• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abamectin

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Simultaneous Determination of Abamectin and Milbemectin Residues in Fruits

  • Lee, Young-Deuk;Kwon, Chan-Hyeok
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.94-100
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    • 2000
  • An analytical method was developed to determine abamectin and milbemectin residues in apple, pear, and citrus using HPLC with ultraviolet absorption detection. Abamectin and milbemectin were extracted with methanol from apple, pear, and citrus samples. The extract was diluted with saline water and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover the compounds from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography and aminopropyl solid-phase extraction were employed as cleanup methods to remove most of co-extractives from the sample extract. Reverse-phase HPLC using an octadecylsilyl column was successfully applied to separate and quantitate abamectin and milbemectin residues in sample extracts at the wavelength of 245 nm. Recoveries of abamectin and milbemectin from fortified samples ranged 80.4~90.3% and 90.9~96.8%, respectively. Relative standard deviations of the analytical method were less than 10% for both acaricides. Detection limit of the analytical method was 0.003 mg/kg sample for all the analytes. The proposed method was reproducible and sensitive enough to evaluate terminal residues of abamectin and milbemectin in apple, pear, and citrus.

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Quantitation of abamectin by HPTLC and its pharmacokinetics after intramuscular injection in pigs (돼지에서 근육주사한 Abamectin에 대한 HPTLC 분석 및 약물동태학)

  • Park, Seung-chun;Yun, Hyo-in
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2000
  • We established a new method to analyze abamectin using HPTLC (high performance thin layer chromatography) in order to obtain its pharmacokinetic profiles in pigs. Recovery of abamectin in pig serum after fluorescence derivatization was $80.01{\pm}3.82%$ at 0.1ppm and $83.67{\pm}3.63%$ at 10ppm, respectively. Detection reproducibility in terms of coefficient variation (c.v.) was 3.09% and 2.74% (intra-day), and 3.71% and 51.7%(inter-day), for 0.1 and 10ppm, respectively. Pharmacokinetics of abamectin was studied in five Yorkshire-Landrace mixed bred male pigs ($35.0{\pm}2.7kg$) administered intramuscularly 0.3mg/kg b.w. Pharmacokinetic profiles of abamectin in pigs were described by the 1-compartment open model with first-order absorption and first-order elimination. AUC (area under the curve) was $262.65{\pm}16.44ng{\cdot}day/ml$ and the biological elimination half-life ($t_{1/2},\;k_e$) was $5.28{\pm}0.84$ days, indicating somewhat high bioavailability and long half-life by the intramuscular route. We suggest intramucular injection of abamectin could be also used in place of the recommended route of its subcutaneous administration so far.

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Comparative Toxicity of Abmectin to the Spider Mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch and Teranychus Kanzawai Kishida (Acarina; Tetranychidae) and the Predatory Mite, Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) (점박이응애(Tetranychus urticae), 간자와응애(Tetranychus Kanzawai)와 긴털이리응애(Amblyseius womersleyi)에 대한 Abamectin의 독성 비교)

  • 김상수;백채훈
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.164-172
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    • 1996
  • The comparative toxicity of abamectin to the predatory mite, Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha and the spider mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch and T. kanzawai Kishida was evaluated by leaf disc method. Abamectin was much less toxic to A. womersleyi than to the spider mites. Although survival rate of adult females of A. womersleyi tended to decrease with increasing abamectin concentration, 8-78% of predators remained alive at concentrations of 0.38-6 ppm. Likewise, reproduction was significantly reduced with increasing abamectin concentration. Abamectin neither affect the hatch of A. womersleyi eggs nor the development of surviving immature predators. Survival of immature predators decreased with increasing abamectin concentration. However, 42-90% of immature predators reached adulthood at 0.38-3 ppm. Adult female predators survived on a diet of spider mites intoxicated with abamectin, although their fecundity and the sex-ratio of the progeny were significantly affected. Abamectin at selective sublethal concentrations (0.38-0.75 ppm) could he of value in adjusting predatorlprey ratios in integrated management of T. urticae and T. kanzawai.

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Susceptibility of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) against commercially registered insecticides in Korea (국내등록사용중인 살충제에 대한 온실가루이의 감수성)

  • Kim, Chang-Woo;Kim, Jeong-Wha;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2000
  • These studies were carried out to investigate the toxicities of 38 registered insecticides to the sweetpotato whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum). Insecticide activities were evaluated by testing systemic action and residual effect in the laboratory, and control efficacy in the greenhouse. All experiments were tested at the recommended concentration(ppm) of each insecticides. Insect growth regulators (IGRs), only pyriproxyfen showed over 90% of ovicidal effect. The insecticides that showed over 90% of larvicidal activity oil 3rd nymphal instars were abamectin, acetamiprid, chlorpyrifos-methyl, imidacloprid, pyripoxyfen, and acetamiprid+ethofenprox. Insecticides with 100% adulticidal activity were abamectin, acephate, acetamiprid, benfurcarb, bifenthrin, furathiocarb, endosulfan, fenitrothion, imidacloprid, phenthoate, pymetrozine, acetamiprid + ethofenprox, ethofenprox + diazinon, furathiocarb + difluberlzuron, and triazamate+${\alpha}$-cypermethrin. Abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen, and acetamiprid + ethofenpox showed both residual effect and systemic activity. In tile control efficacy test on B. tabaci, 90% control values were obtained at 11th day after treatment of the insecticides including abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyripoxyfen and acetamiprid + ethofenprox. These results indicate that abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen and acetamiprid + ethofenprox can be used for tile control of B. tabaci in field.

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Effect of Antibiotics Insecticides on Survival and Reproduction of the Serpentine Leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (아메리카잎굴파리에 대한 항생제 살충제의 생존과 생식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Seo, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2006
  • Susceptibility of American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii, to four insecticides (abamectin, ememectin benzoate, spinosad and milbemectin) was tested in the laboratory. All insecticides showed high mortality on the egg and larval stage, but on pupa and adult. Oviposition was 100% suppressed by abamectin, emamectin benzoate and spinosad, and 85% by milbemectin. The three insecticides except milbemectin inhibited greatly the feeding activity of adults. Adult longevity was reduced (0.8-1.4 days) by the tree insecticides except milbemectin, in comparison with 5.5 days in control. Abamectin, emamectin benzoate and spinosad were effective on oviposition until 7 days after treatment, but milbemetin was not.

Selection of Trunk Injection Pesticides for Preventive of Pine Wilt Disease, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus on Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) (곰솔(Pinus thunbergii)에서 소나무재선충병 예방을 위한 나무주사용 약제선발)

  • Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Sang-Gil;Park, Nam-Chang;Lee, Dong-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to select effective preventive pesticides against pine wilt disease caused by pinewood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus on trunk injection. 1,000 fold aquatic solution of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC were lower mortality (7.3% and 8.3% respectively) against PWN on 1 day after treatment. However effects of abamectin 1.8% EC, emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC, fosthiazate 30% SL and fenitrothion 30% SL were inhibited the reproduction of PWN over 99.6% in Botrytis cineria media. Effect of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $10\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in diameter of breast height (DBH) on mortality of Japanese black pine, Pinus thungergii by inoculated PWN was 0% and 3.3%, respectively at the applied year however when injection of fosthiazate 30% SL were treated with the rate of $5\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm tree DBH, mortality of tree was 63.3%. Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC was showed high preventive efficacy representing >90% against PWN at the following year. PWN preventing efficacy of trunk injection was lower in naturally occurred area (mortality of pine tree in control was 11.7% at the first year) of PWN than artificially infected site (mortality of pine tree in control was >76.7% at the first year), PWN preventing efficacy of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $10\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in DBH was 91.5% and 82.9%, respectively, at the applied year and 89.5% and 82.6% respectively at the following year in PWN naturally occurred site. Control efficacy by trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC was more higher in 10 fold dilution with 10 fold high amount of aquatic solution than no dilution with 10 fold less amount of aquatic solution. The preventive effect of trunk injection of abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% EC at the rate of $5\;m{\ell}$ per 10 cm in DBH was showed 100% at the applied year in PWN inoculated tree.

Activity and control effects of insecticides to American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii(Diptera: Agromyzidae) (아메리카잎굴파리 (Liriomyza trifolii)에 대한 살충활성과 방제효과)

  • Kim, Gil-Hah;Lee, Young-Su;Park, Sun-Young;Park, Yong-Seong;Kim, Jeong-Wha
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2001
  • These studies were carried out to investigate the toxicities of 33 registered insecticide to the American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii. Insecticidal activities were evaluated by testing systemic action and residual effect in the laboratory, and control efficacy and phytotoxicity in the greenhouse. All insecticides used in this study did not effect on the egg of L. trifolii, although spinosad showed 70% of egg-hatch suppression. For L. trifolii larvae ($2{\sim}3$ instar), the insecticides with over 95% of insecticidal activity were abamectin, cartap, cyromazine, emamectin benzoate, diflubenzuron + chlorpyrifos. The Insecticide what showed over 90% of insecticidal activity or neonate larvae were abamectin, cartap, emamectin benzoate, diflubenzuron + chlorpyrifos and milbemectin. Only cartap + buprofezin showed over 95% insecticidal activity against L. trifolii pupae. Almost insecticides used in this study little or not effected on the adult of L. trifolii. Emamectin benzoate and milbemectin showed moderate foliar systemic effects on eggs of L. trifolii (53.3, 47.9%, respectively). However, other insecticides showed little systemic effect. For larvae and adults, all insecticides showed low systemic effects. Insecticides with over 90% residual effect for 10 days were abamectin, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin (91.4, 90.4, 91.9%, respectively). In the control efficacy test on L. trifolii 90% of control values were obtained at 14th day after treatment of the insecticides including abamectin, cyromazine, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin. Cartap and cartap + buprofezin showed slight phytotoxicity on kidney bean leaf, however, other insecticides showed no phytotoxic effects. These results indicate that abamectin, emamectin benzoate and milbemectin can be used for tile control of L. trifolii in field.

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Susceptibility of sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera : Aleyrodidae) to commercially registered insecticides in Korea (외래해충인 담배가루이의 약제감수성)

  • Kim, Gil-Hah;Lee, Young-Su;Lee, In-Hwan;Ahn, Ki-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2000
  • These studies were carried out to investigate the toxicities of 43 registered insecticides to the sweetpotato whitefly(Bemisia tabaci, B. biotype). Insecticide activities were evaluated by testing systemic action and residual effect in the laboratory, and control efficacy in the greenhouse. All experiments were tested at the recommended concentration(ppm) of each insecticides. Insect growth regulators (IGRs), pyriproxyfen and teflubenzuron showed >95% ovicidal effect. The insecticides that showed >95% larvicidal activity on 3rd nymphal instars were abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen, and acetamiprid+ ethofenprox. Insecticides with >95% adulticidal activity were abamectin, acetamiprid, diazinon, endosulfan, fenitrothion, imidacloprid, methidathion, pirimiphos-methyl, pymetrozine, spinosad, acetamiprid+ ethofenprox, cartap kydrochloride+buprofezin, and fenpropathrin+fenitrothion. Abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen, and acetamiprid+ethofenprox showed both residual effect and systemic activity. In the control efficacy test on B. tabaci, 90% control values were obtained at 1st day after treatment of the insecticides including abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen and acetamiprid+ethofenprox but in pyriproxyfen, 90% control value was reached at 7th day after treatment. These results indicate that abamectin, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, pyriproxyfen and acetamiprid+ethofenprox can be used in control for B. tabaci in field.

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Persistence and Distribution of Trunk-Injected Abamectin in Pinus thunbergii and Pinus koraiensis Tissues (수간주입한 아바멕틴의 곰솔과 잣나무 내 분포와 지속성)

  • Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Dong-Soo;Kim, Chul-Su;Cho, Kyu-Seong;Choo, Ho-Yul;Lee, Dong-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.190-196
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    • 2009
  • The residues of abamectin 1.8% EC, resisted for control of pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in pine tree were surveyed in tissue of Pinus thunbergii and P. koraiensis after injection of a liquid formulation. Limits of detection of abamectin in tissue of P. thunbergii were $0.05\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ and mean recoveries at $0.5\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ trunk injection were 90.9% and 93.1% respectively in stem and trunk of P. thunbergii. Abamectin 1.8% EC, trunk injected in 15 m height P. thunbergii were detected in all stem (edible part of carrier insect of pine wood nematode, Monochamus alternatus) from 0.29 to $0.73\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ after 150 days injection. Amount of residue of abamectin 1.8% EC in 12.6 cm mean breast height diameter (DBH) P. thunbergii were variable depending on individual trees in natural forest. Amount of residues in lower and middle part of trunk were reduced with the passage of the injection time. In upper part of trunk were detected $1.84\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ on 30 days after injection however $0.65\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ on 15 days after injection and under detection limit on 100 and 180 days after injection in P. thunbergii. Bottom and middle parts of crown were detected $0.183\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $0.173\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ respectively on 180 days after injection in P. thunbergii. Mean residues of abamectin in crown and trunk were $0.80\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $0.30\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ on 170 days after trunk injection in 20 cm DBH and 9 m height P. koraiensis. Mean residues of abamectin in crown and trunk were $0.67\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $0.36\;mg\;kg^{-1}$ on 170 days after trunk injection in 15 cm DBH and 6 m height P. koraiensis.

Possibility of simultaneous control of pine wilt disease and Thecodiplosis japonensis and or Matsucoccus thunbergianae on black pine (Pinus thunbergii) by abamectin and emamectin benzoate (곰솔(Pinus thunbergii)에서 Abamectin과 Emamectin benzoate를 이용한 소나무재선충과 솔잎흑파리 밑 솔껍질깍지벌레의 동시방제 가능성)

  • Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Dong-Soo;Kim, Chul-Su;Choo, Ho-Yul;Lee, Dong-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 2008
  • Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% were evaluated the simultaneous control effect of both insect pests on black pine (Pinus thunbergii) against Thecodiplosis japonensis and Matsucoccus thunbergianae. Abamectin 1.8% EC was highly effective against T. japonensis and M thunbergianae, however, emamectin benzoate was highly effective against only M. thunbergianae when abamectin and emamectin benzoate were applied through trunk injection against T. japonensis and M thunbergianae at the rate of 1 ml per cm in diameter of breast height. The rate of gall formation of T. japonensis was 0% at the applied year, but 85% at the following year. However, the rate of gall formation was over 90% at the treatment of emamectin benzoate showing no difference compared with control. Abamectin 1.8% EC and emamectin benzoate 2.15% showed high control efficacy representing 89.1% and 91.4% against M. thunbergiana, respectively.