• Title/Summary/Keyword: 2-AB

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A Novel cry2Ab Gene from the Indigenous Isolate Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki

  • Sevim, Ali;Eryuzlu, Emine;Demirbag, Zihni;Demir, Ismail
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2012
  • A novel cry2Ab gene was cloned and sequenced from the indigenous isolate of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. This gene was designated as cry2Ab25 and its sequence revealed an open reading frame of 1,902 bp encoding a 633 aa protein with calculated molecular mass of 70 kDa and pI value of 8.98. The amino acid sequence of the Cry2Ab25 protein was compared with previously known Cry2Ab toxins, and the phylogenetic relationships among them were determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Cry2Ab25 protein showed 99% homology to the known Cry2Ab proteins, except for Cry2Ab10 and Cry2Ab12 with 97% homology, and a variation in one amino acid residue in comparison with all known Cry2Ab proteins. The cry2Ab25 gene was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) revealed that the Cry2Ab25 protein is about 70 kDa. The toxin expressed in BL21(DE3) exhibited high toxicity against Malacosoma neustria and Rhagoletis cerasi with 73% and 75% mortality after 5 days of treatment, respectively.

Determination of the optical isomers of ethambutol (myambutol) and 2-amino-1-butanol by gas-liquid chromatography

  • Kim, Ye-Sook;Youm, Jeong-Rok;Park, Man-Ki;Paik, Nam-Ho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1981
  • Our need for a convenient method of analytical estimation of the precise optical purity of d-2 aminobutanol (d-2AB) and d-ethambutol has prompted us to examine in detail the preparation and G. L. C. separation of the N-TFA-L-prolyl derivatives of their optical isomers (d-and l-2AB, d-, meso-and l-ethambutol). Silicon OV-1 columns were used for the G. L. C. separation.

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Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Association of Tetracyanoquinodimethane with Aminobiphenyls

  • Kim, Yong-Hee;Jung, Sang-Don;Chung, Myung-Ae;Song, Ki-Dong;Cho, Dae-Won
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.948-952
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    • 2008
  • The molecular association of acceptors with electron donors is studied in the highly-polar solvent $CH_3CN$. Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) forms a stable charge-transfer complex with donor molecules such as 4- aminobiphenyl (4-AB), benzidine (BD) and 2-aminobiphenyl (2-AB) with high association constants. The complexes of TCNQ with 4-AB or BD show new absorption bands at around 800 and 500 nm, which can be identified as reduced $TCNQ^{{\bullet}-}$ and $TCNQ^{2-}$ species, respectively. These bands grow quickly upon photoirradiation, implying that the charge-transfer complexes are easily formed in an excited state. Conversely, a small spectral manifestation of the charge transfer was observed in the case of 2-AB complex. It is demonstrated that the structural orientation between the geminate ion pairs could play an important role in building a stable complex.

Analysis of Sugar Chain Structure of PAS-7 Glycoprotein from Bovine Milk Fat Globule Membrane by US RAAM 2000 (OGS RAAM2000을 이용한 유지방구막 PAS-7 당단백질의 당쇄구조 해석)

  • 석진석
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.367-373
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    • 2001
  • Glycoproteins PAS-6(50 kDa) and -7(47 kDa) from the bovine milk fat globule membrane share a common protein core but differ in their carbohydrate moiety. We have analyzed and proposed the structures of the N-linked sugar chains of PAS-7 by Oxford Glyco System(OGS) RAAM2000. The N-linked sugar chains were liberated from PAS-7 by hydrazinolysis and, after modifying the reducing ends with 2-aminobenzamide(2-AB), were separated into one neutral(7N, 55%) and two acidic(7M, mono-, 43%; 7D, di-, 2%) sugar chain groups. 7N was finally separated into 5 chains(a, b, c, d, and e), respectively. The structure of this 2AB-neutral sugar chain was determined by sugar analysis, exoglycosidase digestion with OGS glycosidase Kit and OGS RAAM2000 system. The results show that fraction e was the same of reported 7N1A, the biantennary complex type with a fucose on reducing end and two N-acetyllactosamine branch on non-reducing end. Therefore, it was proved that OGS RAAM2000 method is in conformity with conventional analysis of sugar chain structure from bovine PAS-7.

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Electrochemical Propertics and Oxidation Reaction of Hydrazobenzene by Oxygen Adducted Tetradentate Schiff Base Cobalt(II)(3MeOSED) Activated Catalyst in Aprotic Solvents(I) (비수용매에서 산소첨가된 네자리 Schiff Base Cobalt(II)(3MeOSED) 활성촉매에 의한 Hydrazobenzene의 산화반응과 전기화학적 성질 (제 1 보))

  • Ki-Hyung Chjo;Yong-Kook Choi;Sang-Bock Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.261-272
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    • 1992
  • Tetradentate Schiff base Cobalt(II)(3MeOSED)$(H_2O)_2$ complexe was synthesized and allowed to react with dry oxygen to form oxygen adducts of Cobalt(III) complexes such as ${\mu}$-peroxo type [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(DMF)]$_2O_2$ and [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(DMSO)]$_2O_2$in DMF and DMSO or superoxo type [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(Py)]$O_2$ in pyridine. The oxygen adducted complex was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and DPP method with glassy carbon electrode in 0.1M TEAP-DMF (-DMSO,-Py) as supporting electrolyte solution. As a result the reduction reaction process occurred to four steps including prewave Of $O_2^-$in 1 : 1 oxygen adducted superoxo type [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(Py)]$O_2$complex and three steps not including prewave of $O_2^-$ in 1 : 2 oxygen adducted ${\mu}$-peroxo type [Co(III)-(3MeOSED)(DMF)]$_2O_2$ and [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(DMSO)]$_2O_2$. A superoxo type [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(L)]$O_2\;(L: CH_3OH)$ was generated with oxygen in methanol. Selectively oxidized hydrazobenzene $(H_2AB)$ to trans-azobenzene(t-AB) and the rate constant k for oxidation reaction of the following equation is $(2.96 {\pm} 0.2)$${\times}$ $10^{-1}$M/sec. $H_2AB$ + Co (II)(3MeOSED)$(L_2)+O_2\;{\rightleftarrow^K}$ [Co(III)(3MeOSED)(L)]$O_2{\cdot}H_2AB{\longrightarrow^K}$ Co(II(3MeOSED)$(L)_2$+t-AB+$H_2O_2 $.

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Study on functional states and differential diagnosis of ovarian cysts in slaughtered Korean native cows (도축한우에서 난소낭종의 감별진단 및 기능성에 관한 연구)

  • 이청산;류대열;윤호규;송종한;이종인;서국현;김일화;강현구
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2004
  • To establish the differential diagnosis and functional status in ovarian cystic cows, progesterone(P$_4$) and estrogen(E$_2$) level of cystic follicular fluid, ultrasonography for measuring the cystic diameter and thickness of cystic wall, and histological findings were investigated in cystic ovaries from slaughtered Korean native cows. Ovarian follicles were classified as systic if the diameter was greater than 25 mm by ultrasonography. Ovarian cysts < 3 mm of cystic wall thickness, < 10 ng/ml P$_4$ concentration and >10 ng/ml E$_2$ concentration were classified follicular cyst, ovarian cysts 3 mm of cystic wall thickness, 10 ng/ml P$_4$ concentration and <10 ng/ml E$_2$ concentration were classified luteal cyst, and ovarian cysts 3 mm of cystic wall thickness, < 10 ng/ml P$_4$ concentration and <10 ng/ml E$_2$ concentration were classified non-functional ovarian cyst, respectively. Also ovarian cysts were classified 8 types by anatomical and hisctological findings. Ovarian cysts with corpus luteum were 3 of 73 cows and ovarian cysts without corpus luteum were 70 cows. The incidence rates of 8 various types of ovarian cysts were as follows; 2Aa 56.2%, 2Ba 20.5% and 2Ab 15.1%, respectively. The incidence rates of ovarian cysts without corpus luteum were follicular cyst 76.7% and luteal cyst 19.2%. The thickness of cystic wall were lAb 3.9 mm, 2Ab 3.3 mm and 2Bb 3.2 mm, and the cystic fluid P$_4$ concentrations were above 10.0 ng/ml in lAb, 2Ab and 2Bb, respectively. There was significantly correlations between the thickness of cystic wall and cystic fluid P$_4$ concentration in ovarian cysts(p<0.05). The ovarian cyst was classified follicular cysts, luteal cyst and non-functional ovarian cyst by hormone analysis. The luteal cyst was accuratly dignosed by cystic wall thickness. But follicular cysts was misdiagnosed 13 cows of 56 cystic cows. The 13 cystic cows was determined as had non-fuctional ovarian cysts. The cystic fluid P$_4$ concentration was 3.3 ng/ml in follicular ovarian cysts and 30.1 ng/ml luteinized ovarian cysts. There was significantly positive correlations between thickness of cystic wall and serum P$_4$ concentration in follicular(r$^2$ =0.59, p<0.001) and luteal cysts(r$^2$=0.65, p<0.001). These results indicated that ovarian cysts had various stages of degeneration and luteal cyst was accuratly diagnosed measurement of cystic wall thickness by ultrasonography, but follicular cysts was not diagnosed only cystic diameter and cystic wall thickness. In conclusion, it is suggest that ovarian cysts was diagnosed by combination of clinical sign and anatomical cystic features.

Differential diagnosis of ovarian cysts using ultrasonogrphy and progesterone assay in slaughtered cows (초음파검사 및 혈중 progesterone 농도측정에 의한 도축우 유래 난소낭종의 감별진단)

  • 박상국;김상욱;임종수;박장일;정만호
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 1998
  • To establish the differential diagnosis and treatment method in bovine ovarian cysts, specially ovarian cysts with corpus luteum, serum progesterone concentration and ulrasonography for measuring the cyclic area, thickness of cystic wall and echogenicity of corpus luteum were investigated in cystic ovaries from slaughtered cows. The incidence rates of ovarian cysts were follicular cyst 69.2% and luteal cyst 30.8%. The incidence rates of 8 various types of ovarian cysts were as follows; 2Ba 32.3%, 2Aa 25.8% and 2Bb 14.5%, respectively. The thickness of cystic wall were 2Bb 3.93mm, 2Ab 3.70mm and 1Aa 1.93mm and the serum progesterone concentrations were above 1.0ng/$m\ell$ in 2Ab, 2Bb and IAa, respectively. The cystic area of ovarian cysts with corpus luteum was 288.30mm2, but ovarian cysts without corpus luteum 542.30$\textrm{mm}^2$, and the thickness of cystic wall 2.12mm and 2.40mm, respectively. The serum progesterone concentration was 1.91ng/$m\ell$ in ovarian cysts with corpus luteum and 1.20ng/$m\ell$ ovarian cysts without corpus luteum. There was not the correlations between thickness of cystic wall and serum progesterone concentration in ovarian cysts with corpus luteum, whereas, was the correlations in ovarian cysts without corpus. These results indicated that PGF2$\alpha$ analogues can be choice for treating the ovarian cysts with corpus luteum because serum progesterone concentrations were above 1.0ng/$m\ell$ in ovarian cysts with corpus luteum. In conclusion, it is suggest that ultrasonography is useful diagnostic tool for diagnosing and choicing of treatment remedy in cystic ovaries of bovine.

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Development of Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Method of Reproductive Disorders Using Ultrasonography in Cows V, Differential Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts in Slaughtered Cows (초음파검사에 의한 소의 번식장애 감별진단 및 치료법 개발 V, 도축우에서 난소낭종의 감별진단)

  • 손창호;강병규;최한선;강현구;임원호;박상국;오기석;서국현
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.138-144
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    • 1999
  • To establish the differential diagnosis and treatment method in bovine ovarian cysts, specially ovarian cysts with corpus luteum, serum progesterone (P$_4$) concentration and ultrasonography for measuring the cystic wall thickness and diameter of cyst and corpus luteum were investigated from slaughtered cows with ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts were classified 8 types by the number of cyst, cystic wall thickness and present of corpus luteum. Ovarian cysts with corpus luteum were 11 (13.6%) of 81 cows and ovarian cysts without corpus luteum were 70 (86.4%) cows. The incidence rates of 8 various types of ovarian cysts were as follows; 2Ba 33.3%, 2Aa 25.9% and 2Bb 14.8%, respectively. The incidence rates of ovarian cysts without corpus luteum were follicular cyst 59.2% and luteal cyst 27.2%. The cystic wall thickness were 2Ab 3.7 mm and 2Bb 3.5 mm, and the serum P4 concentrations were above 2.0 ng/ml in 1Aa, 1Ab, 1Ba, 2Ab and 2Bb, respectively. In ovarian cysts with corpus luteum, the correlation coefficients between corpus luteum area and serum P$_4$ concentration were 0.45. In ovarian cysts without corpus luteum, there was significantly positive correlations between cystic wall thickness and serum P$_4$ concentration ($r^2$= 0.54, p<0.01). These results indicate that PGF$_2$$\alpha$ analogues can be choice for treatment of ovarian cysts with corpus luteum and above 3 mm the cystic wall thickness because serum P$_4$ concentrations were above 2.0 ng/ml in ovarian cysts with corpus luteum and thickened cystic wall. In conclusion, it is suggest that ultrasonography is useful diagnostic tool for diagnosis and selection of treatment remedy in cystic ovaries of bovine.

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Upper critical field and superconducting anisotropy of BaFe2-xRuxAs2 (x=0.48 and 0.75) single crystals

  • Jo, Youn Jung;Eom, Man Jin;Kim, Jun Sung;Kang, W.
    • Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2014
  • The upper critical field ($H_{c2}$) was determined by applying a magnetic field along the ab plane and c axis for two single crystals of $BaFe_{2-x}Ru_xAs_2$ (x=0.48 and 0.75). The anisotropy of the $H_{c2}(0)$, ${\gamma}(0)=H_{c2}{^{ab}}(0)/H_{c2}{^c}(0)$, was ~1.6 for x=0.48 and ~2.3 for x=0.75. The angle-dependent resistance measured below $T_c$ allowed perfect scaling features based on anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau theory, leading to consistent anisotropy values. Because only one fitting parameter ${\gamma}$ is used in the scaling for each temperature, the validity of the ${\gamma}$ value was compared with that determined from ${\gamma}=H_{c2}{^{ab}}/H_{c2}{^c}$. The ${\gamma}$ obtained at a temperature close to $T_c$ was 3.0 and decreased to 2.0 at low temperatures. Comparing to the anisotropy determined for electron- or hole-doped $BaFe_2As_2$ using the same method, the present results point to consistent anisotropy in Ru-doped $BaFe_2As_2$ with other electron- or hole-doped $BaFe_2As_2$.