• Title, Summary, Keyword: Activated Carbon Fiber (ACF)

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Adsorption of volatile organic compounds using activated carbon fiber filter in the automobiles

  • Moon, Hyung Suk;Kim, In Soo;Kang, Sin Jae;Ryu, Seung Kon
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.203-209
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    • 2014
  • The adsorption of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was carried out using an activated carbon fiber (ACF) filter in an automobile. The adsorption capacities of formaldehyde, toluene, and benzene on an ACF filter were far better than those of a polypropylene (PP) mat filter and combined (PP+activated carbon) mat filter by batch adsorption in a gas bag. In a continuous flow of air containing toluene vapor through an ACF packed bed, the breakpoint time was very long, the length of the unused bed was short, and sharp "S" -type breakthrough curve was plotted soon after breakpoint, showing a narrow mass transfer zone of toluene on the ACF. The adsorption amount of toluene on the ACF filter was proportional to the specific surface area of the ACF; however, the development of mesopores 2-5 nm in size on the ACF was very effective with regard to the adsorption of toluene. The ACF air clarifier filter is strongly recommended to remove VOCs in newly produced automobiles.

Study of the Adsorbent-Adsorbate Interactions from Cd(II) and Pb(II) Adsorption on Activated Carbon and Activated Carbon Fiber

  • Kim, Dae Ho;Kim, Doo Won;Kim, Bo-Hye;Yang, Kap Seung;Lim, Yong-Kyun;Park, Eun Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2013
  • The adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in aqueous solution using granular activated carbon (GAC), activated carbon fiber (ACF), modified ACF (NaACF), and a mixture of GAC and NaACF (GAC/NaACF) have been studied. The surface properties, such as morphology, surface functional groups, and composition of various adsorbents were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements. The specific surface area, total pore volume, and pore size distribution were investigated using nitrogen adsorption, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) methods. In this study, NaACF showed a high adsorption capacity and rate for heavy metal ions due to the improvement of its ion-exchange capabilities by additional oxygen functional groups. Moreover, the GAC and NaACF mixture was used as an adsorbent to determine the adsorbent-adsorbate interaction in the presence of two competitive adsorbents.

A Study on Adsorption of Volatile Organic Compound by Activated Carbon Fiber Coated with Dielectric Heating Element and Desorption by Applying Microwave (유전가열물질을 코팅한 활성탄소섬유의 휘발성 유기화합물 흡착 및 마이크로파 인가에 의한 탈착 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Guk;Chang, Ye-Rim
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.122-132
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    • 2009
  • Adsorption of toluene by activated carbon fiber (ACF) coated with dielectric heating element and desorption by applying microwave were investigated. In order to prepare adsorbent so that VOC can be desorbed by microwave heating, fine dielectric heating element with nano size was coated on the surface of the ACF using hybrid binder. Eight adsorbents (ACF-DHE, Activated Carbon Fiber coated with Dielectric Heating Element) were prepared with different amount of dielectric heating element, kinds of hybrid binder, and solvent. In order to investigate adsorption characteristics, BET surface area, pore volume, and average pore size were measured for each adsorbent including ACF. Breakthrough experiments with toluene concentration, flow rate, bed length using fixed bed reactor were performed to investigate adsorbality of adsorbent, and results were compared with that of the ACF. Desorption reactor was constructed with modified microwave oven to investigate heating effect on ACF-DHE by applying microwave power. Each adsorbent saturated with toluene were put into desorption reactor. Composition of desorbed gas generated by applying controlled microwave power to reactor was measured. Up to now, hot air desorption method has been used. Experimental results showed that desorption method with new adsorbent prepared by coating dielectric heating element on ACF can be used for industrial application.

A Study on the Adsorption Characteristics of Phenol in the presence of Humic Acid Using Activated Carbon Fiber (섬유상활성탄소를 이용한 Humic Acid 공존시 페놀의 흡착특성에 관한 연구)

  • Tak, Seong-Jae;Seo, Seong-Wen;Kim, Seong-Sun;Kim, Jin-Man
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2000
  • Recently, our circumstances are threatened by an accident that leakage of under ground storage tank and illegal dumping of synthetic organic compounds at chemical plants and many treatment methods, Activated carbon adsorption, Ozonization, Membrane filtration and Photocatalystic oxidation, are developed to remove such a synthetic organic compounds. And it has reported that Activated carbon adsorption have a great removal efficiency to nondegradable matters and organic compounds which have a high molecular weight. Comparing with other adsorbents, Activated carbon adsorption have a worse efficiency when ad desorption speed is low. Thus improved type of adsorbents was invented and one of those is Activated Carbon Filter. The purpose of this study was getting information about adsorption characteristic phenol which can be applied Activated Carbon Fiber and Granular Activated Carbon. In detail, With comparing removal characteristics of phenol in the presence Humic Acid using Activated Carbon Fiber(ACF) and Granular Activated. Carbon(GAC), it is to certify an effective application of Activated Carbon Fiber. At the range of this study, Batch test, Isotherm adsorption test and Factorial analysis, following conclusion were obtained from the results of this study. Batch test was carried to know time of adsorption equilibrium. In this study about time of adsorption equilibrium by ACF was faster than GAC's, for developed micropore of ACF. From the result of phenol adsorption test, High removal rate of adsorption is shown at pH 5. The result of lsotherm adsorption test, it has represented that the Freundlich's isotherm is most suitable one in others, that a ACF's adsorption capacity is more excellent than GAC's. Adsorption of phenol exiting humic acid is decreased getting raised humic acid concentration. Since ACF's micropore is developed at this time, an effect of high molecular humic acid is lower. Factorial analysis was carried to know about Main effect which was injection dosage of adsorbent in the range of this study.

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Adsorption and antibacterial property of impregnated activated carbon fiber (첨착 활성탄소섬유의 흡착 및 항균특성)

  • You, Seung-Han;Kim, Jung-Su;Jang, Hyun-Tae;Cha, Wang-Seog
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.5370-5375
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    • 2011
  • To introduce the antibacterial activity, ACF(activated carbon fiber) was impregnated by nano-sized Ag, Mn, and phosphoric acid. It was observed by the SEM analysis that Ag, Mn and phosphoric acid were properly impregnated at the ACF. The impregnated ACF showed lower adsorption performance than the pure ACF. It is found that ACFs impregnated by nano-sized Ag or phosphoric acid have a good antibacterial activity against bacillus cereus and salmonella entaritidis. but in the case of ACF impregnated with Mn, it have not any antibacterial effect on the bacillus cereus and salmonella entaritidis.

Adsorption Characteristics of Propylamine on Acid Treated Activated Carbon Fiber (산처리된 활성탄소섬유의 Propylamine의 흡착특성)

  • 양범호;김병구;이영택;김시몽;조시형
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.111-119
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    • 2003
  • In this work, Rayon-based activated carbon fiber(KF-1500) was treated by HN $O_3$ and $H_2$S $O_4$ with different conditions. Specific surface areas(SSA, $S_{BET}$) of the treated activated carbon fibers were decreased by acidic treatment but, total surface acidities and surface functional groups were increased. In spite of the decrease of SSA, propylamin(PPA) adsorption and removal ability by activated carbon fiber(ACF) were increased by nitric acid treatment compared with the raw-ACF(KF-1500) and coconut based activated carbon. However, acidic treated activated carbon fibers were available to removal for various amines and contaminants by adsorption.n.

Properties and Photocatalytic Activity of Pitch-binded ACF/TiO2Composites

  • Oh, Won-Chun;Jung, Ah-Reum
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.150-156
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    • 2008
  • Pitch-binded activated carbon fiber(ACF)/$TiO_2$ composite photocatalysts were prepared by Carbon Tetra Chloride (CTC) solvent mixing method with different mixing ratios of anatase to ACF. The result of the textural surface properties demonstrated that there is a slight increase in the Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) surface area of composites with an increase of the amount of ACF. The surfaces structure morphologies of the composites were observed using an Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). In the XRD patterns for all ACF/$TiO_2$ composites, the diffraction peaks showed the formation of anatase crystallites. The EDX spectra showed the presence of C, O and Si with strong Ti peaks. Most of these samples were richer in carbon and major Ti metal than any other elements. From the photo-decomposition results, the excellent activity of the ACF/$TiO_2$ composites between c/$c_0$ for methylene blue and UV irradiation time could be attributed to both the effects of the photocatalysis of the supported $TiO_2$ and adsorptivity of activated carbon fiber and another carbon derived from pitch.

Preparation and properties of antibacterial activated carbon fiber (항균성 탄소섬유의 제조와 특성)

  • 오원춘;김범수;임창성;장원철
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2002
  • The study on the adsorption, the surface properties and the antibacterial effects of the metal-treated pitch based activated carbon fibers was carried out. From the adsorption studies on the series of metal-treated activated carbon fiber, the specific surface areas of the metal treated activated carbon fiber obtained from BET equation were in the range of 113.2~1574 $m^2$/g for the Ag-ACFs. And that of Cu treated ACF are distributed to 688.2-887.8 $\m^2$/g. And, the specific surface areas of the Ni-treated pitch based ACFs were in the range of 692.6~895.2 $\m^2$/g. From the ${\alpha}_s$- method, 0.06~1.1 cm^3/g of the micropore volumes were obtained from Ag-ACFs. And, 0.1~0.2 cm^3/ and 0.2~0.6 cm^3/g of the micropore volumes were obtained from Cu and Ni-ACFs, respectively. And, from the SEM morphology results, it was observed that the surface of activated carbon fiber are partially blocked and coated by metal after the treatment. Finally, from the antibacterial effects of metal-treated activated carbon fiber against E. coli, the areas of antibacterial effect become larger with the increase in mole ratio of metal treated. And, from the antibacterial effects using Shake flask method against E. coli, the percentage of the effects was 92.5~100 % and the antibacterial effect was increased with the increase in mole concentration of metal treated.

Thermal Desorption of Propylamine and XPS Analysis on Surface Modified Activated Carbon Fibers (표면 개질된 활성탄소 섬유의 Propylamine 탈착과 XPS 분석)

  • Kim Byeoung-Ku;Yang Burm-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2005
  • Activated carbon fiber (ACF) was surface modified by nitric acid to improve the adsorption efficiency of the propylamine. The adsorption amount of propylamine of the modified ACF increased $17\%$ more than that of as-received ACF. Desorption of propylamine from the propylamine saturated ACF was occurred in two steps, the first step started arround $50^{\circ}C$ showing the desorption of physically adsorbed propylamine and the second step started at $200^{\circ}C$ showing the decomposition of chemically adsorbed propylamine. Total desorption amount of propylamine from the modified ACF was larger than that of the as-received ACF because of increased functional groups. The oxygen and nitrogen contents on the modified ACF increased by 1.5 and 3 times compared with the as-received ACF. A part of propylamine adsorbed on ACF formed pyridine-like or pyrrolic structures with 2 carbons exposed on the surface of the ACF. It was found that propylamine reacted with strong or weak acidic functional groups such as -COOH or -OH existed on ACF surface.

Preparation, characterization of activated carbon fiber from luffa and its application in CVFCW for rainwater treatment

  • Ahmed, Sanjrani Manzoor;Zhou, Boxun;Zhao, Heng;Zheng, You Ping;Wang, Yue;Xia, Shibin
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2020
  • ACF preparation from different materials has been attached with great attention during these years. This study was conducted to prepare activated carbon fiber (ACF) from luffa through the processes i.e pre-treatment, pre-oxidation and carbonization activation. Besides, this study also characterizes the ACF and its effect, i.e effect of pre-oxidation time and temperature also activation time and temperature on the compressive strength of ACF were investigated. The results from SEM, BET, FTIR and XRD show that the ACF is very efficient. The products under the optimum conditions had a specific surface area of 478.441 m2 /g with an average pore diameter of 3.783nm, and a pore volume of 0.193 cm3 /g. The surface of the luffa fiber is degummed and exposed, which is beneficial to the subsequent process and the increase of product properties. The compressive strength of HP-ACF was prepared under the optimum conditions, which can reach 0.2461 MPa. ACF is rich in micro-pores and has a good application prospect in the field of environmental protection.