• Title, Summary, Keyword: Absorption spectroscopy

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Consideration of Temperature and Slip Correction for Photothermal Spectrometry

  • Lee, Jeonghoon
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 2015
  • Temperature was considered to estimate the minimum detectable absorption coefficient of aerosol particles from photothermal spectroscopy. Light energy absorbed by subsequent emission from the aerosol results in the heating of the aerosol sample and consequently causes a temperature change as well as changes in thermodynamic parameters of the sample. This thermal effect is the basis of photothermal spectroscopy. Photothermal spectroscopy has several types of techniques depending on how the photothermal effects are detected. Photothermal interferometry traces the photothermal effect, refractive index, using an interferometer. Photoacoustic spectroscopy detects the photothermal effect, sound wave, using a microphone. In this study, it is suggested that the detection limit for photothermal spectroscopy can be influenced by the introduction of a slip correction factor when the light absorption is determined in a high temperature environment. The minimum detectable absorption coefficient depends on the density, the specific heat and the temperature, which are thermodynamic properties. Without considering the slip correction, when the temperature of the environment is 400 K, the minimum detectable absorption coefficient for photothermal interferometry increases approximately 0.3% compared to the case of 300 K. The minimum detectable absorption coefficient for photoacoustic spectroscopy decreases only 0.2% compared to the case of 300 K. Photothermal interferometry differs only 0.5% point from photoacoustic spectroscopy. Thus, it is believed that photothermal interferometry is reliably comparable to photoacoustic spectroscopy under 400 K.

Measurement of Exhaust Gas Concentration using Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy (파장 변조 기법을 이용한 연소배기 가스의 계측)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyuck;Kim, Se-Won;Shin, Myung-Chul;Kim, Yong-Mo
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2006
  • This work forcus on the development of gas sensor that measure the concentrations of exhaust gas using diode laser. Each diode laser for exhaust gas measurement is set to work at near-IR using both DA and WMS methods. Also use of fiber-coupled optical elements makes such a sensor rugged and easy to align. On-line data acquisition and processing can be performed with a PC running LabVIEW software, and absorption signals are measured simultaneously by multiplexing method. Finally, It were experimentally compared WMS (Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy) with DA (Direct Absorption) for the accuracy.

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The Concentration Measurements of Toxic Exhaust Gas by Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy System (TDLAS 시스템을 이용한 유해 배기가스의 농도 계측)

  • Cha, Hak-Joo;Kim, Min-Soo;Shin, Myung-Chul;Kim, Se-Won;Chun, Kwang-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2003
  • Recent advances in room-temperature, visible and near-IR diode laser sources for telecommunication, optical data storage applications are enabling combustion diagnostics system based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy. In contrast to some traditional sampling-based gas-sensing instruments, tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy system is advantageous because of their non-invasive nature, high sensitivity, fast response time and real-time measurement capability. So, combined with fiber-optics and high sensitive detection strategies, compact and portable sensor system arc now appearing for a variety of applications. The objective of this research is to take advantage of distributed feed-back diode laser and measure the $CO_{2}$ concentration (by using direct absorption and wavelength modulation spectroscopy methods). In addition to survey spectra of $CO_{2}$ bands and spectroscopic parameters between 1565 and 1579 run were computed at temperatures between 296 and 1200 K (by using HITRAN 2000 database). It experimentally found out that the features of direct absorption and wavelength modulation spectroscopy methods.

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Coherent Absorption Spectroscopy with Supercontinuum for Semiconductor Quantum Well Structure

  • Byeon, Ciare C.;Oh, Myoung-Kyu;Kang, Hoon-Soo;Ko, Do-Kyeong;Lee, Jong-Min;Kim, Jong-Su;Choi, Hyoung-Gyu;Jeong, Mun-Seok;Kee, Chul-Sik
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.138-141
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    • 2007
  • We suggest that supercontinuum can be used for absorption spectroscopy to observe the exciton levels of a semiconductor nano-structure. Exciton absorption spectrum of a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well was observed using supercontinuum generated by a microstructrured fiber pumped by a femtosecond (fs) pulsed laser. Significantly narrower peaks were observed in the absorption spectrum from 11 K up to room temperature than photoluminescence (PL) spectrum peaks. Because supercontinuum is coherent light and can readily provide high enough intensity, this method can provide a coherent ultra-broad band light source to identify exciton levels in semiconductors, and be applicable to coherent nonlinear spectroscopy such as electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), lasing without inversion (LWI) and coherent photon control in semiconductor quantum structures.

Combustion Diagnostics Method Using Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (다이오드 레이저를 이용한 연소진단기법)

  • Cha, Hak-Joo;Kim, Min-Soo;Shin, Myung-Chul;Kim, Se-Won;Kim, Hyuck-Joo;Han, Jae-Won
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2003
  • Diode laser absorption system is advantageous of their non-invasive nature, fast response time, high sensitivity and real-time measurement capability. Furthermore, recent advances in room-temperature, near-IR and visible diode laser sources for telecommunication, optical data storage applications are enabling combustion diagnostics system based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy. So, combined with fiber-optics and high sensitive detection strategies, compact and portable sensor system are now appearing for a variety of applications. The objective of this research is to take advantage of distributed feed-back diode laser and develope new gas sensing system. It experimentally found out that the wavelength, power characteristics as a function of injection current and temperature. In addition to direct absorption and wavelength modulation spectroscopy have been demonstrated in these experiments and have a bright prospect to this diode laser system.

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Diode-Laser Absorption Sensors for measurement of combustion Gas (연소배기 가스의 계측을 위한 다이오드 레이저 센서)

  • Shin, Myung-Chul;Kim, Se-Won;Kim, Dong-Hyuck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2006
  • This work forcus on the development of gas sensor that measure the concentrations of exhaust gas using diode laser, Each diode laser for exhaust gas measurement is set to work at near-IR using both DA and WMS methods. Also use of fiber-coupled optical elements makes such a sensor rugged and easy to align. The results showed that gas concentrations of $O_2$, CO, $CO_2$, NO are accurately measured within ${\pm}2%$ error. The application of WMS method increased the beam intensity 2-3 times higher than DA method. It were experimentally compared WMS (Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy) with DA (Direct Absorption) for the accuracy.

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Measurement of excited species in discharges using Laser Absorption spectroscopy

  • Sakai, Yosuke
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.5-8
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    • 2000
  • The population density of excited species in dc, rf and laser ablation plume plasmas has been measured using laser absorption spectroscopy. It was shown that, when the plasma was modulated by on and off with, the sensitivity and signal to noise (S/N) ratio became high. For example, the atomic O(3$^{5}$ S$^{o}$ $_2$) Population density, No* in $O_2$/He mixtures was obtained by the highest S/N ratio at a frequency of 2.7kHz. In a 20Torr room air, the lowest No* level to be detectable was shown to be an order of 10$^{7}$ cm$^{-3}$ . The population densities of resonance Ar(1S$_2$) and Xe(1S$_4$) levels were also measured in barrier discharges and laser ablation plasmas.

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Species Concentration Measurement Technique Using Wavelength Modulation Absorption Spectroscopy (파장변조 광흡수 분광법을 이용한 농도 계측 기법)

  • Ahn, J.H.;Kim, Y.M.
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2004
  • Diode laser absorption sensors are advantageous because they may provide fast, sensitive, absolute, and selective measurements of species concentration. These systems are very attractive for practical applications owing to its compactness, reasonable cost, robustness, and ease of use. In addition, diode lasers we fiber-optic compatible and thus enable simultaneous measurements of multiple species along a line-of-sight. Recent advances of room-temperature, near-IR and visible diode laser sources for telecommunication, optical data storage applications make it possible to be applied for combustion diagnostics based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy. Therefore, combined with fiber-optics and high sensitive detection strategies, compact and portable sensor systems are now appearing for variety of applications. The objectives of this research are to develop new gas sensing system and to verify feasibility of this system. Wavelength modulation spectroscopy has been demonstrated in these experiments and has a bright prospect to this diode laser system.

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Species Concentration Measurement Using Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (I) (다이오드 레이저를 이용한 광흡수 농도 계측 기법 (I))

  • Ahn, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Mo;Kim, Se-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2004
  • Diode laser absorption sensors are advantageous because they may provide fast, sensitive, absolute, and selective measurements of species concentration. These systems are very attractive for practical applications owing to its compactness, resonable cost, robustness, and ease of use. In addition, diode lasers are fiber-optic compatible and thus enable simultaneous measurements of multiple species along a line-of-sight. Recent advances of room-temperature, near-IR and visible diode laser sources for telecommunication, optical data storage applications make it possible to be applied for combustion diagnostics based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy. Therefore, combined with fiber-optics and high sensitive detection strategies, compact and portable sensor systems are now appearing for variety of applications. The objectives of this research are to develope a new gas sensing system and to verify feasibility of this system. Wavelength and power characteristics as a function of injection current and temperature are experimentally found out. Direct absorption spectroscopy has been demonstrated in these experiments and has a bright prospect to this diode laser system.

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