• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abdominal fat deposit

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The Effect of Electroacupuncture on Abdominal Fat Deposit and Parameters for Obesity (장침 전기자극 시술이 복부지방과 비만지표에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Sung-Min;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.113-127
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the electroacupuncture therapy on abdominal fat deposit without diet, exercise and herbal medication. It was also designed to check the changes of free fatty acid in blood and catecholamine in urine to observe the mechanism of the electroacupuncture efficacy. Methods : 10 volunteers over 85 cm(male, 90 cm) in waist circumferences were recruited, and 10 electroacupuncture treatments were applied on their abdominal subcutaneous fat area for 4-5 weeks. We measured anthropometric factors, abdominal fat area with CT scanning, and the changes of free fatty acid in blood and catecholamine in urine before treatment and after the last treatment. Results : In this study, significant changes were shown in weight, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, body mass index and body fat percent after the electroacupuncture therapy. There were also significant decreases of visceral fat area, visceral/subcutaneous fat area ratio in CT scanning. The blood level of free fatty acid and the urine level of catecholamine were increased after treatments, but the changes were not statistically significant. Conclusions : This study showed the efficacy of the electroacupuncture therapy on the abdominal fat deposit. But significant changes couldn't be found out in free fatty acid and catecholamine. Further studies that compensate for the limitations of this study are required to confirm the mechanism of the electroacupuncture efficacy.

Serum Lipid Analyses in Korean Indigenous Cattle with Abdominal Fat Necrosis (지방종증에 이환된 한우의 혈청 지질관련 효소치 분석)

  • Yu, Do-Hyeon;Lee, Han-Kyoung;Kim, Beom-Seok;Park, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.407-410
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    • 2010
  • Bovine abdominal fat necrosis (lipomatosis) is relatively common disorder in adult Korean indigenous cattle. Thirteen Korean indigenous cattle with bovine lipomatosis and five clinically healthy cattle were selected and serum biochemical profiles were analyzed. Serum free fatty acids level was significantly high, while total cholesterol, serum albumin and total calcium levels were significantly low in bovine lipomatosis group. In a case of necropsy, saponificated adipose masses surrounding colon was observed and hepatic fatty degeneration and fat deposition in the renal tubules were found in a histopathologic examination. These findings indicate that affected cattle have a predisposition to deposit more fat into adipose tissue than normal cattle. Such abnormalities might lead to the development of abdominal fat necrosis with fibroplasia and possibly compress the intestines and urinary organs.

A Case Report for the Effects of Pharmacopuncture Combined Thread Implantation Therapy to Improve Localized Obesity (부분비만 개선을 위한 매선과 약침의 병행 치료 임상 효과 증례 보고)

  • Chon, Yeejin;Yoo, Jeong-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.144-148
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of pharmacopuncture combined thread implantation therapy for treating localized obesity. The study was conducted on 3 subjects with abdominal localized fat, 1 subject with thigh and 1 subject with calf localized fat. We practiced two kinds of pharmacopunture, which were cultivated wild ginseng and contacting Ephedra sinica pharmacopuncture. In addition, we practiced thread implantation to 20 points on muscle membrane layer. We performed these treatments once in 2 weeks, totally for 3 times. After treatments, abdominal circumference and waist-hip ratio were reduced by 4.6 % and 0.13, respectively. In addition, circumferences of thigh and calf were reduced by 5.8 % and 4%. We supposed that this combined therapy could be useful to deal with localized fat deposit. Long-term evaluation and further studies are required to identify effect size of this therapy.

Effect of Black Ginseng on Body Weight and Lipid Profiles in Male Rats Fed Normal Diets (정상 식이 수컷 흰쥐에서 흑삼이 체중 및 지질에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Gyu-Yong;Oh, Han-Jin;Roh, Seong-Soo;Seo, Young-Bae;Park, Yong-Jin;Myung, Chang-Seon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.381-385
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    • 2006
  • Previously we have reported that black ginseng was produced by nine-time repeated steaming 5-year fresh ginsengs at 95${\circ}$C for 3hr in pottery apparatus and drying at 60${\circ}$C for 12${\sim}$36 hr and had an outstanding anticancer activity. This study was designed to examine the ability of black ginseng to suppress body weight gain appetite, and to investigate the effect of black ginseng on lipid profile in male rats fed normal diets. The extract of black ginseng was administered daily for 3 weeks, and the changes of body weight and food intake were measured. After administering the extracts for 3 weeks, the fat weight and serum lipid levels were also measured. Black ginseng persistently suppressed weigh gain and food intake was also reduced, but not significantly; The weight of both epididymal and abdominal fats was decreased In black ginseng-treated rats. Serum triglyceride level in rats administered with black ginseng was also significantly lowered. Therefore, these results reveal that the repeated administration of black ginseng causes a suppression of body weigh gain by decreasing triglyceride level in blood and body fat deposit.

Differential Expression of PPARγ, FASN, and ACADM Genes in Various Adipose Tissues and Longissimus dorsi Muscle from Yanbian Yellow Cattle and Yan Yellow Cattle

  • Ji, Shuang;Yang, Runjun;Lu, Chunyan;Qiu, Zhengyan;Yan, Changguo;Zhao, Zhihui
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.10-18
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between cattle breeds and deposit of adipose tissues in different positions and the gene expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$), fatty acid synthase (FASN), and Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACADM), which are associated with lipid metabolism and are valuable for understanding the physiology in fat depot and meat quality. Yanbian yellow cattle and Yan yellow cattle reared under the same conditions display different fat proportions in the carcass. To understand this difference, the expression of $PPAR{\gamma}$, FASN, and ACADM in different adipose tissues and longissimus dorsi muscle (LD) in these two breeds were analyzed using the Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction method (qRT-PCR). The result showed that $PPAR{\gamma}$ gene expression was significantly higher in adipose tissue than in LD in both breeds. $PPAR{\gamma}$ expression was also higher in abdominal fat, in perirenal fat than in the subcutaneous fat (p<0.05) in Yanbian yellow cattle, and was significantly higher in subcutaneous fat in Yan yellow cattle than that in Yanbian yellow cattle. On the other hand, FASN mRNA expression levels in subcutaneous fat and abdominal fat in Yan yellow cattle were significantly higher than that in Yanbian yellow cattle. Interestingly, ACADM gene shows greater fold changes in LD than in adipose tissues in Yan yellow cattle. Furthermore, the expressions of these three genes in lung, colon, kidney, liver and heart of Yanbian yellow cattle and Yan yellow cattle were also investigated. The results showed that the highest expression levels of $PPAR{\gamma}$ and FASN genes were detected in the lung in both breeds. The expression of ACADM gene in kidney and liver were higher than that in other organs in Yanbian yellow cattle, the comparison was not statistically significant in Yan yellow cattle.

Studies on the Distribution Characteristics of Body Fat and the Estimation of Genetic Variation of Fat Amount in Broiler Type Chicken (육계의 체지방 분포특성과 유전변이 추정에 관한 연구)

  • 오희정;김재홍;오봉국
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 1988
  • This study was conducted to obtain more detailed information on the characteristics of body fat distribution, genetic variation and correlation of fat amount at different location in broiler type chicken. A total of 429 offsprings, produced by mating 13 sires with 52 dams of WPR, were used for this study. All experimental analyses were made on dressed carcasses of 8 weeks of age. The average live body weight was 1,856g in male and 1,483g in female, the proportions of each part to live body weight were higher in male group except skin and abdominal fat pad. The total body fat was more in male (40.76g), but fat rate of total body, skin, and abdomen to live body weight were significantly higher in female group. The fat percentages in each body location were significantly higher in the fatty group and in each sex. The rates of abdominal fat to total body fat were increased by fattening, while subcutaneous fat percentages were lowered. There were high correlations between body weight and fat deposit in each location. The genetic correlation coefficients of body weight to fat percentages of skinned carcass, skin, abdomen, and total body fat to live body weight were negative in both sexes, but those to total body fat, eviscerated carcass fat, and skin fat were positive. In conclusion, the fat weight and fat percentage in individual chickens became higher by fattening however, genetic correlation between live body weight and percentages total body fat to live body weight were so low(negative) that decreasing body fat could be possible without decreasing body weight.

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