• Title, Summary, Keyword: ACF

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Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue by ACF/TiO2 and ACF/ZnO Composites under UV Light

  • Zhang, Kan;Oh, Won-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2010
  • Methylene blue (MB) was degraded by $TiO_2$ and ZnO deposited on an activated carbon fiber (ACF) surface under UV light. The ACF/$TiO_2$ and ACF/ZnO composites were characterized by BET, SEM, XRD, and EDX. The BET surface area was related to the adsorption capacity for composites. The SEM results showed that titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are distributed on the ACF surface. The XRD results showed that the ACF/$TiO_2$ and ACF/ZnO composites contained a unique anatase structure for $TiO_2$ and a typical hexagonal phase for ZnO respectively. These EDX spectra showed the presence of peaks of Ti element on ACF/$TiO_2$ composite and peaks of Zn element on the ACF/ZnO composite. The blank experiments for either illuminating the MB solution or the suspension containing ACF/$TiO_2$ or ACF/ZnO in the dark showed that both illumination and the catalyst were necessary for the mineralization of organic dye. Additionally, the ACF/$TiO_2$ composites proved to be efficient photocatalysts due to degradation of MB at higher reaction rates. The addition of an oxidant $([NH_4]_2S_2O_8)$ led to an increase of the degradation rate of MB for ACF/$TiO_2$ and ACF/ZnO composites.

pH Dependence on the Degradation of Rhodamine B by Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ Composites and Effect of Different Fe Precursors (Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ 복합체에 의한 로다민 B 용액의 분해에 있어서 pH 의존성 및 여러 가지 Fe 전구체의 효과)

  • Zhang, Kan;Oh, Won-Chun
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.408-415
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    • 2009
  • Iron-loaded activated carbon fibers (Fe-ACF) supported titanium dioxide ($TiO_2$) photocatalyst (Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$) was synthesized using a sol-gel method. Three different types of Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ were obtained by treatment with different precursor of Fe, and characterized using BET, SEM, XRD and EDX analysis. The photocatalytic activity of Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ was investigated by the degradation of Rhodamine B (Rh.B) solution under UV irradiation. From the experimental results, it was revealed that Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ composites show considerable photocatalytic ability for the removal of Rh.B by comparing non-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ composites. And photo-Fenton reaction with Fe element was incoordinately influenced due to different precursor of Fe. It clearly indicates that Fe-ACF/$TiO_2$ composites prepared using $FeCl_3$ provided the highest photo-Fenton activity, then, which was affected by pH changes on the degradation of Rh.B.

Effect of Pre-Treatment by Ozone on Chemical Surface Modification of Activated Carbon Fiber (오존에 의한 전처리가 활성탄소섬유 화학적 표면개질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jung Hee;Han, Gi Bo;Kim, Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.415-421
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    • 2013
  • To increase specific surface property of activated carbon fiber(ACF), chemical activation(CA) using alkali metals and surface treatment(ST) using oxidant was widely used. The CA and ST process developed micro-pore on the surface of ACF by chemical reaction of the alkali metals and oxidative of oxidant, respectively. To improve the efficiency of CA process for developing micro-pores on the surface of ACF, the ST process was adopted as an pre-treatment method. After treatment of ST process, ACF properties was investigated depending on the ST pre-treatment process. FT-IR, TG and elemental analysis of the ACF are carried out, and an adsorption property of ACF was also evaluated using toluene(which in typical volatile organic matter). Once the single CA process is used, the surface area and adsorption capacity of ACF were increased from 1,483 to 1,988 $m^2/g$ and from 0.22 to 0.27 $g_{-Tol.}/g_{-ACF}$, respectively. On the other hands, once the ST and CA processes are used successively, the surface area and adsorption capacity of ACF are greatly increase(where the surface area is 2,743 $m^2/g$ and the adsorption capacity is 0.37 $g_{-Tol.}/g_{-ACF}$). It indicates that the combined process of ST and CA can improve the surface process properties of ACF.

Adsorption and antibacterial property of impregnated activated carbon fiber (첨착 활성탄소섬유의 흡착 및 항균특성)

  • You, Seung-Han;Kim, Jung-Su;Jang, Hyun-Tae;Cha, Wang-Seog
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.5370-5375
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    • 2011
  • To introduce the antibacterial activity, ACF(activated carbon fiber) was impregnated by nano-sized Ag, Mn, and phosphoric acid. It was observed by the SEM analysis that Ag, Mn and phosphoric acid were properly impregnated at the ACF. The impregnated ACF showed lower adsorption performance than the pure ACF. It is found that ACFs impregnated by nano-sized Ag or phosphoric acid have a good antibacterial activity against bacillus cereus and salmonella entaritidis. but in the case of ACF impregnated with Mn, it have not any antibacterial effect on the bacillus cereus and salmonella entaritidis.

A Study on VOCs Adsorption Properties Using Fine-fiber (극세섬유를 이용한 VOCs흡착 특성에 관한 연구)

  • An, Hyung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2010
  • This study is to develop of an adsorbent for the removing of human body harmful benzene, toluene, and p-xylene as VOCs. Thus, this study researched the adsorption efficiency of the commercial ACF and the reactivated ACF by KOH/ACF to molar 1: 1. As the results, the effects have shown to enlarge with the increasing of VOCs concentration for adsorptive breakthrough time and breakthrough percentage on each substance. Also, the study have investigated as a similar tendency in case of desorption efficiency for toluene and p-xylene at constant concentration as 125PPM and 0.5$\ell$/min volume flow rate. But in case of benzene, it has been investigated to have rather lower desorption efficiency re-activation ACF than commercial ACF.

Thermal Desorption of Propylamine and XPS Analysis on Surface Modified Activated Carbon Fibers (표면 개질된 활성탄소 섬유의 Propylamine 탈착과 XPS 분석)

  • Kim Byeoung-Ku;Yang Burm-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2005
  • Activated carbon fiber (ACF) was surface modified by nitric acid to improve the adsorption efficiency of the propylamine. The adsorption amount of propylamine of the modified ACF increased $17\%$ more than that of as-received ACF. Desorption of propylamine from the propylamine saturated ACF was occurred in two steps, the first step started arround $50^{\circ}C$ showing the desorption of physically adsorbed propylamine and the second step started at $200^{\circ}C$ showing the decomposition of chemically adsorbed propylamine. Total desorption amount of propylamine from the modified ACF was larger than that of the as-received ACF because of increased functional groups. The oxygen and nitrogen contents on the modified ACF increased by 1.5 and 3 times compared with the as-received ACF. A part of propylamine adsorbed on ACF formed pyridine-like or pyrrolic structures with 2 carbons exposed on the surface of the ACF. It was found that propylamine reacted with strong or weak acidic functional groups such as -COOH or -OH existed on ACF surface.

The Adsorption Characteristics by the Optimun Activation Process of PAN-based Carbon Fiber and SO2 Adsorption Characteristics by the Impregnated Nanoparticles (PAN계 ACF의 최적 활성화 공정에 따른 흡착특성과 나노입자 첨착에 의한 SO2 흡착특성)

  • Lee, Jin-Jae;Kim, Young-Chai
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.532-538
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    • 2006
  • The carbonization and activation conditions for the PAN-based ACF of various grade were investigated to obtain the optimun activation condition with high surface area. And the surface properties and the absorption performance of toxic gas for terror were examined toward the PAN-ACF with the highest surface area. In the test results the surface area increased with increase of the activation temperature, but decreased with increase of the carbonization temperature. After carbonization condition ($900^{\circ}C$-15min) and activation condition ($900^{\circ}C$-30 min), we got the ACF with the highest surface area of $1204m^2/g$. In the absorption test of iodine and toxic gas for terror, this ACF showed more excellent absorption performance than the existing carbon-based adsorbent. Also, in order to give the function characteristic for a selective absorption, the stable nanoparticles of the Ag, Pt, Cu, Pd were prepared and impregnated on the PAN-based ACF in replacement of the existing method supporting metal catalysis. And were analyzed the surface characteristics and the $SO_{2}$ adsorption characteristics. In the $SO_{2}$ absorption performance test of the PAN-ACF with the impregnated nanoparticles, it wasn't change breakthrough time of Ag, Pt, Cu nanoparticle supported the PAN-ACF comparing with breakthrough time (326 sec) of the non supported PAN-ACF but Pd nanoparticle supported the PAN-ACF achieved excellent $SO_{2}$ absorption performance which has break-through time 925 sec.

Substitutability of coagulation process by pre-treatment of coagulation·flotation using natural algae coagulant (천연조류제거제를 활용한 응집·부상 전처리공정의 기존 응집공정 대체 가능성)

  • Jang, Yeo-Ju;Jung, Jin-Hong;Lim, Hyun-Man;Chang, Hyang-Youn;Kim, Weon-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2017
  • In the coagulation/sedimentation (C/S) process of the water treatment process, the inflow of massive algal bloom causes many problems including fouling of filter media. This study was conducted to find out the way to remove the algae's harmful effects by addition of pre-treatment prior to C/S process. Many Jar-tests were conducted such as (1) ACF (Algae Coagulation Flotation) process using natural algae coagulant (Water $Health^{(R)}$), (2) ACF + C/S process and (3) C/S process with a variety of conditions using cultured algae. The average values of turbidity were (1) 0.42 NTU for ACF process, (2) 0.13 NTU for ACF + C/S process and (3) 0.25 NTU for C/S process. It was shown that the treatment efficiency of ACF process could get low turbidity results, and ACF + C/S process could achieve more efficient results than those of C/S process. Any negative effects of ACF process to the efficiency of C/S process were not observed in ACF + C/S process. In order to reduce the unfavorable effects of algae, it was found out that the introduction of ACF process in the forms of (1) ACF or (2) ACF + C/S could be one of the effective and alternative solutions.

Thermal Decomposition of Hydrated Copper Nitrate [$Cu(NO_3)_2{\cdot}3H_2O$] on Activated Carbon Fibers

  • Ryu, Seung-Kon;Lee, Woon-Kyu;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2004
  • Thermolysis of $Cu(NO_3)_2{\cdot}3H_2O$ impregnated activated carbon fiber (ACF) was studied by means of XRD analysis to obtain Cu-impregnated ACF. $Cu(NO_3)_2{\cdot}3H_2O$ was converted into $Cu_2O$ around $230^{\circ}C$. The $Cu_2O$ was reduced to Cu at $400^{\circ}C$, resulting in ACF-C(Cu). Some Cu particles have a tendency to aggregate through the heat treatment, resulting in the ununiform distribution in ACF. Catalytic decomposition of NO gas has been performed by Cu-impregnated ACF in a column reactor at $400^{\circ}C$. Initial NO concentration was 1300 ppm diluted in helium gas. NO gas was effectively decomposed by 5~10 wt% Cu-impregnated ACF at $400^{\circ}C$. The concentration of NO was maintained less than 200 ppm for 6 hours in this system. The ACF-C(Cu) deoxidized NO to $N_2$ and was reduced to ACF-$C(Cu_2O)$ in the initial stage. The ACF-$C(Cu_2O)$ also deoxidized NO to $N_2$ and reduced to ACF-C(CuO). This ACF-C(CuO) was converted again into ACF-C(Cu) by heating. There was no consumption of ACF in mass during thermolysis and catalytic decomposition of NO to $N_2$ by copper. The catalytic decomposition was accelerated with increase of the reaction temperature.

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Fabrication of Zn-treated ACF/TiO2 Composites and Their Photocataytic Activity for Degradation of Methylene Blue

  • Go, Yu-Gyoung;Zhang, Feng-Jun;Chen, Ming-Liang;Oh, Won-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.142-150
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, non-treated ACF (Activated Carbon Fiber) /$TiO_2$ and Zn-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ were prepared. The prepared composites were characterized in terms of their structural crystallinity, elemental identification and photocatalytic activity. XRD patterns of the composites showed that the non-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ composite contained only typical single and clear anatase forms while the Zn-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ contained a mixed anatase and rutile phase with a unique ZnO peak. SEM results show that the titanium complex particles are uniformly distributed on and around the fiber and that the titanium complex particles are more regularly distributed on and around the ACF surfaces upon an increase of the $ZnCl_2$ concentration. These EDX spectra show the presence of peaks from the C, O and Ti elements. Moreover, peaks of the Zn element were observed in the Zn-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ composites. The prominent photocatalytic activity of the Zn-treated ACF/$TiO_2$ can be attributed to the three different effects of photo-degradation: doping, absorptivity by an electron transfer, and adsorptivity of porous ACFs between the Zn-$TiO_2$ and Zn-ACF.