• Title, Summary, Keyword: Active damping control

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A new hybrid vibration control methodology using a combination of magnetostrictive and hard damping alloys

  • Buravalla, Vidyashankar R.;Bhattacharya, Bishakh
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.405-422
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    • 2007
  • A new hybrid damping technique for vibration reduction in flexible structures, wherein a combination of layers of hard passive damping alloys and active (smart) magnetostrictive material is used to reduce vibrations, is proposed. While most conventional vibration control treatments are based exclusively on either passive or active based systems, this technique aims to combine the advantages of these systems and simultaneously, to overcome the inherent disadvantages in the individual systems. Two types of combined damping systems are idealized and studied here, viz., the Noninteractive system and the Interactive system. Frequency domain studies are carried out to investigate their performance. Finite element simulations using previously developed smart beam elements are carried out on typical metallic and laminated composite cantilever beams treated with hybrid damping. The influence of various parameters like excitation levels, frequency (mode) and control gain on the damping performance is investigated. It is shown that the proposed system could be used effectively to dampen the structural vibration over a wide frequency range. The interaction between the active and passive damping layers is brought out by a comparative study of the combined systems. Illustrative comparisons with 'only passive' and 'only active' damping schemes are also made. The influence and the mode dependence of control gain in a hybrid system is clearly illustrated. This study also demonstrates the significance and the exploitation of strain dependency of passive damping on the overall damping of the hybrid system. Further, the influence of the depthwise location of damping layers in laminated structures is also investigated.

Vibration Control of Laminated Composite Beams Using Active Constrained Layer Damping Treatment (능동구속감쇠 기법을 이용한 복합적층보의 진동 제어)

  • 강영규;최승복
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2001
  • The flexural vibration of laminated composite beams with active and passive constrained layer damping has been investigated to design a structure with maximum possible damping capacity. The equations of motion are derived fro flexural vibrations of symmetrical,. multi-layer laminated beams. The damping ratio and model damping of the first bending mode are calculated by means of iterative complex eigensolution method. The direct negative velocity feedback control is used for the active constrained layer damping. It is shown that the flexible laminated beam is more effective in the vibration control for both active and passive constrained layer damping. and this paper addresses a design strategy of laminated composite under flexural vibrations with constrained layer damping.

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Active Vibration Suppression Using Sweeping Damping Controller (움직이는 감쇠제어기를 이용한 능동진동제어)

  • Bae, Byung-Chan;Kwak, Moon-K.;Lee, Myung-Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.293-296
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    • 2005
  • This paper is concerned with the sweeping damping controller for beam. The active damping characteristics can be enhanced by moving the damper along the longitudinal axis. In this paper, the equation of motion for a beam including a sweeping damping controller is derived and its stability is proved by using Lyapunov stability theorem. It is found from the theoretical study that the sweeping damping controller can enhance the active damping characteristics, so that a single damper can suppress all the vibration modes of the beam. To demonstrate the concept of the sweeping damping control, the eddy current damper was applied to a cantilever, where the eddy current damping can move along the axis. The experimental result shows that the sweeping eddy current damper Is an effective device for vibration suppression.

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Vibration Characteristic Study of Arc Type Shell Using Active Constrained Layer Damping (능동 구속감쇠층을 이용한 아크형태 셸 모델에 대한 진동특성 연구)

  • 고성현;박현철;황운봉;박철휴
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2004
  • The Active Constrained Layer Damping(ACLD) combines the simplicity and reliability of passive damping with the low weight and high efficiency of active control to attain high damping characteristics. The proposed ACLD treatment consists of a viscoelastic damping which is sandwiched between an active piezoelectric layer and a host structure. In this manner, the smart ACLD consists of a Passive Constrained Layer Damping(PCLD) which is augmented with an active control in response to the structural vibrations. The arc type shell model is introduced to describe the interactions between the vibrating host structure, piezoelectric actuator and viscoelastic damping. The system is modeled by applying ARMAX model and changing a state-space form through the system identification method. An optimum control law for the piezo actuator is obtain by LQR(Linear Quadratic Regulator) method. The performance of the ACLD system is determined and compared with PCLD in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the ACLD treatment. Also, the actuation capability of a piezo actuator is examined experimentally by varying thickness of viscoelastic material(VEM).

Design of an Active Damping Layer Using Topology Optimization (위상 최적화를 이용한 능동 감쇠층의 설계)

  • 김태우;김지환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.660-664
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    • 2003
  • The optimal thickness distribution of an active damping layer is sought so that it satisfies a certain constraint on the dynamic performance of a system minimizing control efforts. To obtain a topologically optimized configuration, which includes size and shape optimization, thickness of the active damping layer is interpolated using linear functions. With the control energy as the objective function to be minimized, the state error energy is introduced as the dynamic performance criterion for the system and used lot a constraint. The optimal control gains are evaluated from LQR simultaneously as the optimization of the layer position proceeds. From numerical simulation, the topologically optimized distribution of the active damping layer shows the same dynamic performance and cost as the Idly covered counterpart, which is optimized only in terms of control gains, with less amount of the layer.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Damping Force in a Hydraulic Actuator for Vehicle Active Suspension System (차량 능동 현가 장치용 유압 액추에이터의 감쇠력 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 윤영환;최명진
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.150-158
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    • 2002
  • Through experimental works, the damping force vibration problem was investigated, which results from valve and surge pressure in the oil return line of the hydraulic circuit of an active suspension system in a passenger cu. Experiments were carried out under passive system, where an orifice valve was closed and non-active system, where an orifice valve was opened, using a pressure control valve controlled by solenoid. The effects of parameters of the valve overlap and accumulator on smoothing surge pressure was elucidated. It was proved that the apparent variation of damping force due to the overlap amount of pressure control valve is the most important factor to control the damping force variation. The procedure of the experimental works shows the development process of a proportional pressure control valve in the hydraulics system of an active suspension system of passenger car.

A Study on the Application of Semi-active Suspension System to a 3-D Full Vehicle Model (전차 모델에 대한 반능동 현가장치의 적용에 대한 연구)

  • 방범석;백윤수;박영필
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.938-944
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    • 1994
  • Active damping has been shown to offer increased suspension performance in terms of vehicle isolation, suspension packaging, and road-tire contract force. Many semi-active damping strategies have been introduced to approximate the response of active damping with the modulation of passive damping parameters. This study investigates the characteristics of semi-active suspension control through the simulation of passive, skyhook active, and semi-active damping models. A quarter car model is studied with the conrolled damping replacing both passive and active damping. A new semi-active scheme is suggested to eliminate the abrupt changes in semi-active damping force. It is shown that the new strategy performs almost identically to the so called "force controlled" semi-active law without steep changes in damping force or body acceleration.eleration.

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A Robust Semi-active Suspension Control Law (반능동 현가시스템의 Robust 제어 법칙)

  • Yi, K.S.;Suh, M.W.;Oh, T.I.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.2 no.6
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 1994
  • This paper deals with a robust semi-active control algorithm which is applicable to a semi-active suspension with a multi-state damper. Since the controllable damping rates are discrete in case of a multi-state semi-active damper, the desired damping rate can not be produced exactly even if force-velocity relations of a multi-state semi-active damper is completely known. In addition, damping characteristics of the semi-active dampers are different from damper to damper. A robust nonlinear control law based on sliding control is developed. The main objective of the proposed control strategies is to improve ride quality by tracking the desired active force with a multi-state damper of which the force-velocity relations are "not" completely known. The performance of th proposed semi-active control law is numerically compared to those of the control law based on a bilinear model and a passive suspension. The proposed control algorithm is robust to nonlinear characteristics and uncertainty of the force-Velocity relations of multi-state dampers.

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Vibration Control of Arc Type Shell using Active Constrained Layer Damping (능동 감쇠층을 이용한 아크형태 쉘 모델에 대한 진동특성 연구)

  • 고성현;박현철;박철휴;황운봉
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1032-1038
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    • 2002
  • The Active Constrained Layer Damping(ACLO) combines the simplicity and reliability of passive damping with the low weight and high efficiency of active control to attain high damping characteristics. The proposed ACLD treatment consists of a viscoelastic damping which is sandwiched between an active piezoelectric layer and a host structure. In this manner, the smart ACLD consists of a Passive Constrained Layer Damping(PCLD) which is augmented with an active control in response to the structural vibrations. The Arc type shell model is introduced to describe the interactions between the vibrating host structure, piezoelectric actuator and visco damping, The system is modeled by applying ARMAX model and changing a state-space form through the system identification method. An optimum control law for piezo actuator is obtain by LQR(Linear Quadratic Regulator) Method. The performance of ACLD system is determined and compared with PCLD in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the ACLD treatment, Also, the actuation capability of a piezo actuator is examined experimentally by using various thickness of Viscoelastic Materials(VEM).

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Vibration Control of Laminated Composite Beams using Active Constrained Layer Damping Treatment (능동구속감쇠 기법을 이용한 복합적층보의 진동제어)

  • Kang, Young-Kyu;Kim, Jae-Hwan;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1333-1337
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    • 2000
  • The flexural vibration of laminated composite beams with active and passive constrained-layer damping has been investigated to design structure with maximum possible damping capacity. The equations of motion are derived for flexural vibrations of symmetrical, multi-layer laminated beams. The damping ratio and modal damping of the first bending mode are calculated by means of iterative complex eigensolution method. This paper addresses a design strategy of laminated composite under flexural vibrations with active control.

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