• Title, Summary, Keyword: AKD

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Neutral Sizing of Linerboard Using Fast Cure Type AKD (급속경화형 AKD를 이용한 라이너지의 중성 사이징)

  • Lee Hak-Lae;Seo Man-Seok;Shin Jong-Ho;Youn Hye-Jung
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2006
  • To overcome troubles in strength and process of linerboard caused by raw materials, a neutral sizing which is usual in fine paper making can be considered. A new sizing agent is necessary to show good performance in a system with high conductivity and COD. In this study, fast cure type AKD was examined as a new sizing agent and compared with conventional AKD. The effects of fixing agent addition and drying condition were also investigated. Fast cure type AKD which has a higher cationicity showed better sizing degree than conventional AKD in spite of low addition level and no curing treatment. And when fixing agent of sufficient amount was added, sizing degree was improved for both AKDs. High cationicity is a crucial factor for neutral sizing of linerboard for obtaining fast and stable sizing degree. Drying with temperature over $100^{\circ}$ was desirable for developing sizing degree.

Alkaline Sizing of TMP with AKD (AKD에 의한 TMP의 중성사이징)

  • 김봉용
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2002
  • Alkaline sizing characteristics of TMP (thermomechanical pulp) handsheets with AKD (alkylketene dimer) were studied under various conditions. The sizing degree of TMP handsheet was much lower than that of chemical pulp. Especially, the sized TMP handsheet dried at $20^{\circ}C$ showed no sizing features, but sizing degree of TMP handsheet was clearly Increased by heat treatment at $105^{\circ}C$. The sizing effect of TMP was also improved by addition of $CaCO_3$, but it was not affected by pH. Therefore, sizing effect of TMP with AKD can be improved to some extent by controlling stock condition and heat treatment of handsheet.

Effect of Alkyl Ketene Dimer(AKD) on Red Algae Reinforced Biocomposites (AKD 처리한 홍조류섬유 보강 바이오복합재료의 특성)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Park, Dong-Hui;Seo, Yung-Bum
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2011
  • Biocomposites were fabricated with biodegradable polymers and natural fibers. Biocomposites have benefits of low cost, low density, and biodegradability over inorganic fiber composite, and give comparable strength properties. Hydrophobic polymer used for sizing in paper industry, AKD (Akenyl Keten Dimer), was applied to natural fibers, red algae fibers (RAF) in this study, to make fiber surfaces more compatible to hydrophobic nature of matrix polymers. Composites with RAF, kenaf, glass fibers, and carbon fibers have been fabricated by a compression molding method and their thermo-mechanical properties have been studied. Also, the thermal dimensional stability test was done from at 30 to $100^{\circ}C$. The storage moduli and the thermo-mechanical stabilities of polypropylene and poly lactic acid based biocomposites were improved by reinforcing with the RAF and much more with AKD treated fibers. Dimensional stability of biocomposite was also markedly improved by AKD pretrement on RAF.

Development of Higher Functional Coating Agents for Pulp Mold (II) -Manufacture of mixed coating agents- (펄프몰드용 새로운 고기능 코팅제 제조기술개발(제2보) -혼합코팅제 제조-)

  • 강진하;임현아
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2003
  • In recent years, numerous studies have been carried out to find out the possible substitution of PE-coated paperboards used in packaging of watery or oily foods. Accordingly, this study was carried out to obtain the basic data for producing higher functional coating agents for pulp mold by evaluating various kinds of mixed coating agents. At that time, two kinds of synthetic coating agents(AKD, PYA) and three kinds of natural coating agent(CMC, corn starch, oxidized starch) were used for making the mixed coating agents respectively. Physical properties of coated paperboards were tested. Conclusions obtained from this study were as follows. Based on concentrations, the proper mixture ratios were 10:90(AKD:CMC), 10:90(AKD:corn starch), 10:90(AKD:oxidized starch), 40:60(PVA:CMC), 20:80(PVA:corn starch) and 20:80(PYA:oxidized starch). The mixed coating agent of PYA:corn starch(20:80) was the most efficient coating agent. Consequently, water and oil resistance were improved even with much addition of natural coating agents. We consider that they can be suitable for the packaging used in the storage of higher moisture vegetables and other food, and also can be suitable for oily fried food.

Sizing Efficiency of AKD in Causticizing Calcium Carbonate Filled Paper

  • Wang, Jian;Liu, Ling;Xu, Yong-Jian
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2014
  • Causticizing calcium carbonate (CCC) is produced as a by-product in the causticization step of the kraft pulping process. It is often calcined in a rotary lime kiln after being dewatered and reused in the causticizing process. But for the China mill, the conventional recycled way is difficult because the CCC is mainly obtained from non-wood pulping materials, which higher silicon content led to serious silicon obstacle. So it is often discarded as solid waste or used in landfill after dewatering and secondary pollution is brought. In order to prevent its secondary pollution, recent years, the CCC is used as a filler in China papermaking industry. In mill trials, the CCC can be used to replace an amount of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC). Unfortunately, the application scope and dosage of CCC have been limited due to its lower sizing efficiency than PCC. In this study, the reason for the lower sizing efficiency of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) when CCC was used as a filler was investigated. The results showed that the materials in green liquid, such as insoluble matter in green liquid, silicon and metal ions, were a little influence on the sizing efficiency of AKD. The higher BET and BJH pore volume of the CCC were the main reason for lower sizing efficiency of AKD when it was used as filler.

Characteristics of Alkaline Sizing Associated with Pulp and Size Fixing Agent (펄프와 정착제에 따른 중성사이징 특성)

  • 이현철;김봉용
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2001
  • AKD sizing behavior of handsheets, which were prepared from the different pulps with various AKD fixing agents, was studied in this investigation. AKD sizing performance could be improved by removal of fines in the stock, minimizing damage of fiber, using a suitable fixing agent and heat treatment. Fillers with low surface energy, like calcium carbonate and talc, showed quite positive effect in AKD sizing. When PAM was added to the DIP stock as fixing agent, it showed lower sizing degree than polyamine did. But in case of NBKP system, PAM was more effective than polymine.

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Studies on the Printability of Hanji by Sizing and Calendering

  • Kang Jin-Ha;Seo Seung-Man;Park Seong-Cheol
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2005
  • The development of printable Hanji is regarded as an important work to create a new demand of Hanji in information-oriented era. Hanji has rougher surface, huger absorption of ink and lower optical properties and printabilities than common printing papers. Improving those shortcomings of Hanji is required to be printable Hanji. Sizing and calendering have known as a way to make properties of paper good. Accordingly, this research was performed to find out useful sizing agents for reforming its drawbacks. Four sizing agents (CMC, com starch, PVA, AKD) were used in this research. The optical properties and the printabilities of sized Hanji were tested. The obtained results were as follows. Based on concentration, each sizing agent was prepared. These were CMC(0.5, 1, $1.5\%$), corn starch(1, 2, $3\%$), PVA(1, 5, $10\%$), AKD(0.5, 0.1, $0.15\%$) respectively. After sizing, we performed calendering treatment with pressure of 0.5, $1\;kgf/cm^2$. All the sizing agents and calendering treatment improved the properties of Hanji to some extent. Particularly, com starch was good for gloss. In case of printability, $1\%$ AKD with $1\;kgf/cm^2$ was recommendable for typography ink density, $3\%$ com starch with $0.5\;kgf/cm^2$, inkjet ink density, $2\%$ com starch with $0.5\;kgf/cm^2$, inkjet ink girth. PVA and AKD without calendering were counter-effective agents for inkjet ink density. Printable Hanji is required to have not only better surface strength enough to appear non-picking, higher ink density and lower show-through than base paper but also the lowest ink girth in comparison with base paper. When referring to them, efficient sizing agents were regarded as $0.1\%$ AKD with $1\;kgf/cm^2$, calender pressure, for typography printing and $2\%$ com starch with $0.5\;kgf/cm^2$, calender pressure, for inkjet printing.