• Title, Summary, Keyword: APSK

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Performance Analysis of M-ary APSK Modulation Method in the Presence of Phase Noise (M-ary APSK 변조 방식의 위상잡음 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.1511-1517
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    • 2014
  • Based on the simulation model for phase noise effect, the phase noise performance of communication system using the M-ary APSK modulation method is analyzed in this paper. The phase noise effects for APSK higher order modulation method are modeled by considering the signal constellations of the modulation methods. The simulation model is verified by comparing the analytic results for lower order modulation signals with simulated results for those modulation signals. Based on the simulation model, then, the phase noise effects for M-ary APSK are analyzed. The simulated results for PSK lower order modulation signals are in agreement with the results by the analytic model in the order of 1 %. The proper phase noise effects for M-ary APSK modulation signals are deduced by the simulation model. Also, the required signal-to-noise ratios of phase noise are proposed for phase noise degradations, which are used as the design parameter that considers the phase noise effect.

$4L^2$-APSK Constellation Method and Its Error Probability Analysis ($4L^2$-APSK 신호점 배치 방법 및 이의 오율 분석)

  • Nam, Young-Woo;Kim, Yong-Hwan;Jang, Tae-Jeong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.35 no.2C
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    • pp.210-218
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    • 2010
  • In order to improve the efficiency of frequency bandwidth, various modulation methods such as QAM and PSK have been widely used, and their variation APSK(Amplitude Phase Shift Keying) type modulation methods were proposed and are being used in some satellite communication systems. In this paper, a new constellation method named as $4L^2$-APSK is proposed, which places symbol points circularly as the existing APSK constellations do, but has different number of points and different distance between adjacent points on each layer. An equation for error probability in AWGN channel is also induced for $4L^2$-APSK. In addition, a new Gaussian noise channel is proposed in which noise variances are in the amplitude and in the phase and the two are not equal, and a method of obtaining error probabilities in this channel is also suggested. The equations for error probabilities are verified by computer simulations, and error probabilities of $4L^2$-APSK and QAM are analyzed and compared in the AWGN channel and the proposed noise channel, respectively.

Performance and Operating Characteristics Analysis of the 16-APSK Modulation over Nonlinear Channels (16-APSK 변조 방식의 성능 및 비선형 채널에서의 동작 특성 분석)

  • Kang, Seok-Heon;Kim, Sang-Tae;Sung, Won-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.32 no.4C
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    • pp.362-369
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    • 2007
  • APSK (Amplitude Phase Shift Keying) digital modulation is characterized by the circular positioning of the transmission symbols in the constellation diagram. Due to such structural characteristics, the peak-to-average power ratio of the APSK modulation is lower than that of the QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation), and the amount of performance degradation over nonlinear channels can be mitigated. The APSK modulation scheme has recently been adopted as satellite communication system standards including the DVB-S2 (Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite, Version 2). In this paper, a BER (Bit Error Rate) upper bound approximation formula is derived using the channel model with the output power saturation characteristics, and its accuracy is demonstrated. Using the derived formula, the input power level that minimizes the BER is determined. The optimized performance based on the radii ratio of the 16APSK constellation and the channel saturation level is also presented.

Performance Analysis of M-ary APSK Modulation Signal due to Phase Noise (위상잡음에 의한 M-ary APSK 변조신호의 성능 분석)

  • Kim, Young-wan;Ji, Sek-geon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.679-681
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    • 2014
  • The performance of M-ary APSK modulation system due to phase noise are analyzed in this paper. The effects for phase noise in the higher order modulation are simulated by using constellation of the higher order modulation signals. the simulated results are verified by comparing with the analytic results for lower order PSK modulation signals. Based on the evaluation of simulation method, the phase noise effects for higher order APSK modulation signals are suggested in this paper.

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Performance Enhancement by Scaling Soft Bit Information of APSK (APSK 변조 방식에 대한 연판정 출력의 스케일링을 통한 성능 개선)

  • Zhang, Meixiang;Kim, Sooyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38C no.10
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    • pp.858-866
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    • 2013
  • In the DVB-S2, which is the technical specification of the second generation digital video broadcasting via satellite, APSK modulation scheme along with LDPC coding schemes are defined. APSK is a multi-lelvel PSK modulation scheme and decoding of LDPC coded signal requires soft decision information. Therefore, the APSK demodulator at the receiver should have capability of estimating soft information. In this paper, we introduce a method to estimate soft information by using simple distance estimation, and show that this method overestimates the soft information. Subsequently, this overestimated soft information leads to performance degradation. In order to overcome this problem, we propose a scaling method to improve the performance at the receiver In addition, we show that the proposed scaling scheme enables us to estimate the soft information with linear order complexity and produce the performance close to the maximum likelihood detection.

Approximated Soft-Decision Demapping Algorithm for Coded 4+12+16 APSK (부호화된 4+12+16 APSK를 위한 근사화된 연판정 디매핑 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Jaeyoon;Jang, Yeonsoo;Yoon, Dongweon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.37A no.9
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    • pp.738-745
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    • 2012
  • This paper proposes an approximated soft decision demapping algorithm with low computational complexity for coded 4+12+16 amplitude phase shift keying (APSK) in an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. To derive the proposed algorithm, we approximate the decision boundaries for 4+12+16 APSK symbols, and then decide the log likelihood ratio (LLR) value for each bit from the approximated decision boundaries. Although the proposed algorithm shows about 0.6~1.1dB degradation on the error performance compared with the conventional max-log algorithm, it gives a significant result in terms of the computational complexity.

Simple Signal Detection Algorithm for 4+12+16 APSK in Satellite and Space Communications

  • Lee, Jae-Yoon;Yoon, Dong-Weon;Hyun, Kwang-Min
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2010
  • A 4+12+16 amplitude phase shift keying (APSK) modulation outperforms other 32-APSK modulations in a nonlinear additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel because of its intrinsic robustness against AM/AM and AM/PM distortions caused by the nonlinear characteristics of a high-power amplifier. Thus, this modulation scheme has been adopted in the digital video broadcasting-satellite2 European standard. And it has been considered for high rate transmission of telemetry data on deep space communications in consultative committee for space data systems which provides a forum for discussion of common problems in the development and operation of space data systems. In this paper, we present an improved bits-to-symbol mapping scheme with a better bit error rate for a 4+12+16 APSK signal in a nonlinear AWGN channel and propose a simple signal detection algorithm for the 4+12+16 APSK from the presented bit mapping.

Trellis-Coded Differential Unitary Space-Time Modulation with High Spectral Efficiency (고속 데이터 전송을 위한 트렐리스 부호 차동 유일 시공간 변조 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Taeyoung;Kang Changeon;Hong Daesik
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.1C
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a new trellis-coded differential unitary space-time modulation (TC-DUSTM) scheme based on amplitude/phase-shift-keying (APSK) signals is proposed. In particular, the design criterion of the trellis coding is proposed to combine the trellis coding and DUSTM scheme based on APSK constellation. From the computer simulations, we verify the superiority of the proposed TC-DUSTM based on APSK signals at the higher transmission rate. In addition, the proposed scheme can suppress the irreducible error of the differential scheme.

A Soft Demapping Method for 64-APSK in the DVB-S3 System (DVB-S3 시스템의 64-APSK 방식에 대한 연판정 비트 검출 기법)

  • Li, Guowen;Zhang, Meixiang;Kim, Sooyoung
    • Journal of Satellite, Information and Communications
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.23-27
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we propose a soft demapping method for 64-ary APSK in the DVB-S3 system. The proposed method in this paper uses the hard decision threshold (HDT) line for each constituent bit in a symbol, and calculates the soft bit information with the distance between the HDT line and the detected symbol. If the HDT lines are defined in a simple manner, the complexity to estimate soft information can be largely reduced compared with the maximum likelihood detection (MLD) which has an exponential complexity. By considering this, we first derive HDT lines for each constituent bit for a 64-APSK symbol, and propose a method to calculate soft bit information. We simulate the BER performance of the proposed scheme by using a turbo codes which requires soft-input-soft-output information, and compare it that of the MLD. The result show that the proposed scheme produces approximating performance to MLD with largely reduced complexity.

Low-complexity de-mapping algorithms for 64-APSK signals

  • Bao, Junwei;Xu, Dazhuan;Zhang, Xiaofei;Luo, Hao
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.308-315
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    • 2019
  • Due to its high spectrum efficiency, 64-amplitude phase-shift keying (64-APSK) is one of the primary technologies used in deep space communications and digital video broadcasting through satellite-second generation. However, 64-APSK suffers from considerable computational complexity because of the de-mapping method that it employs. In this study, a low-complexity de-mapping method for (4 + 12 + 20 + 28) 64-APSK is proposed in which we take full advantage of the symmetric characteristics of each symbol mapping. Moreover, we map the detected symbol to the first quadrant and then divide the region in this first quadrant into several partitions to simplify the formula. Theoretical analysis shows that the proposed method requires no operation of exponents and logarithms and involves only multiplication, addition, subtraction, and judgment. Simulation results validate that the time consumption is dramatically decreased with limited degradation of bit error rate performance.