• Title, Summary, Keyword: Academic Impairment

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Impact of Adolescent Life Stress and Smartphone Use on Academic Impairment: Focusing on the Effect of Parent Involvement on Adolescents' Smartphone Use (청소년의 스트레스와 스마트폰 이용이 학업에 미치는 영향과 부모 중재 효과)

  • Park, Namsu;Oh, Hayoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.590-599
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine the effect of adolescents' life stress and smartphone use on academic impairment and to investigate the impact of parents involvement on smatphone use. Online survey are performed among Korean adolescents from 13 to 18 years old. The results show that entertainment use of smartphone and high level of smartphone addiction are significant predictors of adolescent academic impairment. In addition, significant relationships were found between academic impairment and the dimensions of life stress, such as family conflict, academic, and pressure on the future. With respect to the impact of parent involement on academic impairment and smartphone use, time limit has the positive relationship with entertainment use of smartphone, while restriction on the specific smartphone application use has the negative relationship with information use of smartphone.

The Effect of Job Stress on Work Impairment (직무스트레스가 직무손실에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of job stress on work impairment. Method: 354 workers' data from Seoul and the Gyeonggi area were collected between February 1 and March 30 2006 by structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was meant to determine demographic data, job stress, and work impairment questionnaire. Data analyzed by SPSS 12.0 and AMOS 5.0 program. Results: Job stress was ranked job demand, insufficient job control, organizational system, lack of reward, job insecurity, interpersonal conflict, and occupational climate. The work impairment of completing work was increased when the stress of insufficient job control, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate were increasing. The work impairment of avoiding distraction was increased when the stress of job demand, insufficient job control, organizational system, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate were increasing. The stress of job demand, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate had an effect on avoiding distraction. The stress of lack of reward and occupational climate had an effect on completing work. Conclusion: If employers manage job stress of job demand, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate, their business will benefit.

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A Survey on Visiting Nurses' Management for Elders with Cognitive Impairment Living in a Community: Focused on Health Centers in a Metropolitan and Medium-sized Cities (방문간호사의 재가노인 인지기능장애 관리에 대한 실태조사: 광역시보건소와 중소도시보건소를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chong Mi;Kim, Younkyoung;Park, Inhyae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the status and characteristics of visiting nurses' management for elders with cognitive impairment living in a community focused on health centers in a metropolitan city and five medium-sized cities. Methods: Data were collected from 47 visiting nurses working in a metropolitan city and 47 visiting nurses working in five medium-sized cities from November to December 2012. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in knowledge, attitudes, and nursing behaviors of cognitive impairment between two groups (F=2.13, p=.148; F=3.64, p=.060; F=0.28, p=.595). Among the elders referred to a physician in a metropolitan city by visiting nurses, 42.4% were diagnosed as mild cognitive impairment and 15.2% were diagnosed as severe dementia. The major intervention programs which visiting nurses currently applied for elders were medication and exercise intervention programs, and the intervention programs which they would want to apply in the future were playing, music and recall intervention programs. Conclusion: The cognitive impairment screening test can be done effectively by visiting nurses. This study also suggests to develop various kinds of intervention programs to improve cognitive function for elders living in a community.

Feasibility on Evaluation of Movement System Impairment Syndromes by MEMS-IMU (관성측정장치를 이용한 동태손상증후군의 평가 가능성에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ho;Kim, Jeong-Kyun;Seo, Jae-Ho;Park, Young-Jae;Park, Young-Bae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.223-234
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study shows feasibility and suitability of a microelectromechanical system inertial measurement unit(MEMS-IMU) as a helpful measurement device for evaluating movement system impairment syndrome. Methods: We reviewed articles of two fields in this study. First, we reviewed articles about movement system impairment syndrome(MSIS) as a brand new viewpoint of diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal pain. Second, we reviewed articles about conventional motion analysis system and inertial measurement unit(IMU) to show the superiority of IMU in analyzing the human movement. All papers were searched by SciVerse, world largest search engine and database about many academic fields including engineering and medicine. Results: Some physical quantities of human motions can be useful to the diagnosis of MSIS, and those data can be obtained by the MEMS-IMU without the weak points of the conventional motion analysis systems. Conclusions: Using MEMS-IMU as a measurement unit for diagnosing and evaluating MSIS is feasible and can be extended to many further studies.

The Job Stress and Presenteeism of Occupational Health Nurses in Workplace in Korea (산업간호사의 직무스트레스와 프리젠티즘)

  • Kwon, Min;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.159-169
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This is a descriptive study to provide basic material that enables to prevent industrial hospital nurses from occupational stress, health problems and work impairment by understanding their work environment, stress, Presenteeism and correlation among them. Method: The subjects for this study consists of 272 industrial hospital nurses who have attended the training conducted by KAOHN from October to December 2009 and recognized the purpose of this study and agreed to participate. The questionnaire included Korean Version of Occupational Stress questionnaire developed by S.J. Chang and Stanford Presenteeism Scale questionnaire translated by Y.M. Lee. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$ test and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS/WIN 17.0. Result: The industrial hospital nurses get much more stress than the average in three fields of occupational stress: interpersonal conflict, job insecurity and occupational climate. The study shows in particular, the age group of twenties with one to three year work experience having higher than any other groups in occupational stress, work impairment and perceived productivity of Presenteeism. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop management for these groups of nurses. In addition, institutional support and policy should be rendered to secure job conditions so that occupational stress can be relieved from these nurses and to prevent work impairment in advance as occupational stress has substantial correlation with health problems, work impairment and perceived productivity of Presenteeism.

The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Resilience on Presenteeism among Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 조직몰입과 회복탄력성이 프리젠티즘에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Ko, Jinhee;Im, Mihae;Gwon, Jeongok
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.38-48
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors influencing organizational commitment and resilience onpresenteeism in clinical nurses. Methods: The subjects were 202 nurses working at 5 hospitals in B city. The data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Work impairment was negatively correlated with organizational commitment and resilience. Perceived productivity was positively correlated with organizational commitment and resilience. Influencing factors on work impairment were organizational commitment (β=-.22 p=.005) and hardiness (β=-.16, p=.042), with 10% explanatory power. Influencing factors on perceived productivity were organizational commitment (β=.24, p=.002) and hardiness (β=.16, p=.042), with 11% explanatory power. Conclusion: Based on this research, appropriate programs and policies that consider influencing factors such as organizational commitment and hardiness in resilience are needed to reduce the level of presenteeism in clinical nurses.

A Study on ADL, IADL, and Cognitive Function of Low-income Community Dwelling Elderly (도시 저소득층 노인의 ADL, IADL 및 인지기능과의 관계)

  • Yoo, Moon-Sook;Kim, Hye-Kyung;Jo, Eun-Mi;Kim, Yong-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to analyze the ADL, IADL and cognitive function of low-income elderly who are receiving the visiting nurse service in the community. Method: Study participant were 2,413 community-dwelling elderly who live in S City. The data were collected from 5th Jan. to 28th Feb. 2006. The cross-sectional descriptive survey was done using a structured questionnaire through interviews by visiting nurses. Result: The average scores of ADL and IADL was respectively high, which indicates a relatively independent everyday life. However, the score of cognitive function was 21.87(normal range is over 23). There was a significantly positive correlation among ADL, IADL and cognitive function with the pearson correlation coefficients. Conclusion: It is concluded that elder subjects who are women, old aged, and live alone should be watched carefully for the cognitive impairment. In addition, the government should apply early detection and management system for cognitive impaired people who live in the community.

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Brain Injury Patients's Disability Degree and Educational Needs of Family Caregivers (뇌손상 환자의 장애정도와 간병가족의 교육요구도)

  • Yun, Sun-Hee;Yoo, Yang-Sook;Cho, Ok-Hee;Hwang, Kyung-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to identify the brain injury patients's disability degree and educational needs of family caregivers. Methods: A convenience sample of 94 families with brain injury patients, who have been receiving treatment at the neurological intensive care unit and neurosurgery ward, were used. Data was collected with a self-report questionnaire from September 5 to November 28, 2011, and was analyzed using SAS program. Results: 'Defecation/urination' disability was the highest score of patient's physical disability and the next ranking was 'paralysis'. 'Memory impairment' disability was the highest score of patient's cognitive disability, and the next ranking was 'personality changes'. Overall, educational needs of family caregivers scored 4.15 out of the perfect score of 5. The factor, which scored highest, was 'information related with disease'. In addition, educational needs of family caregivers were positively related with patient's degree of. Conclusion: Educational needs of family caregivers are distinct, according to the disability degree of brain injury patient. Therefore, the study suggests the development of individualized educational program for family with brain injury patient.

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Relationship between Cognitive Function, Self-esteem, and Depression among Patients in Long-term care Hospitals (요양병원 노인환자의 인지기능, 자아존중감 및 우울과의 관계)

  • Yoo, Moon Sook;Seo, Eun Ji;Hwang, Myoung Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between cognitive function, self-esteem, and depression among patients in long-term care hospitals. Methods: The study participants were 159 patients from 2 long-term care hospitals in Kyungki province. Data were collected from January 2 to February 5, 2013, by conducting across-sectional descriptive survey using a structured questionnaire administered by researchers. Results: Cognitive function and depression were significantly different according to age, education level and marriage. Self-esteem was significantly different according to education level and economic status. Self-esteem was significantly positively correlated with cognitive function, which in contrast showed a significant negative correlation with depression. Among our subjects, those older than 80 years showed low cognitive function and those with low educational attainment showed high scores of depression. Conclusion: We conclude that, elderly patients in long-term care hospitals who have low educational attainment should be carefully monitored, especially by nurses, for cognitive function and depression. In addition, nurses should have constant communication with their patients. Moreover, long-term care hospitals should apply early detection of and a management system for cognitive impairment and depression among their patients.

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The Study about the Influence of Mathematics Language on Mathematics Reading

  • YANG, Hongping;YU, Ping
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.267-278
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    • 2015
  • The study is about the influence of literal, symbolic and graphics languages on mathematics reading. The results show that the scores of symbolic language volume are significantly lower than that of literal language volume. The abstractness of the mathematical symbols will not have a significant impact on the students with excellent mathematical academic, but as for the medium and poor students, abstract mathematics symbols will cause their cognitive impairment. Due to picture-superiority-effect, the test scores of the graphics language volume are significantly higher than that of the symbolic language volume. Graphics language will have a significant impact on the excellent and medium students, but has no impact on the poor students.