1920s. five historical cases from 1924 till 1927 were analyzed in this study. These cases have a few differences in comparison with the cases of the early 1920s. Firstly, the boycott movement was activated considerably, and the target of movement was diversified. The number of cases in early 1920s was only two, and the target of both cases were The Dong-A Ilbo. But we could confirm at least 7 cases in mid 1920s through this study. In addition to The Dong-A Ilbo, the target included The Chosun Ilbo, and The Namsun Ilbo published in Masan. The location of the movement was not restricted to Seoul. It was also executed at the small cities and rural areas, such as Masan, Jinnampo, Bugang. Ihe analysis of the context of the boycott reveals that most cases wert caused mainly by the conflict of interest between parties. Some parties that dissatisfied with the coverage of a newspaper resolved and executed the boycott to that newspaper.

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원적외선 난방의 이론과 실제

  • 김영호
    • 월간 기계설비
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1993
  • 원적외선은 인류가 최초로 이용한 난방열원이다. 불을 사용하기 이전의 유일한 난방은 태양열을 받는 것이었으며, 그 태양열 중 인체를 따뜻하게 해주는 빛이 바로 원적외선이기 때문이다. 현대 과학에서는 이미 1920년대에 원적외선 난방이론이 정립되었으며, 1940년대에 들어서는 미국에서 원적외선 튜브히터가 개발되어 충고가 높고 면적이 넓어 다른 난방시스템으로는 불가능했던 산업 및 상업용건물의 난방이 가능해졌을 뿐만 아니라 복사난방의 대표적인 시스템으로 인정되고 있다. 우리나라의 경우는 `80년대 초반부터 원적외선 히터가 선보이기 시작했고, 극히 일부 공장건물에 사용된 실적이 있으나 아직까지 원적외선 난방시스템 자체에 대한 인식이 부족하고 이 분야에 대한 자료 또한 전무한 실정이다. 이에 필자는 수년간 외국(특히 미국)의 자료를 분석하고 현지를 답사하므로써 확인될 수 있었던 원적외선 난방시스템의 유용성을 토대로 하여 이론과 실제적인 내용을 다루어 보고자 하는 것이다.

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'Media Influence' Discourses Articulated for Crowd Control in Colonial Korea (식민지 '미디어 효과론'의 구성 대중 통제 기술로서 미디어 '영향 담론')

  • Yoo, Sunyoung
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.77
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    • pp.137-163
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    • 2016
  • In the early 1900, photography, magic lantern and cinema were simultaneously introduced and experienced until the mid-1910s as mysterious and magical symbol of modern science and technology. The technology of vision, cinema in particular demonstrated its commercially expandable potentials through serial films in the mid-1910s, silent cinema in the 1920s and talkies in 1930s. I argue that a metaphor 'like a movie' which was would be spoken out by peoples as a cliche ever since the late 1910s whenever they encountered something uncanny, mysterious, and looking wholly new phenomena informs how cinematic technology worked in colonial society at the turning point to the early 20th century. Mass in colonial society accepted cinema and other visual technologies not only as an advanced science of the times but as texts of modernity that is the reason why cinema had so quickly taken cultural hegemony over the colony. Until the mid-1920s, discourse on cinema focused not on cinema itself, rather more on the theatre matters such as hygiene, facilities for public use, disturbance, quarrels and fights, theft, and etc. Since the mid-1920s and especially in wartime 1930s, discourses about negative influences and effects of cinema on behavior, mind and spirit of masses, bodily health, morality and crime were articulated and delivered by Japanese authorities and agencies like as police, newspapers and magazines, and collaborate Korean intellectuals. Theories and research reports stemming from disciplines of psychology, sociology, and mass-psychology that emphasized vulnerability and susceptibility of the crowd and mass consumers who would be exposed to visual images, spectacles and strong toxic stimulus in everyday lives. Those negative discourse on influences and effects of cinema was intimately associated with fear of the crowd and mass as well as new technology which does not allow clear understanding about how it works in future. The fact that cinema as a technology of vision could be used as an apparatus of ideology and propaganda stirred up doubts and pessimistic perspectives on cinema influence. Discourse on visual technology cinema constructed under colonial governance is doomed to be technology of mass control for empire's own sake.

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Audience's Boycott Movement to the Korean Press in the Early 1920s (1920년대 초반의 신문불매운동 연구)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.22
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    • pp.249-272
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    • 2003
  • This study discusses on the historical origin of audience's boycott movement to the Korean press. Two historical cases of audience's boycott movement in the early 1920s were analyzed in this study. The first boycott was resolved by the counterforce to the public funeral of Yunsik Kim in February of 1922. This case can be estimated as the historical origin of audience's boycott movement in the Korean media history. The second case was carried out by the National Convention of the Youth Parties in March of 1923. The target of these two cases were The Dong-A Ilbo. And these boycott movement were caused by the conflict and competition between nationalists and socialists in the national independence movement. These two parties were incompatible in the ideology and method of national independence struggle. In the course of their conflict and competition for the initiative socialist party resolved and carried out the boycott movement to The Dong-A Ilbo, because it was regarded as the advocate of the nationalist party.

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Geothermal Research and Development in Korea (한국의 지열 연구와 개발)

  • Song, Yoon-Ho;Kim, Hyoung-Chan;Lee, Sang-Kyu
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.485-494
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    • 2006
  • This paper summarizes the history of geothermal research in Korea since 1920s and also describes the present status of research on heat flow, origin of thermal waters and geothermal exploitation and utilization. Geothermal research in Korea has been mainly related with hot spring investigation until 1970s. 1t was not until 1980s before heat flow study became continuous by research institute and academia and first nation-scale geothermal gradient map and heat flow map were published in 1996. Also in 1990s, geochemical isotope analysis of Korean hot spring waters and measurements of heat production rate of some granite bodies were made. Attempts to develop and utilize the deep geothermal water has been tried from early 1990s but field scale exploitations for geothermal water was activated in 2000s. Considering recent increase of demands on both deep and shallow geothermal energy utilization, outlook on future goethermal research and development is encouraging.

Entwicklungslinie und Forschungsstand der deutschen Geographie der Freizeit und des Tourismus (독일의 여가 및 관광지리학 : 발전과정과 연구동향)

  • Ahn, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2006
  • Die Geographie der Freizeit und des Tourismus in Deutschland ist eine relative junge Teildisziplin innerhalb der Geographie des Menschen, wenn auch bereits 1905 der Begriff der 'Fremdenverkehrsgeographie' eingefuehrt wurde. Angesichts der Forschungsrichtung hat diese Teildisziplin in dem letzten Jahrhundert mehrere Phasen durchlaufen. In der ersten Phase ihrer Entwicklung, die etwa von den 1920er-bis in die 1960er-Jahre dauerte, herrschte die 'Fremdenverkehrsgeographie' vor. Ab Anfang der 1970er-Jahre hat sich in der zweiten Phase die 'Geographie des Freizeiverhaltens' (Muenchner Schule der Sozialgeographie) durchgesetzt. Darauf folgte die 'Tourismusgeographie' und endlich in der vierten Phase etablierte sich die 'Geographie der Freizeit und des Tourismus'. Die Entwicklung der deutschen Geographie der Freizeit und des Tourismus in den letzten ca. 100 Jahren praesentiert nicht nor einen nachhaltigen Wandel und die Erweiterung in dem inhaltlichen Schwerpunkt der Forschung, sondern stellt auch eine zunehmende Bedeutungsaufschwung der Freizit und des Tourismus in der modernen Gesellschaft dar.

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Multiculturalism and Socio-Spatial Segregation of Honolulu in the 1920s (1920년대 호놀룰루의 다문화주의와 집단간 사회-공간적 분리)

  • Lee, Young-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.675-690
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    • 2007
  • It has been widely believed that the ethnic relations in Honolulu and Hawai'i in the early twentieth century were little associated with racist ideology because the white race was minority in terms of the racial composition. In reality, however, the racial and ethnic issues have played a major role in forming the past and present relations among ethnic groups. This study shows that the white-supremacy ideology exerted a strong influence on minority groups in Honolulu throughout the immigration and settling-down process, as much as in the mainland U.S. Clear occupational stratification and residential segregation among the ethnic groups in Honolulu represented almost the same situation as in mainland cities. The social segregation and spatial propinquity of their residential neighborhoods facilitated the construction of dichotomized identity: "Local" versus "Haole". Such transformed identities were a product of on-going inter-ethnic negotiation process embedded in the non-white multi-ethnic neighborhoods.

On "Utopia" Approached Through Conceptual History in Korea ("유토피아"의 한국적 개념 형성에 대한 탐색적 고찰)

  • Kim, Jongsoo
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.52
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    • pp.253-275
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    • 2018
  • The concept of 'utopia' in Korea was formed in the early 20th century. 'There isn't in this world but good world' could be found using science and it was an ideal place for science to realize in the 1900s of Korea. Utopia was emphasized as an ideal world of fantasy in the 1920s. It was an ideological world wherein socialism was realized by a purposeful science. Utopia, conversely, was the history of scientific socialism defined as past example of communism that could not be implemented but was fancied. There were works suggesting that it was a dark dystopia such as Society after 800,000 years written by H.G. Wells or Artificial Worker by Young-hee Pak, but there were implied at the will of utopia.