• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aconiti ciliare tuber

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The Effects of Aqueous Extracts of Aconiti ciliare tuber on Functional Recovery after Sciatic Crushed Nerve Injury in Rats

  • Cho, Tae-Young;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2009
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Aconiti ciliare tuber on the descending pain and the recovery of locomotor function that results from sciatic crushed nerve injury in rats. Method : In order to assess the effects of the aqueous extract of Aconiti ciliare tuber on the recovery rate of locomotor function, we investigated the walking track analysis, and for the effects on the pain control we investigated brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in the sciatic nerve and on the expressions of c-Fos in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) region resulting from the sciatic crushed nerve injury in rats. Result : Treatment with Aconiti ciliare tuber significantly enhanced the SFIvalue, enhanced BDNF expression, decreased iNOS expression, and suppressed c-Fos expression. The present results showed that Aconiti ciliare tuber facilitated functional recovery following sciatic crushed nerve injury in rats. The recovery mechanisms of SFI by Aconiti ciliare tuber might be ascribed to the increase of BDNF expression for nerve regeneration and reinnervation and to the suppression of iNOS expression for inhibiting nerve inflammation. Conclusion : In this process it has been shown that Aconiti ciliare tuber can be used for pain control and functional recovery from peripheral nerve injury.

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The Study on toxicity and biological activities of Aconiti ciliare tuber Pharmacopuncture in Rats Original Articles (초오 약침 개발을 위한 백서 독성 연구 및 생리활성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Chul;Ahn, Seong-Hun;Kim, Sung-Ha;Lee, Sang-Kwan;Song, Bong-Keun
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2011
  • Objective : We investigate toxicity of Aconiti ciliare tuber and antioxidant activity of Aconiti ciliare tuber Pharmacopuncture to develop safe Aconiti ciliare tuber Pharmacopuncture and find out the effect. Methods : In order to investigate toxicity of Aconiti ciliare tuberm, we administered Aconiti ciliare tuberm orally to rats and examined the survival rate, comparing with the survival rate of rats administered by Radix aconitum simmered with Semen Glycine and Radix Glycyrrhizae. We examined the in vitro biological activity of Aconiti ciliare tuber Pharmacopuncture, including the total polyphenol content, and ABTS radical scavenging. Results and Conclusions : The $LD_{50}$ of Radix aconitum simmered with Semen Glycine and Radix Glycyrrhizae was 9.0g/kg, on the other hand, the $LD_{50}$ of Aconiti ciliare tuberm was more than 15g/kg. The total polyphenol contents of Aconiti ciliare tuberm Pharmacopuncture was 2.31mg/L. The 2,2'-azinobis-3-ehtlbezothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid radical decolorization (ABTS) was 10.26%. We conclude that Aconiti ciliare tuberm is not highly toxic, Aconiti ciliare tuber Pharmacopuncture has a little antioxidant effect.

The Bibilographic studies on Aconiti Ciliare Tuber and Radix Aconiti (초오(草烏), 천오(川烏)에 대한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Yoo, Chang-Kil;Kwon, Gi-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : Through the literature on the effect of Aconiti Cliare Tuber, Radix Aconiti, we are finding out the clinical posibility and revealing the more effective to intractable disease. Methods : We inverstigated the literatures of Oriental Medicine and experimental reports about Aconiti Cliare Tuber, Radix Aconiti. Results : 1. The taste of Aconiti Cliare Tuber, Radix Aconiti is hot, sweet, bitter, warm and hot, and the effect is dehumidification, warm up and relieve the pain, so it can be used for arthritis, hemiplegia, carpopedal spasm, sciatica, cancer, numbness. 2. A toxic constituent of Aconiti Cliare Tuber, Radix Aconitiis is induced by aconitine alkaloid, develope toxic symptoms and result in death. So it needs suitabe treatment for safety. 3. It is known that the toxicopathy due to Radix Aconiti was 3-30g(dosage for adult) and Aconiti Ciliare Tuber was 1-9g. But only using aconitine alkaloid to oral feeding, the toxicopathy due to 0.2mg/kg and lethal dose is 3-4mg. So we using this for treating, we must be careful and need more varialble study about toxicopathy, lethal dose. 4. On clinical treatment, we thought Aconiti Cliare Tuber, Radix Aconiti is so effective to intractable disease after control the toxicity, it may be need variable study on toxicity and clinical effects.

A study on morphological and pattern analysis in two kinds of Aconiti Radix (부자(附子)와 초오(草烏)의 내외부형태(內外部形態)와 패턴분석연구)

  • Kang, Gyun-Heok;Choi, Go-Ya;Kim, Hong-Jun;Ju, Young-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.23-38
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    • 2006
  • The taxonomic list of specific features in external and internal shape and the pattern analysis of Aconitum carmichalei $D_{EBX}$ as the original plant of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Aconitum cliiare Dc as the original plant of Aconiti Ciliare Tuber are as follows. 1. Aconitum carmichalei $D_{EBX}$ has tri-palmately parted leaves, petiole in lower leaves, and its ovary has short hair. Whereas Aconitum cliare Dc has $3{\sim}4$ parted leaves, long petiole, and its ovary has not hair. 2. Aconitum carmichalei $D_{EBX}$ has cylinder shape is relatively small in length and diameter, is greyish brown blacky brown in outer surface, greyish $white{\sim}dark$ gray in section. 3. According to the collection place, there is a remarkable difference in the physical shape of herbal states. Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparate(medicated in Korea) is more transparent blacky brown color than Aconiti Lateralis Fadix Preparata(medicated in Chian). Also Black Aconi Radix(墨附片) has exodermis and White Aconi Radix(白附片) has not. 4. The internal characteristics entirely correspond to in internal shape described in the literatures, Only it is possible to discriminate between black Aconi Radix(墨附片) and White Aconi Radix(白附片) by the existence of cork layer. The classification between Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Aconiti Ciliare Tuber makes entirely Tuber makes entirely remarkable difference in the physical shape of cambium layer Namely, in shape of cambium layer the kinds of Aconiti lateralis Radix Prepala has horn-like shape and the kinds of Aconiti Ciliare Tuber has circle-like shape. 5. In the peak of examination substance in comparison to Rt of the index material diterpene alkaloid mesaconitine, aconitine, hypaconitine chromatogram Aconiti Ciliare Tuber is higher than in Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata This explain that the component changes after the process of medicine. 6. In the Content of mesaconitine, aconitine and hypaconitime Aconiti Ciliare Tuber is higher than Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata. 7. In Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata, aconitine, hypaconitine and mesaconitine each appears in Rf 0.46, 0.54, 0.32. But except Aconiti Ciliare Tuber the band does not appear. For the future, such results will be used as the basic source of additional research, and a far-reaching comparative study is needed to distinguish between many kinds of same genus-degree of relatedness.

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Effects of Various Processing Methods on the Contents of Alkaloids in the Cho O(Aconiti Ciliare Tuber) (초오의 수치방법에 따른 알칼로이드 함량)

  • Lee, Hye-Won;Jeon, Won-Kyung;Kim, Ho-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.296-300
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    • 2002
  • The contents of alkaloids in raw Cho O(Aconiti Ciliare Tuber) and its processed products were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Processing methods 1 and 2 lowered the contents of alkaloids more than the method 3. Cho O processed with method 1 or 2 showed even lower alkaloid contents than commercially available Processed Aconiti Tuber Powder(PATP). The contents of aconitine and hypaconitine in MeOH extracts of Cho O treated with method 3(10 min irradiation) and mesaconitine of Cho O treated with method 3(5 min) were comparable to those of PATP.

Experimental Study about Pathway of Aconiti Ciliare Tuber on Allergic Reaction of Inflammation (초오의 항알레르기 염증반응 및 기전탐색에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Won-Ill
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.155-166
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    • 2010
  • Objetives : The purpose of this study was to examine the pathway of anti-allergic effects of Aconiti Ciliare Tuber (ACT). Methods : We examined cell viability, ${\beta}$-hexosaminidase release, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and mRNA expressions, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-${\kappa}B$) (p65) activation, inhibitor kappa B-alpha ($I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$) degradation, and MAPKs activation from RBL-2H3 cells pre-treatment by ACT of 1.0 mg/ml, 2.0 mg/ml separately. Results : We observed that ACT reduced the secretion of ${\beta}$-hexosaminidase, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-4 and the expression of COX-2 mRNA in RBL-2H3 cells. Futhermore, ACT inhibited the levels of activation of NF-${\kappa}B$ (p65) protein, ERK MAPK, and degradation of $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ in RBL-2H3 cells. Conclusions : These results show that ACT has an anti-histamine effect and inhibitory effect of NF-${\kappa}B$ (p65) through regulation of $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ degradation. This improves that ACT could be used as an anti-allergic medicine.

Molecular Identification and Chemical Analysis of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber on the Domestic Markets (국내 시장에서 유통되는 초오의 DNA 감별과 화학적 분석)

  • Jang, Hyeri;Joe, Kyeong-Hwa;Song, Kwangho;Lee, Kyoung Jin;Park, Sait Byul;Lee, Chaemin;Ha, In Jin;Lee, Kyungjin;Suh, Youngbae;Kim, Yeong Shik
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2018
  • Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber has been traditionally used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain. The main constituents are diterpenoid alkaloids such as benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconine, mesaconitine, aconitine, and hypaconitine. In Korea, Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber is officially defined as the tubers of Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb., A. ciliare Decasisne, and A. triphyllum Nakai. On the other hand, only the tuber of A. kusnezoffii is to be used in China. In order to identify the botanical origin of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber circulated in Korea, we analyzed 24 samples of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber obtained from local markets for comparative DNA analysis. The sequence analysis of nrRNA ITS 1 was useful to distinguish Aconitum species and revealed that the roots of A. karakolicum were circulated in Korean markets without discretion. HPLC quantitative analysis showed that aconitine was detected at the highest amount in A. karakolicum. Authentic diterpenoid alkaloids were coinjected for quantification of aconitine-type ingredients. All data were statistically grouped by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This study suggests that both molecular and chemical analyses should be utilized for the standardization and the quality control for Aconiti Kusnezoffii Tuber.

A Repeated-dose 28-Day Oral Toxicity Test of Aconitum jaluense Extract in Sprague-Dawley Rats (초오 추출물의 Sprague-Dawley 랫드를 이용한 28일 반복 경구투여독성시험)

  • Lee, Jong Suk;Lee, Ji Sun;Park, Yeong-Chul;Choi, Sun Mi;Lee, Sanghun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2014
  • A 28-day repeated-dose oral toxicity test was performed to determine the no-observed-effect level (NOEL) and establish an optimum dose of the highly toxic Aconiti Ciliare Tuber (ACT) used as a folk remedy. Repeated oral doses of 1,250, 2,500, and 5,000 mg/kg/day of the hot water extract of ACT were administered to five male and five female Sprague-Dawley rats in each group for 4 weeks. The indicators for toxicity included results of examination of common symptoms and changes in weight and feed intake, eye test, urinalysis, hematological and serum biochemical analyses, and post-mortem weight measurement of organs, and visual inspections. All animals survived at the end of the experiment; in addition, we observed no specific test substance-mediated symptoms. We observed no test substance-mediated changes in body weight and feed intake. We observed statistically significant changes in male OB and pH levels (p<0.05). Further, the biochemical test showed statistically significant changes in the IP value of male rats and $CL^-$valueoffemalerats (p<0.05). However, all changes were within historical data. The post-mortem examinations showed no test substance-mediated changes. Moreover, statistically significant changes under the test conditions were confirmed to have been caused by factors other than the test substance. Thus, the maximum NOEL of ACT extract in rats was estimated to be 5,000 mg/kg/day.

Effects on Gene Expressions in the Rat Liver of Aconitine and Aconitum Species. (부자류 및 Aconitine이 흰쥐 간 내 유전자발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ho;Han, Sang-Yong;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Park, Hye-Jung;Kim, Yun-Kyung
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Aconitine is one of the toxic components of aconitum species. This study was carried out to evaluate gene expressions of herbal prescriptions containg aconitum species and oriental medicinal plants of aconitum species. Methods : We have measured gene expressions in the liver of aconitine, Aconitum carmichaeli DEBX., Aconitum ciliare DC. Yong Ho Whan using Sprague-Dawley rat. Gene expression in rat liver has been analyzed using codelink 10k microarray. Results : 1. Genes up-regulated over than 4 fold were 118 and down-regulated less than 4 fold were 91 in aconitine 50 ${\mu}g/kg/day$ over control. 2. Genes up-regulated of over than 4 fold were 124 and down-regulated less than 4 fold were 98 in Aconitum ciliare DC. 4g/kg/day and 169 of over than 4 fold, and 110 of less than 4 fold for Aconitum carmichaeli DEBX. 4g/kg/day, respectively. 3. Regulated genes in treatment group of Aconitum carmichaeli DEBX, Aconitum ciliare DC. and aconitine was only 2 different genes, Sulfotransferase family 4A, member 1 and Lin-7 homolog b (C. elegans). Conclusions : Gene expression profiles in liver were different among aconitine, Aconitum carmichaeli DEBX., Aconitum ciliare DC. and herbal prescription YongHo-whan. Furthermore, we can find many new genes related with effects of aconitum species.

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