• Title, Summary, Keyword: A day ticket

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Study on the Improvement and Effect of the Metro Fare System (광역철도 승차권제도 개선 및 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Yim, Chul;Lee, Yongsang;Yoon, Kyoungman
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.482-491
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    • 2013
  • Current metro tickets are categorized into transportation cards and monthly season tickets, which offer limited consumer choices. A metro fare system should be introduced based on the diversity of customer demand. Thus, this study's objective is that the metro fare system in Korea should be efficiently operated by analyzing a variety of metro fare systems used in major cities of other countries. In addition, this study proposed the following metro fare systems, one day pass, which is generally used in other countries in a bid to promote public transportation, reduce costs, and increase revenue. A commuting ticket system to increase the demand from cars to subways, and special discounts & a round-trip ticket system for round-trip travelers in case that demand is low was compared with the high supply on the Gyeongchun-line.

A study on Marketing Strategy and Performance of KTX (KTX의 마케팅 전략과 성과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Chun-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1287-1292
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    • 2005
  • With opening of KTX, Korea Railway have carried out a variety of marketing strategies unprecedented, which have brought successful results for dramatical increasing passengers in KTX from 72 thousand passengers per day in 2004 to 85 thousand passengers per day in 2005. These marketing strategies for Korea Rail to use in increasing passengers for KTX are the following: special discount fare system for non-season to penetrate into transport market in the first time, fare system reform considering to customers' willing to pay, new item development by each specific market like contracting transport, YMS(Yield Management System) by stages, Home-ticket-and-e-ticket and tele-marketing service, and wide range covering sales network making it comfortable for users in KTX. This paper discusses these successful marketing strategies and its performance and finally suggests strategic implications for KTX growth.

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Analyzing Effects of the Ticket Release Time on Train Reservation Time: Focusing on KTX Gyeongbu-line (해제시간에 따른 열차예매시간의 영향 분석: 경부선 KTX를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Su jae;Choo, Sang ho;Sohn, Byung hee
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.38-49
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    • 2017
  • In general, railroad operation companies sell tickets to maximize their profits by applying the ticketing release time (when selling any tickets regardless of trip distances). This study is to analyze the effect of the release time on KTX ticket reservation behavior. The reservation behavior in this study means the reservation time calculated by difference between ticketing time and departure time. The data come from KTX ticket sales data of Gyeongbu-line for a week including Saturday and Sunday. The results show that the factors to affect the reservation time are day of the week, trip distance and operation direction, in addition to the release time. Furthermore, most of tickets were reserved three hours before their departure time, and most of the up line weekend users reserved their tickets a day before the departure time. Before the release time, reservation time was affected by up line and long distance travel. On the other hand, after the release time, it was affected by long distance travel and Sunday.

The Introduction of Railroad Pass for One Day in Seoul Metro (서울메트로 1일 승차권 도입 방안 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Wook;Lee, Tai-Sik;Ryu, Jong-Won;Chung, Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1221-1226
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    • 2007
  • The subway with the initial constructive expense which is enormous together is the public transportation means where the many expense is expended in the operation and maintenance civil official. Seoul Metro until initial opening to traffic after present time cannot escape every year deficit to be, the cause is a possibility of seeking from the fare system which is short in transportation prime cost. Currently Seoul Metro is operating with the distance proportional fare system the passenger ticket system which is simple (usual volume, group volume and fixed amount volume, affection renunciation, charge free volume). When the biased characteristic of the user it plans considering from the goods development side for the variety for and a deficit solution, against the fare system systematic it researches and solution plan politically. Financial of the subway operation agency young the investigation against the present condition of the hazard subway fare system which is solved the bud with problem point a fare system from the research which it sees consequently and improvement program under analyzing the man with underdeveloped genital organ. Base on the reporter to analyze the introduction plan which with the character which will reach it follows with the necessity of introduction of the 1st passenger ticket (24 hour volume).

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The Commercialization of Blockbuster Exhibitions in Museums (미술관 블록버스터 전시의 상업주의적 경향 연구)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Ja
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.2
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    • pp.191-213
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    • 2004
  • The trend of "Blockbuster Exhibitions" over the past decade has led to the unfortunate reality that museums, losing sight of their role as an Academic organization, are becoming increasingly influenced by the corporate world. In my dissertation entitled "The Commercialization of Blockbuster Exhibitions in Museums," I explore the modern tendency toward Blockbuster exhibitions in art museums and the negative impact of those exhibitions on the art world. Museums of the modern day have expanded their territory from the traditional venue of public education to the hybrid cultural space. This mission, evident in the museum's attempt to satisfy audiences with the offering of diverse activities, has changed the concept of the museum, giving priority to the desire for financial gain. From the viewpoint of this new museology, the museum considers Blockbuster exhibitions as the safest method to increase ticket sales. As a program that openly reveals the commercialism of the museum, I explore the Blockbuster show and its strategies as a means of exposing the influence of the corporate world on art. A key component to the Blockbuster exhibition is the "hype" that is created to attract an audience. This devotion to increased publicity distracts from what should be the goal of public education, as the primary focus leans towards the desire for a large number of visitors. Consequently, this unavoidably standardized exhibition is presented to the public in a manner that deprives the audience of a unique experience. With large crowds and increased ticket prices, it is difficult to form a genuine appreciation of the artwork. In addition to the profit gained by increased ticket prices and the commercial sales of "souvenirs" from the museum gift shop, Blockbuster shows are used as a means to attract the attention of corporate sponsors. As explained in my dissertation, the importance that the museum places on corporate sponsorship as a capital resource is evident, however the degree to which the museum allows itself to he influenced by the desire for capital gain poses a threat to its function as an academic organization. Circumstances in American museum history, in particular, have influenced the transition from academic resource to corporation within museology. In keeping with the nation's tendency towards capitalism, art museums in the United States were initially established and developed by individual capitalists who applied principals of corporate operation to museum management. As a result, in modern days, We witness the influence of enterprise on museum programs, while corporate management may be able to guarantee immediate fiscal benefits, however, it is unable insure the future of the museum. In Slim, my dissertation discusses the mechanism of the commercialized "Blockbuster Exhibition" and the impact that it has on the future of the museum as an industry. This research provides an opportunity to reconsider the role of the museum as an academic institution, particularly in regard to the need to decrease the capitalization of exhibitions and refocus their influence on the art world as an educational resource.

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Distribution Characteristics between Line and Line for Indoor Air Pollutant Factors at Subway Stations in Seoul Area (서울지역 지하철역의 공기 중 오염인자의 노선별 분포 특성)

  • 김민영;라승훈;신도철;한규문;최금숙;정일현
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.134-144
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    • 1998
  • A comprehensive air quality monitoring was carried out to investigate the criteria concentration of air pollutant in indoor of subway stations of Seoul City. The samples were collected twice per year (the first and the second half of the year) at each sampling point from February to September in 1997. Sampling point of subway stations was ticket office and platform. The measurement of indoor air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide(SO$_2$), nitrogen dioxide(NO$_2$), carbon monoxide(CO), carbon dioxide(CO$_2$), total suspended particulate(TSP) was performed to determine the indoor air quality. Heavy metals(Pb, Cd, Cu, Cr, As, Hg) were also measured together with those air pollutants. The annual average concentration of CO$_2$ and TSP in subway stations were relatively high while those of heavy metals were within 10% of environmental recommended standard concentration in all stations. As results of regression analysis between line and line of air factors, the concentrations of CO, CO$_2$, TSP, Pb, Cd, Cr and Cu were highly correlated, but those of $SO_2, NO_2$ and Hg were not correlated. As results of regression analysis between ticket office and platform, the concentrations of heavy metals such as Cr and Cu were highly correlated. Results of oneway analysis of variance between the first and the second half of the year air factors also indicated that CO, CO$_2$, Cd, Cu, Hg were significant($\alpha$=0.01), respectively. The average contration of total suspended particulate(TSP) in subway line No. 1 was shown high concentration(200 $\mu g/m^3\cdot$ day) level.

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A Study on Traveling Schedule Guidance Method for Free Independent Traveler in Busan (개별 여행자를 위한 관광 순회 일정 안내 방법에 관한 연구 - 부산광역시를 사례지역으로 -)

  • Lee, Seong-Kyu;Kim, Young-Seup;Suh, Yong-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.133-145
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    • 2010
  • Recently, due to advances in information technologies, the trend of tour types has been changing from package tour to independent tour. Independent tour is a tour which a traveler collect airplane ticket, travel destinations, sightseeing time, transport, lodging and plan traveling schedules by oneself. But the traveler has many difficulties for predicting tour schedules, due to lack of adequate information of travel destinations. In this study, traveling schedule prediction method which to minimize the cumulative fatigue of tourist for use of unnecessary transport is proposed using travelling salesman problem algorithm. It is considered moving time between sightseeing, sightseeing time on destination and traveling time for a day.

A Study of the Fluctuation factors and Model of Daily Visitors of National Park (국립공원의 이용자수 변동요인 및 추정모형에 관한 연구)

  • 안성노
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study is to prove the factors affecting the fluctuation of daily visitors in five mountainous national park(Kayasan, kyeryongsan, Naejangsan, Soraksan, Songnisan), and to analyze the relationship between these factors and daily visitors in Korea. "Three Factors and Nine Categories"(Aoki, K. & Aoki, Y. : 1974, 1979) has been applied to this study, and statistical analysis method was carried out by computer program SAS and SPSS. The number of daily visitors is calculated based on the data of "Daily entrance ticket sale report" by administration office in each national park. The scope of time period is during the last 5years(1982∼1986: 1825days) and the results were as follows: 1) There were significant differences in the number of daily visitors of each national park among months, days of a week and weather-the same as the previous study of urban park case. But it wold be better for their category classification to be adjusted according to the fluctuation pattern of each national park. 2) The peak of monthly visitors comes in May(Kayasan, Soraksan, Songnisan) or October(Kyeryongsan, Naejangsan). These months are specified as group tour season. On the basis of monthly fluctuation pattern, Each national park were classified into seasonal type, that is, kayasan, Soraksan were proved to be three-season type(Spring, Summer, Autumn), Songnisan to be two-season type(Spring, Autumn), and Naejangsan to be one-season type(Autumn). 3) The weekly pattern differs from three category (weekday, weekend, holiday: Eom, Choi 1986) in the case of urban park study. And there is no significant difference in daily fluctuation pattern by weather (fine, cloudy and rainy day), but significant difference between snowy and the others. This result is due to the characteristics of visitors, which is, the major visits of national park are planned in a advance of the tour, therefore it is difficult to change the plan by the weather. 4) the result of correlation analysis showed that the most influential factor on national park use in Kayasan, Naejangsan, Soraksan and Songnisan is ′Monthly characters (M)′, on the contrary ′Day of week(D)′ in Kyeryongsan only. From the result, The more parks are resource-based, the more ′Monthly characters′-factor is supposed to affect the number of daily visitors rather than ′Day of the week′-factor. This means that kayasan, naejangsan, Sorakson and Songnisan are classified into resource-based type, but on the other hand Kyeryongsan should be classified into intermediate type.

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