• Title, Summary, Keyword: ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT

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Ganglion in the Anterior Cruciate ligament as a Cause of Flexion Contracure of the Knee Joint - A Case Report - (전방 십자 인대의 결절종으로 인한 슬관절 굴곡 구축 - 1례보고 -)

  • Kim, Joon-Sik;Yang, Moon-Seung
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.77-79
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    • 1998
  • Ganglion in the anterior cruciate ligament is quite rare finding at the time of knee arthroscopy. We experienced a 58 years old female pateint with a ganglion in the anterior cruciate ligamentwho complained gradual development of flexion contracture of left knee joint and treated with arthroscopic excision of ganglion resulted in freedom from flexion contracture of her knee joint.

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A Study on the Standardization of the Test Method Upon Testing the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Damage Using TELOS (TELOS를 이용한 Knee Stress (Lachman)검사의 표준화에 대한 연구)

  • Lim, Jongcheon;Han, Dongkyoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to find out the standardized test criteria regarding patients with the anterior cruciate ligament damage by identifying the degree of the flexion gap of femur and tibia upon bending of the anterior cruciate ligament in order to carry out the accurate test of such impairment. On the standardized test method and judgement criteria upon the anterior cruciate ligament test using Telos, it has been shown that there was no significant difference in the results according to the position of a fixed roller in the anterior cruciate ligament test for normal patients. However, in a test for patients who had undergone the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, it has been shown that the measured values of the anterior cruciate ligament tended to be pushed when the position of a fixed roller was less than 1cm in the test according to the position of a fixed roller of Telos (less than 1cm, more than 3cm), and this was statistically significant. The anterior cruciate ligament test (knee stress test) is a limited method used in orthopedics and rehabilitation medicine, and there have been no standardized test guidelines available yet although numerous ligament measurement tests have been performed. In addition, since the measured values are often different depending on testers even on the test that is expected to give the same result, the reproducibility of the test is still low. Accordingly, it is considered that the criteria for the anterior cruciate ligament test need to be established, and this would contribute to the accuracy of the diagnosis through the accurate test and standardized measurements.

Anatomy of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (A Blueprint for Repair and Reconstruction) (전방십자인대의 해부학)

  • Jung, Young-Bok;Yum, Jae-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1997
  • The anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) is, perhaps, the most intriguing component of the knee joint. Initially referred to crucial ligament because of the cruciate or crossed arrangement or the anterior and posterior ligaments within the knee. the irony or the ACL being crucial to the well-being or the joint has only recently appreciated. The anterior cruciate ligament of human knee joint is a complex structure and its orientation, construct and biology arc directly related to the knee function as a constraint of knee joint motion. In addition to its functional role as a static stabilizer or the knee. the ACL has a unique neurovascular system. The vascular anatomy of the ACL plays a crucial role in the repair and reconstruction of the ligament, and the neuroreceptors found in its substance suggest a possible proprioceptive role for the ligament. The structural complexity of the ACL allows the ligament to function through the normal range of motion as a static stabilizer or the knee. hut it also makes the exact duplication of this structure very difficult. A comprehensive knowledge or the anatomy of the ACL can provide the orthopedic surgeon with a blueprint for the idealized repair and reconstruction of this most complex structure.

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A Rare Case of Intra-Articular Displacement of EndoButton Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

  • Ho, Sean WL;Lee, Keng Thiam
    • Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.534-536
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    • 2017
  • The EndoButton is a commonly used device for femoral fixation of anterior cruciate ligament grafts. Complications from its usage remain rare. Incorrect femoral tunnel placement may increase the risk of intra-articular displacement of the EndoButton. We present a case of anterior femoral tunnel placement resulting in intra-articular displacement of the EndoButton after failure. A 24-year-old man presented to us after failure of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction performed 3 years prior. Radiographs revealed an intra-articular displacement of the EndoButton. Intraoperatively, it was noted that the femoral tunnel exit was within the suprapatellar pouch, with the displaced EndoButton lodged between the posterior aspect of the lateral tibial plateau and the capsule. Intra-articular displacement of the EndoButton is a rare complication and has only been reported twice in the literature. Anterior placement of the femoral tunnel may predispose patients to this complication and it is recommended to check the EndoButton position intraoperatively to avoid such a complication, especially for the unexperienced surgeon.

Effects of Sensorimotor Training Volume on Recovery of Knee Joint Stability in Patients following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

  • Shim, Jae-Kwang;Choi, Ho-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of sensorimotor training on knee joint stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Methods: The subjects were sixteen 16 adults who received anterior cruciate reconstruction by arthroscopy, and underwent sensorimotor training for which was to have them maintenanceain of a standing position with a step Balance ball on the affected side over 30 degrees knee flexion with 100% weight bearing for 15-20 seconds. Before the genuine experiment commenced, the Lysholm scale was had been used to assess functional disorders on the affected knee joint. KT-2000 Arthrometer measurement equipment was used to measure anterior displacement of tibia against to femur before and after the sensorimotor training. Results: There was significant relaxation on the affected side in tibia anterior displacement of the affected and sound sides on in supine position before the sensorimotor training. There was little significant difference in tibia anterior displacement of the affected knee joints on in the supine position before and after the sensorimotor training. The results also showed that there was a reduction in the difference of tibia anterior displacement of the affected knee joints on in the standing position. These results suggest that the effects of sensorimotor training on knee joint stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is to induce the change of tibia anterior displacement against femur and the variation of muscles activation. Conclusion: The sensorimotor training may contribute to the improvement of joint functional stability in people who are in post-operation state and with orthopedic musculoskelectal injuries.

Proprioception of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (전방십자인대의 고유수용 감각)

  • Lee, Byung-Ill;Yoo, Jae-Eung
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 1997
  • In the present paper the current clinical knowledge about proprioception is given for the shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow and the radiocarpal joint. Proprioceptive capabilities are decreased after knee joint injury such as anterior cruciate ligament. Joint position sense is significantly improved by cruciate reconstruction. Thus, we review of the articles for the proprioception of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint. The present information on proprioception will influence our clinical practice in the future. We should choose surgical procedures that not only reconstruct the anatomy, but also the neurophysiologic feed-back mechanism.

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Effects of Gymnasts Shoes on Risk Factors of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries during Drop Landing in Female Gymnasts (여자 체조선수들의 드롭 랜딩 시 체조화 착용유무가 전방십자인대 부상 위험요인에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Bee-Oh;Ryu, Young;Kim, Kew-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of gymnasts shoes on risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries during drop-landing followed by vertical jump in female gymnasts. Thirteen female gymnasts were recruited and performed randomly drop-landing followed by vertical jump in height of her knee with and without shoes. Kinematics and ground reaction data were collected to estimate the anterior cruciate ligament injuries risk factors. Data were analyzed with paired samples t-test with Bonferroni correction. Female gymnasts with shoes showed more reduced thigh maximum adduction angle, and knee maximum extension moment than without shoes. Female gymnasts with shoes showed more increased shank maximum abduction angle than without shoes. In conclusion, Female gymnasts with shoes reduced anterior cruciate ligament injuries risk factors.

The Clinical Case Report about Postoperative Rehabilitation for the Tear of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Treated with Korean Medical Treatment and Continuous Passive Motion (한방 치료와 연속 수동 운동(CPM)을 병행한 전방 십자인대 파열 환자의 수술 후 재활 치료에 대한 증례 보고)

  • Park, Chang-Hyun;Song, Yun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The objective of this study is to report the effect of Koran medical treatment and CPM exercise on recovery after reconstruction surgery of torn anterior cruciate ligament Methods : A 27-year-old male patient who had anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery was treated by Korean medical treatment and CPM exercise from March 24th 2015 to April 16th 2015. Results : After treatments, VAS were generally decreased, ROM of Lt. knee got better from $95^{\circ}/10^{\circ}$(flexion/extension) to $120^{\circ}/-5^{\circ}$ (flexion/extension), Lysholm Score increased from 26 to 63. Conclusions : This study showed that Korean medical treatments and CPM exercise has meaningful effect on recovery after reconstruction surgery of anterior cruciate ligament. And it is considered that we need to apporoach recovery of these kinds of operation with more active Korean medical treatment, and further researches should be done steadily.

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Effectiveness of Oriental Medical Therapy and Bongchuna on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture of Knee, Two Case Reports (슬관절의 전방십자인대파열에 대한 한방치료와 봉추나의 치료효과 증례 2)

  • Oh, Won-Kyo;Kwon, Young-Dal;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.241-254
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    • 2010
  • Anterior cruciate ligament tear is a common disease of knee injury. We report 1 case of anterior cruciate ligament complete tear diagnosed by MRI(magnetic resonance imaging) imaging and 1 case after reconstruction. Outcomes were measured by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm knee scoring scale. We applied acupuncture treatment, bee venom injection, bongchuna and prescribed herbal medication. Patients who treated by oriental medical treatments had a significant effect on the pain decrease and range of motion and knee function. Oriental medical treatments are very useful on pain reduction and prevention of muscle contraction, leading to satisfied rehabilitation, as wee as diminishing recurrence after operation.