• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abnormal posture

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An Evaluation of Habitual Head Posture in Phoria (사위에서 습관적인 머리위치의 평가)

  • Ha, Eun-Mi;Son, Jeong-Sik;Yu, Dong-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a relationship exists between head posture and phoria, and usefulness in examining habitual head posture. Methods: Twenty two subjects (20 males and 2 females, mean age $23.6{\pm}2.7$ years) with abnormal phoria from participants randomized were enrolled in this study. For all subjects, testing included case history, cover test, refraction, phoria and vergence test. Habitual head posture (head posture, head tilt and face turn) was measured by Impression IST, and observed by examiners. Results: The abnormal head posture was revealed in some subjects with abnormal phoria. Spearman' correlation ($\rho$=0.524, p=0.045) showed significant correction between face turn and phoria at distance in 15 subjects with prism prescription. No significant relationship between head posture and phoria was found in subjects with abnormal phoria. The objective measurement and subjective observation of head posture showed insignificant correction but there was a distinct difference. The former was detail and the latter was discriminate. Conclusions: Presence of abnormal head posture was found in phoric subjects. The results indicate the need to observe habitual head posture at all major positions of gaze in phoria.

Discrimination system using weight distribution patten (체중 분포 패턴을 이용한 자세 판별 시스템)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Woo;Ahn, Byeung-Gu;Jeong, Do-Un
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.374-375
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    • 2015
  • Modern people is generated as musculoskeletal diseases due to incorrect posture and habit. In the case of persistent abnormal posture outbreak inconvenient to musculoskeletal diseases in daily life. musculoskeletal diseases, which began as fatigue, pain, sensory paralysis, convulsions are developed symptoms of movement disorders, depression, deformities, etc. In this paper, the unrestrained abnormal posture and habit of occurring in the seat life, have implemented a system which can be determined in less unconscious way. By placing eight pressure sensors in the seat part, determines the posture over the distribution of the weight, it is possible to determine one normal posture and eight abnormal posture that occurs frequently in daily life. To evaluate the performance of the implemented system, the attitude determination experiment was performed. The results confirmed the high performance of 97%.

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Feature Extraction and Classification of Posture for Four-Joint based Human Motion Data Analysis (4개 관절 기반 인체모션 분석을 위한 특징 추출 및 자세 분류)

  • Ko, Kyeong-Ri;Pan, Sung Bum
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.117-125
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    • 2015
  • In the modern age, it is important for people to maintain a good sitting posture because they spend long hours sitting. Posture correction treatment requires a great deal of time and expenses with continuous observation by a specialist. Therefore, there is a need for a system with which users can judge and correct their postures on their own. In this study, we collected users' postures and judged whether they are normal or abnormal. To obtain a user's posture, we propose a four-joint motion capture system that uses inertial sensors. The system collects the subject's postures, and features are extracted from the collected data to build a database. The data in the DB are classified into normal and abnormal postures after posture learning using the K-means clustering algorithm. An experiment was performed to classify the posture from the joints' rotation angles and positions; the normal posture judgment reached a success rate of 99.79%. This result suggests that the features of the four joints can be used to judge and help correct a user's posture through application to a spinal disease prevention system in the future.

Effects of Abnormal Neck Posture on Postural Stability (목 자세에 따른 선 자세에서의 신체균형능력 평가)

  • Park, Sung Ha
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2018
  • Postural instability can increase the likelihood of hazardous slip and fall accidents in workplaces. The present study intended to extend understanding of the effect of abnormal neck posture on postural control during quiet standing. The effect of body fatigue on the postural control was also of primary concern. Twelve healthy undergraduate students volunteered to participate in the experiment. Standing on a force platform with the neck neutral, flexed, extended, or rotated, subjects' center of pressures (COP) were measured under the two levels of body fatigue. For the fatigue condition, Subjects exercised in a treadmill to meet the predetermined level of body fatigue. Analyzing the position coordinates of COPs, the length of postural sway path was assessed in both medio-lateral (ML) axis and anterior-posterior (AP) axis. Results showed that, in AP direction, neck extension or rotation significantly increased the sway length as compared with neck neutral. Neck extension led to greater sway length compared to neck rotation. Neck flexion did not differ from neck neutral. The sway length in the AP direction also became significantly larger as the body fatigue accumulated after treadmill exercise. In ML direction, as compared to neutral posture, the neck extension, flexion, or rotation did not significantly affect the length of postural sway path. However, the sway length seemed to increase marginally with the neck extended during the fatigued condition. This study demonstrates that abnormal neck posture may interfere with postural control during standing. The ability to maintain postural stability decreases significantly with the neck extended or rotated. Body fatigue leads to postural instability further.

A study on the control factors of posture and balance (자세조절과 균형에 관한 고찰)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Kim, Byung-Jo;Bae, Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.421-431
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    • 2001
  • It is important to maintain good habitual posture in daily life. Abnormal body aligament is provoked by excessive tension of bad posture. And these symptom is connected with other disorder of the body like back pain, cervical pain and shoulder pain through inaccurate body mechanism in daily life. This study was searched to figure out effects of factor that how to balance good posture and normal posture. And the other purpose of this study was to make new calculate device for analysis of effective posture in clinic.

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Implementation of Attitude measurement monitoring system and application according to pressure distribution (압력 분포에 따른 자세 측정 모니터링 시스템 및 어플리케이션 구현)

  • Jo, Yong-Woon;Ha, Eun-Gyo;Noh, Yun-Hong;Jeong, Do-Un
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.629-630
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    • 2017
  • Recently, the number of patients with habitual vertebrae is increasing due to inappropriate postures and habits while sitting on a chair for a long time, because modern people have a great deal of work and studying due to a lot of work and study. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent such a disease through real-time monitoring and to present a guide for the user to recognize the importance of correct posture. In this study, we implemented a posture discrimination system which can help users to calibrate posture by judging the user's sitting position and feedback by using a pressure sensor based weight distribution system. We analyzed the distribution pattern of body weight to determine one normal posture and six abnormal postures. If the abnormal posture is maintained constantly, the implementation of the application that induces the right posture by ringing the notification is described.

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Osteokinematic analysis during shoulder abduction using the C-arm

  • Lee, Seung Hoo;Kim, Younghoon;Lee, Dong Geon;Lee, Kyeong-Bong;Lee, Gyu Chang
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.208-213
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    • 2017
  • Objective: Despite reliable evidence of abnormal scapular motions increases, there is not yet sufficient evidence of abnormal humeral translations. This study aims to analyze the motion of the humeral head toward the scapula when the shoulder is actively abducted using the C-arm. Design: A case report. Methods: The participant was a healthy man without any limitation and pain during shoulder movement. The participant's shoulder was abducted; this movement in the frontal plane was measured using a C-arm (anterior-posterior view) and was analyzed with computer-aided design. The starting posture was $15^{\circ}$, and as the participant abducted his shoulder measurements were taken and analyzed at $30^{\circ}$, $60^{\circ}$, $90^{\circ}$, $120^{\circ}$, $150^{\circ}$, and ending at $165^{\circ}$. A line was drawn perpendicularly to the line connecting the humeral head axis to the glenoid, and another line was drawn perpendiculary to the line connecting the scapular axis to the glenoid. The distance between the two lines measured is defined as the e value. Results: At the starting posture ($15^{\circ}$), the central axis of the humeral head was located 1.92 mm inferior to the central axis of the scapula. The humeral head was superiorly translated from the starting posture to $120^{\circ}$, and then, showed an inferior translation to the ending posture ($165^{\circ}$). Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the humeral head moved upward from the starting posture ($15^{\circ}$) up to $120^{\circ}$ indicating, superior translation, and it moved downward when the posture was past $120^{\circ}$, indicating inferior translation.

Effect of Forward Head Posture on Respiratory Function in Young Adults (두부 전방전위 자세가 젊은 성인들의 호흡기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Se-Yoon;Kim, Nan-Soo;Jung, Ju-Hyeon;Jo, Myeong-Rae
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.311-315
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Forward head posture is a typical symptom in people who use computers for long periods of time. Respiration is a complex function involving co-operation of muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems. Abnormal posture can have a negative effect on respiratory function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between forward head posture and respiratory function in young adults. Methods: Forty-six healthy subjects participated in this study. Craniovertebral angle was measured for assessment of the forward head posture. The respiratory function of all subjects was evaluated by measuring forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1), forced expiratory volume at one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio, and peak expiratory flow (PEF). The baseline of forward head posture was less than 49 degrees. Results: : Significant differences for predicted FVC and FEV1 were observed between the two groups, however, no statistically significant differences in FEV1/FVC ratio and PEF were observed between the two groups. Conclusion: Results of this study demonstrate that forward head posture has a negative effect on respiratory function in young adults.

Posture and Low Back Pain (일반적인 자세가 요통에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰)

  • Jung, Mun-Boung;Lee, Geoun-Sung;Kang, Eun-Mi;Oh, Kyeong-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 1996
  • Main cause of low back pain is a poor posture. Most low back pains are due to a poor posture. The poor posture induces muscle tension and finaliy low back pain. The poor posture arehabitually trained from the childhood by the environmetal factors. In general, maintaining good posture during working and sleeping hours are the first line of defence against back pam. (1) Supine posture is the easiest posture that relaxes and fixes muscles. Supine posture is thus a starting position for on exercise. Lying down releases the weight pressures of head and shoulder and thus body can be relaxed and extended which are helpful for treating back pain. However, supine posture can increase the pressure in ribcage posture aspect and disphragram due to visceral oragans. (2) Sitting in one position for a long time results in fatigue and relaxation of spinal muscies. Finally, body strength is weakened and sitting posture will become poor. If this poor posture continues for a longer time, pain will be accompanied due to overelongation of muscle ligaments. The habitual poor posture could induce intervertebral disc distortion. If the intervertebral disc is damaged, sitting in one position or movement causes pain. (3) Abnormal lumbar curve induces the tention of abdominal muscle and paravertebral muscle groups as well as tention of lower limb muscle group connected to pelvis. For a person with weak body strength, muscle relaxation increases curvature in lumbar, chest and cervical regions. This will induce a pelvic anterior tilting of the imaginary line between A. S. I. S. and P. S. I. S. Hip joint extensor muscle acts on releasing the pelvic anterior tilting. Contrections of hamstring muscle and femoral muscle recover the imaginary line between A.S.LS. and P.S.I.S. from pelvic anterior tilting. thus, contraction of rectus abdominis muscle are required to maintain the normal lumbar curve.

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Peripheral Post-traumatic Cervical Dystonia Treated by Miniscalpel-Acupuncture: A Case Report (말초성 외상후 경부 근긴장이상증에 대한 도침치료: 증례 보고)

  • Yoon, Sang-Hoon;Jo, Hee-Guen;Kwon, Min-Goo;Song, Min-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2018
  • This report describes the miniscalpel-acupuncture treatment of a 68-yr-old woman who had abnormal posture and involuntary dystonic movements of the head and neck. She suffered muscle contracture associated symptoms after she fell injured in 2014. Her neck had abnormal posture findings due to muscle tension. The spasms gradually worsened and did not respond to botulinum toxin injections. Involuntary dystonic movements may be due to peripheral post-traumatic cervical dystonia. Outcomes support cervical dystonia may be managed effectively with miniscalpel-acupuncture. Further research is recommended.