• Title, Summary, Keyword: AKD

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Development of Higher functional Coating Agents for Pulp Mold (I) (펄프몰드용 새로운 고기능 코팅제 제조기술개발(제1보) - 합성 및 천연코팅제의 기능 구명 -)

  • 강진하;임현아
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2002
  • In recent years, numerous studies have been carried out to find out the possible substitution of PE-coated paperboards used in packaging of watery or oily foods. Accordingly, this study was carried out to obtain the basic data for producing higher functional coating agents for pulp mold by evaluating various kinds of synthetic and natural coating agents on the market. Physical properties of coated paperboards were tested. Conclusions obtained from this study were as follows. AKD and PVA showed higher functions than the other synthetic coating agents, while functions of CMC, Com starch and Oxidized starch were higher than those of other natural coating agents. Based on concentrations, AKD 0.5%, PVA 10%, CMC 1.5%, corn starch 6% and oxidized starch 8% were appeared as the proper concentrations. W3 consider that AKD may be suitable for the storage of higher moisture vegetables and other food, and PVA may be suitable for higher oily fried food.

Studies on the Printability Improvement of Hanji by Surface Sizing with Mixed Agents

  • Seo, Seung-Man;Kang, Jin-Ha;Lim, Hyun-A
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.38-46
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    • 2006
  • Many researches for extensive uses of Hanji have been performed. With the advent of an information-oriented age, the development of Hanji which is printable has been considered as a new field of study. Since Hanji has many drawbacks in comparison with common printing papers, that is, rougher surface, huger absorption of ink and lower physical properties and printabilities. Improving the properties and printabilities of Hanji is therefore the most important work to deal with. This study was conducted to find out useful mixed agents for surface sizing suitable for printable Hanji. Four surface sizing agents (CMC, corn starch, PYA, AKD) were applied for mixture in this study. The physical properties of surface sized Hanji were measured. Results obtained were as follows. Based on designated agents according to concentration, each of the mixed agents was prepared. The kinds of mixture were corn starch (3%) and PVA (5%), corn starch (3%) and AKD (0.1%), corn starch (3%) and CMC (1%), AKD (0.1%) and CMC (1%), AKD (0.1%) and PVA (5%), CMC (1%) and PVA (5%). Each mixed surface sizing agents was included with these ratios (100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, 10:90, 0:100) respectively. All the mixed agents improved the physical properties and printabilities of Hanji. Among them, mixed agent of CMC (1%) and corn starch (3%) with 90:10 ratio is superior to the others for not only smoothness but also ink printability. In view of the result achieved, it is regarded that it can be fit for using Hanji as a printing paper and turned out to be a good contribution to Hanji industry.

Studies on the Physical Properties of Molded Packaging Material Using Rice-Straw Pulp (볏짚펄프를 이용한 성형포장재의 물성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Seung-Won;Kang, Chin-Ha
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 1999
  • To use the agricultural residues as the raw material of molded packaging material, the packaging trays were manufactured from rice-straw pulp. The physical properties were measured to compare non-treated trays with the addition trays, such as the addition of starch, rosin size, carboxymethyl cellulose(CMC), polyethylene glycol(PEG), alkylketene dimer(AKD), polyacryl amide(PAM). The results were as follows : 1. In the addition of starch, air permeability at addition of 5% was highest. Bursting strength and tensile strength were smaller than non-treated trays. 2. In the addition of rosin size, air permeability, bursting strength and tensile strength were smaller than non-treated trays. 3. In the addition of CMC, air permeability was higher than non-treated trays. Bursting strength and tensile strength were similar to non-treated trays. 4. In the addition of PEG, air permeability was higher than non-treated trays. Bursting strength at addition of 3% was the highest and tensile strength was smaller than non-treated trays. 5. In the addition of AKD, air permeability at addition of 1% and 5% was higher than non-treated trays. Bursting strength and tensile strength were smaller than non-treated trays. 6. In the addition of PAM, air permeability at addition of 0.01% was the highest. Tensile strength at addition of 0.01% were higher than non-treated trays. 7. The water absorption of the trays decreased with increasing adding of natural additives.

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Changes in the Water Absorption Properties of Pulp Mold manufactured with Oil Palm EFB by surface treatments (표면처리에 의한 오일팜 EFB 기반 펄프몰드의 흡수특성 변화)

  • Kim, Dong-Sung;Sung, Yong Joo;Kim, Chul-Hwan;Kim, Se-Bin
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2015
  • The applicability of oil palm biomass, EFB(Empty Fruit Bunch) as raw materials for environmental friendly packaging material, pulp mold, was evaluated in this study. The changes in the water absorption properties of pulp mold by the addition of EFB and the surface treatments with PVA and AKD were analyzed by measuring the changes in the water absorption rate and the water contact angle. The each pulp mold sample was prepared by using laboratory wet pulp molder. And the water absorption rate of each samples were evaluated by measuring times for the absorption of a 0.1 ml water drop on the pulp mold sample surface. The addition of EFB to the pulp mold made of OCC resulted in the decrease of water absorption rate and the increase in the water contact angle. The surface treatments with PVA and AKD on the OCC pulp mold showed the significant reduction in the water absorption rate. However, in case of ONP pulp mold, the addition of EFB and the surface treatments with PVA and AKD showed no big changes in water absorption times. Those might be come from the finer surface structure of ONP pulp mold which were made of more finer and flexible fibers and more hydrophilic fibers. The results of this study showed the functional properties such as water absorption rate, could be controlled by the application of EFB and the treatments with AKD or PVA, especially in case of the OCC pulp mold.

Evaluation of Water Resistance Properties of Pulp Mold depending on the Types of Raw Materials and the Additives (원료종류 및 첨가제 처리에 따른 펄프몰드의 수분 저항성 평가)

  • Sung, Yong Joo;Kim, Hyung Min;Kim, Dong Sung;Lee, Ji Young
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2015
  • The pulp mold attract the increasing concern as recyclable, biodegradable, and eco-friendly packaging materials. In order to broaden the applicability of the pulp mold as substitutes of the expanded styrofoam, the properties of various raw materials for the pulp mold were evaluated and the way for improving water resistance properties of the pulp mold were also tested by applying some additives. The higher value in the fines contents and in the water retention value were shown for the TMP (thermomechanical pulp), which resulted in the bulkier pulp mold with the higher moisture absorption property. In case of water resistance properties, the pulp mold made of white ledger stock showed the higher value in water contact angle and very slow water absorption rate. The addition of oil palm EFB fiber showed the improvement in the water resistance of the pulp mold made of UBKP. The effects of various additives on the improvement in the water resistance properties of the pulp mold were tested by using AKD, PVAm, epoxy resin. The application of AKD leaded to the higher increase in the water resistance. The results in this study showed the effects of AKD for the pulp mold could be improved and optimized by the application with fixing agent and by the ageing treatment after production.

Studies on Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Packed in Various Environmental Friendly Trays (환경 친화적 포장재를 이용한 느타리버섯의 저장성 연구)

  • 신동화;안용선;강진하;오승원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to storage of Pleurotus ostreatus packed in various trays made by different matrials-expanded polystyrene (EPS), rice straw pulp(RP), and RP trays coated with starch, carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC), polyacrylamide (PAM), alkylketen dimer (AKD), rosin size (RS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) at 8~1$0^{\circ}C$ and 70~80% relative hymidity for 6 days. At 6 days storage, weight increase of RP and CMC tray was lower (p<0.05) than those of others and the weight of oyster mushroom packed in RP, CMC and AKD tray decreased lower(p<0.05) than those of others. Carbon dioxide contents in trays were increased from 0.5% to 5.5%~8.6% within 1 day storage. Oxygen contents in trays were sharply decreased from 20% to 0.8%~8.2% within 1 day storage. Lightness of oyster mushroom increased all trays. Off flavor appeared stronly in oyster mushroom packed in EPS, AKD and PEG during storage, but was not detected in mushroom packed in starch and CMC until 4 days storage.

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Studies on the Physical Properties of Base Paper for the Manufacture of Mulching Mat for Afforestation Seedling (조림묘목 mulching mat 제조용 base paper의 물리적 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Jin;Oh, Dong-Geun;Yoo, Yeong-Jeong
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the physical properties of base paper for the manufacture of mulching mat for afforestation seedling were investigated. The base paper for mulching mat was prepared by stock conditions of PAE and AKD addition into the screened slurry of KOCC for the strengthening effects of wet tensile and burst strength. The optimum additions of PAE and AKD were considered at 2% and 0.5%, respectively. The accelerated aging by ISO 5630-1 and wet heat aging method under hot water for 2 kinds of commercial mulching and wet strength paper were compared with the base paper prepared for mulching mat manufacture. The accelerated aging test for the base paper prepared for mulching mat manufacture resulted in the same tendency of physical properties as two kinds of commercial products. However, the results of wet heat aging test under hot water indicated that the physical strength for base paper prepared was much higher than others. In addition, the opacity behavior for base paper prepared was enough effects to obstruct weeds growth by isolating transmission of sunlight.

Analysis of Physical Properties and Water Repellency Property in Functional Packaging Paper (기능성 포장원지의 물성변화 및 내수성 분석)

  • Kim, Chul-Hwan;Cho, Sung-Hwan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.13 no.3_4
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2007
  • Functional packaging paper containing botanical antimicrobial agent (BAAG) and inorganic zeolite was developed for antimicrobial activity and adsorption of ethylene gas of the paper. The physical properties of the packaging paper showed different characteristics with addition of BAAG and functional fillers: both tensile strength and burst strength were decreased, but both stiffness and tear strength were slightly increased. Zeolite also contributed to fast removal of ethylene gas known as aging hormone of fruits and vegetables. Alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) was greatly effective to endow the packaging paper with water repellency property.

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