• Title, Summary, Keyword: 3T3-L1 cell

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The Effects of α-Lipoic Acid in Adilution Solvents, Dose- and Time-dependent Manner on Cell Growth Blocking in 3T3-L1 (α-Lipoic acid의 희석용매, 처리농도, 처리시간에 따른 3T3-L1 지방세포 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.464-471
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid in diluted solvents on cell growth in 3T3-L1 cells according to the treated concentration and times. Methods: Adipocyte 3T3-L1 cell were cultured. Confluent cells underwent starvation with SFM for 1 day and then were cultured in a medium containing various concentrations 0, 100, 200, and $400{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid. The cell viability was measured using the EZ Cytox assay kit. In addition, the effect of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid of diluted solvents on the cell growth in 3T3-L1cells was examined according to the treated concentration and times. Results: The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibited cell proliferation in a dose and time dependent manner. The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol induced adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells proliferation with an adipocyte inducer. In addition, ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid inhibited adipocyte 3T3-L1 growth in a dose and time dependent manner (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that a treatment with ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibits cell growth of, adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells induced with an adipocyte inducer, ($200{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid) treated for 48 hr.

Effects of Rutin on Anti-inflammatory in Adipocyte 3T3-L1 and Colon Cancer Cell SW-480 (지방세포 3T3-L1과 대장암세포 SW-480에서 메밀 성분인 rutin의 항염증 효과)

  • Lee, Suenglim;Seo, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The objective of this study was conducted to investigate the effects of rutin, buckwheat components on cell growth and anti-inflammation in adipocyte 3T3-L1 and human colon cancer cell SW-480. Methods: We cultured 3T3-L1 adipocyte and SW-480 colon cancer cell to confluence, at which time starvation was induced with SFM for 1 day. Cells were then cultured in medium containing 0, 25, 50, or $100{\mu}mol/mL$ of rutin 3T3-L1 or 0, 10, 20, or $40{\mu}mol/mL$ SW-480. Cell viability was measured using a cell viability kit. In addition, we examined the expression of mRNA related to inflammation. RT-PCR was used to quantity tumor necrosis factor ($TNF-{\alpha}$), interleukin-$1{\beta}$ ($IL-1{\beta}$), IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA levels. Results: Rutin significantly inhibited 3T3-L1 and SW-480 cell proliferation in a dose and time dependent manner. Rutin also significantly reduced the mRNA expression of $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ at the highest dose. In addition, rutin treatment caused a significant reduction in COX-2 and iNOS mRNA levels compared to the control group. Conclusion: Overall, our results suggest that rutin has the potential to reduce inflammation, and that these effects are greater during tissue-damaging inflammatory conditions.

The Effects of Alginic Acid on 3T3-L1 Cell's Differentiation (알긴산이 3T3-L1세포의 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • HWANG Hye-Jung;PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;NAM Teak-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.541-545
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    • 2000
  • This study examines the effects of alginic acid, a source of dietary fiber, in a glucose-derived media. In particular, we examined how the presence or absence of alginic acid affected the differentiation and triglyceride densities of 3T3-L1 cells. We established that the addition of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGE-I) to 3T3-L1 cells results in acceleration of differentiation. We sought to determine the role of alginic acid in the production of fat by adding alginic acid to 3T3-L1 cells and examining its ability to limit or potentiate this stimulatory effects of IGE-I and IGF binding proteins. We have determined that alginic acid restricts 3T3-L1 cell differentiation and the creation of triglycerides, effectively attenuating 3T3-L1 cell metablolism and growth.

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Effects of Water and Ethanol Extracts from Four Types of Domestic Seaweeds on Cell Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cell Line (국내산 해조류 4종의 물과 에탄올 추출물이 3T3-L1에서 지방세포 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Yunkyoung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.990-998
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to examine the cytotoxicity and potential inhibitory effects from four types of edible domestic brown seaweeds, Undaria pinnatifida (UP), Laminaria japonica (LJ), Sargassum fulvellum (SF), and Hizikia fusiforme (HF), on preadipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cell line. Water and ethanol extracts from the four types of seaweeds were prepared and tested for cell viability in the 3T3-L1 cell line by using MTT assay. In addition, various doses of the water extract of seaweeds (WES) and ethanol extract of seaweeds (EES) were treated at the beginning of 3T3-L1 differentiation and continued until the cells were fully differentiated to adipocytes. Oil Red-O staining was performed to determine the potential cell differentiation inhibitory effects of the WES and EES by measuring the levels of lipid droplet accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. $PPAR{\gamma}$ mRNA expression levels were significantly reduced by WESs of UP, LJ, and HF as well as EESs of LJ and HF. As a result, we observed the superior cell differentiation inhibitory effects of WES compared to that of EES in a dose-dependent manner without any significant cytotoxicity in mouse adipocytes.

Effects of Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. Gongylodes) on Proliferation and Differentiation of Pig Preadipocytes and 3T3-L1 Cells (콜라비가 돼지 지방전구세포와 3T3-L1 cell의 증식과 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Mi-Yeon;Lee, Jae-Joon;Cha, Seon-Sook;Chung, Chung-Soo
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2013
  • The current study was carried out to determine the effects of Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) on proliferation and differentiation of pig preadipocytes and $_3T_3-L_1$ cells. Pig preadipocytes were isolated from the backfat of the new-born pigs. Twenty-four hours after seeding, the cells were washed with DMEM/F-12 (designated day 0). To measure the cell proliferation, the cells were treated with 25 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml ethanol extracts of Kohlrabi (peel and flesh) for two days (day 0 ~ 2). To measure differentiation, the cells were treated with Kohlrabi for two days (day 0 ~ 2) and cell differentiation was measured on day 6. Twenty-five ng/ml and 100 ng/ml of Kohlrabi peel decreased proliferation of pig preadipocytes by 4.59% and 17.7%, respectively, compared with the control and Kohlrabi flesh by 11.4% and 19.2%, respectively. However, Kohlrabi did not inhibit cell differentiation. To measure the effects of Kohlrabi on proliferation and differentiation of $_3T_3-L_1$ cells, the cells were treated with Kohlrabi for two days in culture, like pig preadipocytes. Kohlrabi (both peel and flesh) did not show any effects on cell proliferation and differentiation. In summary, the results of the current study showed that Kohlrabi decreased proliferation of pig preadipocytes, but no inhibitory effects on differentiation of the cells. Kohlrabi had no effects on proliferation and differentiation of $_3T_3-L_1$ cells.

Effects of Fluid Shear Stress on 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes (유체전단응력에 의하여 3T3-L1 지방세포가 받는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeongkun;Lee, Yeong Hun;Jin, Heewon;Lee, Seohyun;Kim, Chi Hyun
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.168-174
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    • 2018
  • Adipocytes affect obesity through the regulation of lipid metabolism. Physical loading is an important regulator of fat tissue. There are ongoing in vitro studies inducing mechanotransduction on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes with mechanical stimulus in order to treat obesity by inhibiting adipogenesis and provoking cell death. In this study, our goal was to suggest a new therapy for obesity by investigating whether fluid shear stress (FSS) changes transcription factors on 3T3-L1 related with adipogenesis and cell death. FSS loading was applied to 3T3-L1 preadipocytes at 1Pa and 1Hz. After loading, bright field images were taken and an immunofluorescence assay was conducted to observe actin stress fiber formation. Western blot analysis was conducted to identify the activation of the ERK pathway as well as the adipogenic factors, which including C/EBPs and $PPAR{\gamma}$. The expression of osteopontin, a protein related to inflammation in adipose tissue, and cell death related factors, Bax, Bcl-2, and Beclin, were also measured. Results showed that FSS stimulated the formation of actin stress fibers in 3T3-L1 and also that the activation of C/EBPs decreased significantly when compared with the control group. $PPAR{\gamma}$ activation in the 2 hour FSS group was lower than the 1 hour FSS group, which implied that the results were time dependent. Additionally, there were no differences in the expression of cell death factors after FSS loading. In summary, similar to other fibroblasts, the formation of actin stress fibers induced by mechanotransduction may affect the differentiation of 3T3-L1, leading to inhibition of adipogenesis and inflammation.

Effect of Glycyrrhizin on the Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Cell (글리시르히진이 3T3-L1세포의 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Eun, Jae-Soon;Yum, Jeong-Yul;Oh, Suk-Heung;Kweon, Jin;Kang, Sung-Young;Oh, Chan-Ho;So, Joon-No;Jeon, Hoon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.535-540
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate effects of glycyrrhizin on the differentiation of preadipocytes, 3T3-Ll cells and to characterize the action of glycyrrhizin that affect the responses of 3T3-Ll cells during differentiation. The differentiation of 3T3-Ll cells was stimulated by glycyrrhizin, and triglyceride contents was increased in the differentiated 3T3-LI cell extracts. Total protein contents was increased by glycyrrhizin or inductive agents in the differentiated 3T3-Ll cell extracts. Calmodulin contents was increased by inductive agents, but the contents was not affected by glycyrrhizin in the differentiated 3T3-Ll cell extracts. The results suggest that glycyrrhizin has a stimulating activity of adipose conversion, but the activity is not related to calmodulin contents during the process of differentiation of 3T3-LI cells.

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Helianthus tuberosus Extract Has Anti-Diabetes Effects in HIT-T15 Cells (HIT-T15 세포에서 돼지감자 추출물의 항당뇨 효과)

  • Kim, Jeong-Lan;Bae, Cho-Rong;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2010
  • This study was designed to evaluate anti-diabetes effect of Helianthus tuberosus extract (HT) in HIT-T15 cells. There were 5 experimental groups according to treatment NC (0 ${\muL/mL$), HT2 (1.1 ${\muL/mL$), HT3 (1.5 ${\muL/mL$), IN2 (1.8 ${\muL/mL$), IN3 (2.5 ${\muL/mL$). Inulin (IN) was used as a positive control for the Helianthus tuberosus extract groups. Cell viability was significantly increased in the HT3 (1.5 ${\muL/mL$), IN2 (1.8 ${\muL/mL$), IN3 (2.5 ${\muL/mL$) groups, compared with the NC group. There was no significant difference in cytotoxicity among all groups. Cell survival by MTT assay with alloxan was significantly increased in the HT2 (1.1 ${\muL/mL$), HT3 (1.5 ${\muL/mL$) groups, compared with the NC group. Insulin secretion and NAD+/NADH ratio were significantly increased in the HT3 group, compared with the NC group. We found that Helianthus tuberosus extract increased cell viability, had a protective effect on $\beta$-cells, and increased insulin secretion level and $NAD^+$/NADH ratio in HIT-T15 cells. These results suggest that Helianthus tuberosus extract improves the diabetes-related factors.

Comparison between Single and Co-culture of Adipocyte and Muscle Cell Lines in Cell Morphology and Cytosolic Substances (지방과 근육 세포주의 단독 및 공동배양을 통한 세포형태학 및 세포물질 비교 연구)

  • Choi, Chang-Weon;Cho, Won-Mo;Yeon, Seong-Heum;HwangBo, Soon;Song, Man-Kang;Park, Sung-Kwon;Baek, Kyung-Hoon
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2012
  • Present study was performed to investigate the effect of single and co-culture of adipocyte and muscle cell lines on cell differentiation. 3T3-L1 (adipocyte) and L6 (muscle) cell lines were single-cultured on the condition of 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS)/Dulbeco's modified eagle's medium (DMEM) for 48 h followed by culture within 5% FBS/DMEM as a growth media. Then, the growth media was replaced by differentiation media composed of 2% FBS/DMEM without additives in single- or co-culture of the 3T3-L1 and the L6 cells to induce differentiation of both cell types. In co-culture system, the 3T3-L1 and the L6 cells were grown in separated places by being seeded on a $0.4{\mu}m$ insert membrane and on the bottom of 6 well plate, respectively. Cell differentiation was measured using morphological investigation and cytosolic analysis of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH; for 3T3-L1) and creatine kinase (CK; for L6). Based on the GPDH results, the presence of L6 cells did not stimulate 3T3-L1 differentiation showing more differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in the single-culture compared to the co-culture condition. In contrast, 3T3-L1 cells in the co-culture promoted differentiation of L6 cells. Enzymatic analysis supported this result showing that 3T3-L1 cells showed statistically (P<0.05) higher GPDH activity in the single-culture than the co-culture, whereas CK results of L6 cells were vice versa (P<0.05). Overall, present results may indicate that co-culture system is more reliable and precise technique compared to single-culture. Further studies on several co-culture trials including different media conditions, supplementation of differentiating substances, molecular biological analysis, etc. should be required to obtain practical and fundamental mass data.

The Study on anti-obesity of Myrrh ethanol extract (몰약(沒藥) 에탄올 추출물의 항비만에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Seon-Jae;Kim, Dong-Hee
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Myrrh 80% ethanol extract on adipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cell.Methods : Myrrh was prepared by extracting with 80% ethanol. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay using 3T3-L1 cells. Anti-obesity activity was measured in lipid droplets and triglyceride (TG) accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells. We also analyzed the expression of C/EBPβ, C/EBPα, PPARγ, SREBP1c, and aP2 by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, we observed the production of fatty acid, acetyl-CoA carboxylase and Oil-red O stainingResults : No cytotoxicity from Myrrh 80% ethanol extracts was observed at the concentration of 1, 10, 100 (㎍/㎖) in 3T3-L1 cells. Treatment with Myrrh significantly suppressed the terminal differentiation of 3T3-L1 in a dose-dependent manner, as confirmed by a decrease in triglyceride and Fatty acid and Acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Also, Myrrh exhibited potential adipogenesis inhibition and downregulated the expression of pro-adipogenic transcription factors, such as sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins α (C/EBPα) and C/EBPβ, and adipocyte expressed genes, such as adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aP2) and Fas. In addition, lipid accumulation determined by Oil-red O staining showed that Myrrh extract had inhibitory effects on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells.Conclusions : These results suggest that Myrrh suppresses obesity factors in 3T3-L1 cells. Myrrh may be a useful medical herbs for attenuating metabolic diseases such as obesity.