• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abdominal obesity

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Relationship between Alcohol Drinking Patterns and Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Korean Adult Men (한국 성인 남성의 음주패턴과 비만과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Bo Young;Lee, Eun Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.478-491
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine whether alcohol drinking patterns (drinking frequency, drinking quantity, binge drinking frequency and risk drinking) were related to obesity and abdominal obesity. Methods: A total of 6,749 adult men from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to determine if obesity and abdominal obesity was associated with alcohol consumption patterns after adjusting for covariates. Results: No relationship was observed between drinking frequency and obesity. The odds ratio vs. nondrinkers for obesity was significantly low for individuals who consumed 5 to 6 drinks per typical occasion and monthly binge drinking. However ${\geq}7$ drinks per typical occasion resulted in a significantly higher odds for obesity relative to nondrinkers. The odds ratio vs. nondrinkers for abdominal obesity was significantly lower in response to monthly binge drinking, whereas ${\geq}10$ drinks per typical occasion and daily binge drinking resulted in significantly higher odds for abdominal obesity. Risk drinking had higher odds for abdominal obesity than non-risk drinking. Conclusion: Although moderate alcohol drinkers have a lower prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity than nondrinkers, higher drinking quantity and frequent binge drinking are indicators of a higher prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in men.

Difference of the Obesity Index, Blood Pressure and Serum Lipids in Abdominal and Non Abdominal in Men and Women (복부형비만군과 정상군간의 비만지수 혈압 및 혈청지질의 성별 차이)

  • Kim, Hee-Seung;Kim, Nam-Cho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.948-955
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    • 2000
  • This study was done to compare the difference of obesity index(waist-hip ratio, body fat, body mass index, relative body weight), blood pressure and serum lipids in abdominal obesity and non abdominal in both men and women. Abdominal and non abdominal obesity was divided into waist-hip ratio above 0.85 in women and 0.95 in men. The subjects were 412 adults (age range 40-59), who had regular health examinations between 1996 to 1997 at the S-Hospital in Seoul. The data were analyzed using ANCOVA (for adjusted for age) and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results were as follows: 1. 39.9% of men and 42.5% of women had abdominal obesity. The average age group of abdominal obesity was 50.8 which is older than the non abdominal obesity group(48.0). 2. After they were adjusted for age, the group of men who have abdominal obesity had higher levels in body fat, body mass index, relative body weight, blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol and triglyceride than the group of non abdominal obesity group. The group of women with abdominal obesity had higer levels in body fat, body mass index, relative body weight , blood pressure and triglyceride than the group of non abdominal obesity. 3. In the group of non abdominal obesity, the waist-hip ratio was significantly correlated to body fat, body mass index, relative body weight, blood pressure and serum lipids the group of abdominal obesity in men and women.

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The Study on Association between Abdominal Visceral Fat and Obesity Indices in Obese Adult (비만 성인에서 복부 내장지방과 단순 비만 지표와의 연관성 연구)

  • Yoo, Jin-Sook;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study examined search on how the obesity indices, that are largely used in clinics such as waist circumference(WC), body mass index(BMI) and waist-hip ratio(WHR), are related to the visceral fat that was measured from abdominal computed tomography(CT) and the ratio of visceral fat/subcutaneous fat. Then, two groups ware compared in order to find out which characteristics of ordinary adults relationship with the abdominal obesity. Two groups are divided as follows; ones who are obese based on the measurement of WC and the others who are obese based on the level of BMI. Methods : A group of 63 test subjects that were gathered in the oriental medical hospital of Kyung-Won university is divided into two groups; ones (n=51, general obesity; group A) who have $BMI{\geq}25$ and $WC{\geq}85$, and the others (n=12, abdominal obesity; group B) who have BMI<25 and $WC{\geq}85$. Then, each group's obesity indices, abdominal CT, lipid level, glucose, adiponectin, leptin and C-reactive protein(CRP) are compared. In addition, subjects are again divided into two to examine the characteristics; ones (n=14, visceral obesity; group C) with visceral obesity based on the ratio between visceral fat and subcutaneous fat measured through abdominal CT, and the others (n=38, non-visceral obesity; group D) who are obese but not viscerally obese. Results & Conclusions : As a measurement that applies abdominal visceral fat and subcutaneous fat, BMI and WC can be considered as an appropriate obesity index while WHR cannot appropriately apply the abdominal fat amount. Moreover, the study indicates that abdominal obesity group based on the ratio of visceral fat/subcutaneous fat has more significant difference than the abdominal obesity group based on the WC in case of blood lipid index.

Health Behavior Factors Affecting Waist Circumference as an Indicator of Abdominal Obesity (복부비만의 지표인 허리둘레에 영향을 미치는 건강행태요인 -"2001년 국민건강.영양조사"의 자료를 기반으로)

  • Paek, Kyung-Won;Hong, Yoon-Mi
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: This study was performed to identify the socioeconomic factors, the psychosocial factors and the heath behavior factors that have an influence on abdominal obesity, as measured by using the waist circumference. Methods: Data was obtained from individuals aged above 20 years who had their waist circumference measured on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001, which was a cross-sectional health survey. Results: Regression analysis of the factors that affect abdominal obesity showed that the education level, income, smoking, duration of smoking, drinking consumption, frequency of exercises and sleeping were the associated factors for abdominal obesity. For men, the duration of smoking, education level, income and drinking consumption were the associated factors for abdominal obesity. For woman, the education level, income, duration of smoking, drinking consumption and frequency of exercise were the associated factors for abdominal obesity. Conclusions: Abdominal obesity is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and it is associated with chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Based on the findings, it is essential to modify heath behaviors for preventing abdominal obesity, which is a condition associated with the incidence of chronic disease.

A Clinical Study for the Influence of Bigiheo Herbal Acupuncture Therapy on Abdominal Obesity (비기허약침(脾氣虛藥鍼)이 복부비만(腹部肥滿)에 미치는 효과(效果)에 관한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Cha, Yun-Yeop
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.61-65
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: The Purpose of this study was to evidence the effect of Herbal Bigiheo Acupuncture therapy by comparing waist-hip ratio, abdominal circumference and abdominal muscle circumference of Group B(group of Herbal acupuncture therapy and general obesity treatment) with Group A(group of non-Herbal acupuncture therapy and general obesity treatment) in forty two patients who have received OPD treatment at Sang Ji oriental medical hospital and chiefly diagnosed obesity from October 2003 to September 2004. Methods: We checked the change of Obesity degree with Inbody 3.0. Results and Conclusions: Herbal acupuncture therapy group was significantly decreased in waist-hip ratio and abdominal circumference, and we have no difference of abdominal muscle circumference each groups. According to the above results, it is considered that Bigiheo Herbal Acupuncture therapy showed a significant decrease in Abdominal Obesity.

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Smoking Is Associated With Abdominal Obesity, Not Overall Obesity, in Men With Type 2 Diabetes

  • Yun, Ji-Eun;Kimm, Hee-Jin;Choi, Young-Ju;Jee, Sun-Ha;Huh, Kap-Bum
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.316-322
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Abdominal obesity increases mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease and there is a possibility that smoking effects obesity. However, previous studies concerning the effects of smoking on obesity are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine whether smoking is positively related to abdominal obesity in men with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Subjects consisted of 2197 type 2 diabetic patients who visited Huh's Diabetes Center from 2003 to 2009. Indices of abdominal obesity were defined as visceral fat thickness (VFT) measured by ultrasonography and waist circumference (WC). Overall obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI). Results: Statistically significant differences in WC and VFT by smoking status were identified. However, there was no statistical difference in BMI according to smoking status. Means of WC and VFT were not significantly higher in heavy smokers and lower in mild smokers. Compared to nonsmokers, the BMI confounder adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for VFT in ex-smokers and current-smokers were 1.70 (1.21 to 2.39) and 1.86 (1.27 to 2.73), respectively. Conclusions: Smoking status was positively associated with abdominal obesity in type 2 diabetic patients.

Relationships between Obesity, Body Image Perception, and Weight Control in Adult Women (성인 여성의 비만, 체형인식 및 체중조절의 관계)

  • Chae, Hyunju
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity, body image perception, and weight control for obesity management in adult women. Methods: The subjects of this study were 3,617 women aged over 19 years, who participated in the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016. Data were analyzed through complex sampling design data analysis. Results: Right body image perception according to obesity was apparent between 70.6-81.7% of women and 76.5% of women with abdominal obesity perceived that they were normal. Obese women performed more weight control than non-obese women. Women with only abdominal obesity performed less weight control than non-obese women, and 47.3% of them performed weight control. Women who perceived themselves as obese performed more weight control than women who perceived themselves as non-obese (odds ratio, 2.08; confidence interval, 1.69-2.57), but body mass index was not observed to be associated with weight control. Conclusions: Education on abdominal obesity should be provided to increase awareness about abdominal obesity and its effective management, especially in women with only abdominal obesity. In addition, interventions for right body type perception should be provided for proper weight control along with prevention and management of obesity.

The Effects of Pain, Lumbar Flexibility and Abdominal Obesity of Patient with Low Back Pain and Abdominal Obesity after Lumbar Strengthening Exercise (요부 근력운동이 복부비만자의 요통지수, 요부 유연성, 복부비만도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Eun;Kim, Jong-Woo;Seo, Hyun-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to investigate that the Effects of Pain, Lumbar Flexibility and Abdominal Obesity of Patient with Low Back Pain and Abdominal Obesity after Lumbar Strengthening Exercise. Methods : The selected subjects of this study were 17 patients who had diagnosis on low back pain and body mass index was more than $25kg/m^2$ and lumbar length was more than 90cm. They divided into a control group with 10 patients doing lumbar stabilization exercise and an experimental group with 7 patients ding simple lumbar strengthening exercise in order to compare degrees of oswestry disability index and lumbar stability, lumbar length was measured before the exercise, in 4 weeks and 8 weeks after exercises respectively. Result : lumbar strengthening exercise on patients with low back pain and abdominal obesity affected improving function of lumbar and decrease of pain with abdominal obesity. Conclusion : Then lumbar stabilization exercise than simple strengthening exercise affected decrease of Visceral fat tissue on abdominal obesity.

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The relations between Waist-to-Hip Ratio(WHR) and the abdominal temperature (복부 지방율과 하복부 온도와의 관계)

  • Choi, Eun-Mi;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : We intented to know the relations between Waist-to-Hip Ratio(WHR) and the abdominal temperature. Methods : Among the patients who visited the oriental gynecological department in Conmaul oriental medical hospital from 2002. 10. 10 to 2002. 11. 9. 130 women were selected for this study. We measured the abdominal temperature by D.I.T.I and Waist-to-Hip Ratio(WHR) by Inbody. Results and Conclusions 1. As WHR was higher, the abdominal temperature became lower. But there was no significant difference between WHR and the abdominal temperature of the abdominal obesity group and the non-abdominal obesity group in the each state. 2. There was significant difference in the abdominal temperature related with the abdominal obesity The abdominal temperature of the non-abdominal obesity group was higer than that of abdominal obesity group. 3. There was significant difference in the WHR according to the age, but no significant difference in the abdominal temperature according to the age. 4. This study showed that the abdominal temperature became lower among the 30-39 year-old women, as WHR was higher.

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Comparative Review of Current Clinical Trials on Abdominal Obesity (복부비만 관련 임상시험의 국내외 연구경향 고찰)

  • Lim, Je-Yeon;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : It is known that abdominal obesity increases the possibility of cardiovascular diseases, early death, and metabolic syndrome including dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Clinical trials have been under way to verify the effectiveness of treatment for abdominal obesity. The objective of this study is to set criteria about how effective oriental medicine and acupuncture are in abdominal obesity. Methods : I manually search "www.clinicaltrial.gov", 4 Korean medical databases and 4 Korean medical journals of abdominal obesity. Search terms used were "abdominal obesity" or "visceral obesity". In order to see detail review, searching was performed from 01, 01, 2005 to 11, 31, 2009. And I classified all the searched studies into design, intervention, purpose, end point, diseases, condition and etc. Results : 1. I could search total 67 trials in "www.clinicaltrial.gov". I found 9, 10, 13, 8, 6 clinical trial from 2005 to 2009 every year. 2. Test on both gender and adult or adult and senior have been most frequent. 3. Randomization clinical trial is 51 cases that occupied 96.2%. 38 cases use control group. 4. Body mass index(BMI) and waist circunference(WC) are major criteria of abdominal obesity clincal trial. WC, BMI, abdominal fat mass, body weight are measured at end point of abdominal obesity clincal trial. 5. I could search total 86 cases in domestic study. I found 15, 23, 23, 20, 5 cases from 2005 to 2009 every year. 6. Test on female and adult have been most frequent in domestic study. 7. Randomization clincal trial is only 2 cases that occupied 2.3%. 62 cases use control group in domestic study. 8. BMI, body fat percent, WC, visceral-subcutaneous fat ratio(VSR), waist-hip ratio(WHR) are criteria of abdominal obesity clincal trial in domestic study. WC, BMI, abdominal fat mass, body weight are measured at end point of abdominal obesity clincal trial in domestic study. Conclusions : To improve abdominal obesity study in traditional korean medicine, it is need to activate clinical trial, meta analysis, develope of clinical practice guidelines, co-works with conventional medicine and etc.