• Title, Summary, Keyword: AHP 분석

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Analysis of Landslide Hazard Area using Logistic Regression Analysis and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) Approach (로지스틱 회귀분석 및 AHP 기법을 이용한 산사태 위험지역 분석)

  • Lee, Yong-jun;Park, Geun-Ae;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.5D
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    • pp.861-867
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study is to analyze the landslide hazard areas by combining LRA (Lgistic Regression Analysis) and AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Program) methods with Remote Sensing and GIS data in Anseong-si. In order to classify landslide hazard areas of seven levels, six topographic factors (slope, aspect, elevation, soil drain, soil depth, and land use) were used as input factors of LRA and AHP methods. As results, high-risk areas for landslide (1 and 2 levels) by LRA and AHP of its own were classified as 46.1% and 48.7%, respectively. A new method by applying weighting factors to the results of LRA and AHP was suggested. High-risk areas for landslide (1 and 2 levels) form the new method was classified as 58.9%.

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Analysis of Landslide Hazard Area using Logistic Regression/AHP - Anseong-si - (로지스틱 회귀분석 및 AHP 기법을 이용한 산사태 위험지역 분석 - 안성시를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Yong-Jun;Park, Geun-Ae;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.2001-2005
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    • 2006
  • 우리나라는 매년 집중호우로 인한 산사태로 인해 인적, 물질적 피해를 일으킨다. 반복적인 산사태의 피해를 방지 하기위해서는 산사태 예측 시스템이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 안성시를 대상으로 GIS와 RS 자료를 활용하여 산사태 위험지를 분석하고자 Logistic 회귀분석 방법과 AHP 기법을 이용하였다. Logistic 회귀분석과 AHP 기법에는 6개의 인자(경사, 경사향, 고도, 토양배수, 토심, 토지이용)를 사용하여, 7등급으로 산사태 위험도를 분류하였다. Logistic 회귀분석 방법과 AHP 기법을 이용한 산사태 위험지도를 표본 자료와 비교하면 산사태가 발생한 표본에서 산사태 위험성이 높은(1-2등급)지역이 Logistic 회귀분석에서는 46.1% AHP 기법은 48.7%로 분류되어 AHP 기법이 분류도가 높다고 분석 되었다. 하지만 Logistic 회귀분석과 AHP 기법은 서로 분석 과정의 차이를 가지고 있기 때문에 Logistic 회귀분석과 AHP기법을 적용한 결과에 동일 가중치를 부여한 후 7개 등급으로 재분류(reclass)하여 산사태 위험지역을 추출 할 수 있는 방법론을 제시하였다. 그 결과 산사태가 발생한 표본에서 1-2등급지역이 58.9%로 분석되어 분류정확도를 높일 수 있었다.

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The Site Analysis for Crop Cultivation Using GIS-Based AHP Method (GIS 기반 AHP 기법을 이용한 작물재배 적지분석)

  • Kim, Tae Jun;Lee, Geun Sang
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.4D
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    • pp.695-702
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    • 2006
  • In GIS-based Spatial Decision-making Support System (SDSS), the Boolean logic by conventional simple overlay method contains two problems. One is losing lots of information in analysis process, the other is unable to reflect of weighting values between evaluated items. Therefore, evaluation system as Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) needs to improve these problems effectively. The purpose of this study is to provide the benefit of AHP method and GIS spatial analysis in site analysis for crop cultivation. First, the weighting value of AHP for topography, distribution grade of water, property of soil and slope items are evaluated throughout survey to experts of soil, crop and agricultural management fields. On the basis of these weighting value of AHP by items, site suitability analysis for black raspberry cultivation is performed. To estimate the benefit of AHP method, the current cultivating map of black raspberry is constructed in Ssangchi-myeon district. In comparison with site analysis of Boolean logic, site analysis of AHP method shows more realistic.

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A Strategy Development of Hydrogen Energy Industrial Infrastructure by Using SWOT/AHP Method (SWOT-AHP 분석을 이용한 수소에너지 산업 인프라 전략 개발)

  • Han, Jang-Hyup;Kim, Su-Ji;Kim, Chae-Bogk
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.822-847
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    • 2016
  • The sustainable energy has globally become more important to maintain the future industry. Of various new renewable energy types, hydrogen energy had drawn a lot of attention as clean energy. Therefore, this study applied SWOT-AHP analysis to establish a strategy for the infrastructure of hydrogen energy industry. It drew the factors required to establish the infrastructure of hydrogen energy industry based on the literature review and experts' opinions were surveyed to redesign SWOT Matrix. The AHP analysis is performed to obtain the relative importance of developed factors by pairwise comparisons. Based on research results by applying SWOT analysis and AHP, this paper proposes the development of strategic plan for infrastructure of hydrogen energy industry.

The Method of Results of Decision Reflections Between PI Project Valuation Groups Using AHP (AHP를 활용한 PI사업 평가그룹간 의사반영 방안)

  • Kim, Kwan-Joong;Jang, Myung-Soon
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2006
  • Generally, the method of the policy analysis has been used for making a policy decision of the development project of the road through the expert interview based on AHP. According to introducing PI, the study of the method of the integrating process for various opinion of the related groups is required. On this study I evaluate what is a difference between the results of integrated process and the AHP analysis on what is major considering factor in decision-making process. From the analysis, each evaluate factor is in level of significance by ANOVA. First, there is a significance level difference between Group A, C and Group B Second, there is also a significance level difference on the result of AHP analysis for each group in order to evaluate by integrated method. Finally, the method of AHP analysis which considers priority factor is expected as to be useful tool on decision-making of various group.

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An AHP/DEA Hybrid Model for Efficiency Evaluation of Container Terminal (컨테이너터미널 효율성 평가를 위한 AHP/DEA 통합모형)

  • Kim, Seon-Gu;Choi, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.179-194
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we compared the efficiency of container terminals using DEA. To do this, we designed an AHP/DEA hybrid model using AHP and DEA, and evaluated the efficiency by comparing the container terminal operation company in Gwangyang(KEC, KIT, GICT) and Busan(HBCT, DPCT, KBCT, UPT, Gamman, PNC, PNIT, HJNC, HPNT). The proposed model can control the number of selected promising container terminal by applying DEA-AR model. This model can also improve the credibility of analysis by using objective weights through the AHP application to efficiency evaluation data and normalizing the evaluation data to apply AHP and DEA. The model assumes inputs to be container crane, transfer crane, yard tractor, and reach stacker and output as container traffic. The result shows that DPCT was an efficient DMU.

수량화 분석과 AHP를 이용한 산사태 예측모형 개발

  • Nam, Eun-Mi;Jun, Kyoung-Ho;Yu, Hyu-Kyong;Na, Jong-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Industrial Systems Conference
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    • pp.114-119
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 수량화 방법과 AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) 기법을 사용하여 산사태 발생에 대한 통계적 예측모형을 구축하는데 목적이 있다. 수량화(Quantification) 방법은 질적변수에 수량을 부여하는 통계적 방법으로, 기 조사된 자료에 기반하여 분석을 수행하는 방법이다. 본 논문에서는 서구의 다변량분석 기법인 정준상관분석의 결과를 토대로 수량화 과정을 구체적으로 제안한다. 데이터에 기반한 수량화 방법과는 달리 AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) 기법은 일종의 다기준 의사결정을 위해 사용되는 기법으로, 설문자료에 기반한 분석법이다. 실제자료에 대한 분석으로 산사태 발생여부를 측정한 자료(한국지질자원연구원 제공)와 전문가 설문을 통해 수집된 자료를 이용하였다. 이들 자료에 대해 수량화 분석과 AHP분석을 통해 산사태 발생여부를 예측할 수 있는 두 종류의 평가표와 함께 로지스틱 회귀를 통한 통계적 예측모형을 개발하였으며, 두 모형간의 성능비교와 안정성 평가를 수행하였다.

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The Risk Factor Analysis of Power Line Tunnel Using the AHP Method in Construction Stage (AHP기반 지중 전력구 굴착 위험요소 평가)

  • Woo, Sang-Kyun;Kim, Kyung-Jin;Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2013
  • In this study, the risk factors which derive from the ground condition of typical construction sites are put forward. In order to prioritize the risk elements, the analytical method of AHP was used. The result of using a weighting factor for each risk analysis showed that if the constituency index is less than 0.1, then reliable results and priorities for each of the risk elements can be calculated using the AHP method. From now on, if the range of measured value can be established, the risk or safety value of concrete structures for power lines can be applicable.

Analysis of Key Factors in Operational Control Transition Resolution using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) (계층적 분석방법(AHP)을 적용한 전시작전통제권 전환의 주요 결정요인 분석)

  • Park, Sang-Jung;Koh, Chan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzes the military and political factors that influenced the Participatory Government's resolution in Wartime Operational Control (OPCON) Transition. The research on key factors in OPCON transition firstly implemented literature research and then increased feasibility through additional use of AHP. The analysis results showed that there was a negative effect for Korean Peninsular Defense in the 'ROK-US Alliance Asymmetry' area, a positive effect to increase ROK-led Capability of Theater Operation in the 'ROK and U.S. Alliance Interdependence' area and a positive effect for Invocation of ROK Self-Defense Power in the 'Interests of Participatory Government's Liberal Regime' area respectively. After applying AHP, "ROK exercise of Self-defense" in the 'Interests of Participatory Government's Liberal Regime' area received the highest assessment, while the "Increasement of North Korea's Threat" in the 'ROK-US Alliance Asymmetry' area received the lowest assessment. This study is meaningful in that it analyzed the key military and political factors in the Participatory Government's resolution of Wartime OPCON Transition using AHP.

A Study on Improvement of Feasibility Evaluation for Public Projects (공공사업 타당성 평가의 개선 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Seung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2017
  • The feasibility evaluation of public projects has been carried out mainly in the economic analysis. However, items of political, technological and balanced regional development aspects are further evaluated by applying analytic hierarchy process, This paper suggests to analyzes preliminary feasibility study of construction and research & development project during the past three years and to verify correlation between B/C ratio and AHP weight. The result shows that the correlation between cost benefit ratio and the weight of the hierarchy is 0.744 in construction projects and 0.899 in research & development project. Namely, AHP weight be under the control of B/C ratio and is devoted to its role against expectation. Therefore it must be sufficiently discussed in various designs of studies to maximize the effects of AHP analysis.