• Title, Summary, Keyword: Accident Prevention

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The Benefit Cost Analysis of the Accident Prevention Cost in Construction Work(I) (건설공사의 사고예방비용에 대한 효과분석(I))

  • Lim Heon-Jin;Kim Chang-Eun;Kim Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2005
  • This study delivers the actual condition of investment for industrial accident prevention based on survey of 526 construction sites. The various research techniques were used such as technical statistic analysis for construction industry, construction and civil engineering works, cost comparison of industrial accident prevention and accident loss. A formula was deduced to calculate accident loss and accident frequency by accident prevention cost through regression analysis.

The Benefit Cost Analysis of the Accident Prevention Cost in Construction Work(II) (건설공사의 사고예방비용에 대한 효과분석(II))

  • Lim Heon-Jin;Kim Chang-Eun;Kim Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2005
  • This study delivers the actual condition of investment for industrial accident prevention based on survey of 526 construction sites. The various research techniques were used such as technical statistic analysis for construction industry, construction and civil engineering works, cost comparison of industrial accident prevention and accident loss. A formula was deduced to calculate accident loss and accident frequency by accident prevention cost through regression analysis.

The Benefit Cost Analysis of the Accident Prevention Cost in Construction Work (건설공사의 사고예방비용에 대한 투자효과 분석)

  • Park Jong-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2005
  • This study delivers the actual condition of investment for industrial accident prevention based on survey of 500 construction sites from 'reports far industry safety and health' published by Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency (KOSHA). The various research techniques were used such as technical statistic analysis for construction industry, cost comparison of industrial accident prevention and accident loss. A formula was deduced to calculate accident loss and accident frequency by accident prevention cost through regression analysis.

A Study on the Operation Method of Gas Accident Prevention Supported Capital (가스사고예방지원금 운영방법의 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 송수정;강경식
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1999
  • Gas accident prevention supported capital offered by 3 Gas related rules doesn't meet the requirement of real situation when considering that deposit method and size. So the support haven't helped the gas accident prevention. The offer about the gas accident prevention supported capital is treated in this paper, The most powerful and effective method is considered in case of system prevention from gas accidents throughout the way of deposit method, size and operation method of gas accident prevention supported capital for gas accident prevention.

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The Degree of Mothers사 Accident Prevention Practices for Their Children (아동에 대한 어머니의 사고예방 실천 정도)

  • 김신정;최환석
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.656-664
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    • 1999
  • Accidents are the leading cause of death in children worldwide. The purpose of this study is to use basic data of safety education, counseling, and information available regarding accident prevention to examine the degree of mothers' accident prevention practices for their children. Data were collected from June to October, 1998 from 587 mothers including 2 University hospitals located in Seoul and Kyoungki-Do. By using the 30 item questionnaire, which was created by researchers through literature review, the degree of mothers' accident prevention practices for their children was measured. The degree of accident prevention practices of mothers shown ranged 70-118 and averaged 3.19. Compared to the composit area average score, drug keeping had the highest score of 3.57 The next highest scores and traffic safety(3.41), and supervision of child(3.30). Prevention against burning was the lowest point at 2.58. With the respect to the demographic characteristics, there were stastically significant differences in the mothers' education(F=4.291, p=.014), type of residence(F=3.979, p=.008), and child developmental age (F=5.275, p=.001). The degree of accident prevention practices of mothers were relatively high. But the area which showed the low degree of accident prevention practices, required nurses' active education, counseling, social interest and support, and mass media participation.

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Accident Characteristics and Prevention in the Electric and Telecommunication Service Industry (전기통신 서비스업의 재해 특성 및 예방)

  • 정병호;임화영
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2002
  • Accident analyses are used to identify common factors contributing to occupational accidents and to give recommendations for accident prevention. This study concerns with the accident characteristics and prevention in the telecommunication service industry. To investigate the accident characteristics, we used workers' compensation reports and employers' accident analysis reports. Three hundred and forty-five injury accidents which results in more than 4 days absence were surveyed. These data were used to investigate the accident characteristics in terms of company size, injured person's age, work experience, accident time, activity at time of accident, accident type, injured body part, and accident agency. We propose the accident prevention policy based on the accident characteristics. These results can be used to develop more effective occupational safety management policies in the telecommunication service industries.

Factors Affecting the Practice of Accident Prevention Behavior in Middle-school Students (중학생의 사고 예방행위 실천에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Seon Su;Yu, Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.388-397
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the degree of accident prevention behavior, self-esteem, self-regulation ability, and social support among middle-school students, and investigate factors influencing their practice of accident prevention behaviors. Methods: The participants were 174 students from two middle schools located in J city. Data were collected from December 28, 2017 to February 9, 2018 using self-reported questionnaires. Results: The mean score were $3.08{\pm}0.37$ of 4 for practice of accident prevention behaviors, $3.07{\pm}0.57$ of 4 for self-esteem, $3.69{\pm}0.48$ of 5 for self-regulation ability, and $3.38{\m}0.75$ of 5 for social support. Positive correlations were found among self-regulation ability, self-esteem, social support, and practice of accident prevention behaviors. The factors influencing the practice of accident prevention behaviors were personality (being 'haste') (${\beta}=-.20$, p=.003), self-regulation ability (${\beta}=.48$, p<.001), and social support (${\beta}=.23$, p<.001). These factors explained 39.0% of the variance in practice of accident prevention behaviors. Conclusion: It was found that the middle-school students engaged in prevention behavior to an extent that was insufficient to prevent accidents. Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention strategies to improve the practice of accident prevention behavior among middle-school students, considering self-regulation ability, social support, and personality, which affect the practice of accident prevention behaviors.

The Study on Strategy for Industrial Accident Prevention by the Industrial Accident Rate Forecasting in Korea (한국에서 산업재해율 예측에 의한 산업재해방지 전략에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Young-Sig;Kim, Tae-Gu;Ahn, Kwang-Hyuk;Choi, Do-Lim;Jung, U-Na;Lee, Seong-Ho;Park, Min-Ah;Lee, Seol;Kim, Seong-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2011
  • Korea has performed strategies for the third industrial accident prevention in order to minimize industrial accident. However, the occupational fatality rate and industrial accident rate appears to be stagnated for 11 years. Therefore, this paper forecasts the occupational fatality rate and industrial accident rate for 10 years. Also, this paper applies regression method (RA), exponential smoothing method (ESM), double exponential smoothing method (DESM), autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and proposed analytical function method (PAFM) for trend of industrial accident. Finally, this paper suggests fundamental strategies for industrial accident prevention by forecasting of industrial accident rate in the long term.

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A study on the pedicatric accident (응급실 내원 아동에 대한 분석)

  • Son In-A
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.332-341
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    • 2000
  • Children's accident is a largely preventable public health problem. Little is known. however, about population-based incident and outcome of pediatric accident. From 1997.9 through 1998,8. admission data from emergency center in I city were collected. 1418 patient from 0 through 13 years of age were selected. All children with unintensional accidental problems were identified through coded sheet which categorizes epidemiologic characteristics. The specific purposes of this study are analysis about the characteristics of pediatric accidents. And it aims to produce the basic data necessary for accident prevention policy development. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The number of male children$(62.6\%)$ were higher than female children$(37.4\%)$ 2. The age group from 1 to 3 years represents the highest proportion$(45.4\%)$ of every accidents except on traffic accident. 3. The highest proportion of accident were as follows occured during the June-August$(34\%)$, Sunday$(22.6\%)$, and 17-21 p.m. $(37.2\%)$ 4. The main causes of accident include general trauma$(70.9\%)$, environmental accident$(l6.8\%)$. and traffic accident$(l2.1\%)$, 5. Preschool age group represents more than half$(65.4\%)$ of traffic accident. 6. environmental injury includes burns $(46.6\%)$, foreign body$(43.6\%)$, exposure to poisonous materials$(6.3\%)$. and bite(3.3) This results could be used to develope prevention programs and assist in accident prevention system development. And also these data substantiate that accident prevention program decrease safety-related injury rate in preschool age group must be concentrated on enhancing access to a system to have a significant effect. Furthermore, it is necessary for accident prevention. So several suggestions are described here: 1. Development of parent's educational program for accident prevention and safety education should be done actively. 2. Home safety surveillance system should be initiated. 3. The initiation of children's accident report system could be contribute the analysis and the reduction of accident.

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Development of Accident Analysis System for Human Error Prevention (인적오류 예방을 위한 재해분석시스템의 개발)

  • 정병용;이재득;양승태
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2003
  • Accident analyses are used to identify common factors contributing to occupational accidents and to give recommendations for accident prevention. In this study we developed a human error analysis system that can be used easily at the industries. This accident analysis system can be used to develop accident prevention programs to reduce human initiated accidents.