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Modeling and Transient Analysis on Combined Line with ABC Cable in Distribution System (배전계통에서 ABC 케이블 혼용선로 모델링 및 과도해석)

  • Son, Yong-Dae;Chea, Jik-Byoung;Ko, Kwang-Man;Lee, Jae-Myeong;Lee, Jong-Beom
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.369-370
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    • 2015
  • ABC 케이블 배전방식은 완전절연이 가능한 전력케이블 3상 또는 단상을 1가닥의 조가선에 일정한 간격으로 꼬아서 전주를 이용하여 가공으로 설치 할 수 있는 특고압 및 저압 케이블을 말한다. ABC 케이블은 국내외에서 이용되고 있는 방식으로 수목 접촉, 염해, 조류사고 다발지역은 물론 건조물과 전선 사이의 이격거리가 미달되는 개소 등에서 사용되고 있다. 본 논문은 ABC 케이블 가공배전선로에서의 과도현상을 해석하고 일반 가공배전선로의 경우와 비교함으로써 ABC 케이블 배전선로의 결과를 평가하였다. 본 논문에서의 모델링 및 분석은 EMTP를 이용하였다.

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Combining Two Scales to Assess Risk Factors of Falling in Community-Dwelling Elderly Persons: A Preliminary Study (노인의 낙상에 영향을 주는 요인을 평가하기 위한 ABC-BBS의 적용: 사전연구)

  • Park, So-Yeon
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this preliminary study was to develop a measurement for assessing risk factors for falling in community-dwelling elderly persons. Rasch analysis and principal component analysis were performed to examine whether items on the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC), assessing self-efficacy, and items on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), assessing balance function, contribute jointly to a unidimensional construct in the elderly. A total of 35 elderly persons (4 men, 31 women) participated. In this study, each item of ABC (16 items) and BBS (14 items) was scored on a 5-point ordinal rating scale from 0 to 4. The initial Rasch and principal component analysis indicated that 3 of the ABC items and 2 of the BBS items were misfit for this study. These 5 items were excluded from further study. After combining ABC and BBS, Rasch and principal component analyses were examined and finally 23 items selected; 12 items from ABC, 11 items from BBS. The 23 combined ABC-BBC items were arranged in order of difficulty. The hardest item was 'walk outside on icy sidewalks' and the easiest item was 'pivot transfer'. Although structural calibration of each 5 rating scale categories was not ordered, the other three essential criteria of Linacre's optimal rating scale were satisfied. Overall, the ABC-BBS showed sound item psychometric properties. Each of the 5 rating scale categories appeared to distinctly identify subjects at different ability levels. The findings of this study support that the new ABC-BBS scale measure balance function and self-efficacy. It will be a clinically useful assessment of risk factors for falling in the elderly. However, the number of subjects was too small to generalize our results. Further study is needed to develop a new assessment considering more risk factors of falling in elderly.

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An Efficient Secretion of Type I Secretion Pathway-Dependent Lipase, TliA, in Escherichia coli: Effect of Relative Expression Levels and Timing of Passenger Protein and ABC Transporter

  • Eom Gyeong-Tae;Rhee Joon-Shick;Song Jae-Kwang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1422-1428
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    • 2006
  • An ABC transporter apparatus of the Gram-negative bacterial type I secretion pathway can be used as a secretory protein expression system in Escherichia coli. Four types of coexpression systems for the Pseudomonas fluorescens lipase gene, tliA, and its cognate ABC transporter gene cluster, tliDEF, were constructed. When the relative expression levels were changed by adding different concentrations of IPTG, the secretion (16.9 U/ml of culture) of TliA in E. coli [pTliDEFA-223+pACYC184] was significantly higher than E. coli [pKK223-3+pTliDEFA-184] secreting the lowest level of TliA (5.2 U/ml of culture). Maximal accumulation of the lipase secreted occurred in the mid-exponential phase, implying that the efficient protein secretion via an ABC transporter was restricted only to actively growing cells. Finally, the secretion level of TliA in E. coli [pTliDEFA-223+pACYC184] was increased to 26.4 U/ml by inducing gene expression at the culture initiation time. These results indicate that a significant increase in the ABC transporter-dependent protein secretion can be achieved by simply controlling the relative expression levels between the ABC transporter and its passenger protein, even in the recombinant E. coli cells.

Multi -Criteria ABC Inventory Classification Using Context-Dependent DEA (컨텍스트 의존 DEA를 활용한 다기준 ABC 재고 분류 방법)

  • Park, Jae-Hun;Lim, Sung-Mook;Bae, Hye-Rim
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2010
  • Multi-criteria ABC inventory classification is one of the most widely employed techniques for efficient inventory control, and it considers more than one criterion for categorizing inventory items into groups of different importance. Recently, Ramanathan (2006) proposed a weighted linear optimization (WLO) model for the problem of multi-criteria ABC inventory classification. The WLO model generates a set of criteria weights for each item and assigns a normalized score to each item for ABC analysis. Although the WLO model is considered to have many advantages, it has a limitation that many items can share the same optimal efficiency score. This limitation can hinder a precise classification of inventory items. To overcome this deficiency, we propose a context-dependent DEA based method for multi-criteria ABC inventory classification problems. In the proposed model, items are first stratified into several efficiency levels, and then the relative attractiveness of each item is measured with respect to less efficient ones. Based on this attractiveness measure, items can be further discriminated in terms of their importance. By a comparative study between the proposed model and the WLO model, we argue that the proposed model can provide a more reasonable and accurate classification of inventory items.

Cloning and Characterization of the Gene Cluster for Biosynthesis of Ectoine from Nesterenkonia halobia DSM 20541

  • Zhang, Bo;Bao, Xin;Wang, Lei;Yang, Su Sheng
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.309-318
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    • 2008
  • The ectABC genes encoding the biosynthesis of ectoine were identified from Nesterenkonia halobia DSM 20541. The intergenic regions of the ectABC genes from N. halobia DSM 20541 were more loosely spaced than those that had been reported before. The amino acid sequence deduced from ectABC of the strain was highly homologous to the EctABC of Brevibacterium linens BL2 (EctA 50%, EctB 70%, and EctC 68% identities). The osmoprotection of ectABC was studied in the Escherichia coli KNabc and E. coli XL1-Blue. The results revealed that ectABC could shorten the lag phase and enhance the final OD600 of E. coli XL1-Blue in MM63 medium containing 0.68 M NaCl, and could initiate KNabc growth in 0.2 M NaCl. Ectoine was proven to be accumulated in E. coli KNabc/pGEM-Nect using HPLC-UV, and validated by LC-MSD-Trap-VL.

Detection of Hidden Knowledge Using a Citation-Based Approach Based on Swanson's ABC Model (인용 정보를 고려한 미발견 공공 지식 추출: Swanson의 ABC 모델 재현 및 확장)

  • Hahm, Jung Eun;Song, Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2015
  • It is useful to find something valuable for researching through literature based discovery. Swanson's ABC model, known as literature based discovery, suggests the relationship between entities undiscovered yet. This study tries to find the valid relationship between entities by referring to citation which connects articles on similar topic. We collect citation from references in articles, and extract important concepts in titles and abstracts through text mining techniques. We reproduce the relationship between fish oil and Raynaud's disease, which is known as one of Swanson's works, and compare the results with entities identified from traditional approach.

Cloning and Iron Transportation of Nucleotide Binding Domain of Cryptosporidium andersoni ATP-Binding Cassette (CaABC) Gene

  • Wang, Ju-Hua;Xue, Xiu-Heng;Zhou, Jie;Fan, Cai-Yun;Xie, Qian-Qian;Wang, Pan
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2015
  • Cryptosporidium andersoni ATP-binding cassette (CaABC) is an important membrane protein involved in substrate transport across the membrane. In this research, the nucleotide binding domain (NBD) of CaABC gene was amplified by PCR, and the eukaryotic expression vector of pEGFP-C1-CaNBD was reconstructed. Then, the recombinant plasmid of pEGFP-C1-CaNBD was transformed into the mouse intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) to study the iron transportation function of CaABC. The results indicated that NBD region of CaABC gene can significantly elevate the transport efficiency of $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, $K^+$, and $HCO_3{^-}$ in IECs (P<0.05). The significance of this study is to find the ATPase inhibitors for NBD region of CaABC gene and to inhibit ATP binding and nutrient transport of CaABC transporter. Thus, C. andersoni will be killed by inhibition of nutrient uptake. This will open up a new way for treatment of cryptosporidiosis.

Lysimachia foenum-graecum Herba Extract, a Novel Biopesticide, Inhibits ABC Transporter Genes and Mycelial Growth of Magnaporthe oryzae

  • Lee, Youngjin
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2016
  • To identify a novel biopesticide controlling rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, 700 plant extracts were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on mycelial growth of M. oryzae. The L. foenum-graecum Herba extract showed the lowest inhibition concentration ($IC_{50}$) of $39.28{\mu}g/ml$, which is lower than the $IC_{50}$ of blasticidin S ($63.06{\mu}g/ml$), a conventional fungicide for rice blast disease. When treatments were combined, the $IC_{50}$ of blasticidin S was dramatically reduced to $10.67{\mu}g/ml$. Since ABC transporter genes are involved in fungicide resistance of many organisms, we performed RT-PCR to investigate the transcriptional changes of 40 ABC transporter family genes of M. oryzae treated with the plant extract, blasticidin S, and tetrandrine, a recognized ABC transporter inhibitor. Four ABC transporter genes were prominently activated by blasticidin S treatment, but were suppressed by combinational treatment of blasticidin S with the plant extract, or with tetrandrine that didn't show cellular toxicity by itself in this study. Mycelial death was detected via confocal microscopy at 24 h after plant extract treatment. Finally, subsequent rice field study revealed that the plant extract had high control efficacy of 63.3% and should be considered a biopesticide for rice blast disease. These results showed that extract of L. foenum graecum Herba suppresses M. oryzae ABC transporter genes inducing mycelial death and therefore may be a potent novel biopesticide.

Activity-based Costing in Government-supported Research Institutes (정부출연연구기관에서의 활동기준 원가관리)

  • 유승억;조성표;박구선
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.173-195
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    • 2000
  • Activity-based costing(ABC) was developed in manufacturing companies. Recently, ABC has been also applied to cost analysis in service industries and government. In this paper, ABC is applied to research institutes, especially to cost management of government-supported research institutes. ABC is an effective tool in reengineering by removing non-value-added activities, costing R&D projects, managing indirect costs and evaluating performance in research institutes. A case of activity-based costing in a government-supported institutes is provided.

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A Case of Hospital Cost Analysis System by Activity-Based Costing (활동기준원가계산을 이용한 병원원가분석시스템 구축 사례)

  • 이창길;김원중
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.22 no.52
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 1999
  • As the indirect cost is increasing, ABC(Activity-Based Costing) Method that can distribute the indirect cost to each products is more effectively used. Especially for a Hospital to provide better medical service with patients, It's necessary that build ABC System to provide a regular cost information. This study proposed methodology enabling accurate cost analysis from importing concepts of ABC in a Hospital and presented a Cost Information Table for Work-Time Table and Output Services to calculate ABC.

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