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Effect of Wongisaengmaek-san Extract on Antioxidative and Anti-Fatigue Activity (원기생맥산(元氣生脈散)의 추출물별 항산화작용과 쥐의 운동피로 회복효과)

  • Kim, Yoo-Seung;Ryu, Bong-Ha;Kim, Jin-Sung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.94-106
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Wongisaengmaek-san (extracted with water or 50% ethanol) on antioxidative activity and recovery of fatigue induced by weight-loaded forced swimming exercise. Methods : Antioxidant activity of Wongisaengmaek-san was evaluated in terms of total amount of polyphenol, 1.1-diphenyl-2-picrylhvdroxyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and xanthine oxidase inhibition. The anti-fatigue effect of Wongisaengmaek-san was investigated using an acute weight-loaded forced swimming test by monitoring swimming test times and blood biochemical parameters creatinine. BUN, lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH), free fatty acid (FFA) and lactic acid (LA). Results : 1. 50% EE (ethanol extract) had 2.3 times higher amount of total polyphenol compared to water extract. 2. It was identified that 50% ethanol extract showed enhancement of xanthine oxidase inhibition and DPPH scavenging effect in vitro. 3. According to anti-fatigue effect in the scale of 5% weight loaded mouse swimming test, both water and 50% ethanol extract showed significant improvement of swimming time elongation respectively, and 50% ethanol extract induced a more positive result. 4. After swimming for 1% weight-loaded mouse. water extract and 50% ethanol showed significant anti-fatigue effect with manifestation of blood sampling among both of the intervention: 50% ethanol extract showed a greater result. Conclusions : 50% ethanol extract of Wongisaengmaek-san has more effective antioxidant activity and anti-fatigue than water extract.

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The Effect of Red Ginseng Ethanol Extract on the Immunotoxicity of Diethylstilbestrol in ICR Mice (마우스에 있어서 Diethylstilbestrol의 면역독성에 미치는 홍삼 Ethanol 유출물의 영향)

  • 이덕행;안영근
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.6 no.1_2
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    • pp.39-57
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    • 1991
  • The effect of red ginseng ethanol extract on the immunotoxicity of diethylstilbestrol (DES) was studied in ICR mice. ICR male mice were divided into S groups (10 mice/group), and red ginseng ethanol extract (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body wt., respectively) and DES (1 mg/kg body wt.) were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) to ICR mice once a day for 2 weeks. Mice were sensitized and challenged with sheep red blood cells (S-RBC). Immune response were evaluated by humoral immunity, cell-mediated immunity, non-specific immunity, and circulating leukocyte counts. The results of this study were summarized as followings: 1. The DES-treated control group as compared with normal group showed the tendency to decrease body weight rate and relative liver weight, decreased both humoral and cellular immune responses, phagocyte activity, and circulating leukocyte counts, but increased the natural killer (NK) cell activity. 2. Compared with the DES-treated control group, DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract-treated groups significantly decreased the body weight rate (P<0.01). Relative liver weight was significantly decreased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (50mg/kg)-treated group (P<0.01), but significantly increased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (100mg/kg)-treated group (P<0.01). Relative spleen and thymus weights were significantly enhanced in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (100 mg/kg)-treated group (P<0.01), but significantly decreased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (200 mg/kg)-treated group (P<0.01). 3. Both humoral and cellular immune responses were significantly decreased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract-treated groups rather than in the DES-treated control group (P<0.01). Especially, it weakened the decrease in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (100 mg/kg)-treated group. 4. Phagocyte activity and circulating leukocyte counts were significantly decreased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract-treated groups rather than in the DES-treated control group (P<0.01). Especially, it weakened the decrease in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (100 mg/kg)-treated group. NK cell activity was significantly enhanced in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (100 mg/kg)-treated group (P<0.01), but significantly decreased in DES plus red ginseng ethanol extract (50 and 200 mg/kg)-treated groups (P<0.01).

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Changes in Nutritional Composition of Dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) Ethanol Extracts (에탄올 농도에 따른 미나리 추출물의 영양성분 변화)

  • Won, Beom Young;Shin, Ki Young;Ha, Hyun Jee;Yun, Yeo Sang;Kim, Ye Ri;Lee, Hyung Gun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.882-887
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluated the nutritional compositions of dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) extracts depending on the ethanol concentrations. Extractions were performed with hot water, 50% ethanol, 80% ethanol, and 95% ethanol for 4 hours. Changes in yield, as well as total carbohydrate, crude protein, crude fat, total dietary fiber, free sugar, and mineral (Na, Fe, and Ca) contents were investigated. The highest extraction yield of ethanol extracts was 44.67% in 50% ethanol extract of dropwort. Crude protein content reached a maximum of 6.70% while carbohydrate content was highest at 19.6%, in 50% ethanol extract of dropwort. Crude fat content irregularly increased according to ethanol concentration as compared with hot water extract. Total dietary fiber content decreased in ethanol extract, but these changes were not concentration-related. Total sugar contents were highest in hot water and 80% ethanol extracts. Vitamin A content of ethanol extract was higher than that of hot water extract. Mineral (Na, Ca, and Fe) contents were significantly reduced in ethanol extract according to concentration of ethanol, whereas mineral contents were higher in ethanol extract than in hot water extract. Based on this study, ethanol extract of dropwort is more efficient for development of desirable processed foods.

Antioxidant Activities of Ulmi cortex Extracts According to Ethanol Contents (에탄올 함량변화에 따른 유백피 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Dong-Seon;Lim, Sun-Mi;Sung, Yoon-Young;Chun, Jin-Mi;Kim, Ho Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study was performed to find best extraction solvent for application of Ulmi cortex to food or herbal medicine as an antioxidant only using water, ethanol and their mixtures. Methods : The Ulmi cortex extracts were prepared using water and 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% (v/v) ethanol, and were evaluated yields, total polyphenol contents, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities, lipid peroxidation activities, and catechin and epicatechin contents. Results : Among the Ulmi cortex extracts, the yield was highest in water extract (8.9%) and lowest in ethanol extract (3.8%). The yield of 30% ethanol extract (8.5%) also was very high to similar with water extract. The total polyphenol content was highest in the 30% ethanol extract ($253.6{\mu}g/mg$ extract) and lowest in water extract ($109.0{\mu}g/mg$ extract). The DPPH radical scavenging activity was highest in ethanol extract (IC50, $8.53{\mu}g/ml$), ABTS radical scavenging activity was highest in 60% ethanol extract (IC50, $3.08{\mu}g/ml$), and the inhibition of lipid peroxidation was highest in 70% ethanol extract (IC50, $7.96{\mu}g/ml$). As ethanol content of extraction solvent increased from 0% to 30%, the antioxidant activities were remarkably increased whereas from 30% to 100%, the antioxidant activities were increased or decreased a little. Conclusions : The findings of the present study suggest that 30% ethanol is best solvent for extraction of Ulmi cortex, considering yield, polyphenol content, and antioxidant activities with extraction cost.

Evaluation of the cosmeceutical activity of ethanol extracts from Perilla frutescens var. acuta (자소엽 에탄올 추출물의 향장학적 활성 평가)

  • Park, Do-Young;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.513-517
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of ethanol extracts from Perilla frutescens var. acuta by varying the concentration of ethanol at 30, 50, 70, and 90% to utilize the effective extract of Perilla frutescens as a cosmetic and pharmaceutical material. In the DPPH antioxidant activity test, the 70% ethanol extract showed the highest activity with an IC50 of 680.98ppm. ABTS showed a high activity in the 50% ethanol extract and the 70% ethanol extract with an IC50 of 646.94 and 661.94 ppm, respectively. Each ethanol extract showed antioxidant activity at a certain concentration (100-10000 ppm), but did not show any significant relationship with the ethanol extract concentration. In RAW 264.7 macrophages induced by LPS, each of the ethanol extracts showed reduced NO production in all extracts, and more than 50% ethanol extract (10000ppm) inhibited nitric oxide formation by 85% or more. In particular, the 70% ethanol extract showed 90% or more nitric oxide production inhibition. In addition, the MTT assay showed no cytotoxicity at all concentrations (1250-10000 ppm) of each extract. In this study, the ethanol extract of Perilla frutescens var. acuta has antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity that is dependent on the concentration at each extraction concentration.

Antioxidative and biological activity of extracts from Orostachys japonicus (와송(Orostachys japonicus) 추출물의 항산화 및 생리 활성)

  • Lim, Sun-Mi;Park, Hye-Jin;Cho, Young-Je
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2017
  • This study was designed to extracts from Orostachys japonicas were investigated to assess anti-oxidation and biological activity. Phenolic content was maximum of $10.56{\pm}0.32mg/g$ when extracted with 50% ethanol. In anti-oxidative activity, Orostachys japonicus electric donating activity was higher than 80% in both water and ethanol extract at $200{\mu}g/mL$. 2,2'-Azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical cation decolorization of both water and ethanol extract was higher than 95.0% but antioxidant protection factor of water extract was higher than ethanol extract. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance of ethanol extract was higher than water extract. For antihypertensive effect determination, angiotesin converting enzyme of water and ethanol extract showed 6.67 and 7.98% each at $200{\mu}g/mL$. Ethanol extract of $200{\mu}g/mL$ showed xanthin oxidase inhibitory effect of 60.85% but was not shown with water extract. Orostachys japonicus ethanol extract showed higher tyrosinase inhibitory activity of 64.59% which was higher than kojic acid of control indicating higher whitening effect. In anti-wrinkle effect, ethanol extract at $50-200{\mu}g/mL$ showed collagenase inhibitory effect of 75.95-85.02% which was higher than 68.91-76.64% of epigallocatechin-gallate of control group. 50% ethanol extract showed higher elastase inhibitory activity than water extract. Therefore, Orostachys japonicus extracts were identified to have high anti-wrinkle effect. These results identify anti-oxidative activity, gout prevention, whitening effect, and anti-wrinkle effect which indicate the possibility as a source for functional material.

Comparison of on Rat Intestinal Digestive Enzyme Inhibitory Activity and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Korean and Chinese Schizandra chinensis

  • Chae Hee-Jun;Hwang Hyun-Ik;Lee In-Soon;Moon Hae-Yeon
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of rat intestinal a-glucosidase inhibitor; methanol $(80\%)$, ethanol $(80\%)$ and water extract of Schizandra chinensis in Korea (KS: Schizandra chinensis in Korea) and China (CS: Schizandra chinensis in China). When the final concentration was 1 mg/ml for each sample (KS and CS), methanol extract of KS ($IC_{50}$ 1.62 mg/ml) showed $46.8\%$, ethanol extract of KS ($IC_{50}$ 1.48 mg/ml) showed $47.4\%$, water extract of KS ($IC_{50}$ 1.72 mg/ml) showed $46.3\%$ and methanol extract of CS ($IC_{50}$ 8.35 mg/ml) showed $13.3\%$, ethanol extract of CS ($IC_{50}$ 8.05 mg/lml) showed $16\%$, water extract of CS ($IC_{50}$ 8.37 mg/ml) showed $11.54\%$ of inhibitor for p-nitrophenyl $\alpha-D-glucopyranoside$ (pNPG) $\alpha-glcosidase$ activity, respectively. And the contents of total phenol, flavonoid of Schizandra chinensis were measured. When the final concentration was 1mg/ml for each sample (KS and CS), total phenol and flavonoid in KS were higher than CS, respectively. The order superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity $IC_{50}$ values of each solvent extracts of KS were: 2.006 mg/ml methanol extract, 2.304 mg/ml ethanol extract and 2.5 mg/ml water extract, which were higher than that of each solvent extracts CS as: 2.881 mg/ml methanol extract, 3.085 mg/ml ethanol extract and 3.190 mg/ml water extract.

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Physiological activities of Lespedeza cuneata extracts (야관문 추출물의 생리 활성)

  • Park, Hye-Mi;Hong, Joo-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.844-850
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to examine the physiological activities of Lespedeza cundata extracts. The extraction yield of 50% ethanol extract (17.60%) was higher than that of hot water extract (12.60%). The total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of the 50% ethanol extract were 242.26 mg/g and 160.73 mg/g, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activities of the hot water and 50% ethanol extracts were 92.07% and 96.38%, respectively. The superoxide radical scavenging activities of hot water and 50% ethanol extracts on $250{\sim}1,000{\mu}g/mL$ were 54.89~85.68% and 44.50~94.46%, respectively. The tyrosinase inhibition activity of the 50% ethanol extract at $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ (63.31%) was the highest. The nitrite scavenging activity of the 50% ethanol extract was higher than that of the hot water extract. The nitric oxide production of 50% ethanol extract ($7.15{\sim}20.61{\mu}M$) improved with an increase in the treatment concentration. The hot water and 50% ethanol extracts at $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ inhibited the proliferation of the cancer cell lines A549, HeLa, Hep3B, and Sarcoma180. There results suggest that the 50% ethanol Lespedeza cuneata extracts may be useful as a functional food material in the food industry.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Ethanol Extract from Artemisia Argyi H. Using Different Preparation Methods (전처리 방법을 달리한 섬애약쑥 에탄올 추출물의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kang, Jae Ran;Kang, Min Jung;Choi, Myung Hyo;Byun, Hee Uk;Shin, Jung Hye
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2017
  • This study was performed to determine the ethanol ratios (30%, 50%, 70%, and 90%) of extraction solvent of Seomaeyakssuk (Artemisia Argyi H.) prepared using different methods (drying at room temperature [D], aging at $60^{\circ}C$ for 7 days after drying [AD], and roasting for 30 min at $160^{\circ}C$ after drying [RD]). The extract yield of the D extracts was lower than that of the AD and RD extracts, but the ethanol concentration of extract solvent did not affect. The L, a, and b values of the D extracts were highest, whereas those of the AD extracts were lowest. No clear trend was observed in the ethanol ratios. The soluble solids, total phenol, total flavonoid, jaceosidin, and eupatilin contents of each extract varied significantly, with RD > AD > D. The soluble solids significantly increased by ethanol ratio of extraction solvent, but other phytochemicals contents of 50% and 70% ethanol extracts were higher than others without affecting the processing methods. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was highest (77.71%) in the 70% ethanol extract obtained from RD. 2,2-azinbis-(3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulphonate(ABTS) radical scavenging activity was significantly higher in 30-70% ethanol extract than 90% ethanol extract from RD. The results suggest that the contents of active ingredients and radical scavenging activity of ethanol extracts from Seomaeyakssuk were highest in the RD extract using 50-70% ethanol.

Antioxidative Effect of Pine, Oak, and Lily Pollen Extracts (송화분, 참나무 및 백합화분 추출물의 항산화 효능)

  • Kim, Seok-Joong;Youn, Kwang-Sup;Park, Hee-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.833-837
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    • 2005
  • Antioxidative activities of pine, oak, and lily pollen extracts were evaluated based on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging ability and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in animal tissues. Each pollen was extracted with 50% ethanol, 100% ethanol or water. DPPH radical-scavenging capacity of 50% ethanol extract ($EC_{50}$ 40.0 mg/mL) of pine pollen was higher than those of water (46.8 mg/mL) and 100% ethanol (131.2 mg/mL) extracts of pollen. Fifty percent ethanol (3,2 mg/mL) was also better than 100% ethanol (4.5 mg/mL) and water (8.3 mg/mL) for extraction of oak pollen. For preparation of lily pollen extracts, 100% ethanol was most effective (14.0 mg/mL), followed by water (18.8 mg/mL) and 50% ethanol (24.0 mg/mL). Oak pollen showed higher DPPH radical-scavenging activity than others. Lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate induced by ascorbate-Fe3+-EDTA and rat kidney homogenate were inhibited by water extracts of all pollens in dose-dependent manner. Extracts of oak and lily pollen showed higher lipid peroxidation inhibition than pine pollen extract. Polyphenol content was highest in oak pollen extract $(32.5{\pm}0.7\;{\mu}g/mg\;pollen)$, followed by lily extract $(25.9{\pm}1.4\;{\mu}g/mg\;pollen)$ and pine extract $(9.3{\pm}0.7\;{\mu}g/mg\;pollen)$.