• Title, Summary, Keyword: Accelerated Model Validation

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A Study on Validation of Accelerated Model for Pneumatic Cylinder (공기압 실린더 가속모형의 유효성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Bo-Sik;Kim, Hyoung-Eui;Chang, Mu-Seong;Song, Chang-Seop
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.1139-1143
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    • 2009
  • Pneumatic cylinder is widely used as key component of various industry fields just like automation production line. Recently, people begin to pay attention to reduce development period and cost of pneumatic cylinder so research requirements of accelerated life test of pneumatic cylinder have been increased more than ever. In this research, we shall evaluate availability of acceleration model by statistical analysis of acceleration model's predicted value and life data which acquired in a real operation condition after finish accelerated life test of pneumatic cylinder. Also to predict the life of pneumatic cylinder in the operation condition we shall develop new acceleration model equations.

Semiparametric support vector machine for accelerated failure time model

  • Hwang, Chang-Ha;Shim, Joo-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.765-775
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    • 2010
  • For the accelerated failure time (AFT) model a lot of effort has been devoted to develop effective estimation methods. AFT model assumes a linear relationship between the logarithm of event time and covariates. In this paper we propose a semiparametric support vector machine to consider situations where the functional form of the effect of one or more covariates is unknown. The proposed estimating equation can be computed by a quadratic programming and a linear equation. We study the effect of several covariates on a censored response variable with an unknown probability distribution. We also provide a generalized approximate cross-validation method for choosing the hyper-parameters which affect the performance of the proposed approach. The proposed method is evaluated through simulations using the artificial example.

An Example of Modification of Design Validation Test Specification to Reduce the Environmental Durability Test Time of Electronic Control Unit for Motor-Driven Power Steering system (전동식 조향 장치용 ECU 의 환경 내구 시험 시간 단축을 위한 설계 검증 시험 사양 변경 사례)

  • Kim, Tae-Hun;Kang, Dong-Young;Chung, In-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1309-1313
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    • 2008
  • This paper suggests an example of modification of the durability test specifications of electronic control unit for an automotive system in phase of design validation. The basic concept to redefine the specifications of durability test is based on the Arrhenius relationship for accelerated temperature test and the modified Coffin-Manson model for temperature cycle test. The ambient temperature of the powered-event durability test is increased to reduce the required test time of the current specification. Furthermore, the holding time between the events to cool down the temperature of the components is shortened and the resultant temperature rise affects the durability of the components. Thus, the acceleration factor due to the increased temperature range of temperature cycle is also estimated by the modified Coffin-Manson model.

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A Study on the Accelerated Life Test of Rubber Specimens by using Stress Relaxation (응력완화를 이용한 고무시편의 가속수명시험 연구)

  • Lee, Su-Yeong;You, Ji Hye;Lee, Yong-Sung;Kim, Hong Seok;Cheong, Seong-Kyun;Shin, Ki-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2016
  • Rubber parts are widely used in many applications such as dampers, shock absorbers, and seals used in railway and automotive industries. Much research has thus far been conducted on property estimation and life prediction of rubber parts. To predict the service life of rubber parts at room temperature, most prior work adopts the well-known Arrhenius model that needs the accelerated life test in high-temperature conditions. However, they may not reflect the actual conditions of use that rubber parts are usually used under a specific strain condition during long period of time. In this context, we propose a method for the life prediction of rubber parts in actual conditions of use. The proposed method is based on the accelerated life test using stress relaxation during which three relatively high elongation percentages (100%, 200%, and 300%) are applied to the rubber specimens. Rubber specimens were prepared in accordance with KS M 6518 standard and three stress relaxation testers were fabricated for actual experiments. Finally, a inverse power model for life prediction was derived from experimental results. The predicted life was compared with the actual test life for validation.

Validation of Permanent Deformation Model for Flexible Pavement using Accelerated Pavement Testing (포장가속시험을 이용한 소성변형예측 모델의 검증)

  • Choi, Jeong Hoon;Seo, Youngguk;Suh, Young Chan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.4D
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    • pp.491-497
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents the results of accelerated pavement tests (APT) that simulate permanent deformation (rutting) of asphalt concrete pavements under different temperatures and loading courses. Also, finite element (FE) analysis has been conducted to predict the test results. Test section for APT is the same as one of test sections at Korea Expressway Corporation test road and is subjected to a constant moving dual tire wheel load of APT at three different temperatures: 30, 40, $50^{\circ}C$. The moving wheel is applied at different loading courses within a 75cm wide wheel path to account for traffic wandering. Also, the effect of wandering on permanent deformation development is investigated numerically with three wandering schemes. In this study, ABAQUS is adopted to model APT pavement section with plain stain elements and creep strain rate model is used to take into account viscoplastic stain of asphalt concrete mixtures, and elastic layer properties are back-calculated from FWD measurements. Plus, the effect of boundary condition and subgrade on FE permanent deformation predictions is investigated. A full FE model that accounted for subgrade provided more realistic rut depth predictions, indicating subgrade has contributed to surface rutting.

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Simulation of Hydrological and Sediment Behaviors in the Doam-dam Watershed considering Soil Properties of the Soil Reconditioned Agricultural Fields (객토 농경지의 토양특성을 고려한 도암댐 유역에서의 수문 및 유사 거동 모의)

  • Heo, Sung-Gu;Kim, Jae-Young;Yoo, Dong-Sun;Kim, Ki-Sung;Ahn, Jae-Hun;Yoon, Jong-Suk;Lim, Kyoung-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2007
  • The alpine agricultural activities are usually performed at higher and steep areas in nature. Thus, significant amounts of soil erosion are occurring compared with those from other areas. Thus, the soil erosion induced environmental impacts in these areas are getting greater. The Doam watershed is located at alpine areas and it has been well known that the agricultural activities in the watershed are causing accelerated soil erosion and water quality degradations. Many modeling approaches were employed to solve soil erosion and water quality issues. In this study, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was utilized to simulate the hydrologic and sediment behaviors in the Doam watershed. In many previous modeling studies, the digital soil map and its corresponding soil properties were used without modification to reflect soil conditioning at many agricultural fields of the Doam watershed. Thus, the soil sample was taken at the agricultural field within the Doam watershed and analyzed for its physical properties. In this study, the digital topsoil properties in the agricultural fields within the Doam watershed were replaced with the soil properties for reconditioned soil analyzed in this study to simulate the impacts of using soil properties for reconditioned soil in hydrologic and sediment modeling at the Doam watershed using the SWAT model. The hydrologic component of the SWAT model was calibrated and validated for measured flow data from 2002 to 2003. The $R^2$ value was 0.79 and the EI value was 0.53 for weekly simulated data. The calibrated model parameters were used for hydrologic component validation and the $R^2$ value was 0.86 and the EI value was 0.74 for weekly data. For sediment comparison, the $R^2$ value was 0.67 and the EI value was 0.59. These statistics improved with the use of soil properties of the reconditioned soil in the field compared with the results obtained without considering soil reconditioning. The simulated sediment amounts with and without considering the soil properties of the reconditioned soil were 284,813 ton and 158,369 ton, respectively. This result indicates that there could be approximately 79% of errors in estimated sediment yield at the Doam watershed, although the model comparison with the measured data gave similar satisfactory statistics with and without considering soil properties from the reconditioned soil.

Analysis of SWAT Simulated Errors with the Use of MOE Land Cover Data (환경부 토지피복도 사용여부에 따른 예측 SWAT 오류 평가)

  • Heo, Sung-Gu;Kim, Nam-Won;Yoo, Dong-Sun;Kim, Ki-Sung;Lim, Kyoung-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 2008
  • Significant soil erosion and water quality degradation issues are occurring at highland agricultural areas of Kangwon province because of agronomic and topographical specialities of the region. Thus spatial and temporal modeling techniques are often utilized to analyze soil erosion and sediment behaviors at watershed scale. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model is one of the watershed scale models that have been widely used for these ends in Korea. In most cases, the SWAT users tend to use the readily available input dataset, such as the Ministry of Environment (MOE) land cover data ignoring temporal and spatial changes in land cover. Spatial and temporal resolutions of the MOE land cover data are not good enough to reflect field condition for accurate assesment of soil erosion and sediment behaviors. Especially accelerated soil erosion is occurring from agricultural fields, which is sometimes not possible to identify with low-resolution MOD land cover data. Thus new land cover data is prepared with cadastral map and high spatial resolution images of the Doam-dam watershed. The SWAT model was calibrated and validated with this land cover data. The EI values were 0.79 and 0.85 for streamflow calibration and validation, respectively. The EI were 0.79 and 0.86 for sediment calibration and validation, respectively. These EI values were greater than those with MOE land cover data. With newly prepared land cover dataset for the Doam-dam watershed, the SWAT model better predicts hydrologic and sediment behaviors. The number of HRUs with new land cover data increased by 70.2% compared with that with the MOE land cover, indicating better representation of small-sized agricultural field boundaries. The SWAT estimated annual average sediment yield with the MOE land cover data was 61.8 ton/ha/year for the Doam-dam watershed, while 36.2 ton/ha/year (70.7% difference) of annual sediment yield with new land cover data. Especially the most significant difference in estimated sediment yield was 548.0% for the subwatershed #2 (165.9 ton/ha/year with the MOE land cover data and 25.6 ton/ha/year with new land cover data developed in this study). The results obtained in this study implies that the use of MOE land cover data in SWAT sediment simulation for the Doam-dam watershed could results in 70.7% differences in overall sediment estimation and incorrect identification of sediment hot spot areas (such as subwatershed #2) for effective sediment management. Therefore it is recommended that one needs to carefully validate land cover for the study watershed for accurate hydrologic and sediment simulation with the SWAT model.

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The Dynamics of Noise and Vibration Engineering Vibrant as ever, for years to come

  • Leuridan, Jan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.47-47
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    • 2010
  • Over the past 20 years, constant progress in noise and vibration (NVH) engineering has enabled to constantly advance quality and comfort of operation and use of really any products - from automobiles to aircraft, to all kinds of industrial vehicles and machines - to the extend that for many products, supreme NVH performance has becomes part of its brand image in the market. At the same time, the product innovation agenda in the automotive, aircraft and really many other industries, has been extended very much in recent years by meeting ever more strict environmental regulations. Like in the automotive industry, the drive towards meeting emission and CO2 targets leads to very much accelerated adoption of new powertrain concepts (downsizing of ICE, hybrid-electrical...), and to new vehicle architectures and the application of new materials to reduce weight, which bring new challenges for not only maintaining but further improving NVH performance. This drives for innovation in NVH engineering, so as to succeed in meeting a product brand performance for NVH, while as the same time satisfying eco-constraints. Product innovation has also become increasingly dependent on the adoption of electronics and software, which drives for new solutions for NVH engineering that can be applied for NVH performance optimization of mechatronic products. Finally, relentless pressure to shorten time to market while maintaining overall product quality and reliability, mandates that the practice and solutions for NVH engineering can be optimally applied in all phases of product development. The presentation will first review the afore trends for product and process innovation, and discuss the challenges they represent for NVH engineering. Next, the presentation discusses new solutions for NVH engineering of products, so as to meet target brand values, while at the same time meeting ever more strict eco constraints, and this within a context of increasing adoption of electronics and controls to drive product innovation. NVH being very much defined by system level performance, these solutions implement the approach of "Model Based System Engineering" to increase the impact of system level analysis for NVH in all phases of product development: - At the Concept Phase, to be able to do business case analysis of new product concepts; to arrive at an optimized and robust product architecture (e.g. to hybrid powertrain lay-out, to optimize fuel economy); to enable target cascading, to subsystem and component level. - In Development Phase, to increase realism and productivity of simulation, so as to frontload virtual validation of components and subsystems and to further reduce reliance on physical testing. - During the final System Testing Phase, to enable subsystem testing by a combination of physical testing and simulation: using simulation models to simulate the final integration context when testing a subsystem, enabling to frontload subsystem testing before final system integration is possible. - To interconnect Mechanical, Electronical and Controls engineering, in all phases of development, by supporting model driven controls engineering (MIL, SIL, HIL). Finally, the presentation reviews examples of how LMS is implementing such new applications for NVH engineering with lead customers in Europe, Asia and US, with demonstrated benefits both in terms of shortening development cycles, and/or enabling a simulation based approach to reduce reliance on physical testing.

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