• Title, Summary, Keyword: ADV

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Development of Near Isogenic Lines and Genetic Analysis for Alkali Digestibility of Rice Grain

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Doo-Hwan;Lee, Jeong-Heui
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.12-16
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    • 2001
  • In order to develop near isogenic lines (NILs) the heterozygous rice plants for alkali digestibility value(ADV) were selected and tested in every generation from $F_5$to $F_9$ of a cross, Seratus malam/Suwon 345. Finally several sets of NILs, which were six low ADV lines and four medium-high ADV lines, were selected among $F_{10}$ lines. No differences of the plant growth characteristics, amylose content and protein content of rice grain were found between low and medium-high ADV lines. Rice flour of low ADV lines showed longer gel length in gel consistency test than medium-high ADV lines, and also showed different gelatinization characteristics measured by rapid visco analyzer compared with medium-high ADV lines. The result of genetic analysis indicated that ADV-NILs developed were differed in a pair of major gene controlling ADV, and low ADV was dominant over medium-high ADV.

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Effect on lymphocyte subpopulations of Quil A-ISCOMs with recombinant Aujeszkay's disease virus(ADV) gp50, gIII and α-ADV protein (돼지 오제스키바이러스 재조합단백질 gp50, gIII와 α-ADV을 이용한 Quil A-ISCOMs 접종시 백혈구아군 분포율에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Jin-san;Park, Yong-ho;Jung, Suk-chan;Ku, Bok-gyeong;Lee, Sung-il;Hyun, Bang-hun;An, Soo-hwan;Davis, W.C.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.359-369
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    • 1996
  • An effective candidate subunit vaccine was prepared by using the immunostimulating complexs(ISCOMs) with Quil A and recombinant protein(gp50, gIII and inactive $\alpha$-ADV) Aujeszky's disease virus(ADV). The weaned pigs were twice immunized with a ADV-ISCOMs, and followed by intramuscular challenge with $1{\times}10^4$ $TCID_{50}$ ADV(strain Yangsan). The unvaccinated pigs were also challenged with same dose of ADV. At 5 days after challenge, the control pigs have developed ADV clinical signs. Whereas, the vaccinated pigs protected them from ADV-induced acute symptoms and death. Also, to identify the lymphocyte subpopulation in peripheral blood with pigs from ADV-ISCOMs vaccinated and control group, lymphocyte reacted with a panel of monoclonal antibodies which are specific to swine leukocyte surface antigens and assayed by the flow cytometry. MHC class I, CD2, CD8, N cells, CD11a, and CD45 antigen positive cells were decreased after inoculating virulent ADV Yangsan strain in control group. The data indicated that ISCOMs technique was useful in ADV subunit vaccine preparation and demonstrated the importance of gp50, gIII as a component of ADV vaccine.

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Analysis of Varietal Variation in Alkali Digestion of Milled Rice at Several Levels of Alkali Concentration (쌀의 KOH 농도별 붕괴양상에 따른 품종변이 해석)

  • 최해춘;손영희
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 1993
  • To analyze and classify the varietal variation of alkali digestibility in detail, which is closely connected with the gelatinization temperature and physical characteristics of cooked rice, the patterns of alkali decomposition changed along the alkali concentration were investigated for thirty three Korean leading rice cultivars and new breeding lines(japonica : 25, Tongil-type:8) including five glutinous rice. Principal component analysis was used to condense the information and to classify rice materials according to decomposed reaction pattern at several levels of potassium hydroxide(KOH) concentration. Thirty three rice varieties were classified largely into four groups by the distribution on the plane of upper two principal component scores which contained above 92% of total informations. Group I was consisted of one variety, Dobongbyeo, which owned almost same strong resistance to alkali digestion at the range of 0.8% to 1.6% KOH solutions. Group II included three japonica and Tongil-type glutinous rice varieties, which revealed medium alkali digestion value(ADV) at 1.4% KOH solution and intermediate change in ADV from 0.8% to 1.6% KOH solutions. Most of Tongil-type and early-maturity japonica rice, which exhibited medium-high ADV at 1.4% of KOH concentration and large ADV difference between low and high alkali solutions, were contained in Group III. Group N included most of medium or medium-late-maturity japonica, which showed high ADV at 1.4% KOH and medium or intermediate-high ADV change between low and high alkali solutions. The 1st principal component indicated the average index of ADV through 0.8-1.6% KOH solutions and the 2nd principal component pointed out the factor related with ADV difference between low and high alkali solutions or regression coefficients of ADV change along with the KOH concentrations.

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Field Emission Display and Backlight for LCD using Printed Carbon Nanotubes

  • Kim, Yong-Churl;Jung, D.S.;Song, B.K.;Bae, M.J.;Kang, H.S.;Han, I.T.;Kim, Jong-Min;Choi, Y.C.;Hwang, M.I.;Kim, I.H.;Park, J.H.
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1045-1048
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    • 2007
  • We mainly report recent progress in backlight unit (BLU) for liquid crystal display (LCD) using printed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) including top-gate and lateral gate structures. Lighting performances of CNTBLU and longevity of printed CNT emitters are intensively discussed. Selected issues related with field emission display (FED) using the same emitters also are presented.

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Immune Responses in Swine and Experimental Animals Given Inactivated Aujeszky’s Disease Virus Antigens (불활화 Aujeszky’s disease virus 항원의 자돈과 실험동물에서의 면역반응)

  • 박정우;이종인;최윤식
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.54-63
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    • 1990
  • We have studied about the safety, immunity and protective potency in swine and experimental am mais of two inactivated vaccine produced with NYJ-1-87 strain of ADV that was isolated in Korea. Result obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows. 1. The safe potency of ADV antigens inactivated with BEI and formaline to mouse & guinea pig was on the whole good, but protective potency rates of those to challenge with ADV were 60-75% without the differences to two antigens. 2. Safety, immunity & protective potency of ADV antigens inactivated with BEI and formaline to swine were on the whole excellent, except for a mild increase of rectal temperature in some pigs after challenge with ADV. 3. When virus excretion of the experimental groups after challenge with ADV was examed by swabbing of nasal, all pigs of control gorup excreted virus from 2 days p.c., partially to 10 days p.c.. But in vaccinated groups, only 25-50% of all pigs of each group excreted virus during experimental periods. 4. Titers of antibodies in swine & quinea pig vaccinated with inactivated ADV antigens become increased after the 1 weeth p.i. showing the highest liters on the 4-5 weeths p.i.

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Identification of Aujeszky's disease virus by in situ hybridization (In situ hybridization 조직화학법을 이용한 오제스키병 바이러스 동정)

  • Kim, Soon-bok;Sur, Jung-hang;Moon, Oun-kyung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to establish a rapid diagnostic method detecting Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) DNA in the cultured cell monolayers (PK-15) and tissue sections of ADV(NYJ-1-87)-infected rats and pigs by in situ hybridization(ISH). Detection of specific ADV-DNA in infected cells was conducted by radiolabeled ISH method using $^{32}P-labeled $ DNA probe (BamH1 7 fragment) which contains a 6.3 Kb ADV-DNA insert. Where ADV-DNA was detected by radiolabeled ISH, the deposition of black photographic grains occurred in the nuclei and the cytoplasms of ADV-infected cells. Positive hybridization signal was often observed in the spinal trigerminal nucleus of the pons, the nucleus of the trigerminal ganglion neuron and the epithelial cells of tonsillar crypts. The results suggested that ISH is considered as a highly sensitive and reliable tool for confirmative diagnosis of this viral disease.

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Permanent Mold Casting of Ti-6.0wt%Al-4.0wt%V Alloy Melt (Ti-6.0wt%Al-4.0wt%V 합금 용탕의 금형 주조)

  • Kang, Jang-Won;Kim, Myung-Yong;Lee, Sang-Kil;Lee, Hae-Jung;Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Lee, Hyo-Soo;Lim, Sung-Chul;Kwon, Huck-Chon
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2007
  • To produce higher quality of titanium casting at a lower cost, the new titanium casting technology by using a permanent metal mold was developed and applied to fabricate hip joint for biomedical application. The present study was carried out to investigate the reactivity and fluidity of the Ti-6.0 wt%Al-4.0 wt%V alloy with metal mold by applying various ceramic powders coating on the mold surface. The molten titanium for manufacturing hip joint was poured into steel mold. No reaction layer was formed on the surface of specimens fabricated steel mold coated with $Y_2O_3$ powder.