• Title, Summary, Keyword: Action observation training

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The effect of action observation training on brain activity in children with cerebral palsy (동작관찰훈련이 양하지마비 뇌성마비 아동의 뇌활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chun, Hyelim;Jeong, Young-a;Lee, Byounghee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the improve on brain activity during action observation training for cerebral palsy of diplegia. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: 18 subjects were divide into two groups: action observation training group and a control group. Action observation group practiced repeatedly the action with their motor skill and control group practiced conventional physical therapy. The subjects participated in eighteen 30-min sessions, 3 day a week, for 6week. To confirm the effects on brain activity were evaluated. Results: The results show that the Mu-rhythm was statistically significant increase on the C3 of the action observation training group (p<0.05). Conclusion: The action observation training improves brain activity of a cerebral palsy with diplegia. These results suggest that the action observation training is feasible and beneficial for improving brain activation for the cerebral palsy with diplegia. In the future, I think we need to be actively utilized to the action observation training program in the clinical with the neuromuscular development treatment. And the study on the various the action observation training program that can improve the function of the children with cerebral palsy is thought necessary.

Effect of Action Observation Training Using Y-Balance on Balance Capability in Young Adults

  • Son, Sung Min;Kang, Kyung Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of action-observation training using the Y-Balance on the balance ability of young adults. Methods: Thirty-four healthy adults were randomized into an action-observation group (n=17) or a control group (n=17). All subjects performed the Y-Balance test before and after watching the video. The action observation group watched a video of someone performing a Y-Balance test, and the control group watched a video of scenery unrelated to the training. The subjects were measured through a Y-Balance test for both the length of the legs extended in three directions and the Y-balance composite score. Results: A significant difference in the Y-balance composite score was observed between the two groups. A part of the direction of the extended leg in the action observation group was increased significantly (posteromedial direction of the right leg, posterolateral direction of the right leg, posteromedial direction of left leg) compared to the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that action observation training only could help improve balance.

The Effect of Action Observational Training on Arm Function in People With Stroke (동작관찰훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 상지 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Moon-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Man
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study was to determine the effect of action-observation training on arm function in people with stroke. Fourteen chronic stroke patients participated in action-observation training. Initially, they were asked to watch video that illustrated arm actions used in daily activities; this was followed by repetitive practice of the observed actions for 3 times a week for 3 weeks. Each training session lasted 30 min. All subject participated 12 training session on 9 consecutive training days. For the evaluation of the clinical status of standard functional scales, Wolf motor function test was carried out at before and after the training and at 2 weeks after the training. Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the results of the clinical test. There was a significant improvement in the upper arm functions after the 3-week action-observation training, as compared to that before training. The improvement was sustained even at two weeks after the training. This result suggest that action observation training has a positive additional impact on recovery of stroke-induced motor dysfunctions through the action observation-action execution matching system, which includes in the mirror neuron system.

The Effects of the Otago Exercise Combined with Action Observation Training on Brain Activity of the Elderly

  • Kim, Jung-hee;Kim, Eun kyong;Lee, Byounghee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the Otago exercise combined with action observation training on changes of the brain activity of the elderly. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Thirty elderly women in the experiment were included. Participants were randomly assigned to the Otago combined with action observation training group, the Otago exercise group, and the control group (10 in each group). The Otago combined with action observation training group and the Otago exercise group performed the strength and balance exercises of the Otago exercise program for 50 minutes three times a week for 12 weeks. The Otago combined with action observation training group underwent additional action observation training for the Otago movement for 20 minutes three times a week. No intervention was performed in the control group. PolyG-1 (LAXTHA Inc., Daejeon, Korea) was used to measure the changes in the brain activity following intervention. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the effects among the groups and a post-hoc test was performed. Results: The relative mu rhythms in the F3, C3, and C4 regions were significantly increased in the Otago combined with action observation training group. Relative beta wave activity in the Fp1, F3, F3, and C3 regions was significantly increased in the Otago combined with action observation training group (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated that the Otago exercise combined with action observation training was effective for promoting the brain activity of the elderly.

The Effect of Action Observation Training on Affected Side Upper Limb Dexterity in Stroke Patient : Single-subject research design (동작관찰이 뇌졸중 환자의 환측 상지 기민성에 미치는 영향 : 단일사례연구)

  • Yang, Yong-Pil;Kim, Ji-Hyun;Han, Mi-Ran;Kim, Eun-Bi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : The purpose of present study was to determine effects of action observation training on upper limb function after stroke. Training was progressed to imitation and intensive training after observation to required action in ADL. Methods : Among the single case study was used to ABA design. pre base line(A) was only collected participant information without intervention in 5 times. action observation intervention(B) was carried out 10 times and 5 times to base lime(A) after intervention. Results : Results indicated that 10-second test, box and block test, manual function test was increased when compared action observation intervention(B) to pre base line(A). Conclusion : To stroke action observation training was evaluated gross manipulation, dexterity and upper limb function in related with ADL. action observation training benefits were maintained after intervention(B) and showed improvement on upper limb function of stroke.

An Impact of Action-Observation Training and Task-Oriented Training on Activities of Daily Living of Stroke Patients (동작관찰 훈련과 과제지향적 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 일상생활활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Gu, Younghwa;Kim, Bora
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of action-observation training and task-oriented training on activities of daily living performance of stroke patients. Method : 30 stroke patients hospitalized in D hospital located in Busan and treated were randomly allocated to Action-Observation Training Group and Task-Oriented Training Group in fifteens. To compare activities of daily living performance before and after therapy intervention, Korea-modified Barthel index (K-MBI) was carried out. Result : In both groups, activities of daily living performance of stroke patients before and after therapy intervention showed statistically significant differences (p<.05) and activities of daily living performance between two groups after therapy intervention showed statistically significant differences. Conclusion : It was found that action-observation training and task-oriented training improved activities of daily living performance of stroke patients. It is considered that the application of action-observation training and task-oriented training to clinical occupational therapy will show a positive effect on the improvement of activities of daily living performance.

Effects of Action Observation Training and Motor Image Training on Brain Activity (동작관찰 훈련과 운동 상상훈련이 뇌 활성상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Byung-Il;Park, Hyeong-Ki
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Neurotherapy
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 2018
  • Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of brain activity during action observation training and image training throughout EEG. Methods This study was participated 1 healthy college student without mental illness or cognitive impairment. The subject was randomly selected from university students and was interested in participating in the experiment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the visual and auditory stimuli (action observation) and brain image training. Results The results of our study, EEG value measured o.1 during resting. But brain activity changed to 0.3 during action observation. Finally, it changed to .05 after brain image training. Conclusion EEG measurement results were showed that after watching the Ball squat video, Brain activity increased.

The Effect of Action Observation Training on Sit to Walk with Chronic Stroke Patients

  • Kim, Jin-Cheol;Lee, Hyun-Min
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.413-418
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was performed to examine the effect of action observation training on sit to-walk times in chronic stroke patients. Methods: Twelve stroke patients were randomly allocated to two groups, as follows: an action observation training (AOT) group and a scenery picture observation (SPO) group. The AOT group was engaged in video observation for 2 minutes 30 seconds with 12 ADL functional activities related to the sit-to-walk task: physical training was carried out in two repetitions lasting 2 minutes 30 seconds. The landscape imagery control group observed landscape picture for 2 minutes 30 seconds and then carried out the same physical training. The intervention involved a total of 12 sessions over 4 weeks, and each session lasted 30 minutes. The pre and post-tests measured the timed up and go test (TUG), Sit to stand test (STS), and Dynamic gait index (DGI). The Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used to compare pre-test and post-test result, and the Mann-Whitney U test was employed for comparison between groups. Results: The TUG time was significantly different between the AOT group and the SPO group. According to the findings, the experimental group's TUG was significantly decreased (p<0.05). In comparison of the two groups, there was no significant in STS or DGI between the AOT group and SPO group. Conclusion: This study showed that the intervention can be used to decrease TUG time. Our research suggests that action observation training has a positive effect on sit-to-walk times in patients with chronic stroke.

The Effect of Treadmill Training Applied Simultaneously with Action Observation on Walking Ability in Chronic Stroke Patients

  • Song, Yo-han;Lee, Hyun-min
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of treadmill training applied simultaneously with gait related action observation on walking ability in chronic stroke patients. Methods: Sixteen chronic stroke patients participated in this study. Participants were randomly allocated into either the treadmill applied simultaneously with action observation training group (TAG) or treadmill applied simultaneously with landscape observation training group (TLG). The participants in both group underwent treadmill training for four weeks (a total of twelve minute, once a day, three times weekly for a four week period). All participants were measured to gait speed (10 m walking test, 10 MWT), gait endurance (6 minute walk distance, 6 MWD), dynamic gait index (DGI). In order to assure the statistical significance of the results, we used for SPSS 15.0 for windows. The Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used to compare pre-test and post-test result, and the Mann-Whitney U-test was employed for comparison between groups. Results: The 10 MWT, 6 MWD, DGI was significantly different between the TAG and the TLG group. Conclusion: According the results of this study, treadmill applied simultaneously with action observation (TAG) is effective intervention for improvement of walking ability in chronic stroke patient.

The Effects of Action Observational Physical Training with Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Muscle Activity of the Lower Extremity and Gait Ability in Patients with Chronic Stroke (리듬청각자극을 동반한 동작관찰 신체훈련이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 하지 근활성도와 보행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Su-Young;Song, Yo-Han;Lee, Hyun-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of action observational physical training with rhythmic auditory stimulation on muscle activity and gait ability in patients with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-six chronic stroke patients participated in this study were assigned into three groups, experimental group 1 (10% faster tempo rhythmic auditory stimulation with action observation training) n=8, experimental group 2 (average tempo rhythmic auditory stimulation with action observation training) n=9, and control group (action observation training) n=9. In this experiment, the corresponding exercise were applied into the subjects of three group for 30 minute a day, 3 time a week during 4 weeks. All participants were measured to muscle activity of lower limb, 10 meter walking test, Figure of 8 walk test, Dynamic gait Index. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS (version 18.0 for window) and verified that each data was a normal distribution based on Shapiro-Wilk test. Between-group and within-group comparison was analyzed by using One-way ANOVA test, Paired t-test respectively. In all statistical analyses, significance level, ${\alpha}$ was set by .05. RESULTS: The above results revealed that the all experimental group 1 and experimental group 2 and control group were all effective to improve the lower limb muscle activities, gait ability. However more positive effects shown action observational physical training with rhythmic auditory stimulation experimental group. CONCLUSION: This study suggest that action observation physical training with rhythmic auditory stimulation is effective intervention for improvement of muscle activity and walking ability in chronic stroke patients.