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A Study on the Hyperlink Structures of the Official Websites of TV Networks: Analysis Focus on ABC, BBC, NHK, and KBS

  • Kweon, Sang-Hee;Kim, Se-Jin;Kang, Bo-Young;Kweon, Hea-Ji
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.77-91
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    • 2019
  • This paper explores the hyperlink structures of the official websites for the following terrestrial TV networks: ABC(US), BBC(UK), NHK(Japan), and KBS(Korea). These websites were selected and visualized to analyze the hyperlink structure and examine the connection relations among the TV networks. A total of 4378 data was collected through the Voson site and were analyzed with NodeXL. Results shows that NHK's network demonstrates a good network structure at a quite high level, holding more related websites than BBC. We discovered that ABC TV network has the largest effect with the largest number of out-links. Surprisingly, structures of BBC and NHK were quite similar, overcoming geographical and cultural differences. Thus, both TV networks were seen to be progressive and open. On the contrary, ABC and KBS were considered to be relatively conservative. A comprehensive review of the "category points" combination chart revealed that NHK's official website has the widest variety of hyperlinks. The shortest distance of a hyperlink between a website type and a TV network meant that the TV network has a larger number of links to those website types than other TV networks do. The result may provide Internet users to efficiently select TV network web pages according to the types of information they want to find out.

Isolation and characterization of BrMDR1 a novel MDR-type ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in Brassica rapa L.

  • Lee, Sun-Yong;Jung, Yu-Jin;Kang, Kwon-Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2009
  • A cDNA clone encoding a MDR-like ABC transporter protein was isolated from Brassica rapa seedlings, through rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). This gene (named as Brmdr 1; GenBank accession no.: DQ296184 ) had a total length of 4222 bp with an open reading frame of 3900 bp, and encoded a predicted polypeptide of 1300 amino acids with a molecular weight of 143.1 kDa. The BrMDR1 protein shared 71.0, 62.5, 60.0 and 58.2% identity with other MDR proteins isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana (AAN28720), Coptis japonica (CjMDR), Gossypium hirsutum (GhMDR) and Triticum aestivum (TaMDR) at amino acid level, respectively. Southern blot analysis showed that Brmdr1 was a low-copy gene. Expression pattern analysis revealed that Brmdr1 constitutively expressed in the root, stem petals and stamens, but with lower expression in leaves and open flowers. The domains analysis showed that BrMDR1 protein possessed two transmembrane domains (TMDs) and two nucleotide binding domains (NBDs) arranging in "TMD1-NBD1-TMD2-NBD2" direction, which is consistent with other MDR transporters. Within NBDs three characteristic motifs common to all ABC transporters, "Walker A", "Walker B" and C motif, were found. These results indicate that BrMDR1 is a MDR-like ABC transporter protein that may be involved in the transport and accumulation of secondary metabolites.

A Stock Assessment of Yellow Croaker using Bioeconomic Model: a Case of Single Species and Multiple Fisheries (생물경제모형을 이용한 참조기의 자원평가에 관한 연구 - 단일어종·다수어업 사례를 중심으로)

  • Sim, Seonghyun;Nam, Jongoh
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzes the stock assessment of yellow croaker caught mainly by the Korean stow net and gill net fisheries focusing on single species and multiple fisheries. This study standardizes fishing efforts for the two fisheries using the general linear model and uses a surplus production model based on the exponential growth model. The Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley model estimates a maximum sustainable yield(MSY), an allowable biological catch(ABC), fishing efforts for MSY($E_{MSY}$) and for ABC($E_{ABC}$). The bio-economic model is used to estimate the maximum economic yield(MEY) and fishing efforts for MEY($E_{MSY}$). Also, the study employs an economic analysis to estimate the economic interaction between stow net and gill net fisheries. The economic analysis shows the profit accruing to the two fisheries from estimated ABC. Finally, the study compares TACs based on single species and single fishery to TAC based on single species and multiple fisheries. The study proposes that the TAC assessment is necessary for single species and multiple fisheries in order to preserve resources.

Korean and United States: Comparison of Costs of Nursing Interventions (NIC과 연계된 산부인과 환자 간호중재에 대한 한국 건강보험 수가체계와 미국 ABC 코드체계와의 수가 비교 분석)

  • Hong, Sung-Jung;Lee, Eun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.358-369
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was performed to compare the costs of nursing interventions implemented for the obstetrical and gynecological patients using Korean Reimbursement System and ABC codes system developed in the US for costing out interventions performed by health care professional. Methods: First, the narrative data on nursing interventions were extracted from electronic medical record system of a tertiary university and mapped with Nursing Intervention Classification (NIC) by two researchers until 100% consent was reached. Narrative nursing interventions mapped with NIC were then remapped with ABC codes system using the electronic program developed in the research. The mapping data were analyzed with real numbers, frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Results: More nursing interventions were mapped with ABC codes than Korean reimbursement system. Total of 97 different types of narrative interventions could be mapped with NIC, 43 NIC interventions could be reimbursed by ABC code but only 16 NIC interventions were reimbursed by Korea Reimbursement System. Conclusion: Korean medical insurance fee system needs amendment to include more comprehensively interventions performed by nurses which are very important to patient outcomes. Further study is needed to develop strategies to costing out nursing interventions.

River stage forecasting models using support vector regression and optimization algorithms (Support vector regression과 최적화 알고리즘을 이용한 하천수위 예측모델)

  • Seo, Youngmin;Kim, Sungwon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.606-609
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 support vector regression (SVR) 및 매개변수 최적화 알고리즘을 이용한 하천수위 예측모델을 구축하고 이를 실제 유역에 적용하여 모델 효율성을 평가하였다. 여기서, SVR은 하천수위를 예측하기 위한 예측모델로서 채택되었으며, 커널함수 (Kernel function)로서는 radial basis function (RBF)을 선택하였다. 최적화 알고리즘은 SVR의 최적 매개변수 (C?, cost parameter or regularization parameter; ${\gamma}$, RBF parameter; ${\epsilon}$, insensitive loss function parameter)를 탐색하기 위하여 적용되었다. 매개변수 최적화 알고리즘으로는 grid search (GS), genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), artificial bee colony (ABC) 알고리즘을 채택하였으며, 비교분석을 통해 최적화 알고리즘의 적용성을 평가하였다. 또한 SVR과 최적화 알고리즘을 결합한 모델 (SVR-GS, SVR-GA, SVR-PSO, SVR-ABC)은 기존에 수자원 분야에서 널리 적용되어온 신경망(Artificial neural network, ANN) 및 뉴로퍼지 (Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, ANFIS) 모델과 비교하였다. 그 결과, 모델 효율성 측면에서 SVR-GS, SVR-GA, SVR-PSO 및 SVR-ABC는 ANN보다 우수한 결과를 나타내었으며, ANFIS와는 비슷한 결과를 나타내었다. 또한 SVR-GA, SVR-PSO 및 SVR-ABC는 SVR-GS보다 상대적으로 우수한 결과를 나타내었으며, 모델 효율성 측면에서 SVR-PSO 및 SVR-ABC는 가장 우수한 모델 성능을 나타내었다. 따라서 본 연구에서 적용한 매개변수 최적화 알고리즘은 SVR의 매개변수를 최적화하는데 효과적임을 확인할 수 있었다. SVR과 최적화 알고리즘을 이용한 하천수위 예측모델은 기존의 ANN 및 ANFIS 모델과 더불어 하천수위 예측을 위한 효과적인 도구로 사용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Modeling of Co(II) adsorption by artificial bee colony and genetic algorithm

  • Ozturk, Nurcan;Senturk, Hasan Basri;Gundogdu, Ali;Duran, Celal
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.363-371
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    • 2018
  • In this work, it was investigated the usability of artificial bee colony (ABC) and genetic algorithm (GA) in modeling adsorption of Co(II) onto drinking water treatment sludge (DWTS). DWTS, obtained as inevitable byproduct at the end of drinking water treatment stages, was used as an adsorbent without any physical or chemical pre-treatment in the adsorption experiments. Firstly, DWTS was characterized employing various analytical procedures such as elemental, FT-IR, SEM-EDS, XRD, XRF and TGA/DTA analysis. Then, adsorption experiments were carried out in a batch system and DWTS's Co(II) removal potential was modelled via ABC and GA methods considering the effects of certain experimental parameters (initial pH, contact time, initial Co(II) concentration, DWTS dosage) called as the input parameters. The accuracy of ABC and GA method was determined and these methods were applied to four different functions: quadratic, exponential, linear and power. Some statistical indices (sum square error, root mean square error, mean absolute error, average relative error, and determination coefficient) were used to evaluate the performance of these models. The ABC and GA method with quadratic forms obtained better prediction. As a result, it was shown ABC and GA can be used optimization of the regression function coefficients in modeling adsorption experiments.

A Novel ABC Transporter Gene ABC2 Involved in Multidrug Susceptibility but not Pathogenicity in Rice Blast Fungus, Magnaporthe grisea

  • Lee, Young-Jin;Kyosuke Yamamoto;Hiroshi Hamamoto;Ryoji Nakaune;Tadaaki Hibi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Pathology Conference
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    • pp.21-22
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    • 2003
  • Fungicide treatment is the most important method for the control of plant diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi. But fungicide resistant strains have appeared in many phytopathogenic fungi. Until now, molecular mechanisms of fungicide resistance such as mutation of target protein, overproduction of target enzyme and detoxification of fungicide have been designated. Recently, it was demonstrated that active efflux of fungicides mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters also contributes to fungicide resistance in several filamentous fungi, such as Aspergillus nidulans, Penicillium digitatum and Botrytis cinerea.(중략)

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Isolation of Megaplasmids from Azospirillum spry. Isolated from Korean Paddy Field and Their Homology to nod ABC Gene from Rhizobium meliloti (한국 논에서 분리한 Azospirillum 속 균주의 Megaplasmid 분리와 Rhizobium meliloti nod ABC 유전자와의 상동성)

  • 서현창;유익동
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 1992
  • Megaplasmids of Azospirillum strains isolated in the Korean paddy field were identified. Five megaplasmids were identified from Azospirillum lipoferum AS192. Homology between nod ABC gene of Rhizobium meliloti and megaplasmids of Azospirillum lipoferum AS192 and Azospirillum brasilense AS112 was found. This observation might have reflected a common mechanism in the early process of soil bacterial association with plants.

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A Study on the Classification of Inventory Items (재고품목의 분류에 관한 연구)

  • 이상도;이강우
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.13 no.21
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 1990
  • In the past, a fundamental technique in inventory control system was to rank the items of a inventory from a distribution by value to draw an ABC curve. Unfortunately the use of ABC categorization technique has created problems and introduced some gross errors into the inventory control system. First, the author considers the possible applications of the technique in the real world and then attempts to discuss ABC fallacies through the literatures. Finally, an inventory categorization algorithm by the principal component analysis is derived and a numerical example is also presented to illustrate the algorithm.

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Hydrolytic Dechlorination of 4-Chlorobenzoate Specified by fcbABC of Pseudomonas sp. DJ -12

  • Chae, Jong-Chan;Ahn, Kyung-Joon;Kim, Chi-Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.692-695
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    • 1998
  • Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 was able to degrade 4-chlorobenzoate by hydrolytic dechlorination to produce 4-hydroxybenzoate and chloride ion. The fcbABC genes responsible for the hydrolytic dechlorination were cloned from the chromosomal DNA of the organism. The genes were found to be organized in the order fcbB-fcbA-fcbC, but there was an intergenic space between the fcbA and fcbC genes.

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