• Title, Summary, Keyword: 2-d FE analyses

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Approximate evaluations and simplified analyses of shear- mode piezoelectric modal effective electromechanical coupling

  • Benjeddou, Ayech
    • Advances in aircraft and spacecraft science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.275-302
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    • 2015
  • Theoretical and numerical assessments of approximate evaluations and simplified analyses of piezoelectric structures transverse shear modal effective electromechanical coupling coefficient (EMCC) are presented. Therefore, the latter is first introduced theoretically and its approximate evaluations are reviewed; then, three-dimensional (3D) and simplified two-dimensional (2D) plane-strain (PStrain) and plane-stress (PStress) piezoelectric constitutive behaviors of electroded shear piezoceramic patches are derived and corresponding expected short-circuit (SC) and open-circuit (OC) frequencies and resulting EMCC are discussed; next, using a piezoceramic shear sandwich beam cantilever typical benchmark, a 3D finite element (FE) assessment of different evaluation techniques of the shear modal effective EMCC is conducted, including the equipotential (EP) constraints effect; finally, 2D PStrain and PStress FE modal analyses under SC and OC electric conditions, are conducted and corresponding results (SC/OC frequencies and resulting effective EMCC) are compared to 3D ones. It is found that: (i) physical EP constraints reduce drastically the shear modal effective EMCC; (ii) PStress and PStrain results depend strongly on the filling foam stiffness, rendering inadequate the use of popular equivalent single layer models for the transverse shear-mode sandwich configuration; (iii) in contrary to results of piezoelectric shunted damping and energy harvesting popular single-degree-of-freedom-based models, transverse shear modal effective EMCC values are very small in particular for the first mode which is the common target of these applications.

Effects of Vanadium Doping on Magnetic Properties of Inverse Spinel Fe3O4 Thin Films (역스피넬 Fe3O4 박막의 바나듐 도핑에 따르는 자기적 성질 변화)

  • Kim, Kwang-Joo;Choi, Seung-Li;Park, Young-Ran;Park, Jae-Yun
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2006
  • Effects of V substitution of Fe on the magnetic properties of $Fe_3O_4$ have been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), conversion electron Mossbauer spectroscopy (CEMS), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) measurements on sol-gel-grown films. XRD data indicates that the $V_xFe_{3-x}O_4$ films maintain cubic structure up to x=1.0 with little change of the lattice constant. Analyses on V 2p and Fe 2p levels of the XPS data indicate that V exist as $V^{3+}$ mostly in the $V_xFe_{3-x}O_4$ films with the density of $V^{2+}$ ions increasing with increasing V content. Analyses on the CEMS data indicate that $V^{3+}$ ions substitute tetrahedral $Fe^{3+}$ sites mostly, while $V^{2+}$ ions octahedral $Fe^{2+}$ sites. Results of room-temperature VSM measurements on the films reveal that the saturation magnetization for the x=0.14 sample is larger than that of $Fe_3O_4$, while it becomes smaller than that of $Fe_3O_4$ for $x{\geq}0.5$. The coercivity of the $V_xFe_{3-x}O_4$ films is found to increase with x, attributed to the increase of anisotropy by the substitution of $V^{2+}(d^3)$ ions into the octahedral sites.

Compositional Change of MgO Barrier and Interface in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB Tunnel Junction after Annealing

  • Bae, J.Y.;Lim, W.C.;Kim, H.J.;Kim, D.J.;Kim, K.W.;Kim, T.W.;Lee, T.D.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2006
  • Recent experiments have demonstrated high TMR ratios in MTJs with the MgO barrier [1,2]. The CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB junctions showed better properties than the CoFe/MgO/CoFe junctions because the MgO layer had a good crystalline structure with (001) texture and smooth and sharp interface between CoFeB/MgO [3]. The amorphous CoFeB with 20 at%B starts the crystallization at $340^{\circ}C$ [4] and this crystallization of the CoFeB helps obtaining the high TMR ratio. In this work, the compositional changes in the MgO barrier and at the interface of CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB after the CoFeB crystallization were studied in annealed MTJs. XPS depth profiles were utilized. TEM analyses showed that the MgO barrier had (100) texture on CoFeB in the junctions. B in the bottom CoFeB layer diffused into the MgO barrier and B-oxide was formed at the interface of CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB after the CoFeB crystallization.

A Speed-Up in Computing Time for SSI Analysis by p-version Infinite Elements (p-version 무한요소를 적용한 지반-구조물 상호작용해석의 계산속도 향상)

  • Lim, Jae-Sung;Son, Il-Min;Kim, Jae-Min;Seo, Choon-Gyo
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.471-482
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we focused on a speed-up of KIESSI-3D program, which is based on FE-IE techniques, by introducing a p-version dynamic infinite element method. In order to evaluate performance of the KIESSI-3D, numerical analyses for eight real-scale SSI problems are carried out. We considered three types of KIESSI-3D numerical models whose radii of near-field soil region($r_0$)are 1.2, 1.5, and 3.0 times of basemat radius of structure(R). In addition, SSI analyses using the SASSI2010 program are carried out used for comparison of accuracy and runtime against those of the KIESSI-3D. Numerical results show that the KIESSI-3D model of $r_0=1.2R$ is enough to give accurate solution. In view of the computing speed, the new KIESSI-3D was up to 25 times faster than the old KIESSI-3D.

Effect of Sedimentation Depth and Water Depth on the Integrity of River Crossing Pipeline (퇴적깊이와 수심이 하천통과 배관의 건전성에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Young-Pyo;Kim, Woo-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2010
  • River crossing pipelines have been being operated with buried depth of 1.2~4m underneath river bottom to prevent buoyance and external impact. River crossing pipelines have to show resistance to soil load and hydrostatic pressure. In this study, structural integrity of the river crossing pipeline subjected to soil load and hydrostatic pressure was evaluated by using FE analyses. Hoop stress increased with increasing buried depth under identical water height in case of without concrete encasement, however, hoop stress decreased with increasing water height under identical buried depth.

Effects of Mg Content on the Properties and Casting Characteristics of Al-2Zn-0.2Fe-xMg Alloys (Al-2Zn-0.2Fe-xMg 합금의 물성 및 주조특성에 미치는 Mg함량의 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Min;Park, Joon-Sik;Kim, Ki-Tae;Ko, Se-Hyun
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 2012
  • Aluminium-silicon based casting alloys have received an attention for high electrical and thermal conductivity applications, however relatively low conductivity of Al-Si alloys often limits the application. Efforts have been made to develop new high conductivity aluminium casting alloys containing no or less silicon. In this study Al-Zn-Fe based alloys were selected as the new alloys, and the effect of Mg additions on their properties and casting characteristics were investigated. As the magnesium content was increased, the tensile strength of Al-2Zn-0.2Fe based alloy was remarkably increased, while the electrical conductivity was deteriorated. It was observed that the fluidity of the alloys was generally inversely proportional to the Mg content but the hot cracking resistance was rather proportional to it. Cooling curve analyses were carried out to measure the actual solidification range and dendrite coherency temperature.

Electromagnetic Analysis and Control Parameter Estimation of Moving-Coil LOA Using Transfer Relations (전자기적 전달관계를 이용한 가동코일형 LOA의 전자기적 특성해석 및 제어정수 도출)

  • Jang, Seok-Myeong;Choi, Jang-Young;Cho, Han-Wook;Park, Ji-Hoon;Jeong, Sang-Sub
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.129-131
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    • 2005
  • This paper deals with an electromagnetic analysis and control parameter estimation of a moving-coil linear oscillatory actuator (MCLOA). Analytical solutions for electromagnetic characteristics of the MCLOA are obtained from transfer relations derived in terms of a magnetic vector potential and two-dimensional (2-d) rectangular coordinate systems. And then, on the basis of 2-d analytical solutions, control parameters such as the thrust constant, the back-emf constant and winding inductances are estimated. Finally, analytical results for both electromagnetic characteristics and control parameters of the MCLOA are validated extensively by finite element (FE) analyses. In particular, test results such as static thrust, resistance and inductance measurements are given to confirm the analyses.

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FATIGUE LIFE ASSESSMENT OF REACTOR COOLANT SYSTEM COMPONENTS BY USING TRANSFER FUNCTIONS OF INTEGRATED FE MODEL

  • Choi, Shin-Beom;Chang, Yoon-Suk;Choi, Jae-Boong;Kim, Young-Jin;Jhung, Myung-Jo;Choi, Young-Hwan
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.590-599
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    • 2010
  • Recently, efficient operation and practical management of power plants have become important issues in the nuclear industry. In particular, typical aging parameters such as stress and cumulative usage factor should be determined accurately for continued operation of a nuclear power plant beyond design life. However, most of the major components have been designed via conservative codes based on a 2-D concept, which do not take into account exact boundary conditions and asymmetric geometries. The present paper aims to suggest an effective fatigue evaluation methodology that uses a prototype of the integrated model and its transfer functions. The validity of the integrated 3-D Finite Element (FE) model was proven by comparing the analysis results of individual FE models. Also, mechanical and thermal transfer functions, known as Green's functions, were developed for the integrated model with the standard step input. Finally, the stresses estimated from the transfer functions were compared with those obtained from detailed 3-D FE analyses results at critical locations of the major components. The usefulness of the proposed fatigue evaluation methodology can be maximized by combining it with an on-line monitoring system, and this combination, will enhance the continued operations of old nuclear power plants.

Design and Analysis of Surface-Mounted PM Motor of Compressor for Electric Vehicles Applications according to Slot/Pole Combinations (전기자동차 압축기용 표면부착형 영구자석 전동기의 극/슬롯수 조합에 따른 특성해석 및 설계)

  • Choi, Jang-Young;Park, Hyung-Il;Jang, Seok-Myeong;Lee, Sung-Ho
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.10
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    • pp.1846-1857
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    • 2011
  • This paper deals with design and analysis of surface-mounted PM (SPM) motor for compressor of air-conditioning system for electric vehicle applications according to slot/pole combination. First, required torque-speed curve characteristics are determined from operating conditions of the compressor. Restricted conditions such as motor size limit and current density are also determined. And then, under same rated and restricted conditions, twelve models which have different slot/pole combinations each other are designed for various pole arc/pitch ratio using simple equations and 2-d finite element (FE) analyses. Designed models are analyzed and compared in terms of back-emf THD, cogging torque, torque ripple, power losses, efficiency, etc. On the basis of analysis results, it is found that the motor with a 6-pole PM rotor and a 27-slot stator has most outstanding performances in electromagnetic aspects. Finally, through the mechanical modal analysis and demagnetization analysis, it is concluded that the determined motor is most suitable for the compressor of air-conditioning system for electric vehicles.

FE Analysis for the Prediction of Void Closure on the Free Forging Process of a Large Rotor (대형 로터의 자유단조공정에서 기공압착 예측을 위한 유한요소해석)

  • Lee, K.J.;Bae, W.B.;Kim, D.K.;Kim, Y.D.;Cho, J.R.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 2007
  • Voids in a large rotor are formed in solidification process of a cast ingot. The voids have to be eliminated from the rotor by a forming process, because they would became stress-intensity factors which suddenly fracture the rotor in the operation. Previous studies on void-elimination of a large rotor have mainly focused on finding the process variables affecting the void-closure. But the study on the amount of void closure in a large rotor has been very rare. This study was performed to obtain an equation which predicts the amount of void-closure in a forging process of a large rotor and to evaluate the availability of the void-closure equation through finite element analyses. Firstly, 2D FE analysis was carried out to find effects of time integral of hydrostatic stress and effective strain on void volume rate of a large rotor in the upsetting process for various diameters and shapes of void, and material temperature. From the 2D FE analysis, we found that effective strain was suitable for predicting the void-closure of a large rotor, because there was a constant relationship between void volume rate and effective strain. And a void-closure equation was proposed fur predicting void-closure of a large rotor in the upsetting process. Finally, ken the 3D FE analysis, the proposed void-closure equation was verified to be useful for upsetting and cogging processes.